Search results: Found 23

Listing 1 - 10 of 23 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION The food commons are coming … (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781351665520 9781138062627 9781315161495 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book aims to open&#xD;that discussion in the belief that we can obtain for food at least some of the (though partial)&#xD;successes that we have been able to obtain with water.

Keywords

Food --- commons

Chapter 24 FOOD AS COMMONS (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781351665520 9781138062627 9781315161495 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book was motivated by the need to approach with a fresh look what we regard as perhaps&#xD;the most embarrassing&#xD;predicament of the Anthropocene/Capitalocene (Capra and Mattei,&#xD;2015, Altvater et al., 2016, Moore, 2017). We live in an era with roughly the same number (about&#xD;one billion) of over-fed people and of people lacking access to nutritious food (which means&#xD;that do not know in the morning if they will be able to feed themselves and their children during&#xD;the day). Our era also stands out by the remarkable amount of food that is wasted in some&#xD;parts of the world and by the unprecedented number of livestock that populates this planet&#xD;(Patel and Moore, 2017). Moreover, in the current phase of neoliberal capitalism that dominates&#xD;in the Anthropocene/Capitalocene, the ecological footprint is out of control; some rich people&#xD;(the majority in the Global North and the elite in the Global South) can enjoy every day food&#xD;shipped from thousands of miles away on gas gulping aircrafts and boats that pollute the environment&#xD;beyond imagination. Such luxury, the result of the worldwide colonization of diets,&#xD;would be impossible without a very significant environmental subsidy; if all the externalities&#xD;had to be internalized, eating Nile Perch would be unaffordable to most people everywhere.&#xD;The subsidy is ultimately paid by the poor in the South and, in general, will certainly be paid&#xD;by future generations. Unless we deal with and avoid the hidden social and environmental costs&#xD;that are so far unaccounted for in the hegemonic food system (TEEB, 2018)

Keywords

Food --- commons --- public --- civic --- private

Cities in Asia by and for the People

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789462985223 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462985223 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book examines the active role of urban citizens in constructing alternative urban spaces as tangible resistance towards capitalist production of urban spaces that continue to encroach various neighborhoods. The collection of narratives presented here brings together research from ten different Asian cities and re-theorises the city from the perspective of ordinary people facing moments of crisis, contestations, and cooperative quests to create alternative spaces to those being produced under prevailing urban processes. The chapters accent the exercise of human agency through daily practices in the production of urban space and the intention is not one of creating a romantic or utopian vision of what a city "by and for the people" ought to be. Rather, it is to place people in the centre as mediators of city-making with discontents about current conditions and desires for a better life.

Open Content Licensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789089643070 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5117/9789089643070 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Although open content licences only account for a fraction of all copyright licences currently in force in the copyright world, the mentality change initated by the open content movement is here to stay. To promote the use of open content licences, it is important to better understand the theoretical underpinnings of these licences, as well as to gain insight on the practical advantages and inconveniences of their use. This book assembles chapters written by renowned European scholars on a number of selected issues relating to open content licensing. It offers a comprehensive and objective study of the principles of open content from a European intellectual property law perspective and of their possible implementation in the areas of scientific publishing, of the re-use of government information, of the dissemination of works held by cultural heritage institutions and of the exercise of rights on music phonograms.

Peer to Peer

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Critical Digital and Social Media Studies ISBN: 9781911534785 9781911534778 9781911534792 9781911534808 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.16997/book33 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press Grant: University of Westminster
Subject: Science (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Not since Marx identified the manufacturing plants of Manchester as the blueprint for the new capitalist society has there been a more profound transformation of the fundamentals of our social life. As capitalism faces a series of structural crises, a new social, political and economic dynamic is emerging: peer to peer.&#xD;What is peer to peer? Why is it essential for building a commons-centric future? How could this happen? These are the questions this book tries to answer. Peer to peer is a type of social relations in human networks, as well as a technological infrastructure that makes the generalization and scaling up of such relations possible. Thus, peer to peer enables a new mode of production and creates the potential for a transition to a commons-oriented economy. "&#xD;

Chapter 26 The Role of Pseudo-Commons in Post-Socialist Countries (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781138060906 9781315162782 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

If Hardin’s (1968) widely cited case of a pasture accessible to everyone were the standard for public natural resources, those resources would have the tendency to be depleted, degraded, destroyed or overexploited. Hardin explains that each herdsman found it more profitable to graze more animals than the pasture could support, since each took all the profit from an extra animal but bore only a fraction of the cost of overgrazing. Yet, what Hardin calls a “Tragedy of the Commons” is rather a “Tragedy of Open Access” (Feeny et al., 1990), since Hardin confuses the characteristics of a resource, such as low excludability and high rivalry in consumption, with its property rights regime which can take diverse forms. Hardin describes an open access system, meaning no rules and no property rights regime in place, that leads to overuse and degradation, instead of a resource that is held in common. Later, Hardin (1994) refers to the same case as an “unmanaged commons”. With his pasture example, he aimed to contradict the laissez-faire attitude shared by economists in the late 1800s, which was that if each man pursued his own interest then the interests of all would be best served in the long run.&#xD;To motivate this chapter, I will recall four possible methods of natural resource management that can resolve this tragedy. I will also highlight the fourth, often overlooked approach, i.e. the public manager option. In fact, there is a continuum between the two polar ends of the spectrum, from governance enacted by a single central authority to a fully decentralized system of individual decision making. Between these two extremes lies a range of governance regimes that might involve higher levels of government along with local systems (Theesfeld, 2008a; Frey et al., 2016).

The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture

Authors: ---
Book Series: Digital Humanities Series ISBN: 9781906924478 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0019 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-21 11:01:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Digital technology has made culture more accessible than ever before. Texts, audio, pictures and video can easily be produced, disseminated, used and remixed using devices that are increasingly user-friendly and affordable. However, along with this technological democratization comes a paradoxical flipside: the norms regulating culture's use —copyright and related rights —have become increasingly restrictive. This book brings together essays by academics, librarians, entrepreneurs, activists and policy makers, who were all part of the EU-funded Communia project. Together the authors argue that the Public Domain —that is, the informational works owned by all of us, be that literature, music, the output of scientific research, educational material or public sector information —is fundamental to a healthy society. The essays range from more theoretical papers on the history of copyright and the Public Domain, to practical examples and case studies of recent projects that have engaged with the principles of Open Access and Creative Commons licensing. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current debate about copyright and the Internet. It opens up discussion and offers practical solutions to the difficult question of the regulation of culture at the digital age. The free PDF edition of this title was made possible by generous funding received from the European Union (eContentplus framework project ECP-2006-PSI-610001).

Doing the Right Thing

Author:
ISBN: 9781909188921 9781909188938 9781909188945 9781909188952 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.5334/bbb Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"This book is for all those who are seeking a human perspective on economic and organizational processes. It lays the foundations for a value based approach to the economy. The key questions are: “What is important to you or your organization?” “What is this action or that organization good for?”&#xD;The book is directed at the prevalence of instrumentalist thinking in the current economy and responds to the calls for another economy.&#xD;Another economy demands another economics. The value based approach is another economics; it focuses on values and on the most important goods such as families, homes, communities, knowledge, and art. It places economic processes in their cultural context.&#xD;What does it take to do the right thing, as a person, as an organization, as a society? What is the good to strive for? This book gives directions for the answers.&#xD;The value based approach restores the ancient idea that quality of life and of society is what the economy is all about. It advocates shifting the focus from quantities (“how much?”) to qualities (“what is important?”).

Medieval Hackers

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780692352465 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0088.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:40
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Medieval Hackers calls attention to the use of certain vocabulary terms in the Middle Ages and today: commonness, openness, and freedom. Today we associate this language with computer hackers, some of whom believe that information, from literature to the code that makes up computer programs, should be much more accessible to the general public than it is. In the medieval past these same terms were used by translators of censored texts, including the bible. Only at times in history when texts of enormous cultural importance were kept out of circulation, including our own time, does this vocabulary emerge. Using sources from Anonymous’s Fawkes mask to William Tyndale’s Bible prefaces, Medieval Hackers demonstrates why we should watch for this language when it turns up in our media today. This is important work in media archaeology, for as Kennedy writes in this book, the “effluorescence of intellectual piracy” in our current moment of political and technological revolutions “cannot help but draw us to look back and see that the enforcement of intellectual property in the face of traditional information culture has occurred before….We have seen that despite the radically different stakes involved, in the late Middle Ages, law texts traced the same trajectory as religious texts. In the end, perhaps religious texts serve as cultural bellwethers for the health of the information commons in all areas. As unlikely as it might seem, we might consider seriously the import of an animatronic [John] Wyclif, gesturing us to follow him on a (potentially doomed) quest to preserve the information commons.

The British and Irish Ruling Class 1660-1945. Volume 1

Author:
ISBN: 9783110548372 9783110548761 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 836 DOI: 10.1515/9783110548372 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-10 14:08:35
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book contains an account of the 2,352 families (close to 3,000 counting cadet lines) that had one member sit in either House of the English, British, or United Kingdom Parliament, the Irish Parliament, or the Scottish Parliament between 1660 and 1945 and was represented in one of these Parliaments by at least three members at any time between the Middle Ages and 2015. Nearly 20,000 individuals are included in the main listings.Information is provided about social origins, ownership of country houses, wealth, honors, offices held, and links with associated families. The list provides a comprehensive reference source for the governing class of Great Britain and Ireland from Oliver Cromwell to Winston Churchill, and offers a deep pool of data to support analysis of social, political, economic, and cultural history in the British Isles over the course of more than four centuries.The British and Irish ruling class was a political, social, and economic elite. It constituted a hereditary landed aristocracy, constantly renewed and expanded by commercial and manufacturing wealth, that dominated government into the nineteenth century, remained potent in the twentieth century, and helped shape the modern world.

Listing 1 - 10 of 23 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by