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The Human Face of Radiocarbon : Reassessing Chronology in prehistoric Greece and Bulgaria, 5000-3000 cal BC

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ISBN: 9782356681881 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.498 Language: English
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
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This volume presents the results of a multidisciplinary research program (“Balkans 4000”) financed by the French National Research Agency (ANR) and coordinated by the editor between 2007 and 2011, when she was a member of the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée (Laboratory of Archaeology and Archaeometry). 192 new radiocarbon dates have been produced in the laboratories of Lyon, Saclay and Demokritos, from 34 archaeological sites, spanning the years from the end of the 6th to the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. They shed light on the evolution of human settlement during the late stages of the Neolithic period in Greece and Bulgaria, and more specifically on the transition from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age during the “obscure” 4th millennium BC. Thirty-one scholars, archaeologists as well as radiocarbon scientists, are signing the contributions.

Studies on Greek and Coptic Majuscule Scripts and Books

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110575446 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: 276 DOI: 10.1515/9783110575446 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49

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The volume contains a critical review of data, results and open problems concerning the principal Greek and Coptic majuscule bookhands, based on previous research of the author, revised and updated to offer an overview of the different graphic phenomena. Although the various chapters address the history of different types of scripts, their juxtaposition allows us to identify common issues of the comparative method of palaeography.

Environmental Tracers

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ISBN: 9783906980911 9783906980928 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-906980-92-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 06:33:29
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Aquifer resources continue to be overexploited, leaving the world's most impoverished (or vulnerable) populations and/or the aquatic environment at an ever increasing risk from climate change. Adaptation strategies demand detailed evaluation and management of water as a resource, requiring an understanding of the chemical, geological (hydrogeological/geohydrological) and biological interactions that waters effect or undergo in the hydrologic cycle. Environmental tracers are ambient natural or man-made compounds widely distributed in the Earth’s near-surface. They may be injected into the hydrological system from the atmosphere at recharge and/or are added/lost/exchanged inherently as waters flow over and through materials. Variations in their chemical abundances and isotopic compositions can be used as tracers to determine sources (provenance), pathways (of reaction or interaction) and also timescales (dating) of environmental processes. Water dating may invoke their characteristic decay or accumulation functions, (cf. radioactive and radiogenic compounds and isotopes) in a system or the characteristic injection of sources. Environmental tracers in groundwater systems can give information both on current and past flow conditions independently of hydraulic analyses and modelling. Thus, environmental tracers generically are important tools for developing sustainable management policies for the protection of water resources and the aquatic environment.Recent overviews have highlighted how most environmental tracer systematics have become well-established through proof-of-concept studies in geochemically and hydraulically simple aquifers. The challenge now lies in enhancing the way they are put to use by the hydrologic community and water resource managers in more complex systems (e.g. inter- and intra-aquifer mixing; aquifers as distributed water systems – water coming in at one point is going somewhere, and pumping of water represents an interception) and how they may be used to address issues of vulnerability, sustainability, and uncertainty in water resource systems (including resource, flooding, drought, climate justice, water and food security, water footprints, etc.).

Special External Effects on Fluvial System Evolution

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215447 9783039215454 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-545-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Rivers are an excellent witness of the dynamics affecting Earth’s surface due to their sedimentary products and morphological expression, which may be considered as fluvial archives. Until now, the focus has been on evaluating the general impact of individual external factors. However, the importance of the specific environmental characteristics of these factors has become increasingly recognized, as highlighted in recent case studies. For example, the effects of regional climate, differentiated topography and vegetation, and frozen ground appear to play an essential role in the evolution of the fluvial system. Integration of such environmental conditions in the processes that were active within the complex fluvial system will open new perspectives in our progressive understanding of the evolution of landscape form, ecology, sediment fluxes, and hydrology of the system within the framework of the external drivers such as tectonics, general climate, and human activity. This is an appealing challenge that we wish to address in the present Special Issue under the aegis of the Fluvial Archives Group (FLAG).

Polymetallic Metallogenic System

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ISBN: 9783039212934 9783039212941 Year: Pages: 538 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-294-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Within the last decade, the high and continuing demand for precious and base metals, as well as critical elements, has prompted a global rush on a scale never before seen. This eventually resulted in the demand for considerable innovation and improvement in mineral deposit genetic modelling and ore formation regimes for the many different types of gold deposits, now recognized, and paralleled by the wide employment of exploration techniques and a rapid expansion of geological databases. This Special Issue will show case studies of porphyry polymetal systems, orogenic gold formations, water–rock reaction, ore-forming structure evolution, mineralogy and petrology of ore deposit, ore formation regime, geochronology and geochemistry of ore deposit, ore-forming evolution, mineral exploration and cutting-edge technology in ore deposit study.

Keywords

W–Sn skarn --- whole-rock geochemistry --- Huangshaping --- Shizhuyuan --- Xianghualing --- Rare-Earth Elements --- C–O isotopes --- hydrothermal calcite --- ore-forming processes --- Phapon gold deposit --- oxidation state --- hydrous melts --- constraints on mineralization --- Beiya Au deposit --- SW China --- zircon geochronology --- magmatic oxygen fugacity --- petrogenesis --- Zaozigou deposit --- West Qinling --- archean basement --- quartz vein --- hydrothermal alteration halo --- Pinglidian gold deposit --- Jiaodong --- geochemistry --- U–Pb zircon age --- Sr–Nd isotopes --- Haoyaoerhudong gabbro --- Inner Mongolia --- geochronology --- Hf isotopes --- petrogenesis --- paleo-Tethyan ocean closure --- Zaorendao gold deposit --- West Qinling --- syenite --- post-collisional --- niobium mineralization --- Saima deposit --- Liaoning Province --- invisible gold --- visible gold --- LA-ICP-MS --- Yangshan gold belt --- West Qinling --- zircon U-Pb dating --- molybdenite Re-Os dating --- zircon Hf isotopes --- Weilasituo Sn-polymetallic deposit --- Inner Mongolia --- orogenic-gold deposit --- mineral geo-thermometry --- physicochemical condition of mineralization --- Zhengchong gold deposit --- Jiangnan orogenic belt --- lithospheric architecture --- metallogenesis --- Hf-Nd isotopic mapping --- Liaodong Peninsula --- North China Craton --- zircon U–Pb geochronology --- Sr–Nd–Pb–Hf isotopes --- low Sr and high Yb A2-type granite --- Xianghualing --- South China --- fluid inclusion --- stable isotopes --- gold deposition --- Sanshandao gold deposit --- Jiaodong --- fluid inclusions --- H–O isotope --- immiscibility --- water–rock interaction --- Sizhuang gold deposit --- Jiaodong Peninsula --- China --- Pulang porphyry Cu (–Mo–Au) deposit --- LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb dating --- molybdenite Re–Os dating --- high-silica adakitic rocks (HSA) --- Northwestern Yunnan Province --- C–H–O isotopes --- fluid inclusion --- Koka deposit --- orogenic gold deposit --- ore shoots --- structural control --- geostatistics --- Sizhuang gold deposit --- Jiaodong Peninsula --- skarn mineralogy --- high fugacity --- garnet Sm–Nd dating --- Late Cretaceous --- Hongshan skarn deposit --- mantle branch --- metallogenesis --- ore-controlling structures --- metallogenic rule --- ore prospecting target --- Jiaodong area --- zircon U–Pb dating --- Re–Os dating --- middle–late Jurassic --- Mo-polymetallic deposit --- Great Xing’an Range --- Dongbulage --- A-type granite --- tin mineralization --- Tiantangshan tin polymetallic deposit --- SE China --- Chishan alkaline complex --- rock geochemistry --- zircon U–Pb dating --- Lu–Hf isotopes --- Hegenshan-Heihe suture zone --- Cu-Au hydrothermal mineralization --- Hongyan deposit --- Permian A-type granite --- granite petrogenesis --- magmatic oxygen fugacity --- post-collisional slab break-off --- quartz --- trace element --- precipitation mechanism --- in situ study --- sericite --- acidity --- formation temperature --- n/a

Annually Laminated Lake Sediments

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039287864 / 9783039287871 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-787-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The collection of papers presented in this book illustrates the recent progress made in varved sediment research and highlights the large variety of methodological approaches and research directions applied. The contributions cover monitoring of modern sediment fluxes using sediment traps; geochronological and sedimentological analyses of annually laminated lacustrine sediments or varves; and multiproxy investigations, including geochemical and biological proxies as well as spatiotemporal analyses based on multicore studies supported by satellite images and X-ray computed tomography (CT). The scientific issues discuss the influences of hydrological and climatological phenomena on short-term changes in sediment flux, the relationships between biogeochemical (limnological) processes in the water column and the formation of varves, the preservation of environmental signals in varved sediments, and possibilities of synchronizing varved records with other high-resolution environmental archives such as tree rings.

Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Gems

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280766 9783039280773 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-077-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Gems have been used in the manufacture of jewellery and as ornaments since antiquity. Considering gems, recent statistics have shown that about 15 billion Euros are annually at stake. Nowadays, gemmology, i.e., the study of gem materials, is one of the most expanding fields in the earth sciences, positioned between academia and industry. As an applied science, in gemmology, the instruments used should be non- or microdestructive, and their cost should be reasonable both in terms of equipment and time consumption. Gemmology can also be used contribute to the development of pure science and in some cases, destructive techniques may have to be used. Taking into account the fact that gems are albeit rarely available for scientific research, this compilation of 20 articles by around 100 researchers from over 30 different institutions situated in 20 countries from around the globe, presented in the Special Issue entitled “Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Gems”, offers very good examples on the application of various methods for their study which will hopefully contribute to our better understanding of gem formation in general and will enhance scientific debates attracting more scientists from various disciplines to get involved in this field.

Keywords

danburite --- trace elements --- REE --- femtosecond LA-ICP-MS --- CHNS elemental analyzer --- pegmatites --- skarn --- gemstones --- placer --- heavy and light minerals --- landforms --- climate --- geodynamic setting --- green quartz --- prase --- amethyst --- color --- amphibole --- actinolite --- skarn --- Serifos --- Greece --- zircon --- xenocryst --- alkali basalt --- Ratanakiri Volcanic Province --- trace elements --- O-isotopes and Hf-isotopes --- U-Pb --- (U-Th)/He --- granitic pegmatite --- gem-quality tourmaline --- Adamello Massif --- Central Alps --- Italy --- ruby --- Mogok --- Mong Hsu --- New South Wales --- trace elements --- LA-ICP-MS analysis --- inclusions --- U–Pb age-dating --- genetic diversity --- geographic typing --- corundum --- blue sapphire --- meta-ultramafic rocks --- LA-ICP-MS --- Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopy --- Ilmenogorsky complex --- Ural Mountains --- metasomatism --- corundum megacrysts --- ruby --- sapphire --- plumasite --- metamorphic-metasomatic origin --- Greece --- zircon megacrysts --- placer deposits --- rare earth elements (REE) --- carbonatite-dominant melts --- Central Highlands --- Vietnam --- hyperspectral photoluminescence imaging --- LA-ICP-MS --- rubies --- corundum --- in-situ oxygen isotopes --- Paranesti Greece --- Nestos Shear Zone --- Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) --- emerald deposits --- classification --- typology --- metamorphism --- magmatism --- sedimentary --- alkaline metasomatism --- fluids --- stable and radiogenic isotopes --- genetic models --- exploration --- andradite --- demantoid --- gemstone --- Raman spectroscopy --- UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy --- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy --- gem-quality --- garnet --- gem-bearing pegmatite --- fluid inclusions --- P-T-X equilibria --- spodumene --- Ar/Ar dating --- blue sapphire --- anorthosites --- kyshtymites --- sapphire geochemistry --- Ilmenogorsky-Vishnevogorsky complex --- in situ LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon dating --- kyanite --- Mn-rich silicates --- Rhodope --- Thassos --- amphibolite facies --- metasomatism --- opal --- hyalite --- silica --- X-ray diffraction --- Raman --- Infrared --- 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance --- SEM --- provenance --- pearls --- freshwater --- saltwater --- LA-ICP-MS --- X-ray luminescence --- sapphires --- corundum --- in situ oxygen isotopes --- Orosmayo Argentina --- lamprophyre --- secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) --- carbonatite --- gemstones --- corundum --- beryl --- jadeitite --- garnet --- quartz varieties --- Greece --- emeralds --- LA-ICP-MS --- UV-Vis-NIR --- FTIR --- Raman --- PL --- n/a

Data Journeys in the Sciences

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030371777 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37177-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:32
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This groundbreaking, open access volume analyses and compares data practices across several fields through the analysis of specific cases of data journeys. It brings together leading scholars in the philosophy, history and social studies of science to achieve two goals: tracking the travel of data across different spaces, times and domains of research practice; and documenting how such journeys affect the use of data as evidence and the knowledge being produced. The volume captures the opportunities, challenges and concerns involved in making data move from the sites in which they are originally produced to sites where they can be integrated with other data, analysed and re-used for a variety of purposes. The in-depth study of data journeys provides the necessary ground to examine disciplinary, geographical and historical differences and similarities in data management, processing and interpretation, thus identifying the key conditions of possibility for the widespread data sharing associated with Big and Open Data. The chapters are ordered in sections that broadly correspond to different stages of the journeys of data, from their generation to the legitimisation of their use for specific purposes. Additionally, the preface to the volume provides a variety of alternative “roadmaps” aimed to serve the different interests and entry points of readers; and the introduction provides a substantive overview of what data journeys can teach about the methods and epistemology of research.

Interventions to Reduce Bullying and Cyberbullying

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213597 9783039213603 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-360-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book, a Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, has been curated by three leading international experts on the topic. Following their editorial, there are 14 contributions on the topic of interventions against bullying, including cyberbullying, and similar abusive behaviors such as dating violence. Some contributions also assess positive or protective factors such as well-being, self-efficacy, and school climate. Eight of the contributions directly assess the effects of an intervention, with pre/post test designs and experimental and control groups. The other contributions examine a range of relevant topics, such as teacher attitudes and pupils’ confidence in intervening rather than being passive bystanders. Ten countries are represented among the authors. Most of the articles are about secondary schools (pupils, or teachers), but there are also contributions on early childhood, primary school, and university. This book will be of interest and relevance not only to researchers but also to teachers and educational practitioners concerned with pupil safety and well-being in school, and provides practical ways to reduce bullying and its harmful effects.

Keywords

bullying --- intervention --- pre-service teachers --- special education needs students --- cyberbullying --- cybervictimization --- prevention program --- tabby intervention program --- risk factors --- threat assessment --- ecological system theory --- bullying --- intervention --- willingness to intervene --- verbal bullying --- relational bullying --- aggression --- school --- classroom climate --- classroom cohesion --- self-efficacy --- bullying --- martial arts --- mental health --- resilience --- self-efficacy --- wellbeing --- effectiveness --- moderators --- temperament --- anti-bullying --- subgroup analyses --- dating violence --- bullying --- prevention program --- Dat-e Adolescence --- Asegúrate program --- cyberbullying --- cyber-victim --- cyber-aggressor --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- prevention program --- Prev@cib --- adolescents --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- school climate --- intervention program --- cyberbullying --- intervention --- school --- minors --- families --- teachers --- successful educational action --- Bullying --- intervention --- young children --- South Korea --- hakkyo-pokryuk --- prevention --- cyberbullying --- coping strategies --- teacher based-intervention --- adolescents --- traditional victimization --- cyber victimization --- bullying --- teacher styles --- authoritative leadership --- warmth --- control --- class teacher --- cyberbullying --- peer support --- bystanders --- moral disengagement --- cyberbullying and the law --- mental health --- social environment --- cyberbullying interventions --- educational lifespan --- n/a

Arctic Mineral Resources. Science and Technology

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ISBN: 9783038978244 9783038978251 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-825-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The Arctic zone of the Earth is a major source of mineral and other natural resources for the future development of science and technology. It contains a large supply of strategic mineral deposits, including rare earths, copper, phosphorus, niobium, platinum-group elements, and other critical metals. The continued melting of the sea ice due to climate change makes these resources more accessible than ever before. However, the mineral exploration in the Arctic has always been a challenge due to the climatic restrictions, remote location, and vulnerability of Arctic ecosystems. This book covers a broad range of topics related to the problem of Arctic mineral resources, including geological, geochemical, and mineralogical aspects of their occurrence and formation; chemical technologies; and environmental and economic problems related to mineral exploration. The contributions can be tentatively classified into four major types: geodynamics and metallogeny, mineralogy and petrology, mineralogy and crystallography, and mining and chemical technologies associated with the exploration of mineral deposits and the use of raw materials for manufacturing new products. The book can be of interest for all those interested in Arctic issues and especially in Arctic mineral resources and associated problems of mineralogy, geology, geochemistry, and technology.

Keywords

forsterite --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex --- pyrochlore supergroup minerals --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex --- pyrrhotite --- chalcopyrite --- pentlandite --- cobaltpentlandite --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex --- shkatulkalite --- titanosilicate --- crystal structure --- Kola Peninsula --- Lovozero alkaline massif --- transformation mineral species --- vuonnemite --- titanium --- niobium --- heap leaching --- bacterial leaching --- cryomineralogenesis --- low-grade copper-nickel ore --- raw materials --- apatite-nepheline-titanite ore --- sulfuric-acidic decomposition --- titanyl sulfate --- hydrothermal synthesis --- ivanyukite --- batievaite-(Y) --- hainite-(Y) --- titanosilicate --- rinkite group minerals --- Kola Peninsula --- Sakharjok massif --- Keivy alkaline province --- transformation mineral species --- vanadium mineralization --- mineralogy --- Paleoproterozoic --- Kola region --- Arctic zone --- Fennoscandian Shield --- zircon --- macrocrysts --- kimberlite --- trace elements --- geochronology --- cathodoluminescence --- Ti-in-zircon geothermometry --- antigorite --- ore dressing tailings --- mechanical activation --- alkali-activated binder --- Yenisei-Khatanga basin --- Siberian craton --- Arctic --- oil --- gas --- petroleum potential --- geodynamics --- apatite --- Khibiny --- apatite-nepheline deposit --- phase diagram apatite-nepheline-diopside --- silicocarbonatite --- melteigite --- calcite --- nepheline --- zeolite group minerals --- garnet --- crystal fractionation --- Breivikbotn --- Northern Norway --- saponite-containing waters --- diamond processing plants --- cryogenic treatment --- electrochemical separation --- saponite product applications --- U mineralization --- hydrothermal deposits --- U-Pb --- Rb-Sr --- Kola region --- evolution of the composition --- basic rocks --- Precambrian --- search of trend differences --- geodynamic evolution --- metallogeny --- beryllium minerals --- chemical composition --- mineral data --- alkaline rocks --- granite --- pegmatites --- hydrothermal veins --- Kola Peninsula --- Plume --- LIP --- PGE --- Palaeoproterozoic --- mafic intrusion --- U-Pb --- isotopes --- PGE --- South Reef --- West-Pana intrusion --- Fedorova-Pana Complex --- zircon dating --- U-Pb --- Khibiny promising structures --- conductive layers --- MHD-source “Khibiny”, Pechenga structure --- Kola Peninsula --- greenstone belt --- gold --- Kola Peninsula --- Northern Karelia --- rock alteration --- n/a

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