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Planlos durchs Praktikum?

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Book Series: Beiträge der Schweizer Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783847403098 9783847400530 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.3224/84740053 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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In the practical training of prospective teachers in schools, a goal-oriented acquisition of competence is to be aimed at. In particular, the consulting method of goal-oriented pedagogical coaching, with the three core elements of work relationship, goal definition skills and goal-oriented work, plays a central role and can contribute to the expansion of action competence. The author explains how.

4. Profesjonelle fotballtreneres interaksjon med sine overordnede og assistenter (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 30 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch4 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"Research on coaching in sports has long been concerned with how coaches interact
with their players. In recent years, more research in sports psychology has been conducted on
the coach’s role. However, research on coaches’ co-operation with leaders and staff in the clubs
has received little attention. There is reason to argue that the way coaches handle this part of
their profession can have a huge impact on how well they are able to do their job. This study
explores how three experienced Norwegian elite football coaches (average 25 years of elite
experience) interact with others in their clubs creating room for themselves and achieving their goals through micro-political activity and orchestration, i.e. coaches’ actions to increase
their own influence and power within the organization. We collected data through semi-structured
interviews. Then we used content analysis based on a theoretical framework consisting
of the orchestration metaphor and studies on micropolitics and the three aspects of micropolitical
proficiency. The results and discussion describe how the coaches handle the negotiation
process before joining a club, how they handle managers and employees, and how they have
developed their micropolitical skills through their careers. Their knowledge about and attention
to these processes were integral parts of their coaching and leadership challenges. Knowledge
of orchestration and micropolitics seemed to be important for the coaches in the current
study. We therefore provide some suggestions as to how coaches can improve their ability to
handle these elements in coach education and suggest possible future research and applied
implications for coaches."

3. Mestrer jeg trenerrollen? (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch3 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The purpose of this study was to examine factorial, convergent, discriminant, and criteria&#xD;validity of a multi-dimensional scale measuring coaching efficacy (Feltz, Chase, Moritz, &&#xD;Sullivan, 1999). The sample consisted of 281 Norwegian grassroot football coaches taking part&#xD;in two data collections (across the football season) within the Norwegian arm of the international&#xD;PAPA project (intervention group, n = 193) and control group, n = 88). Latent variable&#xD;modeling supported a 4-factor model reflecting Motivation efficacy, Strategy efficacy, Technique&#xD;efficacy and Character efficacy. An introductory ESEM analysis of the 24-item coaching&#xD;efficacy scale yielded an acceptable solution after omitting two items. A parceling approach of&#xD;the twenty-two items were then converted into eleven parcels to examine factorial validity and&#xD;time and group invariance. The four-factor model based on parcels obtained good fit indices:&#xD;(S-B χ2 = [df = 29, n = 222] = 38.622, p < .011 (ns.); RMSEA = .039; 90% (CI = .000–.068);&#xD;CFI = .99; SRMR = .023). Moreover, we obtained strong support for time invariance for a&#xD;merged solution of the two groups of coaches. Invariance across time for the intervention&#xD;and control group separately was supported at time 1, but not at time 2. Satisfactorily convergent,&#xD;discriminant, and criteria validity were also supported. The scale needs further validation&#xD;before use in intervention studies."&#xD;

The Impact of Shared Vision on Leadership, Engagement, Organizational Citizenship and Coaching

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196715 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-671-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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According to management and psychology courses, as well as legions of consultants in organizational psychology, shared vision in dyads, teams and organizations can fill us with hope and inspire new possibilities, or delude us into following false prophets. However, few research studies have empirically examined the impact of shared vision on key organizational outcomes such as leadership effectiveness, employee engagement, organizational citizenship, coaching and organizational change. As a result, the field of organizational psychology has not yet established a causal pattern of whether, if, and how shared vision helps dyads, teams and organizations function more effectively. The lack of empirical work around shared vision is surprising given its long-standing history in the literature. Bennis and Nanus (1982) showed that distinctive leaders managed attention through vision. The practitioner literature has long proclaimed that vision is a key to change, while Conger and Kanungo (1998) discussed its link to charismatic leadership. Around the same time, positive psychology appeared in the forms of Appreciative Inquiry (Cooperrider, Sorensen, Whitney, & Yaeger, 2000) and Positive Organizational Scholarship (Cameron, Dutton, & Quinn, 2003). In this context, a shared vision or dream became a legitimate antecedent to sustainable change. But again, empirical measurement has been elusive. More recently, shared vision has been the focus of a number of dissertations and quantitative studies building on Intentional Change Theory (ICT) (Boyatzis, 2008) at dyad, team and organization levels of social systems. These studies are beginning to lay the foundations for a systematic body of empirical knowledge about the role of shared vision in an organizational context. For example, we now know that shared vision can activate neural networks that arouse endocrine systems and allow a person to consider the possibilities of a better future (Jack, Boyatzis, Leckie, Passarelli & Khawaja, 2013). Additionally, Boyatzis & Akrivou (2006) have discussed the role of a shared vision as the result of a well-developed set of factors that produce a desired image of the future. Outside of the organizational context, positive visioning has been known to help guide future behavior in sports psychology (Loehr & Schwartz, 2003), medical treatment (Roffe, Schmidt, & Ernst, 2005), musical performance (Meister, Krings, Foltys, Boroojerdi, Muller, Topper, & Thron, 2004), and academic performance (Curry, Snyder, Cook, Ruby, & Rehm, 1997). This Research Topic for Frontiers in Psychology is a collection of 14 original papers examining the role of vision and shared vision on a wide variety of desired dependent variables from leadership effectiveness and executive performance to organizational engagement, citizenship and corporate social responsibility, and how to develop it through coaching.

Computer Science and Engineering Education for Pre-collegiate Students and Teachers

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ISBN: 9783038979401 / 9783038979418 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-941-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Now more than ever, as a worldwide STEM community, we need to know what pre-collegiate teachers and students explore, learn, and implement in relation to computer science and engineering education. As computer science and engineering education are not always “stand-alone” courses in pre-collegiate schools, how are pre-collegiate teachers and students learning about these topics? How can these subjects be integrated? Explore six articles in this book that directly relate to the currently hot topics of computer science and engineering education as they tie into pre-collegiate science, technology, and mathematics realms. There is a systematic review article to set the stage of the problem. Following this overview are two teacher-focused articles on professional development in computer science and entrepreneurship venture training. The final three articles focus on varying levels of student work including pre-collegiate secondary students’ exploration of engineering design technology, future science teachers’ (collegiate students) perceptions of engineering, and pre-collegiate future engineers’ exploration of environmental radioactivity. All six articles speak to computer science and engineering education in pre-collegiate forums, but blend into the collegiate world for a look at what all audiences can bring to the conversation about these topics.

MEMS Accelerometers

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038974147 / 9783038974154 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-415-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) devices are widely used for inertia, pressure, and ultrasound sensing applications. Research on integrated MEMS technology has undergone extensive development driven by the requirements of a compact footprint, low cost, and increased functionality. Accelerometers are among the most widely used sensors implemented in MEMS technology. MEMS accelerometers are showing a growing presence in almost all industries ranging from automotive to medical. A traditional MEMS accelerometer employs a proof mass suspended to springs, which displaces in response to an external acceleration. A single proof mass can be used for one- or multi-axis sensing. A variety of transduction mechanisms have been used to detect the displacement. They include capacitive, piezoelectric, thermal, tunneling, and optical mechanisms. Capacitive accelerometers are widely used due to their DC measurement interface, thermal stability, reliability, and low cost. However, they are sensitive to electromagnetic field interferences and have poor performance for high-end applications (e.g., precise attitude control for the satellite). Over the past three decades, steady progress has been made in the area of optical accelerometers for high-performance and high-sensitivity applications but several challenges are still to be tackled by researchers and engineers to fully realize opto-mechanical accelerometers, such as chip-scale integration, scaling, low bandwidth, etc.

Keywords

low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) --- capacitive accelerometer --- wireless --- process optimization --- performance characterization --- MEMS accelerometer --- mismatch of parasitic capacitance --- electrostatic stiffness --- high acceleration sensor --- piezoresistive effect --- MEMS --- micro machining --- turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate --- probe --- microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) piezoresistive sensor chip --- Taguchi method --- marine environmental monitoring --- accelerometer --- frequency --- acceleration --- heat convection --- motion analysis --- auto-encoder --- dance classification --- deep learning --- self-coaching --- wavelet packet --- classification of horse gaits --- MEMS sensors --- gait analysis --- rehabilitation assessment --- body sensor network --- MEMS accelerometer --- electromechanical delta-sigma --- built-in self-test --- in situ self-testing --- digital resonator --- accelerometer --- activity monitoring --- regularity of activity --- sleep time duration detection --- indoor positioning --- WiFi-RSSI radio map --- MEMS-IMU accelerometer --- zero-velocity update --- step detection --- stride length estimation --- field emission --- hybrid integrated --- vacuum microelectronic --- cathode tips array --- interface ASIC --- micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) --- delaying mechanism --- safety and arming system --- accelerometer --- multi-axis sensing --- capacitive transduction --- inertial sensors --- three-axis accelerometer --- micromachining --- miniaturization --- stereo visual-inertial odometry --- fault tolerant --- hostile environment --- MEMS-IMU --- mode splitting --- Kerr noise --- angular-rate sensing --- whispering-gallery-mode --- optical microresonator --- three-axis acceleration sensor --- MEMS technology --- sensitivity --- L-shaped beam --- n/a

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