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Mineral Building Traditions in the Himalayas

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ISBN: 9783110591330 9783110590111 9783110589962 Year: Pages: 391 DOI: 10.1515/9783110591330 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:04
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This study gives fresh insight into the interaction between technical requirements, environmental resources and material implementation. It is the first scientific approach in studying the Himalayan earthen heritage in a wide scope and connecting material research and cultural heritage from various perspectives - in particular archaeology, architecture, research on materials and building techniques.

Buildings for Education

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Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030336875 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33687-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book presents theoretical and practical research relating to the vast, publicly financed program for the construction of new schools and the reorganization of existing educational buildings in Italy. This transformative process aims to give old buildings a fresh identity, to ensure that facilities are compliant with the new educational and teaching models, and to improve both energy efficiency and structural safety with respect to seismic activity. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which focuses on the social role of the school as a civic building that can serve the needs of the community. Innovations in both design and construction processes are then analyzed, paying special attention to the Building Information Modeling (BIM) strategy as a tool for the integration of different disciplines. The final section is devoted to the built heritage and tools, technologies, and approaches for the upgrading of existing buildings so that they meet the new regulations on building performance. The book will be of interest to all who wish to learn about the latest insights into the challenges posed by, and the opportunities afforded by, a comprehensive school building and renovation program.

Entwicklung eines Kooperationsmodells für die Transportlogistik im Baustoff-Fachhandel

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Book Series: Karlsruher Reihe Technologie und Management im Baubetrieb ISSN: 18685951 ISBN: 9783731508847 Year: Volume: 73 Pages: XIII, 271 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000089295 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Based on the consolidation of the consignment volume of cooperating building materials traders, the logistics network will be improved and the transport efficiency of the cooperation partners will be increased. In addition to the development, the cooperation model will be evaluated by simulations on the basis of real data and the impact of the cooperation model for the total drive distance of the cooperation partners will be examined.

Bio-based Building Skin

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes ISBN: 9789811337475 Year: Pages: 183 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-3747-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This book provides a compendium of material properties, demonstrates several successful examples of bio-based materials’ application in building facades, and offers ideas for new designs and novel solutions. It features a state-of-the-art review, addresses the latest trends in material selection, assembling systems, and innovative functions of facades in detail. Selected case studies on buildings from diverse locations are subsequently presented to demonstrate the successful implementation of various biomaterial solutions, which defines unique architectural styles and building functions. The structures, morphologies and aesthetic impressions related to bio-based building facades are discussed from the perspective of art and innovation; essential factors influencing the performance of materials with respect to functionality and safety are also presented. Special emphasis is placed on assessing the performance of a given facade throughout the service life of a building, and after its end. The book not only provides an excellent source of technical and scientific information, but also contributes to public awareness by demonstrating the benefits to be gained from the proper use of bio-based materials in facades. As such, it will appeal to a broad audience including architects, engineers, designers and building contractors. ; Presents case-studies and latest trends in material selection, assembling systems, and innovative functions of facades Discusses structure morphologies and aesthetic impressions related to bio-based building facades Highlights factors influencing performance of facades, with a special focus on service life of the building

Micro/Nano Materials for Clean Energy and Environment

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ISBN: 9783039211289 9783039211296 Year: Pages: 123 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-129-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:41:30
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The Tsinghua University–University of Waterloo Joint Research Center for Micro/Nano Energy & Environment Technology (JCMEET) is a platform. It was established on Nov.11, 2017. The Chairperson of University Council of Tsinghua University, Dr. Xu Chen, and the President of the University of Waterloo, Dr. Feridun Hamdullahpur, attended the opening ceremony and unveiled the nameplate for the joint research center on 29th of March, 2018. The research center serves as a platform for researchers at both universities to conduct joint research in the targeted areas, and to meet regularly for information exchange, talent exchange, and knowledge mobilization, especially in the fields of micro/nano, energy, and environmental technologies. The center focuses on three main interests: micro/nano energy technology, micro/nano pollution control technology, and relevant fundamental research. In order to celebrate the first anniversary of the Joint Research Center, we were invited to serve as the Guest Editors of this Special Issue of Materials focusing on the topic of micro/nano-materials for clean energy and environment. It collects research papers from a broad range of topics related to micro/nanostructured materials aimed at future energy resources, low emission energy conversion, energy storage, energy efficiency improvement, air emission control, air monitoring, air cleaning, and many other related applications. This Special Issue provides an opportunity and example for the international community to discuss how to actively address the energy and environment issues that we are facing.

Application of Photoactive Nanomaterials in Degradation of Pollutants

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ISBN: 9783039213818 9783039213825 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-382-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Photoactive nanomaterials have been receiving increasing attention due to their potential application in the light-driven degradation of water and gas-phase pollutants. However, to exploit the great potential of photoactive materials and access their properties requires fine-tuning of their size/shape-dependent chemical–physical properties, and on the ability to integrate them in photoreactors or to deposit them onto large surfaces. Therefore, the synthetic approach as well as post-synthesis manipulation could strongly affect the final photocatalytic properties of the nanomaterial. The aim of the present Special Issue is to report on the most recent progress towards the application of photoactive nanomaterials and nanomaterial-based coatings in pollutant degradation, paying particular attention to cases close to real application: scalable synthetic approaches to nanocatalysts, preparation of nanocatalyst-based coatings, degradation of real pollutants and bacterial inactivation, and application in building materials.

Humidity Sensors. Advances in Reliability, Calibration and Application

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211227 9783039211234 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-123-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Humidity detection has deep significance for the scientific research surrounding medical care and human performance, and the industrial development of agriculture, geography and automated instruments. This special issue aims to showcase some of the advancements in humidity sensor design and calibration, and its applications. The selected papers cover a variety of humidity sensor-related topics including material science, chemistry and industrial engineering. Through dedicated contributions from peer reviewers and the editorial team, this book aims to offers reader some insight into the field of humidity sensor development and use.

Recent Trends in Phosphate Mining and Beneficiation and Related Waste Management

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281725 9783039281732 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-173-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Mining and Metallurgy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The extraction of apatite minerals is becoming more and more crucial with the depletion of high-grade ores. At the same time, many streams of waste are continuously being produced by the phosphate industry, including calcareous and siliceous waste rocks, clayey sludge and phosphogypsum. These waste products are produced in huge volumes reaching a ratio of between 5 to 10 tons of waste per each ton of concentrated phosphate. The management of these waste products is becoming a real issue in terms of growing public awareness and environmental and financial aspects. In addition, phosphate ores are known to contain other critical raw materials (CRM) such as rare earth elements and uranium. The recovery of these vital elements from phosphate waste may help to develop the needs of the green energy of the future and contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development goals. In this Special Issue, insights related to the following aspects were studied: phosphate extraction and beneficiation, novel phosphate ores, the fine characterization of phosphate ores and waste, phosphoric acid production, critical raw material (CRM) recovery from phosphate ores and waste, reprocessing of phosphate wastes and finally the valorization and reuse of phosphate waste and phosphogypsum.

Non-destructive Testing of Materials in Civil Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039216901 9783039216918 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-691-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book was proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering. For this reason, the articles highlighted in this editorial relate to different aspects of nondestructive testing of different materials in civil engineering—from building materials to building structures. The current trend in the development of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering is mainly concerned with the detection of flaws and defects in concrete elements and structures, and acoustic methods predominate in this field. As in medicine, the trend is towards designing test equipment that allows one to obtain a picture of the inside of the tested element and materials. From this point of view, interesting results with significance for building practices have been obtained

Keywords

non-destructive testing --- masonry structures --- strengthening --- ultrasonic tomography --- adhesion assessment --- autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) --- compressive strength --- shape and size of specimen --- moisture of AAC --- ultrasonic testing --- gantry crane --- RMF technique --- civil engineering --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- degree of degradation --- thermovision --- active thermography --- thermal contrast --- defect detection --- location of inclusions --- non-destructive testing --- materials research --- building partition --- cement-based composites --- fiber cement boards --- durability --- ultrasound measurements --- spun concrete --- micro-computed tomography --- nanoindentation --- deconvolution --- mathematical morphology --- non-destructive evaluation --- structural damage --- natural frequency --- singular value truncation --- multiple feedbacks --- data noise --- NDT methods --- rebar location --- eddy-current method --- GPR method --- concrete --- concrete mix design --- concrete strength prediction --- data mining --- machine learning --- timber structures --- non-destructive methods --- ultrasonic wave --- stress wave --- drilling resistance --- X-ray micro-computed tomography --- waste brick dust --- adsorption --- lead --- cesium --- surface complexation --- precipitation --- solid-state NMR spectroscopy --- Lamb waves --- scanning laser vibrometry --- adhesive joints --- non-destructive testing --- damage detection --- excitation frequency --- nondestructive testing --- thermography --- monitoring of structures --- reinforced concrete chimney --- corrosion processes --- service life of a structure --- viscoelastic parameters --- creep test --- fatigue tests --- asphalt mixtures --- Burgers model --- four point bending beam --- pattern recognition --- acoustic emission --- Structural Health Monitoring --- brittle fracture --- diagnostics --- non-destructive testing --- reinforced concrete grandstand stadium --- vibration analysis --- crowd-induced excitation --- structural tuning --- concrete slabs and floorings --- horizontal casting --- compressive strength --- ultrasonic tests --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- artificial neural networks --- SEM --- non-destructive method --- damage --- mercury intrusion porosimetry --- X-ray computed tomography --- acoustic emission AE --- acoustic spectrum --- quasi brittle cement composites --- destruction process --- resistance measurement --- wood moisture sensing --- non-destructive testing --- moisture safety --- cellulose fibre cement boards --- microstructure --- nanoindentation --- SEM-EDS analysis --- temperature --- concrete elements --- concrete strength --- reinforced concrete tanks --- concrete corrosion --- sulphate corrosion --- ultrasound tests --- rebound hammer --- SilverSchmidt --- concrete --- compressive strength --- non-destructive testing --- non-destructive testing --- diagnostic --- acoustic methods --- ultrasound --- building materials --- defects

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