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Bioenergie im Spannungsfeld - Wege zu einer nachhaltigen Bioenergieversorgung

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863951641 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-08 11:01:52
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The challenge of this interdisciplinary research on sustainable bioenergy production in rural areas is how to reconcile the chances and risks of bioenergy production within the context of climate stabilization, resource conservation, biodiversity, water, air, and soil preservation, the interests of society and of farmers. To answer this we developed and improved evaluation criteria and methods for a bioenergy implementation in rural areas. We show that the problems arising from energy plant production such as monoculture, changes of landscape and land use competition, loss of biodiversity, costs, social denial etc. may be eliminated during workshops with the main stakeholders (farmers, technicians, policymakers, administration, ecologists etc.) as well as with interested people. We created some tools to facilitate decision-making and consensus building. Especially the decision behaviour of farmers for or against bioenergy is investigated. Some results from our field research: Energy plants may increase the richness in species on farmland. Contaminated areas should be utilised to grow energy plants with low extraction efficiency for pollutants. Emissions from wood and straw burning can be strongly minimised.

“Frozen conflicts” in Europe

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ISBN: 9783847401339 9783847404286 Year: DOI: 10.3224/84740133 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102285
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-07 11:21:02
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Oft forgotten but simmering “frozen conflicts” continuously mark the political map of Europe. All located in South Eastern Europe, the Black Sea area and Transcaucasia, these conflicts run along ethnic, national, cultural and linguistic lines, separating communities. This insightful book offers a rare critical analyses of the cases of Northern Cyprus, Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Kosovo, and Crimea.

Energy Planning in Selected European Regions - Methods for Evaluating the Potential of Renewable Energy Sources

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Book Series: Regionalwissenschaftliche Forschungen = Regional Science Research ISSN: 18631835 ISBN: 9783866449510 Year: Volume: 34 Pages: XV, 272 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031312 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Given their potentially positive impact on climate protection and the preservation of fossil resources, alternative energy sources have become increasingly important for the energy supply over the past years. However, the questions arises what economic and ecological impacts and potential conflicts over land use resources are associated with the promotion of renewable energy production. Using the examples of three selected European Regions in Poland, France and German, the dissertation discusses these questions and examines the potential and consequences of an intensified usage of renewable energy sources.

REDD+ Crossroads Post Paris: Politics, Lessons and Interplays

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038427070 9783038427087 Year: Pages: 414 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-08 13:02:47
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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation, conserving and enhancing forest carbon stocks, and sustainably managing forests (REDD+), has become a reference framework for national forest governance across many tropical and sub-tropical forest countries. These countries have used international funding to re-organize forest and conservation policy around the idea of mitigating climate change, including the development of carbon accounting protocols and national REDD+ strategies. In parallel, international conservation organizations have promoted small-scale pilot project activities, in order to capture the economic value of any resulting land-use emission reductions, mostly through voluntary carbon markets.This collection contributes with new evidence to the burgeoning research on REDD+. The first section of the collection includes eight articles that explore the politics of REDD+ design, which analyze how various governments have designed and rolled out their REDD+ strategies, and how and why a range of public and private actors become (or not) involved in such processes. These contributions explore which rationales, techniques, views and values are being contested and constructed in the design of REDD+ national strategies, which conflicts have emerged and why, or how coordination across competing actors and interests has been pursued. The second section encompasses six articles that examine the lessons of REDD+ early actions, which describe or quantify the effects of such interventions on local environments and participants’ socio-economic status and cultural contexts. Finally, the third section includes five articles that explore the interplays between REDD+ and other land-use policy domains, which focus on the synergies and contradictions between the aims and policy programs conforming REDD+ national strategies and other land-use policies. Specifically, these contributions explore if REDD+ is able to improve forest sector regulations in host countries and to to align other development and land-use planning policies with REDD+ objectives and aspirations.

Chapter 8. Enemies (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 133-148 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-009 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:01:51
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Chapter 8 shows the connection between a certain vision of citizenship – in this context, ethnonationally defined – and violence, and how citizenship is crucial though under-researched trigger of violence. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, the chapter examines the whole post-socialist post-partition European states. It argues that the fate of many citizens of the former socialist federations in the context of their imminent disintegration was determined by their answers to the following questions: Did the incipient states (republics) and the federal centre accept the separation and the existing borders? Did all groups and all regions accept independence and the authorities of the new states? The analysis of the possible answers to these questions across post-socialist Europe brings us to three decisive triggers of violence: citizenship, borders and territories, and, finally in the early 1990s, the role of the military apparatus of defunct federations. One could safely conclude that there is an intimate historic affinity between citizenship and war. From the antique city-states where full citizenship status was acquired by serving in war (Anderson 1996: 28, 33; Pocock 1998), via the traditional military draft for men (and in some places for women) to contemporary practices that enable immigrants and foreigners serving in the armed forces, such as the US army or in the Légion étrangère, an easier access to citizenship. There is a historic relationship between ‘blood’, either inherited or spilled (one’s own or of other people), and citizenship. However, violence related to citizenship is not only physical but often invisible. It is the violence of administrative decisions, hierarchy of different statuses, ‘wrong’ passports and ‘papers’ or deprivations of citizenship. In the following chapter, I will also tackle the issue of physically invisible but nonetheless effective violence caused by the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes. In this chapter though, I will turn to the outbreak of that ‘visible’ violence that spread across almost all corners of the former Yugoslavia. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, we need to cast the net more widely all over post-socialist post-partition European states.

Royal Power in the Late Carolingian Age

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ISBN: 9783946198512 9783946198482 9783946198499 9783946198505 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.16994/ban Language: English
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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The prevalent image of the late Carolingian age is one of decline and fall. Charles III the Simple’s (893/898−923) rule, which has hardly received any scholarly attention since the late 19th century, is perceived to have been the classic example of this development. Enthroned by rebels as well as cast down by a rebellion he is said to have been a weak ruler, powerless in the face of the ambitions of the nobles of the West Frankish realm. Yet, what do »weak« and »powerless« mean? In modern scholarship, early medieval rule is understood not as a question of command and obedience but as the result of cooperation between rulers and nobles. Thus, royal actions, such as the defence of the realm against the Northmen, interactions with other rulers or in regard to conflicts with or between the nobles, are reflections of the relations between the ruler and the circle of nobles around him. A ruler’s power therefore depended on his ability to integrate the most powerful nobles into his rule, to mediate between their interests and to create consensus over the course of action. Based on this view, a new assessment of Charles the Simple’s rule, the circle of nobles around him, the actions taken by him and thus his royal power is provided in this study, with the rules of his predecessors since the death of Charles the Bald in 877 serving as a basis for comparison.

Sote-palvelut markkinoilla – tavoitteita, toiveita ja ristiriitoja

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789520303204 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621500 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:21
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erspective. All in all, this book is an attempt to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the public health and social services and the markets – markets in which different objectives, expectations and contradictions moderate the discussion and actions. 
"

Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789401789592 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8959-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 311819
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:42
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In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

Land Squandering and Social Crisis in the Spanish City

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979463 / 9783038979470 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-947-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The last two decades have been marked by intense and accelerated economic, political, and cultural processes that have affected urban spaces. These changes have occurred in different parts of cities (traditional centers, edges, peripheries) and at different levels of the urban system (large and medium-sized cities and in their respective areas of influence). Possibly the clearest expression of the spatial effects on cities can be perceived in their morphological transformations, their territorial dimensions, or in their social problems. Until 2008, urban–territorial processes were a reflection of the logic and inconsistencies of an expansive economic context and of a structural context that favored the development of cities through concurrent processes and actors. As a result, the built land and amount of urbanized and built surfaces increased, together with processes of the expansion and modernization of cities. Since 2008, the expansive economic cycle has ended, and there have been diverse negative consequences. Notably, the construction sector has come to an abrupt halt. Access to credit has also been reduced, and unemployment has increased. The economic recession has caused sociodemographic and socioeconomic issues exemplified by housing vulnerability, with dispossession, evictions, a shortage of social housing, and energy poverty.

Keywords

counter-urbanization --- Extremadura --- urban expansion --- periurbanization --- rurbanization --- suburbanization --- illegal urbanization --- sharing economies --- urban conflicts --- Valencia --- Airbnb --- Uber --- foreclosure --- eviction --- economic crisis --- post-crisis --- housing vulnerability --- Spanish city --- housing bubble --- financialization --- holiday home --- housing market --- eco-neighborhood --- sustainable urban neighborhoods --- Madrid --- periphery --- urban regeneration --- social housing --- urban sustainability --- social-vulnerability --- urban segregation --- school choice --- educational level --- social inequalities --- neighbourhood effect --- dispersed urbanism --- residential strategies --- residential mobility --- economic crisis --- Barcelona Metropolitan Region --- social crisis --- land squandering --- urbanization --- night lights --- remote sensing --- land uses --- seasonality --- Suomi NPP VIIRS --- socio-environmental vulnerability --- Barcelona --- spatial analysis --- qualitative methodology --- vulnerable neighborhoods --- neoliberal urban policy --- residential mobility --- foreign immigration --- Cabanyal --- Valencia --- economic crisis --- urban sprawl --- consumption --- water --- Alicante --- urban sprawl --- medium-size cities --- expansive city planning --- urban geography --- urbanism --- urban growth --- medium-sized city --- suburbanization --- Spain --- urbanization process --- real estate bubble --- urban sprawl --- urban vulnerability --- residential segregation --- urban inequality --- Spain

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