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Homecare

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783954662968 9783954663712 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101756
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-11 11:01:55
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Homecare ist ein junger Bereich, der die stationäre Versorgung mit der ambulanten Nachsorge verbindet und sämtliche weitere Versorger koordiniert. In der Praxis scheitert diese Idee derzeit noch häufig an fehlenden oder unpräzisen rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen sowie Akzeptanzbarrieren. Dieses Buch bietet einen umfassenden Überblick der aktuellen Versorgungssituation im Homecare-Bereich in Deutschland. Es diskutiert den Homecare-Markt und seine Potentiale, die rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen und gibt einen Überblick über nationale und internationale Studien zur Effektivität von Entlassmanagement und sektorenübergreifender Versorgung. Ein Praxisteil präsentiert Ergebnisse einer umfassenden empirischen Studie, die die Perspektiven von niedergelassenen Ärzten, Kliniken und stationärer sowie ambulanter Pflege zum Thema Homecare untersucht. Die Ergebnisse der Studie geben Aufschluss über die praktische Umsetzung der Homecare-Idee im Versorgungsalltag sowie die Potentiale und Risiken.

Advances in Hydro-Meteorological Monitoring

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429777 9783038429784 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-978-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-09 08:55:30
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Basin hydrology is related to the soil–atmosphere interaction driven by several blended processes constrained by the space–time variability of precipitation and soil moisture, along with overland flow and flood routing in natural channels. The emerging technologies for the monitoring and prediction of the spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall and soil moisture over a catchment, as well as the hillslope and river runoff, are of considerable interest to predict the hydrological responses of a catchment. In this context, this Special Issue, with its eleven theoretical and applied contributions, aims to shed light on the more recent advances in ground observations and remote sensing products, as well as on the benefits resulting from the integration of technological innovation and the development of new ideas in hydrology science. To this purpose, the accepted articles, written by leading researchers in their field, are intended to present and discuss experimental analyses at the catchment scale in terms of: a) intensive measurement campaigns of soil moisture by in situ sensors, remote sensing and modelling approaches; b) discharge monitoring also for high floods, by leveraging advanced technology for ground surface velocity measurements and spaceborne observations of water surface elevation, river width and slope; c) solid precipitation-measuring methods and the selection of snow gauge stations by merging meteorological, hydrological and remote sensing datasets; d) changes in daily precipitation of different intensities over large river basins along with the identification of the space–time rainfall field for different climatic regions ; and finally e) spatial evaporation patterns in different climate regions and assessment of the dominant climate factors affecting the evaporative demand of the atmosphere. Hopefully this Special Issue provides different useful insights into advancements in emerging technologies for the monitoring of key hydrological variables and will support the design of a scalable system of operational tools leading to suitable flood mitigation measures and reliable real-time warning systems.

Untersuchung der Hochvoltstabilität und Tiefentladung von dotierten LiNi0,5Mn1,5O4-Hochvoltspinellen

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783731507284 Year: Volume: 73 Pages: X, 249 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000074496 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Due to its high operating voltage the so-called high voltage spinel (LiNi0,5Mn1,5O4) is a promising cathode material. In this work the kinetics of the capacity loss during cycling and its change due to different coatings are analyzed. In a second part the electrochemical behavior for the insertion of a second lithium per formula unit is discussed for different doped spinel materials.

High Voltage Engineering and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039287161 / 9783039287178 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-717-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book is a collection of recent publications from researchers all over the globe in the broad area of high-voltage engineering. The presented research papers cover both experimental and simulation studies, with a focus on topics related to insulation monitoring using state-of-the-art sensors and advanced machine learning algorithms. Special attention was given in the Special Issue to partial discharge monitoring as one of the most important techniques in insulation condition assessment. Moreover, this Special Issue contains several articles which focus on different modeling techniques that help researchers to better evaluate the condition of insulation systems. Different power system assets are addressed in this book, including transformers, outdoor insulators, underground cables, and gas-insulated substations.

Keywords

space/interface charge --- electrical field strength --- temperature --- oil-paper insulation --- simulation --- bipolar charge transport model --- earthing systems --- electrode’s geometry --- fast-impulses --- high-magnitude currents and impulse polarity --- grounding --- grounding electrodes --- high impulse conditions --- seasonal --- soil resistivity --- partial discharges (PD) --- partial discharge --- calibrator --- Tettex 9520 --- DDX 8003 --- DDX 9121b --- secondary arc --- short-circuit discharge --- numerical modeling --- plasma discharge --- post insulator --- non-uniform pollution between windward and leeward sides --- residual resistance formulation --- flashover dynamic model --- artificial flashover tests --- flashover characteristics --- feature selection --- insulation health index --- machine learning --- oil/paper insulation --- transformer asset management --- thermal effect --- cable --- XLPE --- laying modes --- Comsol Multiphysics --- thermal parameters --- cable ampacity --- partial discharge --- surface discharge --- UHF sensor --- FDTD simulation --- cavity discharge --- partial discharge --- denoising --- RF signal --- wavelet transform --- artificial neural network --- curve fitting --- saline mechanism --- shoreline --- wind speed --- outdoor insulators --- dry band arcing --- flashover --- tracking --- ageing --- hydrophobicity --- leakage current --- dry band arcing --- degradation --- polymeric insulation --- tracking test setup --- composite insulator --- dry band formation --- heat transfer model --- generalized finite difference time domain --- corona discharge --- electric field analysis --- ion flow field --- space charge density --- UFVM --- partial discharge --- optical-UHF integrated detection --- photoelectric fusion pattern --- GIL --- NSCT --- cable joint --- charge simulation method --- electrical tree --- random walk theory --- finite element analysis --- partial discharge modeling --- high-frequency --- fast-rise square wave voltages --- silicone gel --- wide bandgap power modules --- surface discharge --- flashover --- gas --- modelling --- pressure --- thermal properties

Mechanisms underlying firing in healthy and sick human motoneurons

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195923 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-592-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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Since the latter half of the twentieth century an enormous amount of knowledge about mammalian motoneuron pools has been collected. This progress was enabled mostly by the development of the precise techniques of intracellular recordings in acute animal experiments, many of which were conducted under deep anaesthesia. Recently obtained evidence indicates that anaesthetics used at that times changed certain properties of the cell membrane, which might affect firing of the neuron. Experiments on normal humans gets around this problem, which lets one compare MN firing characteristics in humans and reduced preparations. Firing pattern of human motoneurons is obtained indirectly by recording from a few muscle fibres of a motor unit. Since there is one-to-one relationship between motor unit and motoneuron firing, the statistical analysis of motor unit firing is equivalent to the analysis of motoneuron firing. This analysis, based on the essential knowledge about motoneuron physiology, gained from the direct measurements in animal experiments and verified by computer simulations, allows one to draw conclusions about the physiological properties of human motoneurons. For obvious reasons, the deductions made on properties of human motoneuron from these analyses should be accepted with caution. On the other hand, human experiments provide the unique opportunity to study intact motoneurons during normal physiological behavior. Thus, combining information obtained from animal and human experiments, and computer simulations, gives insight into underexplored problems of motor control. This E-book contains a collection of articles with range of exciting findings on the physiology and pathology of human motoneurons. The collection covers such important issues concerning firing of healthy motoneurons as recruitment and rate coding as well as motoneuron excitability, discusses intrinsic motoneuron properties disclosed by studying double discharges, and provides information on broad spectrum of motoneuron pathology. It is our hope that this collection promotes further expansion of knowledge on human motoneurons.

Power Transformer Diagnostics, Monitoring and Design Features

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ISBN: 9783038974413 9783038974420 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-442-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-09 11:54:22
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Power transformers are key components in electric power distribution and transmission systems, and it is essential that they function properly for many years. With increasing age, there are potential risks of extremely high monetary losses due to unexpected failures and outages. A simple solution would be to replace all aging and risky transformers at once with new ones. Such an approach is obviously not a fiscally realistic solution. The main objectives are to extend their service life and optimize their performance through increased availability. For these reasons, in the past decades transformer life management has gained an ever-increasing interest. The greatest challenges are related to the need for methods to assess their condition and life expectancy along with the improvement of transformers’ efficiency by noble designs and/or the application of new materials. This book covers some theoretical and practical developments with special emphasis on R&D trends in transformer diagnostics and monitoring. Graduate-level students and academics as well as scientists and engineers involved in power equipment design, diagnostics, and monitoring will benefit from this book.

Plasma Catalysis

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ISBN: 9783038977506 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-751-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemical Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Plasma catalysis is gaining increasing interest for various gas conversion applications, such as CO2 conversion into value-added chemicals and fuels, N2 fixation for the synthesis of NH3 or NOx, methane conversion into higher hydrocarbons or oxygenates. It is also widely used for air pollution control (e.g., VOC

SPIG2018

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978503 9783038978510 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-851-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue covers a wide range of topics from fundamental studies to applications of ionized gases. It is dedicated to four topics of interest: 1. ATOMIC COLLISION PROCESSES (electron and photon interactions with atomic particles, heavy particle collisions, swarms, and transport phenomena); 2. PARTICLE AND LASER BEAM INTERACTION WITH SOLIDS (atomic collisions in solids, sputtering and deposition, and laser and plasma interactions with surfaces); 3. LOW TEMPERATURE PLASMAS (plasma spectroscopy and other diagnostic methods, gas discharges, and plasma applications and devices); 4. GENERAL PLASMAS (fusion plasmas, astrophysical plasmas, and collective phenomena). This Special Issue of Atoms will highlight the need for continued research on ionized gas physics in different topics ranging from fundamental studies to applications, and will review current investigations.

Keywords

strong-field physics --- attoscience --- bicircular field --- high-order harmonic generation --- above-threshold ionization --- spin-polarized electrons --- capacitively-coupled discharge --- oxygen --- particle-in-cell/Monte Carlo collision --- electron heating --- secondary electron emission --- Large Helical Device (LHD) --- deuterium experiment --- ion temperature of 10 keV --- plasma research --- spectroscopic study --- dispersion interferometer --- modified theories of gravity --- methods: analytical --- methods: numerical --- galaxies: elliptical --- galaxies: fundamental parameters --- non-equilibrium --- collisions --- radiation --- planetary atmospheric entry --- laser matter interaction --- laser-induced breakdown --- plasma --- spectroscopy --- streak camera --- plasma --- spectral lines --- Stark broadening --- oxygen --- silicon --- spectroscopy --- gas discharges --- plasma applications --- databases --- virtual observatory --- cross sections --- rate coefficients --- runway electron --- plasma current --- fusion plasma --- tokamak --- glow discharge --- argon --- nitrogen admixture --- discharge voltage --- diffuse discharge --- constricted discharge --- electrical theory of DBDs --- QV-plot --- instantaneous power --- rainbow scattering --- positron channeling effect --- time-dependent Schrödinger equation --- chiral single wall carbon nanotubes --- black hole physics --- cosmology --- quasar spectroscopy --- cosmological parameters --- ionized gas --- broad line region --- Rydberg atoms --- dynamic instability --- control of atomic states --- Förster resonance --- plasma spectroscopy --- Stark broadening --- plasma diagnostics --- line shape modeling --- Zeeman-Doppler broadening --- Balmer line series --- radiative recombination --- photoacoustic --- photothermal --- inverse problem --- thermal memory --- minimum volume cell --- neural networks --- thermal diffusivity --- conductivity --- linear coefficient of thermal extension --- AGN --- black holes --- gravitational waves --- binary black holes --- quasars --- photodetachment --- magnetically confined fusion --- neutral beam injection --- plasma heating --- optical cavity amplification --- low-energy electrons --- electron–molecule interactions --- astrochemistry --- laboratory plasma --- astrophysical plasma --- fusion plasma --- lasers --- stars --- extragalactic objects --- spectra --- spectroscopy --- scaling laws

Plasma Processes for Renewable Energy Technologies

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ISBN: 9783039219728 9783039219735 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-973-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The use of renewable energy is an effective solution for the prevention of global warming. On the other hand, environmental plasmas are one of powerful means to solve global environmental problems on nitrogen oxides, (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and carbon dioxides (CO2) in the atmosphere. By combining both technologies, we can develop an extremely effective environmental improvement technology. Based on this background, a Special Issue of the journal Energies on plasma processes for renewable energy technologies is planned. On the issue, we focus on environment plasma technologies that can effectively utilize renewable electric energy sources, such as photovoltaic power generation, biofuel power generation, wind turbine power generation, etc. However, any latest research results on plasma environmental improvement processes are welcome for submission. We are looking, among others, for papers on the following technical subjects in which either plasma can use renewable energy sources or can be used for renewable energy technologies: Plasma decomposition technology of harmful gases, such as the plasma denitrification method; Plasma removal technology of harmful particles, such as electrostatic precipitation; Plasma decomposition technology of harmful substances in liquid, such as gas–liquid interfacial plasma; Plasma-enhanced flow induction and heat transfer enhancement technologies, such as ionic wind device and plasma actuator; Plasma-enhanced combustion and fuel reforming; Other environment plasma technologies.

Plasma based Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials

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ISBN: 9783039213955 / 9783039213962 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-396-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book, entitled “Plasma-Based Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials” is a collection of nine original research articles devoted to the application of different atmospheric pressure (APPs) and low-pressure (LPPs) plasmas for the synthesis or modification of various nanomaterials (NMs) of exceptional properties. These articles also show the structural and morphological characterization of the synthesized NMs and their further interesting and unique applications in different areas of science and technology. The readers interested in the capabilities of plasma-based treatments will quickly be convinced that APPs and LPPs enable one to efficiently synthesize or modify differentiated NMs using a minimal number of operations. Indeed, the presented procedures are eco-friendly and usually involve single-step processes, thus considerably lowering labor investment and costs. As a result, the production of new NMs and their functionalization is more straightforward and can be carried out on a much larger scale compared to other methods and procedures involving complex chemical treatments and processes. The size and morphology, as well as the structural and optical properties of the resulting NMs are tunable and tailorable. In addition to the desirable and reproducible physical dimensions, crystallinity, functionality, and spectral properties of the resultant NMs, the NMs fabricated and/or modified with the aid of APPs are commonly ready-to-use prior to their specific applications, without any initial pre-treatments.

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