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Broadband amplifiers for high data rates using InP/InGaAs double heterojunction bipolar transistors

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ISBN: 3866440219 Year: Pages: VI, 132 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000004373 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This work describes the development process of state-of-the-art electrical broadband amplifiers, which are suitable as modulator drivers in electrical time division multiplex (ETDM) systems, operating at 80 Gbit/s. The realization is successfully accomplished in three major development steps: optimization of the transistor geometry of InP-based Double Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors (DHBT), extraction of large- and small-signal models, and design and realization of lumped and distributed amplifiers.

Progress in Physical activity and Exercise and Affective and Anxiety Disorders: Translational Studies, Perspectives and Future Directions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194711 Year: Pages: 78 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-471-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychiatry --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:33
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Physical activity and exercise were receiving a great attention as a strategy of prevention and treatment of affective and some anxiety disorders. Many studies have showed the efficacy of exercise in major depression and at depressed episode of bipolar patients, as well as, some authors shows the benefits of exercise in some anxiety disorders like Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic. Despite their efficacy, little is known concerning the main mechanisms related to the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of exercise. Several studies in an animal model using Neurotrophic Factors, Oxidative Stress, Immunologic response and other biological markers reveal promising results. However, few studies were conducted in clinical samples. Additional to the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects, exercise appears improve QoL in major depressed, bipolar and anxiety patients. Theoretically, this increase may be associated with cognitive improvements, improvements at sleep quality, physical functioning, as well as other psychological issues as self-esteem, self-concept, and general well-being. The propose of this topic is to address the novelty and most recent research, related to antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise in patients with affective and anxiety disorders, as well as the issues associated with QoL improvement.The topic is looking for: – Clinical trials using exercise and physical activity as a treatment affective and anxiety disorders. – Studies investigating the optimal prescription factors (dose, volume, intensity, setting, frequency) associated with antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise for affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Original studies, comprehensive reviews, hypothesis and opinions concerning the mechanisms of antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of physical activity and exercise in affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Original studies, comprehensive reviews, hypothesis and opinions concerning other benefits of physical activity and exercise like : cognition, weight gain prevention and QoL in affective and anxiety disorder patients. – Translational research. – Studies of cost-efficacy analysis

Frontiers in Brain Based Therapeutic Interventions and Biomarker Research in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199549 Year: Pages: 107 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-954-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Developmental neuroscience research is on the cusp of unprecedented advances in the understanding of how variations in brain structure and function within neural circuits confer risk for symptoms of childhood psychiatric disorders. Novel dimensional approaches to illness classification, the availability of non-invasive, diverse and increasingly sophisticated methods to measure brain structure and function in humans in vivo, and advances in genetics, animal model and multimodal research now place brain-based biomarkers within reach in the field of psychiatry. These advances hold great promise for moving neuroscience research into the clinical realm. One exciting new area of translational research in child and adolescent psychiatry, is in the use of a variety of neuroscience research tools to track brain response to clinical intervention. Examples of this include: using longitudinal neuroimaging techniques to track changes in white matter microstructure following a training intervention for children with poor reading skills, or using functional imaging to compare brain activity before and after children with bipolar disorder begin taking psychotropic medication treatment. Brain stimulation is another cutting-edge research area where brain response to therapeutic intervention can be closely tracked with electroencephalography or other brain imaging modalities. Research using neuroscience tools to track brain response to clinical interventions is beginning to yield novel insights into the etiopathogenesis of psychiatric illness, and is providing preliminary feedback around how therapeutic interventions work in the brain to bring about symptom improvement. Using these novel approaches, neuroscience research may soon move into the clinical realm to target early pathophysiology, and tailor treatments to both individuals and specific neurodevelopmental trajectories, in an effort to alter the course of development and mitigate risk for a lifetime of morbidity and ineffective treatments. Excitement and progress in these areas must be tempered with safety and ethical considerations for these vulnerable populations. This research topic focuses on efforts to use neuroscience research tools to identify brain-based biomarkers of therapeutic response in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Psychomotor symptomatology in psychiatric illnesses

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197255 Year: Pages: 137 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-725-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychiatry --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Psychomotor symptoms are those symptoms that are characterized by deficits in the initiation, execution and monitoring of movements, such as psychomotor slowing, catatonia, neurological soft signs (NSS), reduction in motor activity or extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS). These symptoms have not always received the attention they deserve although they can be observed in a wide range of psychiatric illnesses, including mood disorders, psychotic disorders, anxiety disorders, pervasive developmental disorders and personality disorders. Nevertheless, these symptoms seem to have prognostic value on clinical and functional outcome in several pathologies. In the late 19th century, the founding fathers of modern psychiatry (including Kahlbaum, Wernicke, Kraepelin and Bleuler) had a strong focus on psychomotor abnormalities in their description and definitions of psychiatric illnesses and systematically recognized these as core features of several psychiatric pathologies. Nevertheless, emphasis on these symptoms has reduced substantially since the emergence of psychopharmacology, given the association between antipsychotics or antidepressants and medication-induced motor deficits. This has resulted in the general idea that most if not all psychomotor deficits were merely side effects of their treatment rather than intrinsic features of the illness. Yet, the last two decades a renewed interest in these deficits can be observed and has yielded an exponential growth of research into these psychomotor symptoms in several psychiatric illnesses. This recent evolution is also reflected in the increased appreciation of these symptoms in the DSM-5. As a result of this increased focus, new insights into the clinical and demographical presentation, the etiology, the course, the prognostic value as well as treatment aspects of psychomotor symptomatology in different illnesses has emerged. Still, many new questions arise from these findings. This research topic is comprised of all types of contributions (original research, reviews, and opinion piece) with a focus on psychomotor symptomatology in a psychiatric illness, especially research focusing on one or more of the following topics: the clinical presentation of the psychomotor syndrome; the course through the illness; the diagnostical specificity of the syndrome; the underlying neurobiological or neuropsychological processes; new assessment techniques; pharmacological or non-pharmacological treatment strategies.

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

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ISBN: 9783038973843 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 478 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-385-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038974758 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 450 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-476-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
License:

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Abstract

Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic --- n/a

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