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Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

La Internacional Comunista y América Latina, 1919-1943: Diccionario biográfico

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416393 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 793 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 01:54:08
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Biographical Dictionary of Communists and non-Communists related to the Communist International in Latin America, 1918-1943

Remains of the Soviet Past in Estonia

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Book Series: Fringe ISBN: 9781787353534 9781787353534 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353534 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-02 11:01:02
License: UCL Press

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What happens to legacies that do not find any continuation? In Estonia, a new generation that does not remember the socialist era and is open to global influences has grown up. As a result, the impact of the Soviet memory in people’s conventional values is losing its effective power, opening new opportunities for repair and revaluation of the past.&#xD;&#xD;Francisco Martinez brings together a number of sites of interest to explore the vanquishing of the Soviet legacy in Estonia: the railway bazaar in Tallinn where concepts such as ‘market’ and ‘employment’ take on distinctly different meanings from their Western use; Linnahall, a grandiose venue, whose Soviet heritage now poses diffi cult questions of how to present the building’s history; Tallinn’s cityscape, where the social, spatial and temporal co-evolution of the city can be viewed and debated; Narva, a city that marks the border between the Russian Federation, NATO and the European Union, and represents a place of continual negotiation of belonging; and the new Estonian National Museum in Raadi, an area on the outskirts of Tartu, that has been turned into a memory field.&#xD;

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Estonia --- Communism --- Eastern Europe --- Soviet

1912-2012 El siglo de los comunistas chilenos

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789563031423 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 563 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617554 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 02:25:56
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Compiling dedicated to various aspects of the history of the Communist Party of Chile in its history in the 20th century

Un trébol de cuatro hojas. Las Juventudes Comunistas de Chile en el siglo XX

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ISBN: 9789568416379 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 312 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617578 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 02:34:29
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Set dedicated to the Young Communists, youth organization of Chilean communism. Aspects of their culture, organization, political action, militancy are reviewed

Japanese and Chinese Immigrant Activists

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ISBN: 9780813540405 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101111
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Japanese and Chinese immigrants in the United States have traditionally been characterized as hard workers who are hesitant to involve themselves in labor disputes or radical activism. How then does one explain the labor and Communist organizations in the Asian immigrant communities that existed from coast to coast between 1919 and 1933? Their organizers and members have been, until now, largely absent from the history of the American Communist movement. Here, Josephine Fowler brings us the first in-depth account of Japanese and Chinese immigrant radicalism inside the United States and across the Pacific.

Our Unswerving Loyalty

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921313967 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459400 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The story of the Communist Party of Australia has been told in various ways. Until now, however, archival collections that have borne on this story have been relatively inaccessible to the ordinary, interested reader. This book begins to redress that deficiency by bringing together 85 key documents from the Russian State Archives of Social and Political History (RGASPI), selected from a collection of thousands of documents concerning the relations between the Communist International and the Communist Party of Australia. The selection focuses on the relationship between the CPA and the Comintern because the activities of the CPA are essentially incomprehensible without understanding the international communist context within which the CPA operated. That context was dominated by the newly-created Soviet state and its decision to authorize and utilize a network of communist parties throughout the world. The documents in this work suggest three major propositions about the relationship between the CPA and the Comintern. First, that the Comintern was crucial in the formation of the CPA, via its emissaries, instructions and authority. Second, that the Comintern played a major role in directing the policies of the CPA in domestic matters (not to mention in international matters, where the Comintern’s decisions were supreme). And third, that the leadership of the CPA was, from 1929 onwards, shaped, trained and authorized by the Comintern. With access to the documents, readers now have a chance not just to hear the voices of the times, but to make their own judgements about the relationship between the CPA and Moscow.&#xD;&#xD;The book also includes two extended introductory essays that outline the development of the Comintern and its relations with the CPA, as well as supporting materials that provide information on individuals, organizations and tactics mentioned within the documents themselves.

Historical Memory versus Communist Identity

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ISBN: 9789949326174 9789949326495 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_507876 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-13 11:01:08
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This collection consists of articles on the subjects addressed by the research conference “The Shaping of Identity and Personality under Communist Rule: History in the Service of Totalitarian Regimes in Eastern Europe”, held in Tallinn, Estonia, on 9–10 June 2011 and arranged by the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory Foundation and the Unitas Foundation. The organisers of the conference intended to describe, analyse and explain the state policies and activities used in Eastern Europe for shaping the Communist identity and personality by means of manipulating the historical consciousness, and the efficiency of those policies and activities, proceeding from the official historical approaches of the former Eastern bloc. Ideologically mutated history was the important component of the official, Communist identity. The artificial official history and the new historical identity it forced upon the population aspired to establish the sole possible truth by means of half-truths. Probably the most important thread that comes through every article in this collection is the conflict between the official, communist identity and the nation's historical memory, and its consequences.

Deutschland, Russland, Komintern. II. Dokumente (1918–1943). Nach der Archivrevolution: Neuerschlossene Quellen zu der Geschichte der KPD und den deutsch-russischen Beziehungen

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Archive des Kommunismus - Pfade des XX. Jahrhunderts ISSN: 2197-6864 ISBN: 9783110339789 9783110395549 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 1840 DOI: 10.1515/9783110339789 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 13:26:59
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Since its creation in 1998, the “German-Russian Historical Commission” has conducted research on the Communist International. Thanks to the archival revolution, the Commission has succeeded in closing important gaps in earlier research on German–Russian relations and the history of German communism. This volume contains over 500 documents, and will become a standard work long consulted by future researchers.

Deutschland, Russland, Komintern. I. Überblicke, Analysen, Diskussionen. Neue Perspektiven auf die Geschichte der KPD und die deutsch-russischen Beziehungen (1918–1943)

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Archive des Kommunismus - Pfade des XX. Jahrhunderts ISSN: 2197-6864 ISBN: 9783110301342 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: viii, 477 DOI: 10.1515/9783110301342 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-26 15:28:23
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Thanks to the archival revolution, relations between the Comintern, the Soviet government and the KPD (German Communist Party) now appear in a new light. Careful analyses contextualize this history against the backdrop of the simultaneously published volume of sources. This project undertaken by the German-Russian Historical Commission contributes significantly to a transnational understanding of German communism and German-Soviet relations.

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