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Babel' in Context: A Study in Cultural Identity

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ISBN: 9781936235957 Year: Pages: 312 Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-01 16:15:01
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Isaak Babel (1894–1940) is arguably one of the greatest modern short story writers of the early twentieth century. Yet his life and work are shrouded in the mystery of who Babel was—an Odessa Jew who wrote in Russian, who came from one of the most vibrant centers of east European Jewish culture and all his life loved Yiddish and the stories of Sholom Aleichem.This is the first book in English to study the intertextuality of Babel’s work. It looks at Babel’s cultural identity as a case study in the contradictions and tensions of literary influence, personal loyalties, and ideological constraint. The complex and often ambivalent relations between the two cultures inevitably raise controversial issues that touch on the reception of Babel and other Jewish intellectuals in Russian literature, as well as the “Jewishness” of their work.

The Rahui: Legal pluralism in Polynesian traditional management of resources and territories

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ISBN: 9781925022797 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607554 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:30
License: ANU Press

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This collection deals with an ancient institution in Eastern Polynesia called the rahui, a form of restricting access to resources and/or territories. While tapu had been extensively discussed in the scientific literature on Oceanian anthropology, the rahui is quite absent from secondary modern literature. This situation is all the more problematic because individual actors, societies, and states in the Pacific are readapting such concepts to their current needs, such as environment regulation or cultural legitimacy. This book assembles a comprehensive collection of current works on the rahui from a legal pluralism perspective. This study as a whole underlines the new assertion of identity that has flowed from the cultural dimension of the rahui. Today, rahui have become a means for indigenous communities to be fully recognised on a political level. Some indigenous communities choose to restore the rahui in order to preserve political control of their territory or, in some cases, to get it back. For the state, better control of the rahui represents a way of asserting its legitimacy and its sovereignty, in the face of this reassertion by indigenous communities.

Divided Loyalties

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ISBN: 9781760462369 9781760462376 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.22459/DL.09.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
License: ANU Press

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Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork, this study explores the ideas of belonging and citizenship among former pro-autonomy East Timorese who have elected to settle indefinitely in West Timor. The study follows different East Timorese groups and examines various ways they construct and negotiate their socio-political identities following the violent and destructive separation from their homeland. The East Timorese might have had Indonesia as their destination when they left the eastern half of the island in the aftermath of the referendum, but they have not relinquished their cultural identities as East Timorese. The study highlights the significance of the notions of origin, ancestry and alliance in our understanding of East Timorese place-making and belonging to a particular locality. Another feature of belonging that informs East Timorese identity is their narrative of sacrifice to maintain connections with their homeland and move on with their lives in Indonesia. These sacrificial narratives elaborate an East Timorese spirit of struggle and resilience, a feature further exemplified in the transformation of their political activities within the Indonesian political system.

A literary mirror; Balinese reflections on modernity and identity in the twentieth century

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183703 9789004253636 Year: Volume: 271 Pages: xiv + 378 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_371572 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A literary mirror; Balinese reflections on modernity and identity in the twentieth century
I Nyoman Darma Putra 

A literary mirror is the first English-language work to comprehensively analyse Indonesian-language literature from Bali from a literary and cultural viewpoint. It covers the period from 1920 to 2000. This is an extremely rich field for research into the ways Balinese view their culture and how they respond to external cultural forces. This work complements the large number of existing studies of Bali and its history, anthropology, traditional literature, and the performing arts.

A literary mirror is an invaluable resource for those researching twentieth-century Balinese authors who wrote in Indonesian. Until now, such writers have received very little attention in the existing literature. An appendix gives short biographical details of many significant writers and lists their work. 

I Nyoman Darma Putra teaches Indonesian literature in the Faculty of Arts at Udayana University in Bali. He is the author of several books in Indonesian on a variety of literary and cultural topics, including Tonggak Baru Sastra Bali Modern (2000; 2010), Wanita Bali Tempo Doeloe Perspektif Masa Kini (2003; 2007) and Bali dalam Kuasa Politik (2008). From 2007 to 2010 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies, University of Queensland, during which time a number of his articles were published in journals including Indonesia and the Malay World, Asian Studies Review and Rima.

Gegenwärtiger Rassismus in Deutschland - Zwischen Biologie und kultureller Identität

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ISBN: 9783863951931 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:42
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Kaum ein anderes Thema polarisierte die bundesrepublikanische Öffentlichkeit in den vergangenen Jahren so nachhaltig wie die Veröffentlichung der tendenziell rassistischen Theoreme Thilo Sarrazins im Sommer 2010. Rassistische Ressentiments zeigten sich hier wieder als in vielen Teilen der deutschen Gesellschaft etabliert und debattiert, wie der Verkaufserfolg von Sarrazins Bestseller „Deutschland schafft sich ab“ demonstriert. Die vorliegende Arbeit fokussiert dieses gegenwärtige, insbesondere biologisch-genetische Rassismusphänomen in der bundesrepublikanischen Gesellschaft im Zeitraum von 2007 bis 2013. Sie analysiert die Verbreitung, die Entstehungsbedingungen sowie die naturwissenschaftliche Realität biologistischer, rassistischer Argumentationen in Deutschland. Hierfür nutzt diese Arbeit einen kombinierten Forschungsansatz von Sozial- und Naturwissenschaften, um das gegenwärtige Rassismusphänomen sowohl aus sozialwissenschaftlicher als auch aus biologischer Perspektive zu analysieren und zu beurteilen.

Constructions of Cultural Identities in Newsreel Cinema and Television after 1945

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Book Series: MedienAnalysen ISBN: 9783837629750 9783839429754 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839429754 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101261
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Newsreel cinema and television not only served as an important tool in the shaping of political spheres and the construction of national and cultural identities up to the 1960s. Today’s potent televisual forms were furthermore developed in and strongly influenced by newsreels, and much of the archived newsreel footage is repeatedly used to both illustrate and re-stage past events and their significance. This book addresses newsreel cinema and television as a medium serving the formation of cultural identities in a variety of national contexts after 1945, its role in forming audiovisual narratives of a »biopic of the nation«, and the technical, aesthetical, and political challenges of archiving and restaging cinematic and televisual newsreel.

Renegotiating boundaries

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182836 9789004260436 Year: Volume: 238 Pages: 540 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_376972 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:18
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For decades almost the only social scientists who visited Indonesia’s provinces were anthropologists. Anybody interested in politics or economics spent most of their time in Jakarta, where the action was. Our view of the world’s fourth largest country threatened to become simplistic, lacking that essential graininess. Then, in 1998, Indonesia was plunged into a crisis that could not be understood with simplistic tools. After 32 years of enforced stability, the New Order was at an end. Things began to happen in - the provinces that no one was prepared for. Democratization was one, decentralization another. Ethnic and religious identities emerged that had lain buried under the blanket of the New Order’s modernizing ideology. Unfamiliar, sometimes violent forms of political competition and of rentseeking came to light.
Decentralization was often connected with the neo-liberal desire to reduce state powers and make room for free trade and democracy. To what extent were the goals of good governance and a stronger civil society achieved? How much of the process was ‘captured’ by regional elites to increase their own powers? Amidst the new identity politics, what has happened to citizenship? These are among the central questions addressed in this book.
This volume is the result of a two-year research project at KITLV. It brings together an international group of 24 scholars – mainly from Indonesia and the Netherlands but also from the United States, Australia, Germany, Canada and Portugal.

Paths and Rivers; Sa’dan Toraja Society in Transformation

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183079 9789004253858 Year: Volume: 253 Pages: xxxii + 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377535 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Fieldwork extending over a thirty-year period provided materials for this book. Paths and Rivers offers an unusually deep and broad picture of the Sa’dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the course of the past century. The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are well known for their dramatic architecture, their unusual cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial life, which places extraordinary economic demands on individuals and families. The analysis is informed, firstly, by a comparative perspective which sets Toraja social structure in the context of the Austronesian world. Secondly, the author delves deeply into Toraja social memory to show how people think about the past. She examines the usefulness of history and myth in the present as a source of identity, a template for action, or a resource by means of which to claim precedence. The book gives a clear picture of the structure and ethos of the indigenous Toraja religion, the Aluk To Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’, with its complex cycle of rituals. The book concludes with an analysis of the ceremonial economy, which draws upon both domestic subsistence production and the global market economy.
Paths and Rivers draws together a fascinating picture of one society’s journey into modernity.
Roxana Waterson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. She is also the author of The living house: an anthropology of architecture in Southeast Asia (3rd ed., Thames and Hudson, 1997) and Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (Singapore University Press/Ohio University Press, 2007).

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