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Social cost-benefit analysis in Australia and New Zealand. The state of current practice and what needs to be done

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460198 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610768 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:11
License: ANU Press

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All is not well with the evaluation of government programs and projects. Resources available to any society are limited. If governments are to increase the well-being of their citizens, they must be able to select and implement the socially most beneficial projects and policies. But many government agencies lack the expertise to carry out a cost-benefit analysis, or even to commission one. Commercial consultants, on the other hand, often have some analytical expertise, but are not immune from adopting approaches that accommodate the proclivities of their client agencies. In order to increase analytical rigour and methodological consistency, this publication urges the adoption of a ‘belts and braces’ set of protocols for use in project evaluation.

Versorgungs-Report Früherkennung

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ISBN: 9783954664023 9783954664542 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104785
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-08 11:21:10
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Die aktuelle Ausgabe des Versorgungs-Reports greift die versorgungswissenschaftliche Diskussion um Chancen und Risiken der Früherkennung auf. Namhafte Expertinnen und Experten beleuchten aktuelle Entwicklungen und Herausforderungen bei der Früherkennung von Krankheiten. Im Fokus stehen:- gesundheitswissenschaftliche Konzepte und Methoden der Früherkennung- wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse über Nutzen und Risiken ausgewählter Screenings- Entwicklung und Anforderungen an ausgewogene, evidenzbasierte Informationsangebote- empirische Analysen zur Akzeptanz und Inanspruchnahme von Früherkennungsuntersuchungen in der GKVDer Teil „Daten und Analysen“ informiert auf der Grundlage von AOK-Abrechnungsdaten über die Häufigkeit von Erkrankungen und Behandlungen in Deutschland:- Behandlungsprävalenzen und Hospitalisierungsraten für die häufigsten Erkrankungen, differenziert nach Alter und Geschlecht- Krankenhausbehandlungen, Arznei- und Heilmittelverordnungen sowie ärztliche Inanspruchnahme

Housing and Social Policy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Housing and Society Series ISBN: 9780203086971 9780415283663 9780415283670 9781134455256 9781134455249 9781134455201 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203086971 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:22
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This topical book transforms the analysis of housing problems into a lively, interesting and contentious subject of social scientific study, addressing themes of residential experience, inclusion/empowerment, sustainability and professionalism/managerialism, which lie at the heart of the housing and social policy debate. Each chapter considers a specific social category - such as class, gender, or disability - and evaluates the experience and understanding of housing and social policy under this category. With innovative approaches to conceptualising housing and a clear, defined structure, Housing and Social Policy encourages students and practitioners in both arenas to think reflexively about housing as a central instrument of social policy and social experience.

The Potential Role for Community Monitoring in MRV and in Benefit Sharing in REDD+

ISBN: 9783038420644 9783038420651 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 08:55:10
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Developing countries interested in REDD+ under the UNFCCC have been requested to prepare a national forest monitoring system (NFMS) and a system to monitor, report and verify implementation (MRV). They have also been requested to engage local communities and indigenous groups as critical stakeholders in this process. The NFMS should be consistent with national inventories of emissions and removals of greenhouse gases. These inventories are, however, usually prepared using national level information with low geographical resolution and without the participation of local communities or other forest owners/managers. However, it has been shown that members of rural forest communities can develop the skills to monitor and measure levels of carbon stock in their forests and changes in these levels over time. If this information could be included and tracked from the local to regional and national levels, this might help to design transparent mechanisms for the assessment of REDD+ implementation, and possibly even for benefit sharing. The objective of this Special Issue is to discuss and explore the social, technical and political implications and potential of including community-based monitoring in MRV systems and benefit-sharing schemes in REDD+.

The Economics of Protected Marine Species: Concepts in Research and Management

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199907 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-990-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Protected marine species have populations that are depleted, decreasing, or are at-risk of extinction or local extirpation. As of 2015 The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, a global environmental organization, lists approximately 737 marine species worldwide that are considered at risk of extinction. Many are provided legal protection through national laws requiring research and management measures aimed at recovering and maintaining the species at a sustainable population level. Integral to the policy decision process involving the management and recovery of marine species is the consideration of trade-offs between the economic and ecological costs and benefits of protection. This suggests that economics, at its core the study of trade-offs, has a significant role.

Assessment Methodologies: energy, mobility and other real world application

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892610382 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1039-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-03 18:12:02
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The use of assessment methodologies is becoming increasingly important in the decision making process under very different environments. There are increasing concerns about making the best possible use of the limited available resources. There is also an increasing will of justifying the decisions in a sound way. This is even more important when considering public spending, public scrutiny and governance accountability. The use of recognized assessment techniques is actually mandatory in many situations, considering environmental, social, economic and sustainability concerns. This book gathers contributions from several authors, advancing the state-of-the-art and presenting examples of applications of assessment methodologies in energy, mobility and other real world applications.

Social cost-benefit analysis of air pollution control measures - Advancing environmental-economic assessment methods to evaluate industrial point emission sources

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ISBN: 9783731506973 Year: Pages: XXV, 230 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000072046 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This book enhances economic methods for social cost-benefit analysis of air pollution control measures at point emission sources. A new and highly resolved health damage cost assessment framework is developed and applied, notably in order to evaluate the influence of site-dependent and generic methodological choices. Several of these are shown to have a major impact on resulting health damage costs with important implications for decision-making.

Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038423454 783038423447 Year: Pages: Pages: X, 246 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-27 09:55:00
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The connections between water, food and energy are currently being discussed more than ever before, thanks to the recently emerged concept of the water–energy–food security nexus. Various organizations and authors have defined and addressed the concept from their own view points: nexus is, indeed in the air.This Special Issue looks at the water–energy–food security nexus in the context of large Asian river basins, with a focus on transboundary rivers shared by several countries. The articles included in the Special Issue analyse what benefits the nexus approach could bring to these kinds of, often quite demanding, settings. And where are the potential pitfalls that call for further development.The thematic areas covered in the Special Issue thus include water resources management; energy planning and policies with an emphasis on hydropower; and food production systems, including fisheries, irrigation and cropland management. Due to its focus on transboundary contexts, the articles also look at the geopolitical, international cooperation and security aspects related to the nexus.The articles of the Special Issue include case studies from relevant transboundary river basins, with a focus on the Mekong River Basin in Southeast Asia as well as the river basins in Central Asia. Articles also include a comparative analysis in several large Asian river basins as well as more theoretical discussions of the water–energy–food security nexus and its linkages to other framings and approaches, such as IWRM and sustainable development.

Atherosclerosis and Vascular Imaging

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ISBN: 9783038424352 9783038424345 Year: Pages: VIII, 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-435-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-27 09:23:42
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Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the West, and vascular disease is the most common cardiovascular clinical problem. The disease results in serious morbidity and mortality, and carries economic cost implications. While conventional risk factors are well established, and their biomarkers regularly monitored, patients may continue to suffer subclinical active disease, even in the absence of risk factors, until they present with sudden cardiac death or stroke. Early disease detection using direct imaging has shown to be more accurate in identifying vulnerable patients and unstable plaques than conventional risk factors. This IJMS issue deals with the current opinion concerning the state-of-the-art imaging technologies available for clinical applications and their unique value over the sole use of conventional risk factor analysis, in identifying vulnerable patients, recommending aggressive treatments, prognosticating, and in assessing related nutritional and environmental issues.

Atherosclerosis and Vascular Imaging 2016

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ISBN: 9783038424321 9783038424338 Year: Pages: VIII, 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-433-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-27 09:38:14
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Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the West, and vascular disease is the most common cardiovascular clinical problem. The disease results in serious morbidity and mortality, and carries economic cost implications. While conventional risk factors are well established, and their biomarkers regularly monitored, patients may continue to suffer subclinical active disease, even in the absence of risk factors, until they present with sudden cardiac death or stroke. Early disease detection using direct imaging has shown to be more accurate in identifying vulnerable patients and unstable plaques than conventional risk factors. This IJMS Special Issue deals with the current opinion concerning the state-of-the-art imaging technologies available for clinical applications, and their unique value over the sole use of conventional risk factor analysis, in identifying vulnerable patients, recommending aggressive treatments, prognosticating, and in assessing related nutritional and environmental issues. This Special Issue is the continuation of our 2015 Special Issue “Atherosclerosis and Vascular Imaging”

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