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The Licit Life of Capitalism

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ISBN: 9781478090243 9781478004578 9781478003915 9781478003656 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090243 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:03
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The Licit Life of Capitalism is both an account of a specific capitalist project—U.S. oil companies working off the shores of Equatorial Guinea—and a sweeping theorization of more general forms and processes that facilitate diverse capitalist projects around the world. Hannah Appel draws on extensive fieldwork with managers and rig workers, lawyers and bureaucrats, the expat wives of American oil executives and the Equatoguinean women who work in their homes, to turn conventional critiques of capitalism on their head, arguing that market practices do not merely exacerbate inequality; they are made by it. People and places differentially valued by gender, race, and colonial histories are the terrain on which the rules of capitalist economy are built. Appel shows how the corporate form and the contract, offshore rigs and economic theory are the assemblages of liberalism and race, expertise and gender, technology and domesticity that enable the licit life of capitalism—practices that are legally sanctioned, widely replicated, and ordinary, at the same time as they are messy, contested, and, arguably, indefensible.

Housing and Social Transition in Japan

Authors: ---
Book Series: Housing and Society Series ISBN: 9780203967423 9780415383615 9780415655064 9781134176304 9781134176298 9781134176250 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203967423 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:22
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Bringing together a number of perspectives on the Japanese housing system, Housing and Social Transition in Japan provides a comprehensive, challenging and theoretically developed account of the dynamic role of the housing system during a period of unprecedented social and economic change in one of the most enigmatic social, political, and economic systems of the modern world. While Japan demonstrates many of the characteristics of some western housing and social systems, including mass homeownership and consumption-based lifestyles, extensive economic growth and rapid urban modernization has been achieved in balance with traditional social values and the maintenance of the family system. Helpfully divided into three sections, Housing and Social Transition in Japan: explores the dynamics of the development of the housing system in post-war Japan deals with social issues related to housing in terms of social aging, family relations, gender and inequality addresses the Japanese housing system and social change in relation to comparative and theoretical frameworks. As well as providing challenges and insights for the academic community at large, this book also provides a good introduction to the study of Japan and its housing, economic, social and welfare system generally.

Keywords

government --- loan --- corporation --- system --- japanese --- home --- ownership --- policy --- ladder --- assets

Social innovation: combining profits and progress (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781788116848 9781788116855 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116855.00017 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 12:53:45
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A growing number of new and established organizations are addressing social ills through innovative and profitable organization. In that regard, we seek to understand how a deeper understanding of social innovation can be achieved by a more sophisticated discussion of organizational form. In this chapter we ask, ‘Which organizational designs and practices can meet both financial and social objectives?’ and ‘How can organizations use those practices to profitably address social ills such as poverty, social inequity, climate change, and educational failure?’ This chapter draws on novel data, practitioners’ experiences, and dozens of interviews to highlight the organizational design and innovation behavior that further the profitable pursuit of social innovation. We focus on benefit corporations or B-corporations as an organizational design that simultaneously delivers business and social impact. We then identify and analyze behaviors within established companies that support social innovation. B-corporations currently exist in 50 countries. They are certified and have their social and environmental impact formally tracked and publicly reported by B-Lab. B-Lab is a non-profit organization that serves and inspires the global movement of ‘B-corporations’ with the aim of building a global community, promoting mission alignment, and helping social innovators ‘measure what matters in the business’. B-Lab’s main instrument is the B-Lab Impact Assessment, which determines the outcome of B-Lab certification. Legal benefit corporations (currently only in the US) may choose to be certified as ‘B-corporations’ as well, though there is no strict requirement to do so. Here, we report on stylized findings from the data.

Les Instituteurs de l'entre-deux-guerres : Idéologie et action syndicale

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ISBN: 9782729709846 DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.14402 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Histoire locale d’une corporation ? Histoire survolée, examinée au travers d’une lunette idéologique ? Cette étude s’efforce d’être autre chose : ni vision folklorique, étroitement limitée, ni exégèse détachée des hommes et des faits. Les trente années de l’entre-deux-guerres sont tourmentées, riches en évènements. D’âpres débats succèdent et préludent à d’autres combats, souvent tragiques. L’interférence des réalités départementales, nationales et internationales apparaît en pleine lumière. Bousculés par les péripéties de l’histoire, mais poursuivant leurs tâches quotidiennes avec une haute idée de leur mission, divergeant souvent de la majorité nationale de leurs collègues et des autres organisations syndicales, les instituteurs et les institutrices du Rhône présentent à maints égards une réelle originalité.

Mercury Pollution in Minamata

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science ISSN: 2191-5547 ISBN: 9789811073915 9789811073922 Year: Pages: 67 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7392-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 12:50:03
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It overviews the poisoning which occurred in the 1950s and 1960s among the residents in Minamata who ate seafood contaminated with methylmercury discharged from the chemical factory, Chisso Corporation. It describes the history, symptoms pathogenesis and research on the causal agent, and discusses the responses of Chisso and the national and local governments to the outbreak, the victims, the compensation and environmental restructuring as well as the court ruling on claims. Based on lecture notes from a university course, it includes students’ suggestions for avoiding a repeat of the tragedy. The issue has not been settled yet, and this analysis of the incident provides useful insights into solutions to the current global mercury pollution problem.

„Berufsstand“ oder „Stand“?

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ISBN: 9783205203414 Year: Pages: 680 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_614163 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 340
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-27 11:01:16
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The Constitution of 1 May 1934 saw an attempt made in Austria to create an alternative to parliamentary democracy in the form of an order based on the professional “Stand” (corporation). The failure of this attempt was due to the nature of the “Stand” itself which, as something organically grown, is not accessible to institutionalisation. In reality, the corporation was just a means of enabling conservative thinking, in a much wider sense, to influence politics, a hangover of traditional forms of rule.

Resilience and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructures under Extreme Loads

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214013 9783039214020 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-402-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to extreme loads such as earthquakes. These can cause loss of life and adverse impacts on civil infrastructures, the environment, and communities. A series of methods and measures have been used to mitigate the effects of these extreme loads. The adopted approaches and methods must enable civil structures to be resilient and sustainable. Therefore, to reduce damage and downtime in addition to protecting life and promoting safety, new resilient structure technologies must be proposed and developed. This special issue book focuses on methods of enhancing the sustainability and resilience of civil infrastructures in the event of extreme loads (e.g., earthquakes). This book contributes proposals of and theoretical, numerical, and experimental research on new and resilient civil structures and their structural performance under extreme loading events. These works will certainly play a significant role in promoting the application of new recoverable structures. Moreover, this book also introduces some case studies discussing the implementation of low-damage structural systems in buildings as well as articles on the development of design philosophies and performance criteria for resilient buildings and new sustainable communities.

Keywords

corporation --- resilience --- disaster --- recovery --- Great East Japan Earthquake --- viscous damper --- hybrid damper --- seismic performance --- cyclic loading test --- silt --- subway induced vibration --- numerical simulations --- finite element --- infinite element boundary --- measurement --- substructure --- boundary technique --- inflection point --- hybrid simulation --- force-displacement control --- integration algorithm --- pseudodynamic test, earthquake --- nonlinearity --- model-based --- Brazier effect --- angle section --- Brazier flattening --- variational method --- numerical simulation --- beam --- reinforced concrete --- corrosion --- chloride ingress --- carbonation --- probabilistic --- sustainability prediction --- cold-formed steel structure --- cold-formed steel composite shear wall building --- mid-rise --- simplified modeling method --- seismic analysis --- shaking table test --- seismic damage --- simulation model --- system restoration --- water supply networks --- progressive collapse --- abnormal loads --- sudden column removal --- seismic connection detail --- energy-based approximate analysis --- structural robustness --- structural sensitivity --- mitigation --- shaking table test --- liquefaction --- settlement --- ground improvement --- resilience-based design --- dynamic structural analysis --- GM selection --- displacement response spectrum --- structural response estimates --- spectrum variance --- probabilistic framework --- reinforced concrete frames --- liquefaction --- response surface method --- artificial neural network --- Monte Carlo simulation --- optimized section --- precast slab --- concrete --- tapered cross section --- shear performance --- ground motion --- matching pursuit decomposition --- time-frequency energy distribution --- ratcheting effect --- nonlinear response --- flow --- analysis --- concrete --- girder --- damage --- NDE --- replaceable coupling beam --- beam --- shear wall --- cyclic reversal test --- seismic behavior --- settlement --- mined-out region --- railway construction --- dynamic model --- column-top isolation --- single-layer reticulated dome --- nonlinear time-history analysis --- damping effect --- hybrid simulation --- intermediate column --- subway station --- OpenFresco --- OpenSees --- resilience --- sustainability --- civil infrastructures --- extreme loads --- natural hazards --- earthquakes --- seismic performance --- energy dissipative devices

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