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Corpus de textes : composer, mesurer, interpréter

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ISBN: 9782847888294 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.7328 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les questionnements épistémologiques, théoriques et méthodologiques sur les corpus, notamment de textes, irriguent les humanités et les sciences humaines et sociales. Au sein de cette réflexion, les trois étapes essentielles de la composition, de la mesure et de l’interprétation des corpus sont distinguées même si, en pratique, elles sont imbriquées selon des logiques circulatoires. Quels sont les critères, théoriques mais aussi bien souvent pratiques, qui déterminent la constitution d’un corpus de recherche ? Quels outils et logiciels permettent de l’exploiter au mieux ? Comment arriver à faire la part entre domaine quantitatif et domaine qualitatif ? Dans cet ouvrage, des chercheurs issus de différentes disciplines se côtoient, afin de porter sur le même objet des regards différents : le corpus apparaît tantôt comme terrain de recherche, tantôt comme espace d’exploration méthodologique, tantôt comme objet de réflexions théoriques. L’approche interdisciplinaire, appuyée sur des retours d’expérience variés, permet ainsi de partager réflexions, méthodes et outils (notamment par une comparaison entre les différentes offres logicielles) au sein d’une réflexion commune qui intéressera toute personne confrontée à la notion de corpus, que ce soit en « débutant » ou en « utilisateur confirmé ».

Data Visualization in Society

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ISBN: 9789048543137 9789463722902 Year: Pages: 441 DOI: 10.5117/9789463722902 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: The Research Council of Norway - 25936
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:02
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Today we are witnessing an increased use of data visualization in society. Across domains such as work, education and the news, various forms of graphs, charts and maps are used to explain, convince and tell stories. In an era in which more and more data are produced and circulated digitally, and digital tools make visualization production increasingly accessible, it is important to study the conditions under which such visual texts are generated, disseminated and thought to be of societal benefit. This book is a contribution to the multi-disciplined and multi-faceted conversation concerning the forms, uses and roles of data visualization in society. Do data visualizations do 'good' or 'bad'? Do they promote understanding and engagement, or do they do ideological work, privileging certain views of the world over others? The contributions in the book engage with these core questions from a range of disciplinary perspectives.

Biological Ontologies and Semantic Biology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192779 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-277-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Biotechnology --- General and Civil Engineering --- Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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As the amount of biological information and its diversity accumulates massively there is a critical need to facilitate the integration of this data to allow new and unexpected conclusions to be drawn from it. The Semantic Web is a new wave of web- based technologies that allows the linking of data between diverse data sets via standardised data formats (“big data”). Semantic Biology is the application of semantic web technology in the biological domain (including medical and health informatics). The Special Topic encompasses papers in this very broad area, including not only ontologies (development and applications), but also text mining, data integration and data analysis making use of the technologies of the Semantic Web. Ontologies are a critical requirement for such integration as they allow conclusions drawn about biological experiments, or descriptions of biological entities, to be understandable and integratable despite being contained in different databases and analysed by different software systems. Ontologies are the standard structures used in biology, and more broadly in computer science, to hold standardized terminologies for particular domains of knowledge. Ontologies consist of sets of standard terms, which are defined and may have synonyms for ease of searching and to accommodate different usages by different communities. These terms are linked by standard relationships, such as “is_a” (an eye “is_a” sense organ) or “part_of” (an eye is “part_of” a head). By linking terms in this way, more detailed, or granular, terms can be linked to broader terms, allowing computation to be carried out that takes these relationships into account.

The Datafied Society. Studying Culture through Data

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ISBN: 9789462981362 9789048531011 9789462987173 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462981362 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-01 11:01:18
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As more and more aspects of everyday life are turned into machine-readable data, researchers are provided with rich resources for researching society. The novel methods and innovative tools to work with this data not only require new knowledge and skills, but also raise issues concerning the practices of investigation and publication. This book critically reflects on the role of data in academia and society and challenges overly optimistic expectations considering data practices as means for understanding social reality. It introduces its readers to the practices and methods for data analysis and visualization and raises questions not only about the politics of data tools, but also about the ethics in collecting, sifting through data, and presenting data research. AUP S17 Catalogue text As machine-readable data comes to play an increasingly important role in everyday life, researchers find themselves with rich resources for studying society. The novel methods and tools needed to work with such data require not only new knowledge and skills, but also a new way of thinking about best research practices. This book critically reflects on the role and usefulness of big data, challenging overly optimistic expectations about what such information can reveal, introducing practices and methods for its analysis and visualization, and raising important political and ethical questions regarding its collection, handling, and presentation.

Visualisierung sprachlicher Daten. Visual Linguistics – Praxis – Tools

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ISBN: 9783946054757 9783946054771 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.345.474 Language: English; German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-07 12:05:56
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Visualizations play an important role in the scientific research process. They serve to illustrate the knowledge gained, but also as a tool to gain knowledge.Such visualizations are also important in linguistics. For example in the form of maps, tree graphs and word nets. In corpus linguistics, explorative visualizations are often a way to make the data accessible and interpretable.The book reflects on the theoretical basics of scientific visualizations in linguistics, shows practical examples and also introduces visualization tools.

New Trends on Genome and Transcriptome Characterizations

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456109 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-610-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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This Research Topic is devoted to bioinformaticians, geneticists and researchers who study or apply methods and algorithms for genomes and transcriptome analyses, aimed at understanding pathology discriminations and classifications. Papers are encouraged that use unconventional approaches and/or where mathematical and computational concepts are applied to biological and medical contexts in original ways. The contributions presented in the Topic should be of interest also to a wide class of scientists and students involved in the several fields where genomic and transcriptomic approaches are becoming essential for future investigations.

Pratiques culturelles, 1973-2008 : Questions de mesure et d’interprétation des résultats

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ISBN: 9782111398689 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’enquête Pratiques culturelles des Français, réalisée depuis 1973 par le ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, mesure les taux de pénétration, au sein de la population française, des principales formes d’accès à la culture. Comparer des données d’enquêtes sociologiques produites depuis trente-cinq ans à intervalle d’une décennie environ requiert plusieurs précautions méthodologiques à mettre en œuvre pour l’analyse des données. Il convient de tenir compte des évolutions structurelles de la société aux plans démographique, économique et social et de distinguer les effets d’époque, de génération et d’offre. Ensuite, les pratiques culturelles elles-mêmes, et plus généralement les modes d’accès à la culture se sont transformés depuis trente-cinq ans, notamment sous l’effet des innovations technologiques. Enfin, le document revient sur l’interprétation des processus souvent convoqués pour analyser l’évolution des pratiques culturelles : féminisation, élitisation ou démocratisation, juvénilisation.

Unibook

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Scienze della comunicazione - Open access ISBN: 9788891764812 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-08 11:01:53
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"The project that inspires this volume is the production and analysis of certain and stabilized data on the university system, in an interpretative framework presented by teachers and researchers who have long been engaged in studies and research on reformism and innovation processes in universities. The collected essays offer a mapping of the University and its various aspects: from system governance to the training programs and funding, from postgraduate training to internationalization, from the evaluation of scientific research to ""Abilitazione Scientifica Nazionale"" and the Third Mission."

A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781526136527 Year: Pages: 145 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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This handbook is written for patients and members of the public who want to understand more about the approaches, methods and language used by health-services researchers. Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is now a requirement of most major health-research programmes, and this book is designed to equip these individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary for meaningful participation. Edited by award-winning mental-health researchers, the book has been produced in partnership with mental-health-service users and carers with experience of research involvement. It includes personal reflections from these individuals alongside detailed information on quantitative, qualitative and health-economics research methods, and comprehensively covers all the basics needed for large-scale health research projects: systematic reviews; research design and analysis using both qualitative and quantitative approaches; health economics; research ethics; impact and dissemination. This book was developed during a five-year research programme funded by the UK’s National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) called Enhancing the Quality of User Involved Care Planning in Mental Health Services (EQUIP). The handbook clearly outlines research practices, and gives an insight into how public and patient representatives can be involved in them and shape decisions. Each chapter ends with a reflective exercise, and there are also some suggested sources of additional reading. People who get involved in health research as experts from experience now have a textbook to support their research involvement journey.

Helmholtz Portfolio Theme Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis (LSDMA)

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ISBN: 9783731506959 Year: Pages: V, 259 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000071931 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The Helmholtz Association funded the ""Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis"" portfolio theme from 2012-2016. Four Helmholtz centres, six universities and another research institution in Germany joined to enable data-intensive science by optimising data life cycles in selected scientific communities. In our Data Life cycle Labs, data experts performed joint R&D together with scientific communities. The Data Services Integration Team focused on generic solutions applied by several communities.

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