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Principes de géographie humaine

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ISBN: 9782847886665 Year: Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 12:22:25
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Principes de géographie humaine (1922) – œuvre posthume publiée par le gendre et disciple de l'auteur Emmanuel de Martonne à partir du manuscrit inachevé – constitue le testament scientifique de Paul Vidal de La Blache (1845-1918) à qui l'on doit non seulement la refondation épistémologique et méthodologique de la géographie moderne mais aussi son institutionnalisation dans l'Université républicaine qui se met en place en France dans les dernières années du XIXe siècle. Au travers des pages, ...

Océan et climat

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ISBN: 9782709924900 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.25499 Language: French
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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On mesure depuis peu le rôle essentiel joué par l'océan dans les mécanismes complexes qui régissent le climat. En stockant la chaleur reçue du Soleil pour la transporter des tropiques vers les régions tempérées, l'océan interagit avec l’atmosphère, contribuant à rendre notre planète habitable. Dans le contexte du réchauffement climatique global, l'étude tes relations entre l’océan et le climat est devenue un enjeu scientifique majeur. En quelques décennies, l'océanographie physique est passée d'une approche descriptive et géographique à une approche géophysique. Cette mutation spectaculaire a été rendue possible grâce au développement de programmes internationaux sans précédent, auxquels se sont ajoutés les apports déterminants de' l’observation spatiale et de la modélisation numérique. Ce vaste déploiement de moyens techniques, scientifiques et humains est à l’origine de la découverte des mécanismes fondamentaux de la dynamique des océans, et du rôle particulier des océans tropicaux dans la variabilité climatique. Accessible à un large public, cet ouvrage retrace dans sa dimension scientifique et humaine les conquêtes d'une discipline en plein essor, à présent au cœur des questionnements sur le climat futur.

Information and Empire: Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1854

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ISBN: 9781783743735 9781783743759 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0122 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 12:37:10
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From the mid-sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century Russia was transformed from a moderate-sized, land-locked principality into the largest empire on earth. How did systems of information and communication shape and reflect this extraordinary change?Information and Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1850 brings together a range of contributions to shed some light on this complex question. Communication networks such as the postal service and the gathering and circulation of news are examined alongside the growth of a bureaucratic apparatus that informed the government about its country and its people. The inscription of space is considered from the point of view of mapping and the changing public ‘graphosphere’ of signs and monuments. More than a series of institutional histories, this book is concerned with the way Russia discovered itself, envisioned itself and represented itself to its people.Innovative and scholarly, this collection breaks new ground in its approach to communication and information as a field of study in Russia. More broadly, it is an accessible contribution to pre-modern information studies, taking as its basis a country whose history often serves to challenge habitual Western models of development. It is important reading not only for specialists in Russian Studies, but also for students and non-Russianists who are interested in the history of information and communications.

Retirement Home? Ageing Migrant Workers in France and the Question of Return

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319649757 9783319649764 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64976-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: IMISCOE
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 15:56:33
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This open access book offers new insights into the ageing-migration nexus and the nature of home. Documenting the hidden world of France’s migrant worker hostels, it explores why older North and West African men continue to live past retirement age in this sub-standard housing. Conventional wisdom holds that at retirement labour migrants ought to instead return to their families in home countries, where their French pensions would have far greater purchasing power.This paradox is the point of departure for a book which transports readers from the banlieues of Paris to the banks of the Senegal River and the villages of the Anti-Atlas. In intimate ethnographic detail, the author brings to life the experiences of these older labour migrants by sharing in the life of the hostels as a resident, by observing at close quarters the men's family life on the other side of the Mediterranean as a guest in their homes, and even by accompanying them in their travels by bus, sea, and air.The monograph evaluates several theories of migration against rich qualitative data gathered from multiple methods: biographical narrative and semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and archival research. In the process, it offers a thoughtful contribution to broader debates on what it means for migrants to belong and achieve inclusion in society.

Boundary-Layer Processes Producing Mesoscale Water-Vapour Variability over a Mountainous Island

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 01795619 ISBN: 9783731502470 Year: Volume: 67 Pages: 242 S DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000042282 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Over complex terrain, spatial inhomogeneities of pre-convective atmospheric conditions occur due to convection and mesoscale transport processes. This thesis focuses on the identification of these processes over the mountainous island of Corsica and on the evaluation of their impact on the spatial variability of water vapour, convection-related parameters and the evolution of deep convection by means of observations.

Circulation Weather types as a tool in atmospheric, climate and environmental research

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196418 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-641-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Classifications of circulation weather systems have a long history in meteorology and climatology. Starting with manual classifications over specific regions of the globe, these tools (generally called “catalogs of synoptic types”) were restricted mainly to weather forecasting and historical climate variability studies. In the last decades, the advance of computing resources and the availability of datasets have fostered the development of fast and objective methods that process large amount of data. In recent years numerous methods of circulation type classification have been designed, showing their usefulness on a wide range of applications in scientific domains related to weather, climate, and environment. This Research Topic highlights methodological advances in circulation weather types and also their applications to different research areas. The articles included in this research topic show that circulation weather types can be used not only in Europe, where they have been always more frequent, but also applied to other regions of the world.

Atteindre la Caspienne

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ISBN: 9782906053762 9782362450280 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-17 15:07:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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La Turquie est le premier État à reconnaître la République d'Azerbaïdjan lorsque celle-ci déclare son indépen­dance le 30 août 1991. Les relations diplomatiques sont établies quelques mois plus tard. Quelques 10 ans plus tard, plus de 200 accords et protocoles lient les deux pays. Ces accords couvrent un champ très large et ont pour objectif de soutenir l’intensification des relations commerciales, économiques, culturelles, académiques et militaires. Ce dossier fait le point sur la pénétrat...

Les enjeux de l’ouverture de la frontière turco-arménienne

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ISBN: 9782906053717 9782362450259 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-17 15:07:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Il est difficile de risquer aujourd’hui quelque conjecture sur le développement des relations turco-arméniennes. Rappelons que si la Turquie a reconnu l’Arménie en 1992, les deux pays n’entretiennent toujours pas de relations diplomatiques. Soulignons aussi d’emblée que notre objet est en mouvement et que l’on n’a pour le moment pas atteint de nouvel équilibre. L’année écoulée (2000-2001) a, en cela, été assez féconde en signes contra­dictoires (crispation/décrispation). Les discours de part ...

Les droits de l’enfant. Genèse, institutionnalisation et diffusion (1924-1989)

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ISBN: 9782889301119 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624531 Language: French
Publisher: Editions Alphil Presses universitaires suisses Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170306
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-11 11:01:13
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On November 20, 1989, the United Nations General Assembly ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. How is the evolution of the socio-legal status of the child that resulted in this Convention understood as well as the attitudes and strategies of stakeholders during the twentieth century? Through this book, Zoe Moody fills an important gap in the study of chil-dren's rights by analyzing for the first time the processes of genesis, institu-tionalization, and distribution of treaties on children's rights from a historical and transnational perspective.

L'eterno ritorno del Droit des gens di Emer de Vattel (secc. XVIII-XIX)

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773070 9783944773179 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.12946/gplh8 Language: Italian
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"The numerous editions and early translations produced throughout the eighteenth century enabled the broad dissemination of Emer de Vattel’s juridical-political work Droit des gens. This book investigates the global impact of the Droit des gens with regard to the different political realities, the historical and legal contexts as well as the attempts, mechanisms and strategies used to put these ideas into practice and establish new doctrine between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.&#xD;The Droit des gens had an extremely diverse impact, owing to its varied reception in different political situations, historical and legal contexts, and attempts at practical and theoretical implementation. The fact that Vattel’s book was a point of reference for a considerable number of jurists and politicians further demonstrates its authority in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.&#xD;The question naturally arises whether the continuous references to the work may be regarded as «typical citations of style», simply confined to referencing Vattel’s thought, or whether they are a clear sign of a deeper significance; one springing directly from the characteristics of the Droit des gens, with its capacity to organise and regulate the State in its domestic and international relations.&#xD;The dissemination of the Droit des gens is reconstructed via a broad overview of the dynamics that actually underpinned the use of the treatise, ranging from its influence on political power in domestic and foreign affairs to its use as a guidebook for diplomats and consuls, and even its use as a teaching manual.&#xD;Co-existing in Vattel’s work are several topics—the legislative, the political and the social—which are developed independently of one another, yet are part of one unified framework. The book aims to bring together a study of the first publication in 1758 of Vattel’s Droit des gens, its constant interaction with subsequent editions, translations and annotated versions carried out by jurists in the 19th century and its critical reception (both positive and negative) in relation to the more complex legislative contexts.&#xD;The publishing history of the Droit des gens will be accompanied by the methodological aspect—closely bound to the need to write a global legal history—in which translation, in the broader sense of the term, plays a key role. Concepts of fashion and modernity are examined within the context of the practical and theoretical legal entanglements of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, thanks to the voices of distinguished jurists and politicians who made use of the Droit des gens and who translated and annotated it, thereby encouraging the assimilation—not always unadulterated—of Vattel’s thinking."&#xD;

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