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The Art of Neighbouring. Making Relations Across China's Borders

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462982581 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621899 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 637764
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-06 11:01:17
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'Rising China' - the nation, the notion, and the buzzword - sparks dreams and triggers fears. Borders that were closed during the Cold War era have again become zones of contact and exchange. At the same time, security concerns remain high, territorial disputes still loom large. In this context, engaging in everyday neighbouring relations has become a necessity for those living in these zones of contact and exchange. The experiences and realities of relation-making across China's borders shape life in profound and lasting ways.

Keywords

borders --- asia --- anthropology --- china

1 How open borders can unlock cultures (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138239487 9781315295770 Year: Pages: 27 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
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Abstract

In March 2014, the e-mail
list of the European Academic Network on Romani
Studies1 hosted a discussion on definitions of the population known as ‘Roma’.
It began when one of the subscribers to the list – which at the time brought
together some 350 academics who specialised in Romani/Gypsy studies – asked
for reactions to two generalisations which she came across while preparing a
legal review of a document on cultural rights: (1) that all Roma speak a variety
of the same language, Romanes; and (2) that Roma generally consider themselves
to be a nation. Some two-dozen
scholars posted their reactions, which
together offer a fairly exhaustive summary of contemporary views on the subject

Keywords

Roma --- Cultures --- Open borders

Crossing African Borders

Author:
ISBN: 9789728335229 9789898862488 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 10:57:16
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This publication is one of the results of a conference organised in Lisbon in 2011 on the theme of African borders and their relationships with migration and mobility. The selected papers are a sample of the diverse perspectives on the general theme presented at the meeting. The African Borderlands Research Network (ABORNE) promoted this event, allowing a substantial number of its members to exchange results of ongoing and long-term research. The Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portug...

The Regional Security Puzzle around Afghanistan

Author:
ISBN: 9783847409120 9783847407898 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.3224/84740789 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Western military presence wanes in Afghanistan and a transformed security environment challenges borders and stability in Central Asia. This book examines how the tensions relating to the reorganization of external military presence interact with regional states’ ambitions and challenge the borders already contested by numerous dividing lines. It studies a complex political landscape across which radical Islam connected with international terrorism is feared to spread as the international mission initiated in the wake of the 9/11 attacks winds down.

Migrating Borders and Moving Times

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Rethinking Borders ISBN: 9781526115386 9781526116413 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626398 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100059
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:50
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Migrating Borders and Moving Times analyses migrant border crossings in relation to their everyday experiences of time, and connects these to wider social and political structures. Sometimes border crossing takes no more than a moment; sometimes hours; some crossers find themselves in the limbo of detention; for others, the crossing lasts a lifetime to be interrupted only by death. Borders not only define separate spaces, but different temporalities. This book provides both a single interpretative frame and a novel approach to border crossing: an analysis of the reconfiguration of memory, personal and group time that follows the migrants' renegotiation of cross-border space and recalibrations of temporality.Using original field data from Israel and northern and south-eastern Europe, the contributors argue that new insights are generated by approaching border crossing as a process with diverse temporalities whose relationship to space has always to be empirically determined.

World of Walls: The Structure, Roles and Effectiveness of Separation Barriers 

Author:
ISBN: 9781783743704 9781783743681 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 152 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0121 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-10 12:00:18
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"We’re going to build a wall.”Borders have been drawn since the beginning of time, but in recent years artificial barriers have become increasingly significant to the political conversation across the world. Donald Trump was elected President of the United States while promising to build a wall on the Mexico border, and in Europe, the international movements of migrants and refugees have sparked fierce discussion about whether and how countries should restrict access to their territory by erecting physical barriers. Virtual walls are also built and crushed at increasing speed. In the post-9/11 era there is a greater danger from so-called "transnational non-state actors”, and computer hacking and cyberterrorism threaten to overwhelm our technological barriers.In this timely and original book, Said Saddiki scrutinises the physical and virtual walls located in four continents, including Israel, India, the southern EU border, Morocco, and the proposed border wall between Mexico and the US. Saddiki’s detailed analysis explores the tensions between the rise of globalisation, which some have argued will lead to a "borderless world” and "the end of the nation-state”, and the rapid development in recent decades of border control systems.Saddiki examines both regular and irregular cross-border activities, including the flow of people, goods, ideas, drugs, weapons, capital, and information, and explores the disparities that are reflected by barriers to such activities. He considers the consequences of the construction of physical and virtual walls, including their impact on international relations and the rise of the multi-billion dollar security market.World of Walls: The Structure, Roles and Effectiveness of Separation Barriers is important reading for all those interested in the topics of immigration, border security, international relations, and policy.

Chapter 8. Enemies (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

Author:
ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 133-148 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-009 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:01:51
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Chapter 8 shows the connection between a certain vision of citizenship – in this context, ethnonationally defined – and violence, and how citizenship is crucial though under-researched trigger of violence. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, the chapter examines the whole post-socialist post-partition European states. It argues that the fate of many citizens of the former socialist federations in the context of their imminent disintegration was determined by their answers to the following questions: Did the incipient states (republics) and the federal centre accept the separation and the existing borders? Did all groups and all regions accept independence and the authorities of the new states? The analysis of the possible answers to these questions across post-socialist Europe brings us to three decisive triggers of violence: citizenship, borders and territories, and, finally in the early 1990s, the role of the military apparatus of defunct federations. One could safely conclude that there is an intimate historic affinity between citizenship and war. From the antique city-states where full citizenship status was acquired by serving in war (Anderson 1996: 28, 33; Pocock 1998), via the traditional military draft for men (and in some places for women) to contemporary practices that enable immigrants and foreigners serving in the armed forces, such as the US army or in the Légion étrangère, an easier access to citizenship. There is a historic relationship between ‘blood’, either inherited or spilled (one’s own or of other people), and citizenship. However, violence related to citizenship is not only physical but often invisible. It is the violence of administrative decisions, hierarchy of different statuses, ‘wrong’ passports and ‘papers’ or deprivations of citizenship. In the following chapter, I will also tackle the issue of physically invisible but nonetheless effective violence caused by the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes. In this chapter though, I will turn to the outbreak of that ‘visible’ violence that spread across almost all corners of the former Yugoslavia. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, we need to cast the net more widely all over post-socialist post-partition European states.

Linguistic Construction of Ethnic Borders

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783653982558 9783653982565 9783631653777 Year: Pages: 261 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:56
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This volume focuses on the linguistic constructs involved in ethnic borders. Ethnic borders have proven themselves to be surprisingly long-lived: in nearly all European countries and beyond, border demarcation, exclusion of foreigners, and minority conflicts are some of the most persistent challenges for nations and societies. Which linguistic factors play a role in the formation of these borders, especially those drawn along ethnic lines? Which linguistic constructs contribute to the negotiation, establishment and maintenance of ethnic groups and identities? Under which conditions can processes of linguistic convergence, hybrids, or transcultural identities be observed?

Asylum Determination in Europe

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Socio-Legal Studies ISBN: 9783319947495 9783319947488 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-94749-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 677917
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-18 12:10:57
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Drawing on new research material from ten European countries, Asylum Determination in Europe: Ethnographic Perspectives brings together a range of detailed accounts of the legal and bureaucratic processes by which asylum claims are decided.The book includes a legal overview of European asylum determination procedures, followed by sections on the diverse actors involved, the means by which they communicate, and the ways in which they make life and death decisions on a daily basis. It offers a contextually rich account that moves beyond doctrinal law to uncover the gaps and variances between formal policy and legislation, and law as actually practiced.

The contributors employ a variety of disciplinary perspectives – sociological, anthropological, geographical and linguistic – but are united in their use of an ethnographic methodological approach. Through this lens, the book captures the confusion, improvisation, inconsistency, complexity and emotional turmoil inherent to the process of claiming asylum in Europe.

Image Processing Using FPGAs

Author:
ISBN: 9783038979180 / 9783038979197 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-919-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book presents a selection of papers representing current research on using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for realising image processing algorithms. These papers are reprints of papers selected for a Special Issue of the Journal of Imaging on image processing using FPGAs. A diverse range of topics is covered, including parallel soft processors, memory management, image filters, segmentation, clustering, image analysis, and image compression. Applications include traffic sign recognition for autonomous driving, cell detection for histopathology, and video compression. Collectively, they represent the current state-of-the-art on image processing using FPGAs.

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