Search results: Found 14

Listing 1 - 10 of 14 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Engineering a Safer World

Author:
Book Series: Engineering Systems ISBN: 9780262016629 9780262533690 Year: Pages: 560 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A new approach to safety, based on systems thinking, that is more effective, less costly, and easier to use than current techniques.Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety—more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world—based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for “reengineering” any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

Keywords

cybernetics --- safety

The Digital Dionysus: Nietzsche and the Network-Centric Condition

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780692270790 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0149.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:35
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Can Nietzsche be considered a thinker of media and mediation, as the German media theorist Friedrich Kittler declared in his influential book Gramophone, Film, Typewriter? Nietzsche was a truly transdisciplinary thinker, one who never fit into his own nineteenth-century surroundings and who recognized himself as a “herald and precursor” of the future, of our globally-reticulated digital present. Perhaps not since Kittler has there been a study — let alone an anthology — that re-assesses and re-evaluates Nietzsche’s thought in light of the technically mediated and machinic conditions of the human in the age of digital networks.

Hephaestus Reloaded

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781950192359 9781950192366 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0258.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Hephaestus Reloaded / Efesto Reloaded, presented in a bilingual (English/Italian) publication, and whose five authors are from Greece, Italy, and the US, invokes as its first inspiration the myth of Hephaestus who embodied a twofold entity: both disabled and technically capacious. The myth of Hephaestus has been passed across the centuries as an ancient metaphor signifying the idea of becoming-world, in which any distinction between the natural and the artificial, or the organic and the technical, is blurred. Human beings, by virtue of their physical vulnerabilities and limits, have enhanced their technological powers to the point of transcending their own given nature. At present, a variety of critical discourses in disciplines such as philosophy, history, aesthetics, and cognitive sciences pay attention to our becoming-hybrid (organic and mechanical beings) – unleashing a space for research that probes the concept of transcendence. Each of the contributions in this book addresses – through its own peculiar perspective, method and experimental style – a new way to approach the role of transcendence in socio-cultural life.In the Occidental history of ideas, the notion of transcendence has received at least three canonical articulations that are challenged by this book: religious (Judeo-Christian traditions), philosophical (Platonic-intellectual universality of ideas), and scientific (the objective and technological turn of knowledge). Nonetheless, it is with the rise of cybernetics, with its digital and virtual modalities of systems, networks, and knowledge, that our human environment emerges as a source of knowledge in itself -- not simply as an object but rather as an immersive agency in which nature, knowledge, technique merge. The transcendence of the actual and the virtual into a “third” element is construed and analyzed in this book through conceptual schemes that rely on a post-binary or non-binary understanding of coincidences, triangulations, hybrids, or post-human combinatorics. What is ultimately explored is how transcendence is ejected from strictly theological, philosophical, or scientific groundings and emerges as a germinating point of becoming (something else).

Machine

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: In Search of Media ISBN: 9783957961488 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.14619/1488 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-26 10:44:05
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In contrast with media constructed as vast, ontologically homogeneous, non-localized systems, formats show material networks of interoperability and exclusions, inscribed in local specificities, and involving precise conditions for the circulation of images and sounds. Formats, institutionalized as standards, frame the “technical networks” defined by Gilbert Simondon, that unfold technical objects into economically and politically structured webs that cover the world. Media are always formatted and, as such, do not flow: they are displaced.

Grenzen ueberwinden durch Kultur?

Author:
Book Series: Études luxembourgeoises / Luxemburg-Studien ISBN: 9783653025996 Year: Pages: 275 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-653-02599-6 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:16:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Science Fiction Literature in East Germany

Author:
Book Series: DDR- Studien / East German Studies ISBN: 9781788745659 9781788745666 9783039107391 Year: Pages: 333 DOI: 10.3726/b14377 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

East German science fiction enabled its authors to create a subversive space in another time and place. One of the country’s most popular genres, it outlined futures that often went beyond the party’s official version. Many utopian stories provided a corrective vision, intended to preserve and improve upon East German communism. This study is an introduction to East German science fiction. The book begins with a chapter on German science fiction before 1949. It then spans the entire existence of the country (1949-1990) and outlines key topics essential to understanding the genre: popular literature, socialist realism, censorship, fandom, and international science fiction. An in-depth discussion addresses notions of high and low literature, elements of the fantastic and utopia as critical narrative strategies, ideology and realism in East German literature, gender, and the relation between literature and science. Through a close textual analysis of three science fiction novels, the author expands East German literary history to include science fiction as a valuable source for developing a multi-faceted understanding of the country’s short history. Finally, an epilogue notes new titles and developments since the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Processes of Spatialization in the Americas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Interamericana ISBN: 9783631772072 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3726/b14987 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Archaeology --- Political Science --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:09:41
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Where do the Americas begin, and where do they end? What is the relationship between the spatial constructions of «area» and «continent»? How were the Americas imagined by different actors in different historical periods, and how were these imaginations – as continent, nation, region – guided by changing agendas and priorities? This interdisciplinary volume addresses competing and conflicting configurations and narratives of spatialization in the context of globalization processes from the 19th century to the present.

Verhaltensdesign

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Kulturwissenschaft ISBN: 9783839442067 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.14361/9783839442067 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Whether neo-cybernetics, group therapy or environmental protection: an aesthetic-literary and political genealogy of popular education and government programs during the Cold War.

A Journey of Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems

Author:
ISBN: 9783030474874 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47487-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:28
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Open Access book celebrates Professor Peter Marwedel's outstanding achievements in compilers, embedded systems, and cyber-physical systems. The contributions in the book summarize the content of invited lectures given at the workshop “Embedded Systems” held at the Technical University Dortmund in early July 2019 in honor of Professor Marwedel's seventieth birthday. Provides a comprehensive view from leading researchers with respect to the past, present, and future of the design of embedded and cyber-physical systems; Discusses challenges and (potential) solutions from theoreticians and practitioners on modeling, design, analysis, and optimization for embedded and cyber-physical systems; Includes coverage of model verification, communication, software runtime systems, operating systems and real-time computing.

Foundations of Multi-Paradigm Modelling for Cyber-Physical Systems

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030439460 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43946-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book coherently gathers well-founded information on the fundamentals of and formalisms for modelling cyber-physical systems (CPS). Highlighting the cross-disciplinary nature of CPS modelling, it also serves as a bridge for anyone entering CPS from related areas of computer science or engineering. Truly complex, engineered systems—known as cyber-physical systems—that integrate physical, software, and network aspects are now on the rise. However, there is no unifying theory nor systematic design methods, techniques or tools for these systems. Individual (mechanical, electrical, network or software) engineering disciplines only offer partial solutions. A technique known as Multi-Paradigm Modelling has recently emerged suggesting to model every part and aspect of a system explicitly, at the most appropriate level(s) of abstraction, using the most appropriate modelling formalism(s), and then weaving the results together to form a representation of the system. If properly applied, it enables, among other global aspects, performance analysis, exhaustive simulation, and verification. This book is the first systematic attempt to bring together these formalisms for anyone starting in the field of CPS who seeks solid modelling foundations and a comprehensive introduction to the distinct existing techniques that are multi-paradigmatic. Though chiefly intended for master and post-graduate level students in computer science and engineering, it can also be used as a reference text for practitioners.

Listing 1 - 10 of 14 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by