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Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin : Vite parallele nell’arte e nella morte

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ISBN: 9788899200121 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.5811 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:27
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Vite parallele, quelle dei due grandi attori Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin, immerse nella speranza suscitata da un regime che per la prima volta nella storia riconosceva parità di diritti agli ebrei. Lo stato sovietico attribuiva al lavoro culturale e artistico un ruolo fondamentale e gli ebrei progressisti contavano su questo presupposto anche per emanciparsi dal conservatorismo che caratterizzava gran parte della loro tradizione. Per quei giovani, moderni e formati in ambienti fortemente permeati dallo “spirito della musica”, l’arte e il teatro si incontravano con le istanze della Rivoluzione d’Ottobre. Purtroppo l’utopia defluì nel giro di pochi anni in una violenta reazione opposta, destinata a seppellire sotto la pesante cappa del realismo socialista il critico, gioioso e trascendente grottesco del teatro yiddish, nonché provocando uno scontro che volse in tragedia e si concluse con la morte, l’esilio e il silenzio di quasi tutti gli interpreti russi della cultura yiddish. I due protagonisti di questo libro avevano scelto il teatro come ricerca della verità e ne subirono le amare conseguenze.

Keywords

art --- death --- music --- Russia

SIDS Sudden infant and early childhood death

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925261677 9781925261677 Year: DOI: 10.20851/sids Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 11:01:01
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This volume covers aspects of sudden infant and early childhood death, ranging from issues with parental grief, to the most recent theories of brainstem neurotransmitters. It also deals with the changes that have occurred over time with the definitions of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), SUDI (sudden unexpected death in infancy) and SUDIC (sudden unexpected death in childhood). The text will be indispensable for SIDS researchers, SIDS organisations, paediatric pathologists, forensic pathologists, paediatricians and families, in addition to residents in training programs that involve paediatrics. It will also be of use to other physicians, lawyers and law enforcement officials who deal with these cases, and should be a useful addition to all medical examiner/forensic, paediatric and pathology departments, hospital and university libraries on a global scale. Given the marked changes that have occurred in the epidemiology and understanding of SIDS and sudden death in the very young over the past decade, a text such as this is very timely and is also urgently needed.

Peasants, Pilgrims, and Sacred Promises

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463669 9789517465786 9789522227669 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.21435/sff.11 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:26
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Lying on the border between eastern and western Christendom, Orthodox Karelia preserved its unique religious culture into the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was described and recorded by Finnish and Karelian folklore collectors. This colorful array of ritulas and beliefs involving nature spirits, saints, the dead, and pilgrimage to monasteries represented a unigue fusion of official Church ritual and doctrine and pre-Christian ethnic folk belief. This book undertakes a fascinating exploration into many aspects of Orthodox Karelian ritual life: beliefs in supernatural forces, folk models of illness, body concepts, divination, holy icons, the role of the ritual specialist and healer, the divide between nature and culture, images of forest, the cult of the dead, and the popular image of monasteries and holy hermits. It will appeal to anyone interested in popular religion, the cognitive study of religion, ritual studies, medical anthropology, and the folk traditions and symbolism of the Balto-Finnic peoples.

Keywords

pilgrimage --- karelia --- forest --- pre-christian --- illness --- death

New Approaches to the Pathogenesis of Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453016 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-301-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death among infants in the first year of age. The more known definition of SIDS is the sudden unexpected death of an infant less than 1 year of age, with onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy and review of the circumstances of death and the clinical history. Despite the success of the “Back to Sleep” campaigns to reduce the risks introduced worldwide, the frequency of SIDS (striking one infant every 750-1,000 live births) has not significantly declined in the last years. Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death Syndrome (SIUDS), referring to fetuses that die unexpectedly, particularly in the last weeks of gestation, without any cause even after a complete autopsy, including examination of the placental disk, umbilical cord and fetal membranes, has a six-eightfold greater incidence than that of SIDS. Even if the pathogenetic mechanism of these deaths has not yet been determined, the neuropathology seems to be a consistent substrate in both SIUDS and SIDS. Subtle common developmental abnormalities of brainstem nuclei checking the vital functions have been highlighted, frequently related to environmental risk factors, such as cigarette smoke, air and water pollution, pesticides, food contamination, etc. Exogenous toxic factors can in fact interact in complex ways with the genetic constitution of the infant leading to polymorphisms and/or mutations of specific genes (as polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter gene 5-HTT, the regulator of the synaptic serotonin concentration, and of the PHOX2B, the key gene in the Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome). These interactions can directly injure the development of the autonomic nervous system, frequently resulting in hypoplasia of the vital brainstem centers, and consequently in sudden death. It is very important to continue studying these syndromes and in particular identify all possible congenital alterations and their correlation with the exposure to environmental risk factors, in order to reduce their incidence and mitigate the surrounding social concern. The goal of this research topic is to propose new approaches to explain the pathogenesis of both SIUDS and SIDS and consequently new prevention strategies to decrease the incidence of these unexpected and very devastating events for families. Expert authors in the Topic field are encouraged to submit original research articles aimed to widen the current knowledge on the pathological substrates of these deaths, also considering the correlations with possible risk factors. Submissions of hypotheses, opinions and commentaries are also welcome. This Research Topic would lead to development of targeted risk-lowering strategies to reduce the incidence of both SIUDS and SIDS. Furthermore, the adoption of appropriate preventive measures could also lead to improve the quality of life in adults, promoting active and healthy aging.

CHAPTER 5 ‘Rapt Up with Joy’: (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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This chapter takes advantage of recent insights from the history of&#xD;emotions to offer a fresh perspective on children’s emotional responses to&#xD;death. Drawing on a range of printed and archival sources, it argues that&#xD;children expressed diverse and conflicting emotions, from fear and anxiety,&#xD;to excitement and ecstasy. In contrast to Houlbrooke and Stannard, I&#xD;have found that children’s responses seem to have changed little over the&#xD;early modern period. This continuity is largely due to the endurance of&#xD;the Christian doctrine of salvation, with its hauntingly divergent fates of&#xD;heaven and hell.

Beyond Price : Essays on Birth and Death

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ISBN: 9782821876330 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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In nine lively essays, bioethicist J. David Velleman challenges the prevailing consensus about assisted suicide and reproductive technology, articulating an original approach to the ethics of creating and ending human lives. He argues that assistance in dying is appropriate only at the point where talk of suicide is not, and he raises moral objections to anonymous donor conception. In their place, Velleman champions a morality of valuing personhood over happiness in making end-of-life decisions, and respecting the personhood of future children in making decisions about procreation. These controversial views are defended with philosophical rigor while remaining accessible to the general reader. Written over Velleman's 30 years of undergraduate teaching in bioethics, the essays have never before been collected and made available to a non-academic audience. They will open new lines of debate on issues of intense public interest.

Keywords

bioethics --- death --- procreation --- life --- assisted suicide

Transnational Death

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789518581263 9789518581348 9789518581256 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.17 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Sports Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-18 11:21:07
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With so much of the global population living on the move, away from their homelands, and in diasporic communities, death and mourning practices are inevitably impacted. Transnational Death brings together eleven cutting-edge articles from the emerging field of transnational death studies. By highlighting European, Asian, North American, and Middle Eastern perspectives, the collection provides timely and fresh analysis and reflection on people’s changing experiences with death in the context of migration over time. First beginning with a thematic assessment of the field of transnational death studies, readers then have the opportunity to delve into case studies that examine experiences with death and mourning at a distance from the viewpoints of Family, Community, and Commemoration. The chapters highlight complicated issues confronting migrants, their families, and communities, including: negotiations of burial preferences and challenges of corpse repatriation; the financial costs of providing end-of-life care, travel at times of death, and arranging culturally appropriate funerals and religious services; as well as the emotional and sociocultural weight of mourning and commemoration from afar. Overall, Transnational Death provides new insights on identity and belonging, community reciprocity, transnational communication, and spaces of mourning and commemoration.

Keywords

Family --- Ritual --- Mourning --- Migration --- Death --- Transnational

Døden i livet

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202589349 Year: Pages: 233 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.40 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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"There is a widely held notion that death is not particularly visible in our culture; death is something we do not talk about. The premise for Døden i livet has been to challenge this preconception from a variety of perspectives and disciplines. The authors argue that death is present in our lives in many ways. We see it and experience it in our physical surroundings, for example in the various arrangements we make to remind ourselves of the dead. We hear or read about it in speeches, poems, music lyrics, psalms, obituaries, biographies, picture books, novels and newspapers. We talk about death in conversations with each other, in characterizing the dead and in clinical language about illness and death. We reveal our understanding of death through visual forms such as newspaper images, illustrations in books and in the imagery and metaphors we employ when we describe it. Døden i livet is a mult-disciplinary, scientific anthology consisting of 12 peer-reviewed chapters geared towards scholars and students interested in broader appreciation of how death is present in our culture. The chapters are written by researchers working in such diverse fields as health, pedagogics, idea history, religion, literature studies, linguistics and rhetoric."

Chapter 1 Patterns of Death, 1800-2020 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780429028274 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 103322
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-21 00:00:28
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This chapter provides a brief introduction to mortality patterns over the last two centuries, from a global perspective. The period witnessed enormous and ubiquitous rises in life expectancy at birth, from a global average of perhaps 30 years in 1800 to an estimated average of 72.6 years in 2019. Remarkably, these changes took place despite a perhaps seven- to eight-fold increase of the world’s population, and in the context of unprecedented increases in the speed and frequency of transmission of infectious diseases as a consequence of urbanization, colonization, technological change, and the globalization of trade. This chapter describes the gradual recession of famine and infectious diseases in now-developed countries before c.1870, the acceleration of improvements in life expectancy 1870-1940. and the much more rapid and global gains since the mid twentieth century, together with a brief account of some of the major reversals to these trends, including the HIV and smoking pandemics. It outlines the broad geography and chronology of changes in patterns of mortality, and introduces debates regarding the roles of economic growth and the roles of medicine and states. It concludes with a brief discussion of recent and future trends.

Dietary and Non-Dietary Phytochemicals and Cancer

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ISBN: 9783038423799 9783038423782 Year: Pages: XII, 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-379-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 09:53:53
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The role of many phytochemicals in the modulation of the carcinogenesis process has been well documented by combining in vitro and animal studies, as well as epidemiological evidence. When acting in synergy, phytochemicals exert potential anti-cancer properties and much progress has been made in defining their many biological activities at the molecular level. However, an interesting feature in the field of phytochemicals and cancer is the role of some phytochemicals in promoting cancer development. This Special Issue of Toxins aims to provide a comprehensive look at the contribution of dietary and non-dietary phytochemicals to cancer development and at the molecular mechanisms by which phytochemicals inhibit or promote cancer. These aspects are extremely useful for the definition of efficient preventive measures against cancer.

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