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Planctomycetes-Verrucomicrobia-Chlamydiae Bacterial Superphylum: New Model Organisms for Evolutionary Cell Biology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452798 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-279-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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The Planctomycetes, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae (PVC) and related phyla have recently emerged as fascinating subjects for research in evolutionary cell biology, ecology, biotechnology, evolution and human health. This interest is prompted by particular characteristics observed in the PVC superphylum that are otherwise rarely observed in bacteria but are however still poorly described or understood, such as the presence of a complex endomembrane system, or compacted DNA throughout most of the cell cycle. Therefore, the members of the PVC superphylum represent an excellent example of the value of studying bacteria other than ‘classical’ models.

Precision Nutrition and Metabolic Syndrome Management

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ISBN: 9783038428596 9783038428602 Year: Pages: VIII, 214 Language: englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-21 16:34:33
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Precision nutrition is an emerging concept encompassing an integrated action considering not only the genetic/epigenetic makeup and ethnic aspects of individuals, but other personalized phenotypical features, such as family and individual clinical issues, previous diseases and therapeutic treatments, perinatal nutrition, food likes/dislikes, allergies/intolerances, lifestyle attitudes and patterns, social and cultural circumstances or religious beliefs, etc.In this context, chronic disease prevalence is a global public health problem itself, which is also accompanied by a number of complications, including insulin resistance, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, fatty liver, inflammation, oxidative status and immunocompetence disturbances, and other adverse manifestations related to metabolic syndrome, which may need individualized nutritional approaches.Therefore, the current Special Issue attempts to provide specific nutritional strategies to prevent or treat the complications associated with metabolic syndrome features concerning diabetes, vascular events, liver diseases, dyslipemia, and cancer with a precision nutrition scope.

Advances and New Perspectives in Marine Biotechnology

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ISBN: 9783038421061 9783038421092 Year: Volume: Volume 1 Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-109-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 10:01:02
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As the Century of Biology begins to bear fruit, through the translation of predictive biological understanding into applications that enhance the human condition and maintain biodiversity, the almost infinite potential of marine biological resources will be unlocked. Although Marine Biotechnology already has delivered products for medicine, food, bioenergy, nanomaterials, and bioremediation, less than 5% of our vast oceanic environment has been explored. Marine Biotechnology is a scientifically and economically expanding enterprise that is poised to harness the enormous but uncharted functional diversity of marine life, with its novel and rich array of biodesigns and biosynthetic capabilities. From this pursuit comes new genes, chemicals, materials, and inspirations for the benefit of industry, nutrition, and medicine, and which enable the sustainable use and management of the world’s oceans. This Special Issue in Marine Drugs highlights the cutting-edge developments in Marine Biotechnology with a collection of papers written by authors who are leading experts in the field, including selected papers from the 10th International Marine Biotechnology Conference (IMBC-2013), the premier meeting in marine biotechnology, which is held under the auspices of the International Marine Biotechnology Association.

Advances and New Perspectives in Marine Biotechnology

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ISBN: 9783038421078 9783038421108 Year: Volume: Volume 2 Pages: 654 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-110-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 10:04:44
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As the Century of Biology begins to bear fruit, through the translation of predictive biological understanding into applications that enhance the human condition and maintain biodiversity, the almost infinite potential of marine biological resources will be unlocked. Although Marine Biotechnology already has delivered products for medicine, food, bioenergy, nanomaterials, and bioremediation, less than 5% of our vast oceanic environment has been explored. Marine Biotechnology is a scientifically and economically expanding enterprise that is poised to harness the enormous but uncharted functional diversity of marine life, with its novel and rich array of biodesigns and biosynthetic capabilities. From this pursuit comes new genes, chemicals, materials, and inspirations for the benefit of industry, nutrition, and medicine, and which enable the sustainable use and management of the world’s oceans. This Special Issue in Marine Drugs highlights the cutting-edge developments in Marine Biotechnology with a collection of papers written by authors who are leading experts in the field, including selected papers from the 10th International Marine Biotechnology Conference (IMBC-2013), the premier meeting in marine biotechnology, which is held under the auspices of the International Marine Biotechnology Association.

Marine Glycosides

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ISBN: 9783038979029 9783038979036 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-903-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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In recent years, there has been a steady increase in the publication of papers on the chemistry, biology, and potential clinical uses of marine glycosides. Indeed, more than half of the papers published in this field are less than a decade old. Glycosides have been isolated from species as diverse as algae, fungi, anthozoans, and echinoderms. Even fish of the genus Pardachirus produce glycosides, which they use as shark repellents.The major interest in these compounds as potential drugs stems from their broad spectrum of biological effects. They have been shown to have antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, immune modulatory, and anticancer effects. The anticancer effects of marine glycosides include cell cycle suppression, the induction of apoptosis, and the inhibition of migration, invasion, and metastasis, as well as antiangiogenesis. Marine glycosides influence membrane permeability and have been shown to influence membrane transport at the molecular level through effects on transport carriers and pumps, as well as effects on ligand-gated and voltage-gated channels. Various marine glycosides have been shown to activate sphingomyelinase and ceramide synthesis, to inhibit topoisomerase activity, receptor tyrosine kinase activity, and multidrug resistance protein activity, and to antagonize eicosanoid receptors.This Special Issue covers the entire scope of marine organism-derived glycosides that are of potential value as pharmaceutical agents or leads. These include, but are not limited to, tetracyclic triterpene glycosides, other triterpene glycosides, steroid glycosides, and glycosides of non-isoprenoid aglycones.

Biodiversity of Vegetable Crops, A Living Heritage

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038977209 / 9783038977216 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-721-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Intensive agriculture has generally resulted in higher productivity, but also in a trend towards decreasing levels of agro-biodiversity, which represents a key point in ensuring the adaptability and resilience of agro-ecosystems in the global challenge to produce more and better food in a sustainable way. The biodiversity of vegetable crops includes genetic diversity—both as species diversity (interspecific diversity) and as a diversity of genes within a species (intraspecific diversity) with regard to the vegetable varieties grown—and the diversity of agro-ecosystems (agro-biodiversity). The purpose of this Special Issue is to publish high-quality research papers addressing recent progress and perspectives on different aspects related to the biodiversity of vegetable crops. Original, high-quality contributions that have not yet been published, or that are not currently under review by other journals have been sought. The papers in this Special Issue cover a broad range of aspects and report recent research results regarding agro-biodiversity, which continues to be of significant relevance for both genetic and agricultural applications. All contributions are of significant relevance and could stimulate further research in this area.

Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Bioactive Natural Products 2018

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ISBN: 9783038977889 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-789-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Throughout most of history, medicinal plants and their active metabolites have represented a valuable source of compounds used to prevent and to cure several diseases. Interest in natural compounds is still high as they represent a source of novel biologically/pharmacologically active compounds. Due to their high structural diversity and complexity, they are interesting structural scaffolds that can offer promising candidates for the study of new drugs, functional foods, and food additives.Plant extracts are a highly complex mixture of compounds and qualitative and quantitative analyses are necessary to ensure their quality. Furthermore, greener methods of extraction and analysis are needed today.This book is based on articles submitted for publication in the Special Issue entitled “Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Bioactive Natural Products” that collected original research and reviews on these topics.

Keywords

Talaromyces pinophilus --- talarodiolide --- macrodiolides --- GC/MS --- secondary metabolites --- anthocyanins --- red cabbage --- recycling preparative high performance liquid chromatography --- stability --- UHPLC-MS/MS --- decursin --- decursinol angelate --- nodakenin --- decursinol --- Ginkgo biloba Extract (GBE) --- chromatogram-bioactivity correlation --- bioactive compounds --- endothelial function --- wine --- volatile compounds --- terrain conditions --- odor-activity values --- SPME-GC/MS --- Bolbostemma paniculatum --- identification --- LTQ-Orbitrap --- UPLC --- multivariate statistical analysis --- cannabidiol --- CBD oil --- terpenes --- hemp seed oil --- GC-MS --- HPLC-Q-Exactive-Orbitrap-MS --- Rossa da inverno sel. Rojo Duro onion cultivar --- geographical origin --- amino acids content --- HPLC analysis --- statistical evaluations --- food traceability --- aleuritolic acid --- autophagy --- apoptosis --- HPLC --- Curcuma longa --- turmeric --- curcuminoids --- turmerone --- quantification --- Quercus acuta leaf --- antioxidant --- antibacterial activity --- Staphylococcus aureus --- Erigeron breviscapus extract --- UPLC-ESI-MS/MS --- cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury --- scutellarin --- scutellarein --- HPLC --- Podospermum --- Scorzonera --- triterpenes --- ginseng berry extract --- ginsenosides --- stereoselective and simultaneous analysis --- pharmacokinetics --- oral administration --- saffron --- crocins --- UHPLC analysis --- separation optimisation --- artificial neural network --- response surface methodology --- bioactive natural compounds --- secondary metabolites --- Alzheimer’s disease --- Olea europaea L. --- liquid chromatography --- gas chromatography --- mass spectrometry --- secondary metabolites --- olive leaves --- Moroccan region --- phenolic compounds --- liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry --- chemometrics --- metabolic profiling --- Sorbus --- fruit powders --- phenolic compounds --- carotenoids --- sugars --- organic acids --- chili --- capsaicinoids --- phenolics --- free radical-scavenging --- geographical variation --- 1-triacontanol --- HPLC-ELSD --- biostimulant --- method validation --- Myristica fragrans --- nutmeg --- essential oil --- ionic liquids --- hydrodistillation --- MODDE experimental design --- rice --- phenolic compounds --- phenolic acids --- flavonoids --- anthocyanins --- proanthocyanidins --- antioxidant activity --- extraction --- HPLC methods --- phenolic compounds --- Spondias spp. --- UPLC-MS --- antioxidant capacity --- Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz. --- HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS --- qualitative analysis --- quantitative analysis --- C-glycosylflavone --- traditional Chinese medicine decoction --- quality evaluation --- UPLC-QTOF-MS --- UFLC-QQQ-MS --- ShenFu prescription decoction

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