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Buddha in Beton

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ISBN: 9783946198208 9783946198239 9783946198215 9783946198222 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.16994/bag Language: German
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy --- Architecture --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:56
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emple. And only because temple architecture – as well as paintings, statues, gardens etc. – shows the presence of the Buddha in this way does it become a religious place where the Buddha is actually present. The final discussion of this study puts these Buddhist teachings in a dialogue with modern aesthetic architectural concepts argued by temple architects. The contrasting points of view make it clear that the explicitly Buddhist idea of Buddhist temple architecture can not be grasped by aesthetics, because its purpose is to show the invisible presence of the Buddha and not to be a sensual (i.e. aesthetic) experience of the visible object itself in the first place. However, aesthetic concepts of art have become common in Japan since the late 19th century. They are the foundation of the described new ways in which temples were built and designed since then. One indication for the impact of aesthetics are Japanese words like shimboru シンボル/shōchō 象徴 (symbol) or fun’iki 雰囲気 (atmosphere) which are used by architects to describe their temple architecture and matters of design. These words were formed around the turn of the century to express European concepts of art and aesthetics, since before that these words and ideas simply did not exist in Japan. And it is only since then, that temples were perceived as aesthetic symbols with various meanings that can be defined by an architect, and that they have a certain atmosphere which should be designed for making visitors feeling comfortable. Now it is the architect himself who gives meaning to its work and who is responsible for a nice spatial experience. But none of these architects is talking about himself becoming Buddha by building a temple. So not only the architectural appearance and construction of Buddhist temples have changed enormously throughout the last 150 years, but also the task of building itself. There has always been change in appearance and construction throughout the history of Buddhism and in the different Buddhist cultures, but the redefinition of the temple as an architectural piece of art is a very recent development in Japan and the actual new idea causing these dramatic architectural changes. "

Religious Motivation and the Origins of Buddhism

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Book Series: Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism ISBN: 9780203994832 9780700716838 9780700716845 9781135788506 9781135788490 9781135788452 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203994832 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:14
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Why did people in North India from the 5th century BC choose to leave the world and join the sect of the Buddha? This is the first book to apply the insights of social psychology in order to understand the religious motivation of the people who constituted the early Buddhist community. It also addresses the more general and theoretically controversial question of how world religions come into being, by focusing on the conversion process of the individual believer.

Keywords

early --- vinaya --- pit --- buddhist --- literature --- indian --- religion --- texts --- buddha --- biographies

Metaphor and Literalism in Buddhism

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Book Series: Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism - Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies ISBN: 9780203001936 9780415355506 9780415650106 9781134254354 9781134254347 9781134254309 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203001936 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:17
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Soonil Hwang studies the doctrinal development of nirvana in the Pali Nikaaya and subsequent tradition and compares it with the Chinese aagama and its traditional interpretation. He clarifies early doctrinal developments of Nirvana and traces the word and related terms back to their original metaphorical contexts, elucidating diverse interpretations and doctrinal and philosophical developments in the abhidharma exegeses and treatises of Southern and Northern Buddhist schools. The book finally examines which school, if any, kept the original meaning and reference of Nirvana.

Keywords

early --- canon --- nirvana --- theory --- metaphorical --- structure --- elements --- louis --- delas --- buddhist

Buddhism in the Public Sphere

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Book Series: Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism ISBN: 9780203970126 9780415770521 9780415544436 9781135986742 9781135986735 9781135986698 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203970126 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:29
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The core teachings and practices of Buddhism are systematically directed toward developing keen and caring insight into the relational or interdependent nature of all things. Hershock applies Buddhist thought to reflect on the challenges to public good, created by emerging social, economic, and political realities associated with increasingly complex global interdependence. In eight chapters, the key arenas for public policy are addressed: the environment, health, media, trade and development, the interplay of politics and religion, international relations, terror and security, and education. Each chapter explains how a specific issue area has come to be shaped by complex interdependence and offers specific insights into directing the growing interdependence toward greater equity, sustainability, and freedom. Thereby, a sustained meditation on the meaning and means of realizing public good is put forward, which results in a solid Buddhist conception of diversity. Hershock argues that concepts of Karma and emptiness are relevant across the full spectrum of policy domains and that Buddhist concepts become increasingly forceful as concerns shift from the local to the global. A remarkable book on this fascinating religion, Buddhism in the Public Sphere will be of interest to scholars and students in Buddhist studies and Asian religion in general.

Keywords

buddhist --- perspective --- attentive --- mastery --- teaching --- moral --- clarity --- contributory --- virtuosity --- terms

La vie et l’organisation des communautés bouddhiques modernes de Ceylan

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ISBN: 9791036544385 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.1173 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage consacré aux communautés bouddhiques de Ceylan s’intéresse tout d’abord aux monastères modernes, présentant leurs diverses composantes : temple (vihāra), stūpa, arbre de la bodhi, salle de prédication, salle capitulaire, bibliothèque, bâtiments résidentiels, édicules rituels, salles de cours et ermitages. Il examine aussi brièvement, de manière à fournir des points de comparaison, les monastères singhalais anciens. Il se poursuit par l’étude de l’iconographie moderne du bouddhisme singhalais (Buddha, Bodhisattva, disciples, dieux et personnages divers) et de son culte. Il s’attache enfin à décrire la vie des moines (emploi du temps, activités spirituelles, costume et équipement, nourriture et biens personnels), l’organisation de la communauté, la vie économique des monastères, leurs activités culturelles, charitables, sociales et politiques.

Art and Landscape

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ISBN: 9783700172413 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574675 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 54
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:42
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Buddhist rock sculpture of Swat/Uddiyana (7th-8th cent. CE): Analytical study of its aesthetic values, technical concept, historical background and cultural influence

Religion, Ritual and Ritualistic Objects

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ISBN: 9783038977520 9783038977537 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-753-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 09:16:44
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This is a volume about the life and power of ritual objects in their religious ritual settings. In this Special Issue, we see a wide range of contributions on material culture and ritual practices across religions. By focusing on the dynamic interrelations between objects, ritual, and belief, it explores how religion happens through symbolic materiality. The ritual objects presented in this volume include: masks worn in the Dogon dance; antique ecclesiastical silver objects carried around in festive processions and shown in shrines in the southern Andes; funerary photographs and films functioning as mnemonic objects for grieving children; a dented rock surface perceived to be the god’s footprint in the archaic place of pilgrimage, Gaya (India); a recovered manual of rituals (from Xiapu county) for Mani, the founder of Manichaeism, juxtaposed to a Manichaean painting from southern China; sacred stories and related sacred stones in the Alor–Pantar archipelago, Indonesia; lotus symbolism, indicating immortalizing plants in the mythic traditions of Egypt, the Levant, and Mesopotamia;

Religious Environmental Activism in Asia: Case Studies in Spiritual Ecology

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ISBN: 9783039286461 / 9783039286478 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-647-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Throughout the world religious organizations are exploring and implementing into action ideas about the relevance of religion and spirituality in dealing with a growing multitude of environmental issues and problems. Religion and spirituality have the potential to be extremely influential for the better at many levels and in many ways through their intellectual, emotional, and activist components. This collection focuses on providing a set of captivating essays on the specifics of concrete cases of environmental activism involving most of the main Asian religions from several countries. Particular case studies are drawn from the religions of Animism, Buddhism, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, and Jainism. They are from the countries of Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, and Thailand. Thereby this set of case studies offers a very substantial and rich sampling of religious environmental activism in Asia. They are grounded in years of original field research on the subjects covered. Collectively these case studies reveal a fascinating and significant movement of environmental initiatives in engaged practical spiritual ecology in Asia. Accordingly, this collection should be of special interest to a diversity of scientists, academics, instructors, and students as well as communities and leaders from a wide variety of religions, environmentalism, and conservation.

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