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Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

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ISBN: 9783039211937 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

Advances in Food Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039217427 9783039217434 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-743-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This Topical Collection of Molecules provides the most recent advancements and trends within the framework of food analysis, confirming the growing public, academic, and industrial interest in this field. The articles broach topics related to sample preparation, separation science, spectroscopic techniques, sensors and biosensors, as well as investigations dealing with the characterization of macronutrients, micronutrients, and other biomolecules. It offers the latest updates regarding alternative food sources (e.g., algae), functional foods, effects of processing, chiral or achiral bioactive compounds, contaminants, and every topic related to food science that is appealing to readers. Nowadays, the increasing awareness of the close relation among diet, health, and social development is stimulating demands for high levels of quality and safety in agro-food production, as well as new studies to fill gaps in the actual body of knowledge about food composition. For these reasons, modern research in food science and human nutrition is moving from classical methodologies to advanced instrumental platforms for comprehensive characterization. Nondestructive spectroscopic and imaging technologies are also proposed for food process monitoring and quality control in real time.

Keywords

cuprous oxide nanoparticles --- reduced graphene oxide --- modified electrode --- sunset yellow --- second-derivative linear sweep voltammetry --- clenbuterol --- systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment --- real-time quantitative PCR --- high-throughput sequencing technology --- aptamers --- gold nanoparticles biosensor --- carbamates --- multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) --- enhanced product ion (EPI) --- mass fragmentation --- confirmatory method --- pesticide residues --- Croatian wines --- biogenic amines --- HPLC --- geographical origin --- polyelectrolyte composite film --- nitrite detection --- differential pulse voltammetry --- cyclic voltammetry --- mycotoxin --- dimerization --- HRMS --- NMR --- fruit jams --- food security --- phenolic acids --- quercetin --- agro-biodiversity --- HPLC fingerprint --- Polygonatum cyrtonema --- saccharides --- oligosaccharides --- fructose --- HPLC–QTOF–MS/MS --- steaming --- essential oil --- extraction techniques --- hops extracts --- hydrodistillation --- Marynka strain --- microwave-assisted hydrodistillation --- anthocyanins --- bioactive compounds --- Box–Behnken design --- microwave-assisted extraction --- myrtle --- Myrtus communis --- phenolic compounds --- Chia seed oil --- polyunsaturated fatty acid --- antioxidant --- lipid-lowering effect --- collagen peptide --- HPLC fingerprint --- antioxidant --- anti-inflammatory --- spectrum-effect relationship --- amino acids --- carbohydrates --- acidity --- polarity --- molecular weight --- Tricholoma matsutake --- Pol gene --- qualitative and quantitative PCR --- DNA extraction --- ?-blockers --- metabolites --- milk powder --- Q-Orbitrap --- rosé wines --- white wines --- bottle aging --- flavor profile --- closures --- anthocyanins --- bioactive compounds --- Box–Behnken design --- ultrasound-assisted extraction --- myrtle --- Myrtus communis L. --- phenolic compounds --- food safety --- kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) --- molecular identification --- phylogeny --- DNA barcode --- hard clams --- Meretrix lyrata --- lipid classes --- fatty acids --- phospholipids --- molecular species of phospholipid --- high resolution mass spectrometry --- impedimetric aptasensor --- screen-printed interface --- bifunctional polymer arms --- PAT detection --- apple juice --- chiral --- chiral stationary phases --- enantiomers --- food --- review --- Piper methysticum (kava) --- kavalactones --- flavokavains --- UHPLC-UV --- mass spectra --- isomerization --- single-laboratory validation --- quality control --- Lactarius deliciosus --- chemical composition --- antioxidant --- antihyperglycemic --- ?13C-IRMS --- fatty acids composition --- 1H-NMR --- walnut varieties --- poultry eggs --- thiamphenicol --- florfenicol --- florfenicol amine --- ASE --- UPLC-FLD --- Sojae semen praeparatum (SSP) --- fermentation --- conversion --- ultra-fast liquid chromatography (UFLC)–TripleTOF MS --- principal component analysis (PCA) --- microalgae --- Scenedesmus --- supercritical fluid extraction --- carotenoids --- fat-soluble vitamins --- antioxidants --- fruit juice --- blends --- adulteration --- 1H NMR --- PLS --- chemometrics --- natural mature honey --- immature honey --- chemometric analysis --- multi-physicochemical parameters --- food quality --- IMS --- food composition --- food process control --- food authentication --- food adulteration --- food safety --- antibiotics --- liquid chromatography mass spectrometry --- milk --- muscle --- validation

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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english (2)


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2019 (2)