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Power and Principle

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ISBN: 9781501705526 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627441 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100415
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Human rights advocates have long pressed for international institutions to prosecute crimes against humanity. With its global reach and mandate to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes (genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002 was hailed as a landmark event in the evolution of truly global society. Supporters argue that the ICC and other transnational tribunals will deter the commission of atrocities and contribute to global peace and stability, and they laud its independence and its potential to check the arbitrary use of power against the powerless. To better understand how international criminal courts function and determine their broader implications for global society, this book examines the factors that led to the creation and evolution of international criminal courts, the nature of the support for and opposition to such institutions, and how they function.

Justiz zwischen Diktatur und Demokratie. Wiederaufbau und Ahndung von NS-Verbrechen in Westdeutschland 1945-1949

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486735659 Year: Volume: 96 Pages: 1237 DOI: 10.1524/9783486735659 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The firmly established view is that the German justice system utterly failed in its responsibilities after 1945. Edith Raim does not turn this interpretation on its head, but she relativizes it in many respects. Her starting point is the nuanced history of West German justice after 1945, including an examination of the passionate discussions between the Allies and Germany about Nazi "crimes against humanity.

Metamorfoses (Μεταμορφώσεων Συναγωγή)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892614304 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1431-1 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 16:36:50
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This work of Antoninus Liberalis, single specimen of this Greek poet of the Late Antiquity, follows the traditional expedient of metamorphoses. In simple Greek, the forty one small mythological episodes are a pragmatic trend imposed on a literature that is supposed to preclude immediate, condensing and quick read. Despite the stylistic simplicity, if any material provided by the author follows an old mythological tradition, Antoninus innovates and introduces his creative genius, considering the literary collection of classical antiquity that survived to the present day. The small originalities introduced would glow in later times, which, to our delight, wouldn’t let fall the author name in oblivion.

Introduction à la victimologie

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ISBN: 9791036502521 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.10762 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La victimologie naît dans le système pénal moderne dans lequel la victime ne joue qu'un rôle de témoin. L'objectif de cette nouvelle science était de mieux comprendre le crime et ses conséquences pour la victime. Jo-Anne Wemmers retrace la naissance de la victimologie comme science, les premiers intérêts européens pour la victime tout en dévoilant les relations entre la victime, l'État et l'accusé à travers les siècles et les continents. Cette introduction historique permet de comprendre les différentes définitions de la victimologie et les conséquences d'une victimisation - les effets psychologiques, les répercussions sociales ou financières pour les victimes et les solutions qui existent de nos jours, que ce soit au Canada ou dans d'autres pays. Le transfert de la théorie à la pratique est assuré par les résultats des sondages et des recherches à propos des victimes et de la victimisation. Le lecteur peut ainsi évaluer l'importance et l'efficacité de la législation en place. L'auteur réussit brillamment à analyser et à expliquer les politiques, la participation de la victime dans la procédure pénale ainsi que la justice réparatrice aux niveaux québécois, canadien et international. La victimologie dispose enfin de son manuel de base.

Business and the Risk of Crime in China

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781921862540 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458836 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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The book analyses the results of a large scale victimisation survey that was conducted in 2005-06 with businesses in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Xi’an. It also provides comprehensive background materials on crime and the criminal justice system in China. The survey, which measured common and non-conventional crime such as fraud, IP theft and corruption, is important because few crime victim surveys have been conducted with Chinese populations and it provides an understanding of some dimensions of crime in non-western societies. In addition, China is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and it attracts a great amount of foreign investment; however, corruption and economic crimes are perceived by some investors as significant obstacles to good business practices. Key policy implications of the survey are discussed.

The Enemy Within: Homicide and Control in Eastern Finland in the Final Years of Swedish Rule 1748-1808

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789517464741 9517466137 9789522228178 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.5 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:14
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"This work explores the quantitative and qualitative development of homicide in eastern Finland in the second half of the eighteenth century and the early years of the nineteenth. The area studied comprised northern Savo and northern Karelia in eastern Finland. At that time, these were completely agricultural regions on the periphery of the kingdom of Sweden. Indeed the majority of the population still got their living from burn-beating agriculture. The analysis of homicide there reveals characteristics that were exceptional by Western European standards: the large proportion of premeditated homicides (murders) and those within the family is more reminiscent of modern cities in the West than of a pre-modern rural society. However, there also existed some archaic forms of Western crime there. Most of the homicides within the family were killings of brothers or brothers-in law, connected with the family structure (the extended family) that prevailed in the region. This study uses case analysis to explore the causes for the increase in both familial homicide and murder in the area. One of the explanatory factors that is dealt with is the interaction between the faltering penal practice that then existed and the increase in certain types of homicide."

Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts: Post-war Europe between the Victors after the Second World War

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522228574 9789522229045 9789522229038 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.22 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:55
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In most European countries, the horrific legacy of 1939–45 has made it quite difficult to remember the war with much glory. Despite the Anglo-American memory narrative of saving democracy from totalitarianism and the Soviet epic of the Great Patriotic War, the fundamental experience of war for so many Europeans was that of immense personal losses and often meaningless hardships. The anthology at hand focuses on these histories between the victors: on the cases of Hungary, Estonia, Poland, Austria, Finland, and Germany and on the respective, often gendered experiences of defeat. The book’s chapters underline the asynchronous transition to peace in individual experiences, when compared to the smooth timelines of national and international historiographies. Furthermore, it is important to note that instead of a linear chronology, both personal and collective histories tend to return back to the moments of violence and loss, thus forming continuous cycles of remembrance and forgetting. Several of the authors also pay specific attention to the constructed and contested nature of national histories in these cycles. The role of these ‘in-between’ countries – and even more their peoples’ multifaceted experiences – will add to the widening European history of the aftermath, thereby challenging the conventional dichotomies and periodisations. In the aftermath of the seventieth anniversary of 1945, it is still too early to regard the post-war period as mere history, the memory politics and rhetoric of the Second World War and its aftermath are again being used and abused to serve contemporary power politics in Europe

Das Volk sitzt zu Gericht

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ISBN: 103706541262 Year: Pages: 496 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3784
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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From December 1944 until the end of March 1945, there existed a forced labour camp for Hungarian Jews in Engerau (today town district Petrzalka of the Slovakian capital Bratislava), which war part of the "Reich Defense Line" ("Wüdostwall"). There, more than 2000 Hungarian Jews had to work like slaves, digging up entrechments to "defend" the German Reich against the approaching soviet troops.Approximate 400 of the forced labourers died of exhaustion, deseases or were beaten to death by Viennese SA men.During the last days of WW II the camp was evacuated. A spezial detachment shot those were sic kor unfit to march, others were killed while the following footmarch to Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Destination was the concentratio camp of Mauthausen.Those abominable crimes caused a series of legal proceedings in post war Austria against more than 70 accused - the so called "Engerau-trias". In five main trials between 1945 and 1954 against 21 defendants the Vienna "Peoples Court" - a spezial court with the task to punish nazi-crimes - imposed 9 death sentences and 1 life imprisonment.The publication analyzes the legal actions of this spezial court on the basis of the trial records located in the district court in Vienna, puts the proceedings in the lager context of the coping with the Nazi past by Austrian courts, but also in Austrian society, presents biographies of judges, attorneys and counsels of the trials, describes the coverage in the newspapers and gives attention to the gender-aspect and the reflection of the "Engerau-trials" in historiography.This is the first publication, which gives a systematic overview of the first ten years of the 2nd republic focussing post war judiciary in the soviet occupation zone and the archievements of Austrian judiciary in respect to punishing nazi-crimes on the basis of the most extensive Holocaust proceeding in Austria.

Les meurtriers sexuels : Analyse comparative et nouvelles perspectives

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9791036502439 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.10534 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Qu'est-ce qui pousse un individu à commettre un meurtre sexuel ? Quelles étaient les intentions du meurtrier au moment des faits ? Pourquoi une agression sexuelle dévie-t-elle vers l'homicide ? Cette étude, qui repose sur une analyse comparative des violeurs et des meurtriers sexuels, démontre que le meurtre sexuel dépend de la combinaison de facteurs développementaux, intentionnels et situationnels. La colère, la consommation d'alcool, la motivation sexuelle dans l'agression, le sadisme sont autant d'indices qui permettent de comprendre le meurtre sexuel. Cet ouvrage remet en question nombre d'idées reçues sur les meurtriers sexuels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait tendance à croire, les sadiques ne représentent qu'une minorité de meurtriers sexuels et les violeurs ont souvent la même histoire criminelle et les mêmes troubles de la personnalité que les meurtriers sexuels. En fait, le parcours criminel des meurtriers sexuels ressemble étrangement à celui des délinquants récidivistes et il apparaît difficile de tracer un profil précis qui les identifierait hors de tout doute possible. Théorique mais aussi pratique, cet ouvrage propose des stratégies d'enquêtes et d'interrogatoires en matière de meurtre sexuel.

Everyday Resistance, Peacebuilding and State-making

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ISBN: 9781526108760 9781526108784 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628403 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100063
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:48
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Everyday Resistance, Peacebuilding and State-making addresses debates on the liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as quotidian acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding on these processes and the particular case. The book also makes a significant contribution to the theorisation of resistance in International Relations.

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