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Evolutionsbiologie im Biologieunterricht der SBZ/DDR

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ISBN: 9783863953331 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1056 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 11:01:54
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The scientific and public discussions over the last 200 years were shaped by findings from the field of evolutionary biology. Back in 1877, when Ernst Haeckel asked for the inclusion of evolutionary biology into class, he was met with fierce resistance (see Hoßfeld, 2010, p. 56). As Lässig (2010, p. 199) argues, knowledge is socially shaped. The aim of this study is to reveal the development of the significance as well as presentation of evolutionary biological contents in biology class within the SOZ/GDR and to embed it into the context of the respective prevailing political and social developments. Relevant curricula and schoolbooks as the most precise codification of the curricula fixed contents (see Neuner, 1989, p. 411) were used as raw material. For most subjects the history of schoolbooks is barely studied (see Pöggeler, 2003, p. 37). Therefore, as basis for this study, only one primary descriptive thesis about evolutionary biology in class (Rommel, 2006) could be used. Based thereupon an analytical framework will be introduced which follows a multidimensional approach of research by containing aspects of the three reference systems design, subject didactics and subject discipline. Product oriented separate and group analyses were used to evaluate the sources. This was carried out under the primacy of interdisciplinarity via analysis by content. The feedback of sociocultural changes on school books will be clarified in the concluding discussion. It will be shown that evolutionary contents occupied a significant position in biology classes within the SOZ/GDR and that the expression of those contents followed divergent approaches and preferences. The classification of teaching and learning material as an informational, pedagogical and political issue (see Stein, 1991) is taking place in the same context.

Variance in Arabic Manuscripts. Arabic Didactic Poems from the Eleventh to the Seventeenth Centuries - Analysis of Textual Variance and Its Control in the Manuscripts

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110460582 9783110460001 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: xi, 430 DOI: 10.1515/9783110460582 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:28:41
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In Arabic and Islamic studies, the subject of variance in general and that of textual variation in particular has not been investigated exhaustively so far. In the present book the variation in texts of the “closed transmission” will be studied, focusing on a small corpus of didactic and model poems, with a view to establishing what degree of text stability and change was allowed by the medium manuscript. Categories of variance (relating to work-titles, text, number of verses and their sequence, page-layout, context) and the means of controlling them in the manuscripts of the poems are identified and detailed descriptions of the copies are given.The monograph also includes a presentation of some major traits of the cultural background to the study of Arabic didactic poetry and of its dissemination in which memorization has played a crucial role. The intended readers,editors and other users of manuscripts, are helped to acquaint themselves with the methods employed in the manuscripts to control variation and they are given an overview of the large spectrum of Arabic didactic poetry and of its place in the traditional culture of learning in Islamicate societies.

4 Workshop-Didaktik for Cooperation in a Contingent World (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch4 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"Based on the idea that contingency frames people’s view of the world, the
text examines how cooperation is still possible. It is argued that cooperation is a human
constant (Tomsello), as well as a skill and craft to be unfolded again (Sennett).
In order to facilitate teaching and learning processes focussing on the emergence
of cooperation, a “Workshop Didactic” is developed. Such a didactic is particularly
powerful in enabling people to deal with the challenges of unforeseen situations."

18 Didactics and Innovation in Collaboration for the Unforeseen in Training Practice Preparation (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch18 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"The objective of this chapter is to improve collaborative practices and exercises,
taking the unforeseen into account. The major focus is on the process of making
collaboration exercises and the planning phase of these potential learning situations.
Two educational perspectives will be explored in order to improve the planning
work itself and, possibly, also training for the unforeseen. The use of social
technology, together with didactic thinking, may enhance the extent and quality
of collaboration training. Planners also need to deliberate upon the importance
of “standard” or traditional exercises in combination with collaboration, seeing
the whole picture and the exercise as a program. On the other hand, it is of vital
importance to train in the realms of the unforeseen, entering the uncharted waters
of learning outside known territory."

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