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El origen de la bioética como problema

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Book Series: Col·lecció de Bioètica ISBN: 9788447539888 Year: Pages: 192 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Biology --- Philosophy --- Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-15 13:38:23
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¿Dónde y cuándo nació la bioética? Tradicionalmente se ha atribuido la creación del neologismo «bioética» a Potter, en 1970, y su desarrollo a los jesuitas de la Universidad de Georgetown. Sin embargo, la cuestión es mucho más compleja y supera ampliamente el contexto norteamericano, no solo porque se descubrió que el alemán Fritz Jahr ya había acuñado el término en los años veinte, sino porque la ética clínica tiene siglos de historia, y en todas las culturas y religiones se ha reflexionado sobre los problemas referentes a la salud, la vida y su ocaso. Al factor meramente histórico hemos de añadir el ideológico. «Bioética» fue el término que emplearon algunos teólogos para adoctrinar al personal sanitario conforme al dogma católico en asuntos como la reproducción y la eutanasia. Este intento de monopolizar materias tan sensibles provocó como reacción defensiva la incorporación a la disciplina de corrientes de pensamiento feministas, laicistas y multiculturales. Por último, la aceleración de la biotecnología y el temor a las consecuencias de la manipulación del genoma de los seres vivos terminaron de consolidar la bioética como campo de conocimiento plural y multidisciplinar.

Pluralità identitarie tra bioetica e biodiritto

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ISBN: 9788857562643 DOI: 10.4000/books.mimesis.863 Language: Italian
Publisher: Mimesis Edizioni
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il C.I.R.B. (Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca Bioetica), cui aderiscono tutte le Università campane, è un organismo di ricerca nel quale – con metodo rigorosamente scientifico, grazie al concorso di qualificati cultori delle varie discipline interessate e in un clima di costante e costruttivo dialogo con i rappresentanti delle diverse posizioni culturali – è possibile delineare le trame di una serena e ponderata riflessione comune su tematiche che coinvolgono l’identità stessa della persona umana e il destino delle generazioni future.

Keywords

identity --- bioethics

Reflections on Bioethics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789232189 9781789232196 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71309 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The book Reflections on Bioethics is an effort that brings together works grouped into five sections: ""Bioethics and Health"", ""Bioethics and Education"", ""Bioethics and Technology"", ""Bioethics in the Use of Experimental Animals"",and ""Selected Topics of Bioethics"". In each of these sections, the fundamental concepts of bioethics and their relationship with each of these branches of knowledge are covered. The purpose is to give the reader a specific document of topics, it is not intended to be a treaty because the study of any of the five sections is very broad. However, this is an effort that manages to combine in interdisciplinary subjects that are fundamental for professionals of all fields of knowledge.

Nursing

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ISBN: 9781789237757 9781789237764 Year: Pages: 90 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71632 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book covers topics from nursing history and philosophy, communication and ethics in nursing, nursingand culture. Thus, it can be used as a guide by student nurses and working nurses to recognize the nursing profession and to keep up with current developments. In this book, you will find all aspects of nursing profession.

Neuroethics in Principle and Praxis - Conceptual Foundations

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ISBN: 9789535172659 9781789847604 9781789847611 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77614 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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With the conclusion of the Decade of the Brain and Decade of the Mind, neuroscience has advanced well beyond single neuron functions, and begun to investigate global properties that emerge from central nervous system operation. Core ethical issues for neural intervention, in consequence, now touch on concerns over how the individual as a whole may be affected. Central to these concerns is the fundamental value of the human being, which lends normative weight to questions, interventions, and practices influencing him or her. Yet, despite wide recognition of the crucial relevance of human value, the derivation of metaethical principles that underwrite this value is by no means uniformly agreed to. Why and how the human being is normatively privileged, accordingly, emerge as core questions that frame issues of ethical praxis. This book tackles this dissonance, and exposes the philosophical foundations that are rooting contemporary divisions in ethical approaches to intervention in the nervous system.

Autonomy, Rationality, and Contemporary Bioethics

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ISBN: 9780198858584 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198858584.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 086041
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-15 04:51:06
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Personal autonomy is often lauded as a key value in contemporary Western bioethics, and the claim that there is an important relationship between autonomy and rationality is often treated as an uncontroversial claim in this sphere. Yet, there is also considerable disagreement about how we should cash out the relationship between rationality and autonomy. In particular, it is unclear whether a rationalist view of autonomy can be compatible with legal judgments that enshrine a patient’s right to refuse medical treatment, regardless of whether “. . . the reasons for making the choice are rational, irrational, unknown or even non-existent”. In this book, I bring recent philosophical work on the nature of rationality to bear on the question of how we should understand autonomy in contemporary bioethics. In doing so, I develop a new framework for thinking about the concept, one that is grounded in an understanding of the different roles that rational beliefs and rational desires have to play in personal autonomy. Furthermore, the account outlined here allows for a deeper understanding of different form of controlling influence, and the relationship between our freedom to act, and our capacity to decide autonomously. I contrast my rationalist with other prominent accounts of autonomy in bioethics, and outline the revisionary implications it has for various practical questions in bioethics in which autonomy is a salient concern, including questions about the nature of informed consent and decision-making capacity.

Keywords

bioethics --- autonomy --- rationality

Biosfera, acqua, bellezza : Questioni di bioetica ambientale

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ISBN: 9788857562650 DOI: 10.4000/books.mimesis.1113 Language: Italian
Publisher: Mimesis Edizioni
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il volume pubblica gli Atti di AmbientaMente 3 e 4, Meeting internazionale di Bioetica ambientale, promosso da FNOMCeO, UEMS, Istituto Italiano di Bioetica-Campania, Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca Bioetica (C.I.R.B.) Il C.I.R.B., cui aderiscono tutte le Università campane, è un organismo di ricerca nel quale è possibile delineare le trame di una serena e ponderata riflessione comune su tematiche che coinvolgono l’identità stessa della persona umana e il destino delle generazioni future.

Keywords

bioethics --- biosphere --- environment --- identity

Questioni di inizio vita : Italia e Spagna: esperienze in dialogo

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ISBN: 9788857562636 DOI: 10.4000/books.mimesis.1353 Language: Italian
Publisher: Mimesis Edizioni
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il C.I.R.B. (Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca Bioetica), cui aderiscono tutte le Università campane, è un organismo di ricerca nel quale - con metodo rigorosamente scientifico, grazie al concorso di qualificati cultori delle varie discipline interessate e in un clima di costante e costruttivo dialogo con i rappresentanti delle diverse posizioni culturali - è possibile delineare le trame di una serena e ponderata riflessione comune su tematiche che coinvolgono l’identità stessa della persona umana e il destino delle generazioni future.

Keywords

bioethics --- life --- identity

Identità in dialogo. La liberté des mers

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ISBN: 9788857562599 DOI: 10.4000/books.mimesis.1856 Language: Italian
Publisher: Mimesis Edizioni
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il C.I.R.B. (Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca Bioetica), cui aderiscono tutte le Università napoletane, è un organismo di ricerca nel quale - con metodo rigorosamente scientifico, grazie al concorso di qualificati cultori delle varie discipline interessate e in un clima di costante e costruttivo dialogo con i rappresentanti delle diverse posizioni culturali - è possibile delineare le trame di una serena e ponderata riflessione comune su tematiche che coinvolgono l’identità stessa della persona umana e il destino delle generazioni future.

Keywords

bioethics --- identity --- freedom

Bioetica pratica e cause di esclusione sociale

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ISBN: 9788857562582 DOI: 10.4000/books.mimesis.2126 Language: Italian
Publisher: Mimesis Edizioni
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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II C.I.R.B. (Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca Bioetica), cui aderiscono tutte le Università napoletane, è un organismo di ricerca nel quale - con metodo rigorosamente scientifico, grazie al concorso di qualificati cultori delle varie discipline interessate e in un clima di costante e costruttivo dialogo con i rappresentanti delle diverse posizioni culturali - è possibile delineare le trame di una serena e ponderata riflessione comune su tematiche che coinvolgono l’identità stessa della persona umana e il destino delle generazioni future.

Keywords

bioethics --- identity --- freedom

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