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Connexion et indexation : Ces liens qui tissent le texte

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ISBN: 9782847888003 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.6847 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage regroupe un ensemble de contributions scientifiques destinées à mieux appréhender, dans leur variété et leur complexité, les diverses recherches menées durant ces quarante dernières années autour de la cohésion et de la cohérence des textes notamment en France. Un accent particulier y est mis sur une conception renouvelée (M. Charolles, 1997) de la taxinomie des marques de cohésion discursives, qui propose de distinguer les marques de connexion des marques d’indexation. Les premières (anaphores et connecteurs) permettent d’établir des liens de cohésion discursive avec le cotexte amont. Les secondes, projectives, s’exercent vers le cotexte aval et permettent d’indexer des segments textuels potentiellement étendus en les regroupant au sein d’unités sémantico-pragmatiques que M. Charolles (ibid.) propose de nommer « cadres de discours ».

Keywords

coherence --- cohesion --- connection --- indexation --- text

L’inquiétude pour le monde et la pensée critique

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782882242075 DOI: 10.4000/books.ies.2586 Language: French
Publisher: Editions IES
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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À quoi sert la pensée critique ? On aime à croire qu’elle est le fondement de nos démocraties. Qu’elle pourrait nous aider à affronter la violence du monde, à rompre l’enfermement de l’activité humaine dans une rationalité purement gestionnaire, à dépasser un sentiment d’isolement. Ou encore, qu’elle nous permet de redécouvrir et d’éclairer les chemins d’une activité professionnelle ou d’une action plus globale qui revivifient le projet d’un monde plus humain. Mais comment une pensée critique se forge-t-elle ? Se transmet-elle ? S’enseigne-t-elle ? Peut-on s’y exercer ? À travers une multiplicité de thèmes, de points de vue et de formes d’expression, les contributeurs au présent ouvrage — enseignants, militants, chercheurs, étudiants en travail social — posent autant de regards critiques sur le monde et abordent ces questions selon une diversité de pensées que la coopération instaurée entre eux a voulu respecter. La pensée critique se nourrit et s’exprime ainsi à la fois sous forme de témoignages, de rêves, de projets politiques, de qualités humaines et intellectuelles. Ce florilège est encadré par deux textes plus théoriques&nsbp;: un premier qui offre un plaidoyer pour l’enseignement d’une pensée critique et un second qui questionne le thème au regard des notions de normes et d’éthique.

Visites littéraires de l’inconscient religieux : ou l’appartenance à l’œuvre

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ISBN: 9791030005219 DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.23931 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Subject: Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Des œuvres majeures de la littérature (de La chanson de Roland à En attendant Godot) peuvent dévoiler de nouvelles et fort décapantes significations si on les éclaire par la théorie de Régis Debray sur le caractère religieux de l’inconscient collectif : les collectivités organisées n’existent pas sans une référence sacralisée et celle-ci détermine chez leurs membres un sentiment d’appartenance gui déjoue la logique ordinaire. C’est ce qu’établit à partir de maints exemples historiques La critique de la raison politique (Gallimard, 1981). Sur un mode esthétique, les œuvres littéraires ici choisies, narratives ou théâtrales, rendent compte de ces logiques d’agrégation ou de dislocation sociale abordées jusque-là sur le mode de l’analyse anthropologique. Ainsi la pertinence de l’intuition propre aux œuvres littéraires et la justesse de l’examen conceptuel se confortent mutuellement pour mettre en lumière les zones les plus sensibles quoique volontiers occultées de notre existence collective. Nos journaux nous en rappellent chaque jour, à notre grand dam, la virulence autant que la déconcertante permanence.

Keywords

politique --- religion --- littérature --- société --- sacré --- inconscient --- cohésion --- lien --- nous --- appartenance

The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law

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ISBN: 9780199683123 Year: DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683123.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:21
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The book offers the first treatment in English to provide a thorough examination of the legal duties falling under the principle of loyalty in EU public law. Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of sincere cooperation has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law (cohesion), its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States (cooperation), and the loyalty principle's role in the shaping of EU law (construction). It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, effectiveness, fidelity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why the principle of loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the constitutionalization of EU law, places it in its international context, examining how it has influenced EU law and the comparisons that can be drawn with national and international principles of law.

New perspectives on cohesion and coherence

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783946234722 9783946234845 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.814452 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-29 11:01:39
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"The contributions to this volume investigate relations of cohesion and coherence as well as instantiations of discourse phenomena and their interaction with information structure in multilingual contexts. Some contributions concentrate on procedures to analyze cohesion and coherence from a corpus-linguistic perspective. Others have a particular focus on textual cohesion in parallel corpora that include both originals and translated texts. Additionally, the papers in the volume discuss the nature of cohesion and coherence with implications for human and machine translation. The contributors are experts on discourse phenomena and textuality who address these issues from an empirical perspective. The chapters in this volume are grounded in the latest research making this book useful to both experts of discourse studies and computational linguistics, as well as advanced students with an interest in these disciplines. We hope that this volume will serve as a catalyst to other researchers and will facilitate further advances in the development of cost-effective annotation procedures, the application of statistical techniques for the analysis of linguistic phenomena and the elaboration of new methods for data interpretation in multilingual corpus linguistics and machine translation."

Cultivating political and public identity: Why plumage matters

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ISBN: 9781526114600 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_631396 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: London School of Economics and Political Science
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-01 11:01:33
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"Throughout the twentieth century, everyone from Marxists to economic individualists assumed that social and political activity was driven by the rational pursuit of material gain. Today, the fundamental importance of the cultivation and preservation of identity is finally re-emerging. In this book, Rodney Barker explores the rich fabric of speech, dress, diet and the built environment from which human identity is made. The colour of a scarf or the accent of a conversation can unite people or divide them, and the smallest detail can play its part in signalling who are allies and who are enemies. Identity simultaneously generates equality and inequality – it is both the engine of public life and the cause of its confusion and conflict – and a better understanding of its subtleties is crucial if we are to confront the tensions that it produces in society. Synthesising methods and ideas from numerous disciplines – including history, political science, anthropology, law and sociology – Barker presents a picture of human life as more than just a collection of material interests. His ultimate aim is to show that no human activity is trivial or meaningless, that everything counts and plumage matters."

La prévention en psychomotricité : Exemples de dispositifs inédits

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782882242129 DOI: 10.4000/books.ies.2671 Language: French
Publisher: Editions IES
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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On croit souvent que les interventions en psychomotricité se cantonnent à une salle de mouvement munie de multiples objets comme des ballons, foulards, cerceaux et plots. Toutefois, au-delà d’activités thérapeutiques, l’expertise psychomotrice s’inscrit aussi au cœur de la collectivité grâce à des modalités novatrices et variées. En mettant le corps et le mouvement sur le devant de la scène, l’approche psychomotrice, déployée dans des contextes communautaires, sportifs, éducatifs, pédagogiques ou de loisir, offre l’opportunité d’appréhender un processus de prévention prévenante. Les dispositifs présentés dans ce livre promeuvent des expériences propices au développement de la personne, tant en termes d’estime de soi, de pouvoir d’agir, que de capacité à entrer en relation. L’interprofessionnalité qui émane de ces pratiques - comme but en soi ou inscrite dans un cadre institutionnel - est une forme de réponse à la complexité des situations sur les terrains. Les chercheur-e-s, les professionnel-le-s et les étudiant-e-s des domaines de la psychomotricité, du travail social en général, de la petite enfance et des milieux sportifs trouveront dans ces contributions des exemples de prévention émancipateurs et insolites.

Religion in the New Europe

Author:
ISBN: 9789637326509 9786155053900 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The articles in this volume deal with the role of Christianity in the definition of European identity. Europeans often identify advanced civilizations with secularity. But religion is very much alive in other fast developing countries of the world. In Europe, nevertheless, the organized churches very much wanted to stress the Christian character of European identity, and this engendered a lively protest focusing on the perceived threat to the secular European tradition. Also, Europe is facing...

EU Cohesion Policy

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Regions and Cities ISBN: 9781315401867 9781138224643 9781315401850 9781315401836 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315401867 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:25
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The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315401867, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. This book brings together academics, members of European institutions, and regional and national level policymakers in order to assess the performance and direction of EU Cohesion policy against the background of the most significant reforms to the policy in a generation. Responding to past criticisms of the effectiveness of the policy, the policy changes introduced in 2013 have aligned European Structural and Investment Funds with the Europe 2020 strategy and introduced measures to improve strategic coherence, performance and integrated development. EU Cohesion Policy: Reassessing performance and direction argues that policy can only be successfully developed and implemented if there is input from both academics and practitioners. The chapters in the book address four important issues: the effectiveness and impact of Cohesion policy at European, national and regional levels; the contribution of Cohesion policy to the Europe 2020 strategy of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth; the importance of quality of government and administrative capacity for the effective management of the Funds; and the inter-relationships between institutions, territory and place-based policies. The volume will be an invaluable resource to students, academics and policymakers across economics, regional studies, European studies and international relations.

Interventions to Reduce Bullying and Cyberbullying

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213597 9783039213603 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-360-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book, a Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, has been curated by three leading international experts on the topic. Following their editorial, there are 14 contributions on the topic of interventions against bullying, including cyberbullying, and similar abusive behaviors such as dating violence. Some contributions also assess positive or protective factors such as well-being, self-efficacy, and school climate. Eight of the contributions directly assess the effects of an intervention, with pre/post test designs and experimental and control groups. The other contributions examine a range of relevant topics, such as teacher attitudes and pupils’ confidence in intervening rather than being passive bystanders. Ten countries are represented among the authors. Most of the articles are about secondary schools (pupils, or teachers), but there are also contributions on early childhood, primary school, and university. This book will be of interest and relevance not only to researchers but also to teachers and educational practitioners concerned with pupil safety and well-being in school, and provides practical ways to reduce bullying and its harmful effects.

Keywords

bullying --- intervention --- pre-service teachers --- special education needs students --- cyberbullying --- cybervictimization --- prevention program --- tabby intervention program --- risk factors --- threat assessment --- ecological system theory --- bullying --- intervention --- willingness to intervene --- verbal bullying --- relational bullying --- aggression --- school --- classroom climate --- classroom cohesion --- self-efficacy --- bullying --- martial arts --- mental health --- resilience --- self-efficacy --- wellbeing --- effectiveness --- moderators --- temperament --- anti-bullying --- subgroup analyses --- dating violence --- bullying --- prevention program --- Dat-e Adolescence --- Asegúrate program --- cyberbullying --- cyber-victim --- cyber-aggressor --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- prevention program --- Prev@cib --- adolescents --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- school climate --- intervention program --- cyberbullying --- intervention --- school --- minors --- families --- teachers --- successful educational action --- Bullying --- intervention --- young children --- South Korea --- hakkyo-pokryuk --- prevention --- cyberbullying --- coping strategies --- teacher based-intervention --- adolescents --- traditional victimization --- cyber victimization --- bullying --- teacher styles --- authoritative leadership --- warmth --- control --- class teacher --- cyberbullying --- peer support --- bystanders --- moral disengagement --- cyberbullying and the law --- mental health --- social environment --- cyberbullying interventions --- educational lifespan --- n/a

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