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Experiments in self-determination: Histories of the outstation movement in Australia

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ISBN: 9781925022896 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605752 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-08 11:01:18
License: ANU Press

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Outstations, which dramatically increased in numbers in the 1970s, are small, decentralised and relatively permanent communities of kin established by Aboriginal people on land that has social, cultural or economic significance to them. In 2015 they yet again came under attack, this time as an expensive lifestyle choice that can no longer be supported by state governments. Yet outstations are the original, and most striking, manifestation of remote-area Aboriginal people’s aspirations for self-determination, and of the life projects by which they seek, and have sought, autonomy in deciding the meaning of their life independently of projects promoted by the state and market. They are not simply projects of isolation from outside influences, as they have sometimes been characterised, but attempts by people to take control of the course of their lives. In the sometimes acrimonious debates about outstations, the lived experiences, motivations and histories of existing communities are missing. For this reason, we invited a number of anthropological witnesses to the early period in which outstations gained a purchase in remote Australia to provide accounts of what these communities were like, and what their residents’ aspirations and experiences were. Our hope is that these closer-to-the-ground accounts provide insight into, and understanding of, what Indigenous aspirations were in the establishment and organisation of these communities.

Better Than Welfare? Work and livelihoods for Indigenous Australians after CDEP

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ISBN: 9781760460273 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CAEPR36.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:03
License: ANU Press

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The end of the very long-standing Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in 2015 marked a critical juncture in Australian Indigenous policy history. For more than 30 years, CDEP had been among the biggest and most influential programs in the Indigenous affairs portfolio, employing many thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. More recently, it had also become a focus of intense political contestation that culminated in its ultimate demise. This book examines the consequences of its closure for Indigenous people, communities and organisations. The end of CDEP is first situated in its broader historical and political context: the debates over notions of ‘self-determination’ versus ‘mainstreaming’ and the enduring influence of concerns about ‘passive welfare’ and ‘mutual obligation’. In this way, the focus on CDEP highlights more general trends in Indigenous policymaking, and questions whether the dominant government approach is on the right track. Each chapter takes a different disciplinary approach to this question, variously focusing on the consequences of change for community and economic development, individual work habits and employment outcomes, and institutional capacity within the Indigenous sector. Across the case studies examined, the chapters suggest that the end of CDEP has heralded the emergence of a greater reliance on welfare rather than the increased employment outcomes the government had anticipated. Concluding that CDEP was ‘better than welfare’ in many ways, the book offers encouragement to policymakers to ensure that future reforms generate livelihood options for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians that are, in turn, better than CDEP.

Das Verhältnis von Selbstbestimmungsaufklärung und therapeutischer Aufklärung

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ISBN: 9783863953034 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1035 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-13 11:01:49
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In addition to the risk of treatment failure, the liability for elucidation errors forms the second pillar of medical care. An elucidation error occurs when the physician has not given the patient the necessary self-determination information. The self-determination investigation is intended to enable the patient to decide on his own responsibility whether he wants to undergo a specific procedure. The consent of the patient to a medical procedure is only effective if he has received a proper self-determination information beforehand. The doctor must prove that the patient has received a proper self-determination. Self-determination elucidation must be distinguished from the therapeutic elucidation. The therapeutic elucidation aims to avoid self-harming the patient and to lead him a therapy-friendly behavior. Therapeutic elucidation is assigned to the area of medical treatment, with all the consequences of evidence. Thus, inadequate or omitted therapeutic elucidation represents a treatment defect, which must in principle be proven by the patient. Against this background, the relationship between self-determination elucidation and therapeutic elucidation is becoming increasingly important.

Chapter: 'User Motivation and Technology Acceptance in Online Learning Environments' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 5 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_45 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 17:20:40
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Research on technology acceptance in educational contexts often shows little or no influence of user acceptance on use intention or use behavior. While recent attempts to factor in learners’ motivation appear promising, the problem of limited explanatory value of technology acceptance models remains. This paper further explores the relationship between motivational and acceptance factors in different learning contexts. Data (N = 673) from four studies conducted among users of two online learning environments at a major university in Germany are analyzed using a combined data set containing items relating to user motivation (according to Self-Determination Theory) and technology acceptance (according to the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology). The data show significant differences in acceptance and motivational levels between these four groups, as well as a connection between acceptance and motivation. Implications of these results include a recommendation to revisit UTAUT assumptions and variables in future research.

A new method of seawater desalination via acrylic acid based hydrogels: Synthesis, characterisation, and experimental realisation

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ISBN: 9783731501435 Year: Pages: XVI, 290 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037415 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The scarcity of potable water is a great challenge. It may be resolved by the desalination of seawater. In this work, the possibilities of a new desalination technique using polymeric hydrogels as a separation medium for water and salt is explored. The bound charges in such a polymeric network prevent salt from entering it - under pressure the desalinated water is released from the gel. It is demonstrated that the method is viable and the influence of various process parameters investigated.

Junge Frauen mit Lernschwierigkeiten zwischen Selbst- und Fremdbestimmung

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe der ÖFEB-Sektion Sozialpädagogik ISBN: 9783847411024 9783847420842 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3224/84742084 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
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In a participatory research project with women with learning difficulties, the author has researched questions relating to self-determination and self-determination and presents the results here. Through the active involvement of women with learning difficulties, their view of the contents, methods and results of the research is reflected in the jointly planned project.

Industrial Relations in Schools

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ISBN: 9780203989678 9781138159136 9780415080880 9781134893669 9781134893614 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203989678 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:21
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The subject of industrial relations is intimately connected with the nature of schooling - in particular, the teacher trade unions have played and will continue to play a crucial role in shaping the school system - yet this subject has been virtually neglected in educational literature. Mike Ironside and Roger Seifert's book redresses this balance and unravels the complex issues surrounding the employment and management of teachers. Recent changes in education have had massive implications for the way in which our education system is organised. In the light of recent events, this book questions who controls or ought to control schools, focusing on the government, Department of Education, LEA's, head teachers, school governors, parents and teaching unions. The authors argue that in order for schools to continue to function, industrial relations must be given priority, including the development of a proper framework for negotiation and the resolution of conflicts.

Advances in Genomics and Epigenomics of Social Insects

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450800 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-080-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Social insects are among the most successful and ecologically important animals on earth. The lifestyle of these insects has fascinated humans since prehistoric times. These species evolved a caste of workers that in most cases have no progeny. Some social insects have worker sub-castes that are morphologically specialized for discrete tasks. The organization of the social insect colony has been compared to the metazoan body. Males in the order Hymenoptera (bees, ants and wasps) are haploid, a situation which results in higher relatedness between female siblings. Sociality evolved many times within the Hymenoptera, perhaps spurred in part by increased relatedness that increases inclusive fitness benefits to workers cooperating to raise their sisters and brothers rather than reproducing themselves. But epigenetic processes may also have contributed to the evolution of sociality. The Hymenoptera provide opportunities for comparative study of species ranging from solitary to highly social. A more ancient clade of social insects, the termites (infraorder Isoptera) provide an opportunity to study alternative mechanisms of caste determination and lifestyles that are aided by an array of endosymbionts. This research topic explores the use of genome sequence data and genomic techniques to help us explore how sociality evolved in insects, how epigenetic processes enable phenotypic plasticity, and the mechanisms behind whether a female will become a queen or a worker.

Regulation of Cell Fate Determination in Plants

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193240 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-324-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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Plants are made up of a large number of distinct cell types that originate from a single fertilized egg cell. How the diversity of cell types arise in appropriate places is one of the most fascinating and attractive research areas of plant biology. During the past several decades, due to the development of new molecular techniques and tools, advances in optical microscopy, and availability of whole genome information and mutants in the model plant Arabidopsis and other plants, great advances have been made in understanding the mechanisms involved in cell fate determination in plants. Multiple mechanisms are used to generate cellular diversity. Asymmetric cell division is one of the primary mechanisms. As an example, asymmetric cell division enables one stem cell to generate a stem cell daughter and a daughter with a distinct identity. Initially equivalent cells can also differentiate to generate different cell types. This mechanism has been clearly demonstrated in the formation of multiple cell types during epidermis development in the shoot and root. Cell fate determination is influenced by both intrinsic factors, i.e, developmental regulators, as well as extrinsic signals, i.e., environmental stimuli. By using model systems like stomata, trichome, root hair and shoot and root apical meristem cells, ligands, receptors and transcription factors have been found to regulate cell fate determination. However, the details of signaling cassettes responsible for cell fate determination remain largely unknown. Plants are made up of a large number of distinct cell types that originate from a single fertilized egg cell. How the diversity of cell types arise in appropriate places is one of the most fascinating and attractive research areas of plant biology. During the past several decades, due to the development of new molecular techniques and tools, advances in optical microscopy, and availability of whole genome information and mutants in the model plant Arabidopsis and other plants, great advances have been made in understanding the mechanisms involved in cell fate determination in plants. This research topic contains 12 collected articles, including 2 Opinion Articles, 5 Reviews, 4 Mini Reviews, and 1 Original Research Article. Hopefully, these articles will expand our understanding of the regulation of cell fate determination in plants.

The Molecular Aspect of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products in Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9783038971764 9783038971771 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-177-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Anthropology --- Social and Public Welfare --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-19 09:01:21
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.[Natural secondary metabolite products, which are isolated from plants, animals, microorganisms, etc., are classified as polyketides, isoprenoids, steroids, aromatics, alkaloids, etc. Their chemical diversity and variety of biological activities have attracted the attention of chemists, biochemists, biologists, etc. This Special Issue on "The Molecular Aspect of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products in Health and Disease" is intended to offer biological active natural products as candidates and/or leads for pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, functional foods, cosmetics, food additives, etc. The research fields of this Special Issue include natural products chemistry, phytochemistry, pharmacognosy, food chemistry, bioorganic synthetic chemistry, molecular pharmacology, molecular nutritional sciences, and other related research fields of bioactive natural secondary metabolite products. Original research and review articles on all topics in these research fields are invited. I look forward to receiving many submissions from outstanding expert on these research fields.

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