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La recherche spatiale française

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ISBN: 2868838871 Year: Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 10:49:37
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La recherche spatiale revêt un caractère stratégique, ses applications sont multiples et son rôle dans la formation d'une communauté de haut niveau est indiscutable. La nécessité d'une politique spatiale ambitieuse à l'échelle de l'Union élargie, gardant un accès autonome à l'Espace, a donc été affirmée par le Livre blanc pour une politique spatiale européenne, élaboré en 2004 par la Commission européenne et l'Agence spatiale européenne. Cependant, il apparaît à l'Académie des sciences qu'il faut insister sur la nécessité de faire les efforts nécessaires en termes de moyens humains, financiers et d'évolution des structures, afin que la recherche spatiale européenne puisse conserver sa compétitivité.Le présent rapport constitue une explicitation de la position de l'Académie, qui a entrepris une réflexion sur les recherches scientifiques utilisant les moyens spatiaux, réflexion divisée en deux étapes : - la première partie de cet ouvrage propose une série de recommandations sur l'organisation générale de la recherche spatiale et son financement ; - la seconde partie analyse la recherche spatiale française en dégageant les forces et faiblesses, et en s'appuyant sur des rapports préliminaires par discipline rédigés par les spécialistes impliqués dans ces recherches. Pour chaque discipline, un rapport synthétique et des recommandations spécifiques ont été élaborés. Des recommandations générales sont également présentées.Les activités liées à l'Espace dépassent aujourd'hui largement la recherche spatiale, même si celle-ci a été l'élément moteur de leur développement initial : c'est pourquoi ce rapport apporte de larges développements sur la recherche utilisatrice de l'espace et ne traite des infrastructures spatiales, de leur technologie et des programmes opérationnels que dans la mesure où ils ont des liens et/ou des implications forts avec la recherche spatiale.

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Spacial data

Helmholtz Portfolio Theme Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis (LSDMA)

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ISBN: 9783731506959 Year: Pages: V, 259 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000071931 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The Helmholtz Association funded the ""Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis"" portfolio theme from 2012-2016. Four Helmholtz centres, six universities and another research institution in Germany joined to enable data-intensive science by optimising data life cycles in selected scientific communities. In our Data Life cycle Labs, data experts performed joint R&D together with scientific communities. The Data Services Integration Team focused on generic solutions applied by several communities.

The Datafied Society. Studying Culture through Data

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462981362 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462981362 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-01 11:01:18
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As more and more aspects of everyday life are turned into machine-readable data, researchers are provided with rich resources for researching society. The novel methods and innovative tools to work with this data not only require new knowledge and skills, but also raise issues concerning the practices of investigation and publication. This book critically reflects on the role of data in academia and society and challenges overly optimistic expectations considering data practices as means for understanding social reality. It introduces its readers to the practices and methods for data analysis and visualization and raises questions not only about the politics of data tools, but also about the ethics in collecting, sifting through data, and presenting data research. AUP S17 Catalogue text&#xD;&#xD;As machine-readable data comes to play an increasingly important role in everyday life, researchers find themselves with rich resources for studying society. The novel methods and tools needed to work with such data require not only new knowledge and skills, but also a new way of thinking about best research practices. This book critically reflects on the role and usefulness of big data, challenging overly optimistic expectations about what such information can reveal, introducing practices and methods for its analysis and visualization, and raising important political and ethical questions regarding its collection, handling, and presentation.

The State of Open Data

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781928331957 9781552506127 9781928331964 Year: Pages: 592 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2668475 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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It’s been ten years since open data first broke onto the global stage. Over the past decade, thousands of programmes and projects around the world have worked to open data and use it to address a myriad of social and economic challenges. Meanwhile, issues related to data rights and privacy have moved to the centre of public and political discourse. As the open data movement enters a new phase in its evolution, shifting to target real-world problems and embed open data thinking into other existing or emerging communities of practice, big questions still remain. How will open data initiatives respond to new concerns about privacy, inclusion, and artificial intelligence? And what can we learn from the last decade in order to deliver impact where it is most needed? The State of Open Data brings together over 60 authors from around the world to address these questions and to take stock of the real progress made to date across sectors and around the world, uncovering the issues that will shape the future of open data in the years to come.&#xD;

Issues in Open Research Data

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ISBN: 9781909188303 9781909188310 9781909188327 9781909188419 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5334/ban Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-19 12:02:13
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In 2010 the Panton Principles for Open Data in Science were published. These principles were founded upon the idea that 'Science is based on building on, reusing and openly criticising the published body of scientific knowledge’ (http://pantonprinciples.org) and they provide a succinct list of the fundamentals to observe when making your data open. Intended for a broad audience of academics, publishers and librarians, Issues in Research Data explores the implications of the Panton Principles through a number of perspectives on open research data in the sciences and beyond. The book features chapters by open data experts in a range of academic disciplines, covering practical information on licensing, ethics, and advice for data curators, alongside more theoretical issues surrounding the adoption of open data. As the book is open access, each chapter can stand alone from the main volume so that communities can host, distribute, build upon and remix the content that is relevant to them. Readers can access the online version via the QR code or DOI link at the front of the book.&#xD;(DOI: http://dx.doi.org//10.5334/ban)

Open Data and the Knowledge Society

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789462980181 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462980181 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:35
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This book considers the role of the open data movement in fostering transformation toward a 'knowledge society'.

Big Data in Context: Legal, Social and Technological Insights

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Law ISSN: 2192-8568 ISBN: 9783319624600 9783319624617 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62461-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:19:35
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This book sheds new light on a selection of big data scenarios from an interdisciplinary perspective. It features legal, sociological and economic approaches to fundamental big data topics such as privacy, data quality and the ECJ’s Safe Harbor decision on the one hand, and practical applications such as smart cars, wearables and web tracking on the other. Addressing the interests of researchers and practitioners alike, it provides a comprehensive overview of and introduction to the emerging challenges regarding big data.All contributions are based on papers submitted in connection with ABIDA (Assessing Big Data), an interdisciplinary research project exploring the societal aspects of big data and funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.This volume was produced as a part of the ABIDA project (Assessing Big Data, 01IS15016A-F). ABIDA is a four-year collaborative project funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. However the views and opinions expressed in this book reflect only the authors’ point of view and not necessarily those of all members of the ABIDA project or the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen von Serviceorientierten Architekturen mit Web Services

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ISBN: 9783941875296 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Service-oriented architectures (SOA) with the interoperable software components Web Services employs a loose coupling between the participants. This provides economic and greater flexibility for companies. The young technology becomes more and more important, e.g. for companies organization and E-Commerce. Judith Nink writes about the legal requirements for SOAs used with Web Services. The dissertation is organized in three complexes, engaged with contracting questions, non-contracting liability and requirements for data protection in the scope of SOAs with Web Services.

Biological Ontologies and Semantic Biology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192779 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-277-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Biotechnology --- General and Civil Engineering --- Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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As the amount of biological information and its diversity accumulates massively there is a critical need to facilitate the integration of this data to allow new and unexpected conclusions to be drawn from it. The Semantic Web is a new wave of web- based technologies that allows the linking of data between diverse data sets via standardised data formats (“big data”). Semantic Biology is the application of semantic web technology in the biological domain (including medical and health informatics). The Special Topic encompasses papers in this very broad area, including not only ontologies (development and applications), but also text mining, data integration and data analysis making use of the technologies of the Semantic Web. Ontologies are a critical requirement for such integration as they allow conclusions drawn about biological experiments, or descriptions of biological entities, to be understandable and integratable despite being contained in different databases and analysed by different software systems. Ontologies are the standard structures used in biology, and more broadly in computer science, to hold standardized terminologies for particular domains of knowledge. Ontologies consist of sets of standard terms, which are defined and may have synonyms for ease of searching and to accommodate different usages by different communities. These terms are linked by standard relationships, such as “is_a” (an eye “is_a” sense organ) or “part_of” (an eye is “part_of” a head). By linking terms in this way, more detailed, or granular, terms can be linked to broader terms, allowing computation to be carried out that takes these relationships into account.

Open Data in Developing Economies: Toward Building an Evidence Base on What Works and How

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928331599 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1063903 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 09:32:18
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Recent years have witnessed considerable speculation about the potential of open data to bring about wide-scale transformation. The bulk of existing evidence about the impact of open data, however, focuses on high-income countries. Much less is known about open data’s role and value in low- and middle-income countries, and more generally about its possible contributions to economic and social development.Open Data for Developing Economies features in-depth case studies on how open data is having an impact across the developing world-from an agriculture initiative in Colombia to data-driven healthcare projects in Uganda and South Africa to crisis response in Nepal. The analysis built on these case studies aims to create actionable intelligence regarding: (a) the conditions under which open data is most (and least) effective in development, presented in the form of a Periodic Table of Open Data; (b) strategies to maximize the positive contributions of open data to development; and (c) the means for limiting open data’s harms on developing countries.

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