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Chapter 6 Parental marital dissolution and the intergenerational transmission of homeownership (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 38 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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Children of homeowners are more likely to enter homeownership than are children whose parents rent. We investigate whether this association is dependent on parental divorce, focusing on parental assistance as a conduit of intergenerational transmission. Event history analyses of data for England and Wales from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) show that the intergenerational transmission of homeownership is stronger for children of divorced parents compared with children of married parents. Such an eff ect may arise from two channels: (1) children of divorced parents are more in need of parental assistance due to socio-economic disadvantages associated with parental divorce; and (2) compared with married parents, divorced homeowning parents (mothers) rely more on housing wealth, rather than fi nancial wealth, for assisting children. Findings support both explanations. Children of divorced parents are furthermore less likely to co-reside. We fi nd limited evidence that when they do, co-residence is less conductive to homeownership compared with children from married parents.

Keywords

Homeowners --- children --- homeownership --- parents

Geraubte Identität

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ISBN: 9783205784623 Year: Pages: 304 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437141 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4088
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:40
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Stolen identity - the forced "Germanization" of "racially valuable" children during National Socialism, illustrated by the country of Poland. Heinrich Himmler, acting in his capacity as “Reich Commissioner for the Strengthening of German Foldom”, ordered the selection of "racially valuable" polish children for "Germanization" – the Teutonic blood had to be collected even if it meant kidnapping children. For this reason polish children from orphanages, schools, forster parents, parents who refused to sign the “Volksliste” and parents who had been murdered or sent to forced labor or concentration camps had to have a "racial" examination – children who possessed the Nordic features were regarded as suitable for the “Germanization” and were distributed in special children homes. At these special children homes the children were forced to give up their own identity step by step: the children got new German names and had to learn German, moreover contact with relatives at home was painfully forbidden. In Austria, known as "Ostmark" during National Socialism, two special places were found, where polish children were confronted with "Germanization practices": the children home "Alpenland" in Oberweis next to Gmunden and the resettlement camp "Parsch" in Salzburg. After a "successful Germanization" the children were placed in German and Austrian forster families. There the children were treated in different ways: some children became a part of the family, they felt safety and comfortable and were treated like their own children. Other polish girls and boys were treated badly: the forster families took advantage of their defencelessness, they abused and beat the polish children, they reagard them just as cheap labourer. After the war only a small number of such kidnapped children was tracked by the several tracking services like UNRRA, IRO or the Polish Red Cross. But further problems arose when German and Austrian forster families or the children themselves opposed the repatriation to Poland. Being back in Poland, the polish children were regarded as children of the enemy – regarded as “German” of the polish society.

Children disengaged from armed groups in Colombia. Integration Processes in Context

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788376560441 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560441 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-18 14:27:23
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An in-depth study of the complex situation in Colombia; extensive research involving a broad range of participants. Drawing on a broad research on historical, geographical and socio-political context of the Colombian conflict, the book explores the role of children entangled in the military fighting. Following the case studies of minors, starting from the recruitment up to the disengagement, the authors seek to understand the process itself and to analyze various support methods offered to the affected children. Weaving together different points of view, coming from the children, and from the workers of the organizations offering help, the book gives an engaging and dramatic overview of the phenomenon of child soldiers.

Das Pflegekindverhältnis - zeitlich befristete oder dauerhafte Lebensperspektive für Kinder? - 12. Göttinger Workshop zum Familienrecht 2013

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Book Series: Göttinger Juristische Schriften ISBN: 9783863951542 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-765 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-09 11:01:17
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Dieser Band vereinigt die Referate des am 29. November 2013 veranstalteten 12. Göttinger Workshops zum Familienrecht, der sich dem Pflegekindverhältnis widmete. Pflegekinder leben häufig über längere Zeit in unsicheren rechtlichen Verhältnissen, obwohl gerade für sie eine stabile rechtliche Situation wichtig ist, sei es durch Rückführung in die Herkunftsfamilie, Adoption oder rechtliche Absicherung der Pflegeverhältnisse. Eine Reform des Pflegekinderrechts wird deshalb seit vielen Jahren von verschiedensten Professionen gefordert. Den Auftakt der Veranstaltung bildete die Darstellung der Rechtsprechung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts zu Pflegekindverhältnissen (Gabriele Britz), gefolgt von einem humanwissenschaftlichen Einblick in das Bindungs- und Erziehungserleben von Pflegekindern (Martina Cappenberg). Im Anschluss wurden die Instrumente der Hilfeplanung des Jugendamtes näher beleuchtet (Diana Eschelbach), bevor die Belastbarkeit der Einschätzungen von Sachverständigen und Jugendämtern im Rahmen von Rückführungsentscheidungen aus humanwissenschaftlicher Sicht vorgestellt wurde (Heinz Kindler). Es folgte ein kritischer Blick auf die Verbleibensanordnung als Instrument zur Sicherung von Kontinuität (Ludwig Salgo). Den Abschluss bildete eine juristische Problemanalyse des Umgangs von Herkunftseltern mit ihrem fremd untergebrachten Kind (Stefan Heilmann). Die Veranstaltung endete mit einer Podiumsdiskussion zum rechtspolitischen Handlungsbedarf im Bereich des Pflegekindverhältnisses. Band 15 der Reihe „Göttinger Juristische Schriften“ Die Reihe wird von der Juristischen Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität herausgegeben und macht Veranstaltungen an der Fakultät einer interessierten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich.

Health and Children with Disabilities

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453573 Year: Pages: 88 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-357-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Articles within this e-book are focused on the health of children with disabilities. Various frameworks have been used to articulate the dynamic interaction of the individual, environment and the task as it relates to child health. A majority of the contributing authors in this special topic are researchers within the field of adapted physical activity. This field embraces a broad perspective of inclusiveness and attitudes of acceptance.

CHAPTER 5 ‘Rapt Up with Joy’: (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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This chapter takes advantage of recent insights from the history of&#xD;emotions to offer a fresh perspective on children’s emotional responses to&#xD;death. Drawing on a range of printed and archival sources, it argues that&#xD;children expressed diverse and conflicting emotions, from fear and anxiety,&#xD;to excitement and ecstasy. In contrast to Houlbrooke and Stannard, I&#xD;have found that children’s responses seem to have changed little over the&#xD;early modern period. This continuity is largely due to the endurance of&#xD;the Christian doctrine of salvation, with its hauntingly divergent fates of&#xD;heaven and hell.

Idades e género na literatura e na arte da Grécia antiga

Authors: ---
Book Series: Humanitas Supplementum ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892610160 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1017-7 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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This volume puts forward several reflections about the idea of age and gender in Ancient Greece. It brings together seven studies by Spanish, Portuguese and Argentinian researchers. The essays gathered here are based upon information from different sources: literary, iconographic, epigraphic, and social. They do not focus on the citizen, i.e. on the adult male as the citizen, according to Aristotle’s definition, but on children, elderly, maidens. Even the field of male prostitution is explored. It is a study which, based on the abundant bibliography which has developed over recent years on these issues, offers an overall reflection on the margins of citizenship seen from the parameters of gender and age.

Keywords

Age --- gender --- children --- maidens --- elderly --- male prostitution

Users' Needs Report on Play for Children with Disabilities. Parents' and children's views

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110537482 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.1515/9783110537482 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

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The needs of children and parents about play when the child has a disability are explored by mean on surveys to disability associations and families were collected during 2016 in 30 countries by members of the EU COST LUDI network Play for children with disability.The users' needs concerning play for children with disabilities are also explored by mean of case studies at a country level, based on literature reviews of avialable reports and emprirical studies in Finland, Lithuania and Sweden.

Keywords

play --- children --- disability --- parents --- users' needs

Making room: Facilitating the testimony of child witnesses and victims

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ISBN: 978192038347 Year: Pages: 70 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:15:32
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About the publicationCourt rooms are frightening places for anyone testifying. Even adults are fearful about giving evidence in front of magistrates and judges, and about being questioned by prosecutors and defence lawyers. Imagine how much more scary that must be for a child. Even worse, in sexual offences children have to talk about embarrassing things, for which they do not even have an adequate or accurate vocabulary. South African law has excellent provisions which allow children to testify via intermediaries and in separate rooms, so that they need not encounter the offender. But this is only as good as the provisioning allows. In the 2009 case of Director of Public Prosecutions v the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, the Court laid emphasis on these special arrangements, and at the time directed the Minister of Justice to place a report before the Constitutional Court on the readiness of the courts to provide the specialised services. Five years on, this report looks at the statistical evidence that is currently available, coupled with empirical evidence gathered from visits to sexual offences court, to determine how much progress has been made towards the goal of children being able to testify in a safe, child-friendly environment.About the authors:The Centre for Child Law was established in 1998 and is based in the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria. The Director of the Centre is Prof Ann Skelton.The Centre contributes towards the establishment and promotion of the best interests of children in South Africa through litigation, advocacy, research and education.Table of ContentsFOREWORDACKNOWLEDGMENTSIntroductionBackgroundQuantifying compliance: Where we were compared to where we are3.1 Intermediaries3.2 Separate child witness testifying rooms3.3 CCTV systems3.4 One-way mirrorsReported experiences: A qualitative view of court services for child victims and witnesses4.1 Eastern Cape4.1.1 Lusikisiki Court4.1.2 Engcobo Court4.1.3 Qumbu Court4.1.4 Ngqeleni Court4.1.5 Mthatha Court4.1.6 Concluding reflections on the Eastern Cape4.2 Free State4.2.1 Welkom Court4.2.2 Odendaalsrus Court4.2.3 Bothaville Court4.2.4 Concluding reflections on the Free State4.3 Gauteng4.3.1 Cullinan Court4.3.2 Bronkhorstspruit Court4.3.3 Krugersdorp Court4.3.4 Palm Ridge Court4.3.5 Pretoria North Court4.3.6 Concluding reflections on Gauteng4.4 KwaZulu-Natal4.4.1 Durban Court4.4.2 Camperdown Court4.4.3 Pinetown Court4.4.4 Verulam Court4.4.5 Pietermaritzburg Court4.4.6 Concluding reflections on KwaZulu-Natal4.5 Limpopo4.5.1 Sibasa Court4.5.2 Giyani Court4.5.3 Louis Trichardt Court4.5.4 Concluding reflections on Limpopo4.6 Mpumalanga4.6.1 Middelburg Court4.6.2 Ermelo Court4.6.3 Nelspruit Court4.6.4 Mhala Court4.6.5 Concluding reflections on Mpumalanga4.7 North West4.7.1 Brits Court4.7.2 Mmabatho Court4.7.3 Lehurutshe Court4.7.4 Zeerust Court4.7.5 Lichtenburg Court4.7.6 Concluding reflections on the North West4.8 Northern Cape4.8.1 Barkly West Court4.8.2 Warrenton Court4.8.3 Hartswater Court4.8.4 Douglas Court4.8.5 Kimberley Court4.8.6 Concluding reflections on the Northern Cape4.9 Western Cape4.9.1 Atlantis Court4.9.2 Parow Court4.9.3 Wynberg Court4.9.4 Paarl Court4.9.5 Cape Town Court4.9.6 Concluding reflections on the Western CapeSurvey results: Observations and some recommendations5.1 Lack of accommodation5.2 Intermediaries5.2.1 Skills and competency5.2.2 Debriefing of intermediaries5.2.3 Evaluation of intermediaries’ performance5.2.4 Appointment of intermediaries – Contract5.3 Awareness of the needs of child victims and witnesses5.4 Lack of toys and other means to keep children busy5.5 Lack of refreshments for child victims and witnessesConcluding recommendations

Videovernehmung kindlicher Zeugen - zur Praxis des Zeugenschutzgesetzes

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ISBN: 9783938616833 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2007-167 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The author examines the practice of video interrogation for children witnesses. Starting point for their empirical investigation is the question of whether the law reform is not only meant well, but can be implemented practically. Here the author builds on the regulations of the 1998 established law for witness protection, to its feasibility in terms of the intended effective protection of victims, particularly the avoidance of so-called secondary victimization (trauma), experts from the federal state of Lower Saxony - prosecutors, police and courts - report by their own experiencees. In five selected district courts of Lower Saxony, the author has also conducted an extensive document analysis on the use of video testimony, and concluded that the video technology in criminal proceedings is used rarely. In specific reform proposals „de lege ferenda“ also the recent regulations of the Law Reform Act of 2003 victims are included in the evaluative study.

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