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Rethinking sustainable cities: Accessible, green and fair

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ISBN: 9781447332855 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613676 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: MISTRA Urban Futures
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-18 11:01:16
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Sustainable urbanisation has moved to the forefront of global debate, research and policy agendas over recent years. Rapid urbanisation throughout China, India and many other low and middle income countries poses new challenges both locally and internationally at a time when urban areas worldwide are threatened by climate/environmental change. This compact book is designed to make a signal contribution to the sustainable urbanisation agenda through authoritative interventions contextualising, assessing and explaining clearly the relevance and importance of three central characteristics of sustainable towns and cities everywhere, namely that they should be accessible, green and fair. These three terms form key tenets of the work of Mistra Urban Futures (MUF; http://www.mistraurbanfutures.org/en), an international research centre on sustainable urbanisation based in Gothenburg, Sweden, and working through transdisciplinary research platforms there, in Greater Manchester (UK), Cape Town (South Africa) and Kisumu (Kenya). Additional platforms are being established in southern Sweden, Asia and Africa.

The Wages of Relief: Cities and the Unemployed in Prairie Canada, 1929

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Book Series: Working Canadians: Books from the CCLH ISSN: 1925184X ISBN: 9781927356050 9781927356067 9781927356074 Year: Pages: 333 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 10:35:10
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In the early part of the Dirty Thirties, the Canadian prairie city was a relatively safe haven. Having faced recession before the Great War and then again in the early 1920s, municipalities already had relief apparatuses in place to deal with poverty and unemployment. Until 1933, responsibilty for the care of the urban poor remained with local governments, but when the farms failed that year, and the Depression deepened, western Canadian cities suffered tremendously. Recognizing the severity of the crisis, the national government intervened. Evolving federal programs and policies took over responsibility for the delivery of relief to the single unemployed, while the government simultaneously withdrew financing for all public works projects.Setting municipal relief administrations of the 1930s within a wider literature on welfare and urban poor relief, Strikwerda highlights the legacy on which relief policymakers relied in determining policy directions, as well as the experiences of the individuals and families who depended on relief for their survival. Focusing on three prairie cities—Edmonton, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg—Strikwerda argues that municipal officials used their power to set policy to address what they perceived to be the most serious threats to the social order stemming from the economic crisis. By analyzing the differing ways in which local relief programs treated married and single men, he also explores important gendered dynamics at work in the response of city administrators to the social and economic upheaval of the Depression. Probing the mindset of local elites struggling in extraordinary circumstances, The Wages of Relief describes the enduring impact of the policy changes made in the 1930s in the direction of a broad, national approach to unemployment—an approach that ushered in Canada’s modern welfare system.

Keywords

Depression --- cities --- government --- urban

Alltagsleben nach 1945 - die Nachkriegszeit am Beispiel der Stadt Göttingen

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783940344816 Year: Pages: 298 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Göttingen nach Kriegsende 1945 – Wie gestaltete sich der Nachkriegsalltag aus Sicht der Bevölkerung und der alten und neuen Behörden? Welche Formen und Auswirkungen hatten die neuen politischen Verhältnisse, die Flüchtlinge, die Mangelwirtschaft, die Wohnungsnot, die Umgestaltung des Bildungssektors und welche Neuordnungen des öffentlichen und kulturellen Lebens stießen auf Akzeptanz oder Ablehnung? Diesen und anderen Fragen geht der vorliegende Sammelband nach. Er beruht auf Beiträgen eines Seminars im Fach Geschichte der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, die von den Herausgeberinnen redigiert und durch ein Vorwort ergänzt wurden. In verschiedenen Archiven stießen die Studierenden auf zahlreiche bislang unveröffentlichte Quellen und analysierten diese mit Hilfe aktueller Forschungsansätze zur Alltagsgeschichte.

Musical Cities

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ISBN: 9781911576518 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911576563 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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Musical Cities represents an innovative approach to scholarly research and dissemination. A digital and interactive 'book', it explores the rhythms of our cities, and the role they play in our everyday urban lives, through the use of sound and music.&#xD;&#xD;Sara Adhitya first discusses why we should listen to urban rhythms in order to design more liveable and sustainable cities, before demonstrating how we can do so through various acoustic communication techniques. Using audio-visual examples, Musical Cities takes the ‘listener’ on an interactive journey, revealing how sound and music can be used to represent, compose, perform and interact with the city. Through case studies of urban projects developed in Paris, Perth, Venice and London, Adhitya demonstrates how the power of music, and the practice of listening, can help us to compose more accessible, inclusive, engaging, enjoyable, and ultimately more sustainable cities.&#xD;

Keywords

Cities --- Art --- Design --- Urban planning

Migration in the Southern Balkans: From Ottoman Territory to Globalized Nation States

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319137186 9783319137193 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13719-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 18:09:22
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This volume collects ten essays that look at intra-regional migration in the Southern Balkans from the late Ottoman period to the present. It examines forced as well as voluntary migrations and places these movements within their historical context, including ethnic cleansing, population exchanges, and demographic engineering in the service of nation-building as well as more recent labor migration due to globalization.Inside, readers will find the work of international experts that cuts across national and disciplinary lines. This cross-cultural, comparative approach fully captures the complexity of this highly fractured, yet interconnected, region.Coverage explores the role of population exchanges in the process of nation-building and irredentist policies in interwar Bulgaria, the story of Thracian refugees and their organizations in Bulgaria, the changing waves of migration from the Balkans to Turkey, Albanian immigrants in Greece, and the diminished importance of ethnic migration after the 1990s. In addition, the collection looks at such under-researched aspects of migration as memory, gender, and religion.The field of migration studies in the Southern Balkans is still fragmented along national and disciplinary lines. Moreover, the study of forced and voluntary migrations is often separate with few interconnections. The essays collected in this book bring these different traditions together. This complete portrait will help readers gain deep insight and better understanding into the diverse migration flows and intercultural exchanges that have occurred in the Southern Balkans in the last two centuries.

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas: Linkages between Science, Policy and Practice

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions ISSN: 2199-5508 / 2199-5516 ISBN: 9783319537504 9783319560915 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 14:49:04
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This book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society.The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas.

Urban Food Sharing

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ISBN: 9781447349860 9781447349822 9781447349846 9781447349853 Year: Pages: 124 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 646883
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:02
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. This book explores the history and current practice of food sharing. Illustrated by rich case studies from around the world, the book uses new empirical data to set an agenda for research and action. The book will be an important resource for researchers, policy makers and sharing innovators to explore the impacts and sustainability potential of such sharing for cities.&#xD;

African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model

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ISBN: 9781928331780 9781928331797 9781928331803 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2628333 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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The persistence of indigenous African markets in the context of a hostile or neglectful business and policy environment makes them worthy of analysis. An investigation of Afrocentric business ethics is long overdue. Attempting to understand the actions and efforts of informal traders and artisans from their own points of view, and analysing how they organise and get by, allows for viable approaches to be identified to integrate them into global urban models and cultures. Using the utu-ubuntu model to understand the activities of traders and artisans in Nairobi’s markets, this book explores how, despite being consistently excluded and disadvantaged, they shape urban spaces in and around the city, and contribute to its development as a whole. With immense resilience, and without discarding their own socio-cultural or economic values, informal traders and artisans have created a territorial complex that can be described as the African metropolis. African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model sheds light on the ethics and values that underpin the work of traders and artisans in Nairobi, as well as their resilience and positive impact on urbanisation. This book makes an important contribution to the discourse on urban economics and planning in African cities.&#xD;

Keywords

utu-buntu --- markets --- Africa --- urban planning --- cities

Imagining the Future City

Authors: ---
Book Series: Sustainable Cities Series ISBN: 9781909188181 9781909188198 9781909188204 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5334/bag Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Geography --- Sociology --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-18 10:30:13
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London is one of the world’s leading cities. It is home to an extraordinary concentration and diversity of people, industries, politics, religions and ideas, and plays an important role in our highly globalised and tightly networked modern world. What does the future hold for London? Investigating any aspect of the city’s future reveals a complex picture of interrelations and dependencies. The London 2062 Programme from University College London brings a new, cross-disciplinary and highly collaborative approach to investigating this complexity. The programme crosses departmental boundaries within the university, and promotes active collaboration between leading academics and those who shape London through policy and practice.&#xD;This book approaches the question of London’s future by considering the city in terms of Connections, Things, Power and Dreams.

A multi-factor approach to understanding socio-economic segregation in European capital cities (Book chapter)

Book title: Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138794931 9781315758879 9781317637486 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-19 11:01:18
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Growing inequalities in Europe, even in the most egalitarian countries, are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competive- ness of European cities. Surprisingly, though, there is a lack of systematic and representative research on the spatial dimension of rising inequalities. This gap is filled by our book project Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West, with empirical evidence from Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Madrid, Milan, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna and Vilnius. This introductory chapter outlines the background to this interna- tional comparative research and introduces a multi-factor approach to studying socio-economic segregation. The chapter focuses on four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regime and the housing system. Based on these factors, we propose a hypothetical ranking of segregation levels in the thirteen case study cities. As the conclusions of this book show, the hypothetical ranking and the actual ranking of cities by segregation levels only match partly; the explanation for this can be sought in context-specific factors which will be discussed in-depth in each of the case study chapters.

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