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La ville d’Alger vers la fin du XVIIIe siècle

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ISBN: 9782271055712 9782271078360 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Alger. De la modeste cité berbère à la capitale de province à la fin de la période ottomane, une abondante littérature de voyages nous avait rendu la ville autant exotique que presque familière. Mais la fortune de nombre de faits colportés, repris souvent avec une certaine complaisance par les historiens, laissait percevoir qu’une étude solide était encore à faire. Tal Shuval, s’appuyant sur un important fonds documentaire en arabe, notamment des inventaires émanant de l’administration fisca...

Social Media in South India

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781911307969 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630700 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-16 11:01:39
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One of the first ethnographic studies to explore use of social media in the everyday lives of people in Tamil Nadu, Social Media in South India provides an understanding of this subject in a region experiencing rapid transformation. The influx of IT companies over the past decade into what was once a space dominated by agriculture has resulted in a complex juxtaposition between an evolving knowledge economy and the traditions of rural life. While certain class tensions have emerged in response to this juxtaposition, a study of social media in the region suggests that similarities have also transpired, observed most clearly in the blurring of boundaries between work and life for both the old residents and the new.

Keywords

india --- caste --- social media --- technology

Le système indien des castes

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ISBN: 9782859399627 9782757419199 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 10:50:08
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Par bien des aspects, l’Inde de ce début du xxie siècle est devenue une nation moderne : depuis son indépendance, en effet, elle a connu un régime politique basé sur la démocratie parlementaire et son économie s’est libéralisée pendant que ses habitants s’ouvraient largement aux idéologies nouvelles. On aurait pu croire que cette irrémédiable modernisation du pays, de sa religion et de ses valeurs allait sonner le glas de la caste qui, d’ailleurs, a souvent été présentée comme une institutio...

Advances in Genomics and Epigenomics of Social Insects

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450800 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-080-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Social insects are among the most successful and ecologically important animals on earth. The lifestyle of these insects has fascinated humans since prehistoric times. These species evolved a caste of workers that in most cases have no progeny. Some social insects have worker sub-castes that are morphologically specialized for discrete tasks. The organization of the social insect colony has been compared to the metazoan body. Males in the order Hymenoptera (bees, ants and wasps) are haploid, a situation which results in higher relatedness between female siblings. Sociality evolved many times within the Hymenoptera, perhaps spurred in part by increased relatedness that increases inclusive fitness benefits to workers cooperating to raise their sisters and brothers rather than reproducing themselves. But epigenetic processes may also have contributed to the evolution of sociality. The Hymenoptera provide opportunities for comparative study of species ranging from solitary to highly social. A more ancient clade of social insects, the termites (infraorder Isoptera) provide an opportunity to study alternative mechanisms of caste determination and lifestyles that are aided by an array of endosymbionts. This research topic explores the use of genome sequence data and genomic techniques to help us explore how sociality evolved in insects, how epigenetic processes enable phenotypic plasticity, and the mechanisms behind whether a female will become a queen or a worker.

Enfants de la déesse

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ISBN: 9782271053831 9782271078575 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dans une enquête anthropologique qui étudie les interactions entre croyances collectives et expériences individuelles et développe une approche cognitive des faits de croyance, Marine Canin montre combien il importe pour l’éthnologie religieuse du monde indien de prendre en compte les stratégies individuelles. Partant d'histoires de vie de femmes dont elle a partagé l'existence au Bengale, l'auteur montre comment l'infortune qui frappe la personne est réinterprétée en termes de causalité reli...

Classic Concepts in Anthropology

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ISBN: 9780990505082 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101680
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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The late anthropologist Valerio Valeri (1944–98) was best known for his substantial writings on societies of Polynesia and eastern Indonesia. This volume, however, presents a lesser-known side of Valeri’s genius through a dazzlingly erudite set of comparative essays on core topics in the history of anthropological theory. Offering masterly discussions of anthropological thought about ritual, fetishism, cosmogonic myth, belief, caste, kingship, mourning, play, feasting, ceremony, and cultural relativism, Classic Concepts in Anthropology, presented here with a critical foreword by Rupert Stasch and Giovanni da Col, will be an eye-opening, essential resource for students and researchers not only in anthropology but throughout the humanities.

Amma’s Daughters: A Memoir

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Book Series: Our Lives: Diary, Memoir, and Letters ISSN: 1921-6653; 1921-6661 ISBN: 9781771991957 9781771991964 9781771991971 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771991957.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-29 23:57:12
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As a precocious young girl, Surekha knew very little about the details of her mother Amma’s unusual past and that of Babu, her mysterious and sometimes absent father. The tense, uncertain family life created by her parents’ distant and fractious marriage and their separate ambitions informs her every action and emotion. Then one evening, in a moment of uncharacteristic transparency and vulnerability, Amma tells Surekha and her older sister Didi of the family tragedy that changed the course of her life. Finally, her daughters begin to understand the source of their mother’s deep commitment to the Indian nationalist movement and her seemingly unending willingness to sacrifice in the name of that pursuit. In this re-memory based on the published and unpublished work of Amma and Surekha, Meenal Shrivastava, Surekha’s daughter, uncovers the history of the female foot soldiers of Gandhi’s national movement in the early twentieth century. As Meenal weaves these written accounts together with archival research and family history, she gives voice and honour to the hundreds of thousands of largely forgotten or unacknowledged women who, threatened with imprisonment for treason and sedition, relentlessly and selflessly gave toward the revolution.

தென்னிந்தியாவில் சமூக ஊடகங்கள் – Social Media in South India (Tamil)

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781787354906 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787354906 Language: Tamil
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:03
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One of the first ethnographic studies to explore use of social media in the everyday lives of people in Tamil Nadu, Social Media in South India provides an understanding of this subject in a region experiencing rapid transformation. The influx of IT companies over the past decade into what was once a space dominated by agriculture has resulted in a complex juxtaposition between an evolving knowledge economy and the traditions of rural life. While certain class tensions have emerged in response to this juxtaposition, a study of social media in the region suggests that similarities have also transpired, observed most clearly in the blurring of boundaries between work and life for both the old residents and the new.

Venkatraman explores the impact of social media at home, work and school, and analyses the influence of class, caste, age and gender on how, and which, social media platforms are used in different contexts. These factors, he argues, have a significant effect on social media use, suggesting that social media in South India, while seeming to induce societal change, actually remains bound by local traditions and practices.

Impersonations

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ISBN: 9780520972230 9780520301665 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.72 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Anthropology --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Drawing on multisited ethnographic fieldwork and performance analysis, this book centers on an insular community of Smarta brahmin men from the Kuchipudi village in Telugu-speaking South India, who are required to don strī-vēṣam (woman’s guise) and impersonate female characters from Hindu religious narratives. According to the hagiography of Siddhendra, the founding saint of Kuchipudi dance, every brahmin man from a hereditary Kuchipudi family must don strī-vēṣam at least once in his life, a prescription that still resonates in the village today. Impersonation, the term used to indicate the donning of gender guise (vēṣam), is not simply a performative mandate for Kuchipudi brahmin men but also a practice of power that creates normative ideals of brahmin masculinity in village performance and everyday life. However, the construction of brahmin masculinity against the backdrop of impersonation is highly contingent, particularly on account of the expansion of Kuchipudi in the latter half of the twentieth century from a localized village performance to a transnational Indian “classical” dance tradition. By shifting from village to urban and transnational spaces, the book traces the technologies of normativity that create, sustain, and undermine normative ideals of gender, caste, and sexuality through the embodied practice of impersonation in contemporary South India.

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