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L'accident majeur de Fukushima

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ISBN: 9782759807369 Year: Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 10:33:08
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« Le 11 mars 2011, le district Nord-Est du Japon a été frappé par un tremblement de terre massif suivi d’un tsunami majeur et d’une série d’accidents à la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima avec fuites d’éléments radioactifs ». Tel est le message que le professeur Kanazawa, président du Science Council of Japan (SCJ) adressa quelques jours après la catastrophe aux présidents des académies des sciences étrangère …

The major accident at Fukushima

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ISBN: 9782759807550 Year: Language: English
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Nuclear Physics --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 13:15:19
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“On March 11, 2011, the North-East of Japan was struck by a huge earthquake followed by a major tsunami and a series of accidents that took place at the nuclear power site at Fukushima, with emissions of radioactive elements”. This was the message addressed by Prof. Kanazawa, President of the Science Council of Japan (SCJ), only a few days after the catastrophe, to his colleagues Presidents of the Science Academies, adding that he nourished the hope the “the academies would continue in the future to help with the necessary rehabilitation work”.The idea arose immediately to set up an ad hoc academic Working Party, with the assigned mission to analyse the events that had taken place in Japan, to make a status report regarding seismic and nuclear risks both in metropolitan France and in overseas territories and to draw conclusions and make recommendations as deemed appropriate to the situation.The academic Working Party comprised three separate sub-groups, each dealing with one of the three aspects – seismic, nuclear and medical – of the drama as it unfolded.For each of these components, objects of the three parts of this report, the analysis of observed events in Fukushima was supplemented by a reflection o the strengths and weaknesses of these areas in France, in order to formulate the necessary recommendations and to answer scientific and societal question public arises. Although uncertainties remain and that new information still come each month to enrich the record, the enclosed reports seemed complete enough to be published in the state, after the anniversary of this tragedy that will long continue to challenge us.

Dull Disasters? How planning ahead will make a difference

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ISBN: 9780198785576 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: World Bank Group
Subject: Economics --- Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 11:01:15
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Economic losses from disasters are now reaching an average of US$250–$300 billion a year. In the last 20 years, more than 530,000 people died as a direct result of extreme weather events; millions more were seriously injured. Most of the deaths and serious injuries were in developing countries. Meanwhile, highly infectious diseases will continue to emerge or re-emerge, and natural hazards will not disappear. But these extreme events do not need to turn into large-scale disasters. Better and faster responses are possible. The authors contend that even though there is much generosity in the world to support the responses to and recovery from natural disasters, the current funding model, based on mobilizing financial resources after disasters take place, is flawed and makes responses late, fragmented, unreliable, and poorly targeted, while providing poor incentives for preparedness or risk reduction. The way forward centres around reforming the funding model for disasters, moving towards plans with simple rules for early action and that are locked in before disasters through credible funding strategies—all while resisting the allure of post-disaster discretionary funding and the threat it poses for those seeking to ensure that disasters have a less severe impact.

Earthquakes - Tectonics, Hazard and Risk Mitigation

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ISBN: 9789535128854 9789535128861 Year: Pages: 388 DOI: 10.5772/63173 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book is devoted to diverse aspects of earthquake researches, especially to new achievements in seismicity that involves geosciences, assessment, and mitigation. Chapters contain advanced materials of detailed engineering investigations, which can help more clearly appreciate, predict, and manage different earthquake processes. Different research themes for diverse areas in the world are developed here, highlighting new methods of studies that lead to new results and models, which could be helpful for the earthquake risk. The presented and developed themes mainly concern wave's characterization and decomposition, recent seismic activity, assessment-mitigation, and engineering techniques. The book provides the state of the art on recent progress in earthquake engineering and management. The obtained results show a scientific progress that has an international scope and, consequently, should open perspectives to other still unresolved interesting aspects.

Flood Risk Management

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ISBN: 9789535134657 9789535134664 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.5772/66850 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In this book, contributions from several experts specializing in the area of flood risk management are assembled into a single volume. Application and testing of numerical and statistical models that can simulate the complex reality along with effective flood management strategies that are being implemented in various nations are presented. This collection of topics will provide an update to the reader as to the state of the art in this important technical field.

Natural Hazards - Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Reduction

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ISBN: 9781789848205 9781789848212 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73232 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book addresses different aspects of natural hazards and vulnerabilities, with a focus on prevention and protection. It consists of nine chapters, five on flood events addressing vulnerabilities, risk assessments, impacts, sensitivity analyses, and mitigation measures, two on climate change and reconstruction of natural hazard events such as avalanches and rockslides, and two on tsunamis and volcanoes. All chapters provide relevant information and useful elements for readers interested and concerned about the lack of action or its ineffectiveness in containing the vulnerabilities and risks of possible natural hazards worldwide.

Cloud Standby - Eine Methode zur Vorhaltung eines Notfallsystems in der Cloud

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ISBN: 9783731505570 Year: Pages: IV, 289 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000057616 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Small and Medium size Companies (SME) are facing threats on a daily basis. Even if 94% of German SMEs are regularly backing up their data, only 50% use a different datacenter provider for protecting critical business processes with a disaster recovery system. The goal of this thesis is it to describe a new method for providing a disaster recovery system within the Cloud.

Crisis Management - Theory and Practice

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ISBN: 9781789232349 9781789232356 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71641 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Crisis management is an interdisciplinary subject field represented by theoretical problems, practical activity, people management and the art of crisis situation solving. Overall, the studies that this publication contains are to provide an overview of the state of the art mainly focused on crisis management cycle represented by certain phases and steps. Topics include also lessons learned from natural and man-made disasters, crisis communication, information systems in crisis management, civil protection and economics in crisis management. We hope that chapters of this book will provide useful information within crisis management issue for a wide audience.

Recent Advances in Flood Risk Management

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ISBN: 9781789239355 9781789239362 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78505 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book provides a series of topics on flood risk management from around the world. The first section includes models for improved approaches to flood risk management, the importance of groundwater management in the context of floods (focussing on Taiwan), contingency plan for local communities using flood simulation, deciding on response strategies against the identified flood risk before a flood occurs (illustrated for the Philippines) and models for estimating maximum flood heights (illustrated for Mozambique). The second section examines flood risk management relating to the urban environment, with examples from a coastal city in Saudi Arabia and a housing development in Mexico. The third section relates to flood risk management in the context of agriculture, particularly relating to damage to Asian rice crops.

Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides: Volume 1 ISDR-ICL Sendai Partnerships 2015-2025

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Book Series: WLF: Workshop on World Landslide Forum ISBN: 9783319594699 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 586 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59469-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 15:58:39
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This volume contains peer-reviewed papers from the Fourth World Landslide Forum organized by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), the Global Promotion Committee of the International Programme on Landslides (IPL), University of Ljubljana (UL) and Geological Survey of Slovenia in Ljubljana, Slovenia from May 29 to June 2, 2017. The complete collection of papers from the Forum is published in five full-color volumes.

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