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Transcultural Literary Studies: Politics, Theory, and Literary Analysis

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ISBN: 9783038423959 9783038423942 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-02 08:59:14
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Witnessing the rise of nationalism, nativism, and xenophobia in many countries, theories of transculturalism arose, in part, out of the concern that multi- and intercultural identity models have not set themselves sufficiently apart from their own culturalist baggage, thus leaving their doors open to strong nationalistic and ethnocentric orientations. But how can we—how can literature—imagine transcultural communities? This volume attempts to examine whether transculturalism—with its questioning of the dominance of group identity and its return to the individual as a privileged site for cultural multiplicity—can offer guideposts for conceptualizing ‘individual’ diversity without underplaying the role of class, religion, and community. Several contributions to the volume view some of the ‘cosmopolitan’ genealogies of transculturalism cautiously, such as elitist individualism and utopianism, teleologically structured conceptualizations of humanism, and an indiscriminating belief in the ascendency of human universals. Nevertheless, highlighting particular understandings of transculturalism in interpretations of significant literary texts from the Middle Ages to the 21st century amounts, once again and by no small measure, to a political decision—one that historically has often been prompted by a search for commonalities as a basis for the design of universal human rights, international law, transnational structures, and global education.

Performative Histories, Foundational Fictions: Gender and Sexuality in Niskavuori Films

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789517465441 9789522227713 9789522227706 Year: Pages: 425 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.7 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Performing Arts --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:35
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"Films are integral to national imagination. Promotional publicity markets “domestic films” not only as entertaining, exciting, or moving, but also as topical and relevant in different ways. Reviewers assess new films with reference to other films and cultural products as well as social and political issues. Through such interpretive framings by contemporaries and later generations, popular cinema is embedded both in national imagination and endless intertextual and intermedial frameworks. Moreover, films themselves become signs to be cited and recycled as illustrations of cultural, social, and political history as well as national mentality. In the age of television, “old films” continue to live as history and memory. In Performative Histories, Foundational Fictions, Anu Koivunen analyzes the historicity as well as the intertextuality and intermediality of film reception by focusing on a cycle of Finnish family melodrama and its key role in thinking about gender, sexuality, nation, and history. Close-reading posters, advertisements, publicity-stills, trailers, review journalism, and critical commentary, she demonstrates how The Women of Niskavuori (1938 and 1958), Loviisa (1946), Heta Niskavuori (1952), Aarne Niskavuori (1954), Niskavuori Fights (1957), and Niskavuori (1984) have operated as sites for imagining “our agrarian past”, our Heimat and heritage as well as “the strong Finnish woman” or “the weak man in crisis”. Based on extensive empirical research, Koivunen argues that the Niskavuori films have mobilized readings in terms of history and memory, feminist nationalism and men’s movement, left-wing allegories and right-wing morality as well as realism and melodrama. Through processes of citation, repetition, and re-cycling the films have acquired not only a heterogeneous and contradictory interpretive legacy, but also an affective force."

Memory Boxes. An Experimental Approach to Cultural Transfer in History, 1500-2000

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Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783837627862 9783839427866 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839427866 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Forschungsschwerpunkt Historische Kulturwissenschaften der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-28 11:01:20
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This volume discusses a practical approach to cultural transfer and exchange through the concept of »memory box«. Ideas of displacement, transfer, and cultural memory are explored through case studies from Scotland to Italy and Germany and from Finland and France to the American colonies. The authors develop an understanding of memory boxes as cultural constructions that are involved in the process of making and disputing memory – but which, simultaneously, are important agents for cultural transfer over space and time. This book emphasises »memory box« as an idea that allows us to study the cultural processes of transfer in conjunction with cultural memory.

Die Kirche und die „Kärntner Seele“

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ISBN: 9783205208617 Year: Pages: 402 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 612
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:02
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This study deals with the percpetion of the Catholic church in Carinthia, a federal state of Austria, especially during the austrofascist era from 1933/34 to1938. Therefore, important historical stages in Carinthian history are outlined and so far unpublished archive material is analyzed. After all, particular facets of the Carinthian habitus are illustrated by text and image samples from arts, literature, and historiography.

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