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Deutsch im Sprachvergleich. Grammatische Kontraste und Konvergenzen

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110284768 Year: Volume: 2011 Pages: 536 DOI: 10.1515/9783110284768 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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Cross-language comparison can show where German structures diverge from and converge with those of other languages. The essays in the 2011 Yearbook of the Institute for German Language compare German with other languages on all grammatical levels, from photetics, phonology, graphematics, and morphology to syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and text grammar. In addition, the book presents new methods of language comparison from corpus linguistics. The volume is intended for linguists of German or related languages as well as for teachers of German as a second language.

The Alor-Pantar languages: History and typology

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ISBN: 9783944675480 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_533875 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-09-24 15:10:12
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The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Papuan (Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken on
the islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern In-
donesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up the
Timor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and are
under pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national lan-
guage, Indonesian.
This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of this
interesting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features,
such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument on
the verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphologi-
cal alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence of
quinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involving
an elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinship
systems.
Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not ex-
hibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffix
subject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity in
their pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-final
syntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages share
with Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them show
some traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrow-
ing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay and
Indonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantar
region.

The Alor-Pantar languages: History and typology. Second edition.

Author:
Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675947 9783946234678 9783946234913 Year: Pages: 461 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.437098 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-29 11:01:35
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"The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Papuan (Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken on the islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern Indonesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up the Timor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and are under pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national language, Indonesian.


This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of this interesting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features, such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument on the verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphological alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence of quinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involving an elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinship systems.

Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not exhibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffix subject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity in their pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-final syntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages share with Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them show some traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrowing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay and Indonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantar region."

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