Search results: Found 4

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by
The climate change regulatory framework and indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa: Human rights implications

Author:
ISBN: 9781920538521 Year: Pages: 341 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:56:53
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Employing a human rights approach, this book analyses the adequacy of climate change regulatory frameworks at international, regional and national levels to protect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates that without appropriate legal protection, climate change and the implementation of its response measures can adversely affect a range of their human rights. The book explores how the African human rights system may effectively address the protection of indigenous peoples' lands in the context of adverse effects of climate change in Africa.Table of ContentsForewordAcknowledgmentsDedicationList of abbreviationsTable of casesList of instruments1. IntroductionBackground1.1 Intersecting terms? Indigenous peoples, forest-dependent peoples and local populations1.2 Overlapping issues? Climate change, environment, forests and indigenous peoples’ lands1.3 Intersecting governance: Defining a climate change regulatory frameworkMethodology2.1 A human rights framework as a tool of analysis2.2 A human rights framework as a prescriptive tool2.3 Case studies for analysisLimitationsSynopsis2. Human rights and climate change: Conceptual frameworkIntroductionClimate change: An environmental or human rights concern?2.1 Climate change as an environmental concern2.2. Climate change as a human rights concernHuman rights as a conceptual framework: Which approach and what features?3.1 Human rights and schools of thought3.2 Core human rights principlesConclusion3. The notion of indigenous peoples’ land rights and adverse effects of climate change in AfricaIntroductionThe nature of indigenous peoples’ land rights2.1 Land use as an emblem of cultural and environmental integrity2.2 Indigenous peoples’ land tenure: Essential features2.3 Concept of parallel useCause and effect of climate change as threat to land-tenure and use3.1 Cause of climate change as a threat3.2 Climate change as a threat3.3 Effects of climate response as a threatConclusion4. The international climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsIntroductionRegulatory frameworks on the responses to climate change2.1 The international adaptation regulatory framework2.2 The international regulatory framework and mitigationSubordinating notions in the international climate regulatory framework3.1 Notion of ‘sovereignty’3.2 Notion of ‘country-driven’3.3 Deference to ‘national legislation’Conclusion5. National climate change regulatory frameworks in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: Case studies of Tanzania, Zambia and NigeriaIntroductionSignificance of a domestic regulatory frameworkDomestic climate change regulatory response of adaptation3.1 Implications of inadequate reflection of land tenure and use in adaptation processNational climate change regulatory response of REDD+ as a mitigation measure4.1 REDD+ readiness in selected states of Africa in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsConclusion6. The inadequacy of the national climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: A human rights framework as a regional responseIntroductionLegal basis for the application of a regionalhuman rights frameworkAssessing national regulatory frameworks in the context of a regional human rights framework3.1 Incompatibility of national climate regulatory framework with obligations of states3.2 Threat to a range of rightsThe regional climate change regulatory framework and potential for human rights4.1 Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change4.2 African Ministerial Conference on the Environment4.3 Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Programme4.4 African Union Commission4.5 New Partnership for African Development4.6 Pan-African Parliament4.7 Peace and Security CouncilPotentials in regional human rights mechanisms with focus on the Commission5.1 Promotional functions5.2 Protective mandate5.3 Interpretive functions5.4 Assembly-entrusted tasksConclusion7. Conclusion and the way forwardConclusionThe way forward2.1 International level2.2 National level2.3 Regional levelBibliographyIndex

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems. Conceptual and Policy Analysis of Agriculture, Food and Environment Linkages

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978145 9783038978152 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-815-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

One of the major knowledge challenges in the domain of Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems refers to the integration of perspectives on consumption, patterns that support public health, inclusive value chains, and environmentally sustainable food production. While there is a long record of the analysis of separate interventions, this special issue generates integrated insights, provides cross-cutting perspectives, and outlines practical and policy solutions that address these global challenges.The collection of papers promotes the view that sustainable food systems require thorough insights into the structure and dynamics of agri-food production systems, the drivers for integrating food value chains and markets, and key incentives for supporting healthier consumer choices. On the production side, potential linkages between agricultural commercialization and intensification and their effects for food security and nutritional outcomes are analyzed. Value Chains are assessed for their contribution to improving exchange networks and markets for food products that simultaneously support efficiency, circularity, and responsiveness. Individual motives and market structures for food consumption need to be understood in order to be able to outline suitable incentives to enhance healthy dietary choice.The contributed papers focus on interfaces between food system activities and processes of adaptive change that are critical for overcoming key constraints and trade-offs between sustainable food and healthy diets.

Keywords

agricultural impacts --- climate change impacts --- integrated assessment model --- CGE model --- Ostrea edulis --- native oyster restoration --- North Sea --- site selection --- pilot study --- offshore wind farms --- sustainability --- food systems --- nutrition --- public-private cooperation --- corporate values --- sanitary control --- food safety --- prosperity --- sustainable development --- alternative agri-food networks --- transition theories --- grassroots innovations --- socio-technical systems --- agroecology --- ecovillages --- social movements --- certification --- organic agriculture --- Participatory Guarantee Systems --- Spain --- alternative certification systems --- food systems --- metrics --- interdisciplinarity --- sustainable food and nutrition security --- food system assessment --- participatory approach --- SUSFANS --- agribusiness cluster --- commercialization --- sustainable intensification --- dairy value chain --- farming system --- service arrangements --- Ethiopia --- Kenya --- sustainable diets --- diet adoption --- sustainable food system --- intention-behavior gap --- citizen participation --- innovation workshop --- Agricultural commercialization --- food and nutrition security --- salutogenesis --- life course perspective --- food systems --- multi-level --- positive deviance --- Myanmar --- social innovation --- agricultural commercialization --- nutrition sensitive transformation --- Myanmar --- vegetable consumption --- food choice motives --- knowledge --- self-efficacy --- socio-economic classes --- food environment --- Nigeria --- sustainable development goals --- sustainability assessment --- agricultural sustainability --- food security --- LCA broadening --- LCA deepening --- food systems --- interdisciplinary research --- feedbacks &amp --- interlinkages --- food policy --- 3I Approach --- value chain development --- participatory approach --- context-specific interventions --- behavioural change --- postharvest losses --- tomato --- Nigeria --- supply chain --- raffia basket --- plastic crate --- systems approach --- conceptual framework --- food loss practices --- food loss causes --- food loss solutions --- supply-chain stages --- literature --- socio-economic indicators --- tomato --- Nigeria --- adoption --- conservation agriculture --- social capital --- count outcome models --- pca --- marginal treatment effects --- Nigeria --- food security --- CGE model --- nutrition --- diet diversity --- land substitution --- agricultural intensification --- baseline projections --- commercialization --- Vietnam --- food system --- fertilizer use --- caloric intake --- dietary diversity Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS)

Sustainable Human Resource Management

Author:
ISBN: 9783039216826 9783039216833 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-683-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The concept of sustainability is important for companies both in the case of SMEs and worldwide multinational companies. Some key factors to help a company achieve its sustainability objectives are based on human resource management. Sustainable human resource management is a typical cross-functional task that becomes increasingly important at the strategic level of a company. Industry 4.0 technologies, Internet of Things, and competitive demands, as signs of globalization, have led to significant changes across the organizational structures and human resource strategies of companies. The increasing importance of sophisticated human resource strategies in the life of companies and the intention to find optimal design and operation strategies for sustainable human resource management were a motivation for launching this book. This book offers a selection of papers which explain the impact of smart human resource management on economy. Authors from 14 countries published working examples and case studies resulting from their research in this field. The aim of this book is to help students at the level of BSc, MSc, and PhD level, as well as managers and researchers, to understand and appreciate the concept, design, and implementation of sustainable human resource management solutions.

Keywords

absorbing Markov-chain --- career path --- employee structure --- machine operator --- promotion of employees --- sustainable human resource management --- characteristics of sustainable human resource management --- sustainability --- sustainable human resource management --- organizational political climate --- organizational cynicism --- personal trait regulatory focus --- employee innovation --- subordinates’ Moqi with supervisors --- perceived insider status --- knowledge-sharing --- power distance orientation --- sustainable organization --- selection --- participation --- employee empowerment --- sustainability --- job performance --- training --- sustainable HRM practices --- public sector universities --- Pakistan --- manufacturing flexibility --- high-commitment HRM system --- social exchange theory --- telework --- work–life balance --- autonomy --- teleworkers’ abilities --- social implications of telework --- strategic human resource management --- sustainable work systems --- employee motivation --- job category --- gender differences --- data science --- talent management --- Semantic Web --- skills --- analytics --- process innovation --- administrative innovation --- product development --- human resource policies --- organizational sustainability --- strategic human resource management --- collaboration --- HRM practices --- stakeholders --- social network analysis --- Afghanistan Ministry of Mines and Petroleum --- female CEOs --- environment --- regulating effect --- gender culture --- sustainability --- sustainable human resource management --- labor market in postal sector --- employee satisfaction --- employee loyalty --- organizational socialization --- social support --- personal resources --- job satisfaction --- occupational stress --- sustainable human resources --- industry 4.0 --- corporate social responsibility --- conceptual framework --- youth generation

Multi-Objective and Multi-Attribute Optimisation for Sustainable Development Decision Aiding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211425 9783039211432 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-143-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Optimization is considered as a decision-making process for getting the most out of available resources for the best attainable results. Many real-world problems are multi-objective or multi-attribute problems that naturally involve several competing objectives that need to be optimized simultaneously, while respecting some constraints or involving selection among feasible discrete alternatives. In this Reprint of the Special Issue, 19 research papers co-authored by 88 researchers from 14 different countries explore aspects of multi-objective or multi-attribute modeling and optimization in crisp or uncertain environments by suggesting multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) and multi-objective decision-making (MODM) approaches. The papers elaborate upon the approaches of state-of-the-art case studies in selected areas of applications related to sustainable development decision aiding in engineering and management, including construction, transportation, infrastructure development, production, and organization management.

Keywords

port scheduling --- berth-quay crane joint scheduling --- optimization study --- hybrid mathematical model --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- sustainability --- vibration suppression --- single-cylinder engine --- multi-objective evolutionary algorithms --- dynamic analysis --- crank–slider --- ecological building --- clay blocks --- compacted clay --- straw bales --- cost calculation --- group decision making --- hesitant fuzzy set --- hospital evaluation --- linguistic hesitant fuzzy set and Standard variance --- bi-objective optimization --- heuristics --- discrete time/cost trade-off --- project scheduling --- Rough Hamy aggregator --- sustainable traffic --- Rough BWM --- Rough WASPAS --- construction --- roundabout --- optimization --- genetic algorithm --- artificial neural network --- apple --- drying --- rehydration --- renewable energy --- technology selection problem --- sustainable energy evaluation --- sustainable energy developments --- sustainable developments --- hierarchical SWARA --- MULTIMOORA --- multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) --- Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) --- ranking --- healthcare facility --- location-allocation problem --- multiple objective optimization --- bi-level programming --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) --- cleaner production (CP) --- extended Tomada de Decisão Interativa Multicritério (TODIM) --- probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) --- hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) --- gold mines --- conceptual framework --- organizations --- sustainability --- sustainability hierarchy --- Total Interpretive Structural Modeling (TISM) --- sustainable transport --- public transport --- emission of pollutants --- travel times --- bus pass --- MCDM --- critical information infrastructures --- fuzzy --- AHP --- WSM --- WASPAS --- MCDM --- hybrid --- management --- grey --- SWARA --- TOPSIS-GM --- ARAS-G --- Geomean --- energy efficiency --- comfort of use of buildings --- historic buildings --- sustainable development --- surface transport --- innovation in transport --- policy measures --- sustainable transport policy --- multiple criteria decision aid --- hybrid expert system --- bat algorithm --- particle swarm optimization algorithm --- multi-purpose system --- water resource management --- project --- construction --- contractor --- multiple-criteria decision-making --- AHP --- sustainable solution --- choice --- expert --- building investment project --- risk --- assessment --- verbal analysis --- multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- optimization --- engineering --- management --- sustainable development

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by
Narrow your search