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Combinatory Linguistics

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ISBN: 9783110296877 9783110251708 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.1515/9783110296877 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:07

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The book examines to what extent the mediating relation between constituents and their semantics can arise from combinatory knowledge of words. It traces the roots of Combinatory Categorial Grammar, and uses the theory to promote a Humean question in linguistics and cognitive science: Why do we see limited constituency and dependency in natural languages, despite their diversity and potential infinity? A potential answer is that constituents and dependencies might have arisen from a single resource: adjacency. The combinatory formulation of adjacency constrains possible grammars.

Dependencies in language: On the causal ontology of linguistic systems

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234883 9783946234746 9783946234661 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.573773 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-29 11:01:39
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Dependency is a fundamental concept in the analysis of linguistic systems. The many if-then statements offered in typology and grammar-writing imply a causally real notion of dependency that is central to the claim being made—usually with reference to widely varying timescales and types of processes. But despite the importance of the concept of dependency in our work, its nature is seldom defined or made explicit. This book brings together experts on language, representing descriptive linguistics, language typology, functional/cognitive linguistics, cognitive science, research on gesture and other semiotic systems, developmental psychology, psycholinguistics, and linguistic anthropology to address the following question: What kinds of dependencies exist among language-related systems, and how do we define and explain them in natural, causal terms?

The Owners of Kinship

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Book Series: Malinowski Monographs ISBN: 9780997367591 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101688
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-20 11:02:36
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The Owners of Kinship investigates how kinship in Indigenous Amazonia is derived from the asymmetrical relation between an “owner” and his or her dependents. Through a comprehensive ethnography of the Kanamari, Luiz Costa shows how this relationship is centered around the bond created between the feeder and the fed.Building on anthropological studies of the acquisition, distribution, and consumption of food and its role in establishing relations of asymmetrical mutuality and kinship, this book breaks theoretical ground for studies in Amazonia and beyond. By investigating how the feeding relation traverses Kanamari society—from the relation between women and the pets they raise, shaman and familiar spirit, mother and child, chiefs and followers, to those between the Brazilian state and the Kanamari—The Owners of Kinship reveals how the mutuality of kinship is determined by the asymmetry of ownership.

Partitions and Atoms of Clause Structure

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Book Series: Routledge Leading Linguists ISBN: 9780203982372 9780415169264 9781134701308 9781134701292 9781134701254 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203982372 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:16
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This collection brings together some of Dominique Sportiche's best work, including essays that are published here for the first time. The articles discuss the architecture of syntax in natural languages and Sportiche suggests that languages do not differ at all in their syntactic organization. This view takes shape through the analysis of a variety of syntactic configurations and essays examine what it means to be a Subject, how Case marking functions, how it relates to Agreement, and how Pronominal Clitic Constructions should be analyzed.

Deep and Superficial Cases in Russian

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Book Series: Specimina philologiae Slavicae ISBN: 9783631740835 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3726/b12915 Language: German|English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:49
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The purpose of the present study is to search for some theoretically satisfying way of describing the case system of Russian. The fundamental justification of this study that the problem of superficial cases, in spite of being one of the most researched areas of language, has not been given a satisfactory solution - so much so that even the problem of what to look for in an analysis of cases is completely open.

Transfer Entropy

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ISBN: 9783038429197 9783038429203 Year: Pages: VIII, 326 Language: Englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 17:15:19
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Statistical relationships among the variables of a complex system reveal a lot about its physical behavior. Therefore, identification of the relevant variables and characterization of their interactions are crucial for a better understanding of a complex system. Linear methods, such as correlation, are widely used to identify these relationships. However, information-theoretic quantities, such as mutual information and transfer entropy, have been proven to be superior in the case of nonlinear dependencies. Mutual information quantifies the amount of information obtained about one random variable through the other random variable, and it is symmetric. As an asymmetrical measure, transfer entropy quantifies the amount of directed (time-asymmetric) transfer of information between random processes and, thus, it is related to concepts, such as the Granger causality. This Special Issue includes 16 papers elucidating the state of the art of data-based transfer entropy estimation techniques and applications, in areas such as finance, biomedicine, fluid dynamics and cellular automata. Analytical derivations in special cases, improvements on the estimation methods and comparisons between certain techniques are some of the other contributions of this Special Issue. The diversity of approaches and applications makes this book unique as a single source of invaluable contributions from experts in the field.

Integrating Innovation: South Australian Entrepreneurship Systems and Strategies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922064912 Year: Pages: 406 DOI: 10.20851/integrating-innovation Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-06 09:11:41
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South Australia is a small economy that faces a fundamental need to re-shape its approach to innovation. The manufacturing sector, as the backbone of the state’s economy, has and will continue to change in its nature and form. This necessitates a re-think about how innovation happens and how the respective actors within an economy interact and engage with each other. In effect, innovation relies on intersections between people, knowledge, information sharing, ideas, financial and other resources. Innovation happens through regional social and economic system dynamics; innovation relies on a system view of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship can be taken as a study of the entrepreneur and new business creation. However, this conception of entrepreneurship misses the critical link to economic outcomes; the ebb and flow of social and economic fortunes that are underpinned by the actions, reactions and engagement of individuals in a specific social and economic system that brings about innovation and change. In this book the authors are exploring how the linkages within the system can be conceptualised and made transparent.

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa: Future Trajectories for Improved Well-Being under a Changing Climate

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039214693 / 9783039214709 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-470-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book is based on a Special Issue of the journal LAND that draws together a collection of 11 diverse articles at the nexus of climate change, landscapes, and livelihoods in rural Africa; all explore the links between livelihood and landscape change, including shifts in farming practices and natural resource use and management. The articles, which are all place-based case studies across nine African countries, cover three not necessarily mutually exclusive thematic areas, namely: smallholder farming livelihoods under new climate risk (five articles); long-term dynamics of livelihoods and landscape change and future trajectories (two articles); and natural resource management and governance under a changing climate, spanning forests, woodlands, and rangelands (four articles). The commonalities, key messages, and research gaps across the 11 articles are presented in a synthesis article. All the case studies pointed to the need for an integrated and in-depth understanding of the multiple drivers of landscape and livelihood change and how these interact with local histories, knowledge systems, cultures, complexities, and lived realities. Moreover, where there are interventions (such as new governance systems, REDD+ or climate smart agriculture), it is critical to interrogate what is required to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of emerging benefits.

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