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Pfade in die Krise

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ISBN: 9783737008358 Year: DOI: 10.14220/9783737008358 Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103502
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-06 11:01:02
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Why is it so diffcult for companies like Schlecker to leave once chosen paths of strategic development at the right time, and to rearrange their strategies when faced with new environmental challenges? This paper shows with a perspective on organizational path dependence theory how economic und social mechanisms might favour the reproduction of established strategies - and at the same time complicate leaving the strategical development paths even more. The part of familial influence on decision processes is researched and the factor of family in the formation of strategic path dependence is inquired based on qualitative case studies.

Alternative Models of Addiction

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197132 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-713-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychiatry --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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For much of the 20th century, theories of addictive behaviour and motivation were polarized between two models. The first model viewed addiction as a moral failure for which addicts are rightly held responsible and judged accordingly. The second model, in contrast, viewed addiction as a specific brain disease caused by neurobiological adaptations occurring in response to chronic drug or alcohol use, and over which addicts have no choice or control. As our capacity to observe neurobiological phenomena improved, the second model became scientific orthodoxy, increasingly dominating addiction research and informing public understandings of addiction. More recently, however, a dissenting view has emerged within addiction research, based partly on new scientific research and partly on progress in philosophical and psychological understandings of relevant mental phenomena. This view does not revert to treating addiction as a moral failure, but nonetheless holds that addictive behaviour is fundamentally motivated by choice and subject to at least a degree of voluntary control. On this alternative model of addiction, addictive behaviour is an instrumental means to ends that are desired by the individual, although much controversy exists with respect to the rationality or irrationality of these ends, the degree and nature of the voluntary control of addictive behaviour and motivation, the explanation of the difference between addictive and non-addictive behaviour and motivation, and, lastly, the extent to which addictive behaviour and motivation is correctly characterised as pathological or diseased. This research topic includes papers in the traditions of neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, law and social science that explore alternative understandings of addiction.

Zurück in den Alltag – Mütter nach Behandlung ihrer Alkoholabhängigkeit

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ISBN: 9783863882921 9783863887285 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3224/863887285 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:07
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What challenges do mothers face after treating alcohol dependence? The study conducted by the Zurich University of Applied Sciences in cooperation with the Forel Clinic focuses on mothers who have undergone in-patient or day-care treatment. The results of the qualitative study provide an insight into the lives of these mothers returning to their everyday lives.

Information flow control for java : a comprehensive approach based on path conditions in dependence Graphs

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ISBN: 9783866443983 Year: Pages: 221 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012049 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Information flow control (IFC) is a technique to assert the security of a given program with respect to a given security policy. The classical policy noninterference requires that public output of a program may not be influenced from secret input. This work leverages a technique called program slicing, which is closely connected to IFC and offers many dimensions for improving analysis precision, the most powerful are Path Conditions. Our evaluation shows scalability with a low annotation burden.

The EU and China in African Authoritarian Regimes: Domestic Politics and Governance Reforms

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Book Series: Governance and Limited Statehood ISBN: 9783319635903 9783319635910 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63591-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 15:29:45
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This open access book analyses the domestic politics of African dominant party regimes, most notably African governments’ survival strategies, to explain their variance of opinions and responses towards the reforming policies of the EU. The author discredits the widespread assumption that the growing presence of China in Africa has made the EU’s task of supporting governance reforms difficult, positing that the EU’s good governance strategies resonate better with the survival strategies of governments in some dominant party regimes more so than others, regardless of Chinese involvement. Hackenesch studies three African nations – Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda – which all began engaging with the EU on governance reforms in the early 2000s. She argues that other factors generally identified in the literature, such as the EU’s good governance strategies or economic dependence of the target country on the EU, have set additional incentives for African governments to not engage on governance reforms.

Nonparametric Econometric Methods and Application

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ISBN: 9783038979647 / 9783038979654 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-965-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The present Special Issue collects a number of new contributions both at the theoretical level and in terms of applications in the areas of nonparametric and semiparametric econometric methods. In particular, this collection of papers that cover areas such as developments in local smoothing techniques, splines, series estimators, and wavelets will add to the existing rich literature on these subjects and enhance our ability to use data to test economic hypotheses in a variety of fields, such as financial economics, microeconomics, macroeconomics, labor economics, and economic growth, to name a few.

Carbon Capture and Storage

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ISBN: 9783039213993 / 9783039214006 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-400-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change is one of the main threats to modern society. This phenomenon is associated with an increase in greenhouse gas (GHGs, mainly carbon dioxide—CO2) emissions due to anthropogenic activities. The main causes are the burning of fossil fuels and land use change (deforestation). Climate change impacts are associated with risks to basic needs (health, food security, and clean water), as well as risks to development (jobs, economic growth, and the cost of living). The processes involving CO2 capture and storage are gaining attention in the scientific community as an alternative for decreasing CO2 emissions, reducing its concentration in ambient air. The carbon capture and storage (CCS) methodologies comprise three steps: CO2 capture, CO2 transportation, and CO2 storage. Despite the high research activity within this topic, several technological, economic, and environmental issues as well as safety problems remain to be solved, such as the following needs: increase of CO2 capture efficiency, reduction of process costs, and verification of the environmental sustainability of CO2 storage.

Thin Film Transistor

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ISBN: 9783039215263 / 9783039215270 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-527-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Recently, new wide-band energy gap semiconductors can be grown by ALD, PLD, sputtering, or MOCVD. They have great potential for the fabrication and application to TFTs. Inorganic semiconductors have good stability against environmental degradation over their organic counterparts, whereas organic materials are usually flexible, transparent, and when solution-processed at low temperatures, are prone to degradation when exposed to heat, moisture, and oxygen. For this Special Issue, we invited researchers to submit papers discussing the development of new functional and smart materials, and inorganic as well as organic semiconductor materials, such as ZnO, InZnO, GaO, AlGaO, AnGaO, AlN/GaN, conducting polymers, molecular semiconductors, perovskite-based materials, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanotubes/polymer composites, and 2D materials (e.g., graphene, MoS2) and their potential applications in display drivers, radio frequency identification tags, e-paper, gas, chemical and biosensors, to name but a few.

Sports Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039281626 / 9783039281633 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-163-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Advances in materials are crucial to the development of sports equipment, from tennis rackets to skis to running shoes. Materials-driven improvements in equipment have helped athletes perform better, while enhancing safety and making sport more accessible and enjoyable. This book brings together a collection of 10 papers on the topic of sports materials, as published in a Special Issue of Applied Sciences. The papers within this book cover a range of sports, including golf, tennis, table tennis and baseball. State-of-the-art engineering techniques, such as finite element modelling, impact testing and full-field strain measurement, are applied to help further our understanding of sports equipment mechanics and the role of materials, with a view to improving performance, enhancing safety and facilitating informed regulatory decision making. The book also includes papers that describe emerging and novel materials, including auxetic materials with their negative Poisson’s ratio (fattening when stretched) and knits made of bamboo charcoal. This collection of papers should serve as a useful resource for sports engineers working in both academia and industry, as well as engineering students who are interested in sports equipment and materials.

Empirical Finance

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ISBN: 9783038977063 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-707-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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There is no denying the role of empirical research in finance and the remarkable progress of empirical techniques in this research field. This Special Issue focuses on the broad topic of “Empirical Finance” and includes novel empirical research associated with financial data. One example includes the application of novel empirical techniques, such as machine learning, data mining, wavelet transform, copula analysis, and TV-VAR, to financial data. The Special Issue includes contributions on empirical finance, such as algorithmic trading, market efficiency, market microstructure, portfolio theory and asset allocation, asset pricing models, liquidity risk premium, currency crisis, return predictability, and volatility modeling.

Keywords

text similarity --- text mining --- machine learning --- SVM --- neural network --- LSTM --- credit risk --- ensemble learning --- deep learning --- bagging --- random forest --- boosting --- deep neural network --- causality-in-variance --- cross-correlation function --- housing and stock markets --- algorithmic trading --- take profit --- stop loss --- MACD --- ATR --- city banks --- dependence structure --- copula --- n/a --- market microstructure --- price discovery --- latency --- currency crisis --- random forests --- wavelet transform --- predictive accuracy --- housing price --- bank credit --- housing loans --- real estate development loans --- TVP-VAR model --- exchange rate --- volatility --- exports --- ARDL --- Vietnam --- crude oil futures prices forecasting --- convolutional neural networks --- short-term forecasting --- utility of international currency --- inertia --- liquidity risk premium --- US dollar --- Japanese yen --- cointegration --- statistical arbitrage --- natural gas --- wholesale electricity --- futures market --- spark spread --- earnings management --- earnings manipulation --- earnings quality --- initial public offering --- IPO --- asset pricing model --- data mining --- bankruptcy prediction --- financial and non-financial variables --- institutional investors’ shareholdings --- panel data model --- piecewise regression model --- global financial crisis --- gold return --- asymmetric dependence --- financial market stress --- robust regression --- quantile regression --- structural break --- flight to quality

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