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The culture of toleration in diverse societies

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ISBN: 9780719062322 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The idea of toleration as the appropriate response to difference has been central to liberal thought since Locke. Although the subject has been widely and variously explored, there has been reluctance to acknowledge the new meaning that current debates on toleration have when compared with those at its origins in the early modern period and with subsequent discussions about pluralism and freedom of expression. This collection starts from a clear recognition of the new terms of the debate. It recognises that a new academic consensus is slowly emerging on a view of tolerance that is reasonable in two senses. Firstly of reflecting the capacity of seeing the other's viewpoint, secondly on the relatively limited extent to which toleration can be granted. It reflects the cross-thematic and cross-disciplinary nature of such discussions, dissecting a number of debates such as liberalism and communitarianism, public and private, multiculturalism and the politics of identity, and a number of disciplines: moral, legal and political philosophy, historical and educational studies, anthropology, sociology and psychology. A group of distinguished authors explore the complexities emerging from the new debate. They scrutinise, with analytical sophistication, the philosophical foundation, the normative content and the broadly political implications of a new culture of toleration for diverse societies. Specific issues considered include the toleration of religious discrimination in employment, city life and community, social ethos, publicity, justice and reason and ethics. The book is unique in resolutely looking forward to the theoretical and practical challenges posed by commitment to a conception of toleration demanding empathy and understanding in an ever-diversifying world.

Keywords

tolerance --- racism --- discrimination

Stigmate et métier

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ISBN: 9782868474155 9782753538320 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:19:00
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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On dit de la prostitution qu'elle est le « plus vieux métier du monde ». De fait, les prostituées définissent leur situation en termes de profession ; elles tentent, pour échapper au discrédit et à la stigmatisation, de normaliser leur activité et d'imposer l'idée qu'il s'agit d'un métier comme un autre. À partir d'entretiens et d'observations menées sur les trottoirs de Lille, Stéphanie Pryen tente de comprendre le jeu complexe du stigmate et du métier.

Femmes et justice pénale

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ISBN: 9782868477514 9782753524880 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ensemble articulé d'une trentaine d'études sur les femmes et la justice, cet ouvrage constitue la première synthèse sur ce sujet peu connu qui s'intercale entre le domaine du droit en amont, et celui de la peine – et notamment de la prison – en aval. Il se concentre sur l'histoire contemporaine de quelques pays occidentaux, particulièrement la France et le Canada. Femmes et justice : ce thème dessine d'abord les contours d'une histoire spécifique, celle des illégalismes féminins (vol domestiq...

Sex Discrimination in Uncertain Times

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ISBN: 9781921666773 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459527 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This collection of essays arose from a conference held to mark the silver anniversary of the Australian Sex Discrimination Act (1984). The collection has two aims: first; to honour the contributions of both the spirited individuals who valiantly fought for the enactment of the legislation against the odds, and those who championed the new law once it was passed; secondly, to present a stock-take of the Act within the changed socio-political environment of the 21st century. The contributors present clear-eyed appraisals of the legislation, in addition to considering new forms of legal regulation, such as Equality Act, and the significance of a Human Rights Act. The introduction of a proactive model, which would impose positive duties on organisations, is explored as an alternative to the existing individual complaint-based model of legislation. The contributors also pay attention to the international human rights framework, particularly the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People. The essays are illuminated by recourse to a rich vein of historical and contemporary literature. Regard is also paid to the comparative experience of other jurisdictions, particularly the UK and Canada.

Pravne razsežnosti prepovedi nadlegovanja

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Book Series: Law & Society ISBN: 9789616842105 Year: Pages: 335 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620444 Language: Slovenian
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 22:01:33
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Book, written in Slovene, discusses the legal content and scope of the concept of discriminatory harassment, which is deemed to be an unlawful discrimination under modern EU non-discrimination law, in the context of implementation of provisions of relevant EU directives in legal systems of the United Kingdom and Ireland. the two most important EU non-discrimination directives, adopted under Article 13 of the Treaty Establishing the European Community (now Article 19 of the treaty on the Functioning of the European union) - Racial Equality Directive (Directive 2000/43/EC) and Employment Framework Directive (Directive 2000/78/EC) - explicity mention harassment as prohibited form of discrimination. Legal definitions contained in these two directives define harassment as discriminationdiscrimination itself. Prior to the transposition of the EU non-discrimination directives into their laws, while few member states tackled this issue either within the context of the law on equal treatment (e.g. Denmark, the United Kingdom and Ireland) or outside this context (e.g. France), that is in the framework of criminal, civil, health and safety or employment legislation. As a result of the implementation of relevant provisions of the two main non-discrimination directives (Directives 200/43/EC and 200/78/EC) a definition of harassment has been included in legislations of all EU member states. In most member states such legislative definition is a literal copy of the definition of harrasment that can be found in the Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC. The approach to the definition of harassment that appears to be the most "generous" from the perspective of victims of discriminatory harrasment is the one that was taken by British legislator. Such legal position in respect of the prohibition of discrimination has been developed in British case law and is based on the extensive interpretation of non-discrimination laws.

Language, Cognition and Gender

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198924 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-892-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Gender inequality remains an issue of high relevance, and controversy, in society. Previous research shows that language contributes to gender inequality in various ways: Gender-related information is transmitted through formal and semantic features of language, such as the grammatical category of gender, through gender-related connotations of role names (e.g., manager, secretary), and through customs of denoting social groups with derogatory vs. neutral names. Both as a formal system and as a means of communication, language passively reflects culture-specific social conditions. In active use it can also be used to express and, potentially, perpetuate those conditions. The questions addressed in the contributions to this Frontiers Special Topic include: • how languages shape the cognitive representations of gender• how features of languages correspond with gender equality in different societies• how language contributes to social behaviour towards the sexes• how gender equality can be promoted through strategies for gender-fair language use These questions are explored both developmentally (across the life span from childhood to old age) and in adults. The contributions present work conducted across a wide range of languages, including some studies that make cross-linguistic comparisons. Among the contributors are both cognitive and social psychologists and linguists, all with an excellent research standing. The studies employ a wide range of empirical methods: from surveys to electro-physiology. The papers in the Special Topic present a wide range of complimentary studies, which will make a substantial contribution to understanding in this important area.

Color Vision Sensation and Perception

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199600 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-960-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Color vision is considered a microcosm of the visual science. Special physiological and psychological processes make this scientific topic an intriguing and complex research field that can aggregates around molecular biologists, neurophysiologists, physicists, psychophysicists and cognitive neuroscientists. Our purpose is to present the frontier knowledge of this area of visual science, showing, in the end, the future prospects of application and basic studies of color perception.

Discrimination at Work: Comparing European, French, and American Law

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ISBN: 9780520283800 9780520959583 Year: Pages: 386 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.11 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-09 11:01:06
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How do the United States and France differ in laws and attitudes concerning discrimination at work? Franco-American scholar Marie Mercat-Bruns interviews prominent legal scholars to demonstrate how these two post-industrial democracies have adopted divergent strategies. Whereas employers in the United States and France rarely discriminate openly, deep systemic discrimination exists in both countries, each with a unique history of dealing with difference. Powerful and incisive, the book examines hot-button issues such as racial and religious bias, sexual harassment, gender discrimination, and equality for LGBT individuals, highlighting comparisons that will further discussions on social equality and fundamental human rights across borders.

Gegenwärtiger Rassismus in Deutschland - Zwischen Biologie und kultureller Identität

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ISBN: 9783863951931 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:42
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Kaum ein anderes Thema polarisierte die bundesrepublikanische Öffentlichkeit in den vergangenen Jahren so nachhaltig wie die Veröffentlichung der tendenziell rassistischen Theoreme Thilo Sarrazins im Sommer 2010. Rassistische Ressentiments zeigten sich hier wieder als in vielen Teilen der deutschen Gesellschaft etabliert und debattiert, wie der Verkaufserfolg von Sarrazins Bestseller „Deutschland schafft sich ab“ demonstriert. Die vorliegende Arbeit fokussiert dieses gegenwärtige, insbesondere biologisch-genetische Rassismusphänomen in der bundesrepublikanischen Gesellschaft im Zeitraum von 2007 bis 2013. Sie analysiert die Verbreitung, die Entstehungsbedingungen sowie die naturwissenschaftliche Realität biologistischer, rassistischer Argumentationen in Deutschland. Hierfür nutzt diese Arbeit einen kombinierten Forschungsansatz von Sozial- und Naturwissenschaften, um das gegenwärtige Rassismusphänomen sowohl aus sozialwissenschaftlicher als auch aus biologischer Perspektive zu analysieren und zu beurteilen.

Mujeres de los Andes

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ISBN: 9789586161732 9782821845022 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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El Seminario ""Mujeres De Los Andes: Condiciones De Vida Y Salud"" tuvo lugar en la ciudad de Quito, del 6 al 10 de junio de 1991. Reunió investigadores de distintas disciplinas académicas y actores de variados campos, de cuatro países del área andina-Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú-, en los cuales está presente el Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos, principal instigador del evento. Este libro, que reúne la mayor parte de las ponencias en él presentadas, se inscribe en la línea de las corr...

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