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Streitbeilegung im Internet - Zukunft oder Irrweg?

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Book Series: Schriften des Zentrums für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft / ZAR, Zentrum für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 18608744 ISBN: 9783731503002 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: XIII, 422 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000044590 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Alternative dispute resolution has become a focal point in politics and business. On the European level laws to support it were passed in 2013. This thesis describes the extensive background behind these developments, discusses the various methods used in theory and practice, and explores possible ways the procedure could be carried out online. At the same time, it also shows what sort of changes are necessary to smooth the path for future dispute resolution on the Internet.

Mediation in Collective Labor Conflicts

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Industrial Relations & Conflict Management ISBN: 9783319925318 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92531-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book opens up the black box of mediation in collective conflicts through the analyses and comparisons of various systems. Mediation and related third party interventions such as conciliation and facilitation are discussed as effective prevention and regulation tools for different types of collective labor conflicts. These interventions fit in a new developed five-phase model of collective conflicts in organizations, going from capacity building in latent conflicts, through conciliation, mediation and arbitration in escalating phases, to rebuilding of trust after hot conflicts. The authors promote understanding and discussion with regards to labor mediation systems, presenting comparative research on the perspectives of mediators and users of mediation. This book describes and analyses laws, regulations and practices of mediation in seventeen countries, with a relative strong emphasis on Europe. Part 1 presents theoretical frameworks on conciliation and mediation in collective labor conflicts. Part 2 presents regulations and practices in 12 European countries: Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, France, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Part 3 discusses mediation in these collective conflicts in Australia, China, India, South Africa and the USA. Part 4 offers conclusions and ways forward. This book offers analyses, good practices and developments for third party intervention in collective labor conflicts in global and local changing environments. This book is a must-read for policy makers, , social partners at different levels, as well as scholars and practitioners in industrial relations, human resources management and conflict management, particularly conciliators and mediators.

From Bilateral Arbitral Tribunals and Investment Courts to a Multilateral Investment Court

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Book Series: European Yearbook of International Economic Law ISBN: 9783662597323 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59732-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book considers the potential setup for a future Multilateral Investment Court (MIC). The option of an MIC was first discussed by the EU Commission in 2016 and has since been made an official element of the EU Common Commercial Policy. In 2017, UNCITRAL also decided to discuss the possibility of an MIC, and on 20 March 2018, the Council of the EU gave the EU Commission the mandate to negotiate the creation of an MIC. The “feasibility study” presented here is intended to contribute to a broader discussion on the options for a new international court specialized in investment protection. The cornerstones of such a new permanent court are a strict orientation on the rule of law, reduced costs of investment protection, transparency considerations, aspects of consistency in case law, and the effective enforceability of MIC decisions.

Nordic Mediation Research

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319730189 9783319730196 Year: Pages: 269 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73019-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Københavns University
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 14:24:48
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This open access book presents twelve unique studies on mediation from researchers in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, respectively. Each study highlights important aspects of mediation, including the role of children in family mediation, the evolution and ambivalent application of restorative justice in the Nordic countries, the confusion of roles in court-connected mediation, and the challenges in dispute systems. Over the past 20-30 years, mediation has gained in popularity in many countries around the world and is often heralded as a suitable and cost-effective mode of conflict resolution. However, as the studies in this volumes show, mediation also has a number of potential drawbacks. Parties’ self-determination may be jeopardized, affected third parties are involved in an inadequate way, and the legal regulations may be flawed. The publication can inspire research, help professionals and policymakers in the field and be used as a textbook.

Außergerichtliche Konfliktlösung in der Antike

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773087 9783944773186 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.12946/gplh9 Language: German|English
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"Antiquity is often utilized as a reference to provide a historical dimension for contemporary phenomena. This also holds true for the prevailing scientific discourse on alternative or adequate remedies of dispute resolution. In this context, historical perspectives seem to be in vogue as narratives to legitimize one or another role model, whereas studies on practical examples from ancient legal orders tend not to be given serious consideration in the current debate.
Just as in the case of contemporary legal research, ancient legal history also distinguishes litigation at court from other mechanisms of conflict resolution. Nevertheless, where do the boundaries of judicial and extra-judicial mechanisms of dispute resolution lie within the framework of ancient societies? Are they alternatives in a narrower sense? Is there evidence for concerning the reason there was no (or at least no exclusive) judicial decision? This volume offers a selection of studies of pertinent illustrative material pertaining to these questions. While the relevant sources stemming from the prehistorical period, the Ancient Near East, Hellenistic Egypt and Classical Roman law may vary greatly, this just serves to widen our perspective on ancient times.
Heidi Peter-Röcher focuses on strategies of conflict resolution in prehistoric times corresponding to different forms of violence. Hans Neumann, Susanne Paulus, Lena Fijałkowska and Alessandro Hirata delve into case studies situated in the Ancient Near East from Sumerian to Neo-Babylonian times. Three other contributions examine Graeco-Roman Antiquity: Marc Depauw considers non-Greek, i.e., demotic, material from a Hellenistic kingdom, Anna Seelentag embraces the phenomenon of public clamour in the Roman Republic, and Christine Lehne-Gstreinthaler provides a fresh look at the classical arbitration from the perspective of ancient legal history."

Online Dispute Resolution for Consumers in the European Union

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Book Series: Routledge Research in Information Technology and E-Commerce Law ISBN: 9780415562072 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.4324/9780203847756 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Law --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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E-commerce offers immense challenges to traditional dispute resolution methods, as it entails parties often located in different parts of the world making contracts with each other at the click of a mouse. The use of traditional litigation for disputes arising in this forum is often inconvenient, impractical, time-consuming and expensive due to the low value of the transactions and the physical distance between the parties. Thus modern legal systems face a crucial choice: either to adopt traditional dispute resolution methods that have served the legal systems well for hundreds of years or to find new methods which are better suited to a world not anchored in territorial borders. Online Dispute Resolution (ODR), originally an off-shoot of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), takes advantage of the speed and convenience of the Internet, becoming the best, and often the only option for enhancing consumer redress and strengthening their trust in e-commerce. This book provides an in-depth account of the potential of ODR for European consumers, offering a comprehensive and up to date analysis of the development of ODR. It considers the current expansion of ODR and evaluates the challenges posed in its growth. The book proposes the creation of legal standards to close the gap between the potential of ODR services and their actual use, arguing that ODR, if it is to realise its full potential in the resolution of e-commerce disputes and in the enforcement of consumer rights, must be grounded firmly on a European regulatory model. Introduction 1. Consumer Protection and Access to Justice in the E-Commerce Era: A European Perspective 2. Online Dispute Resolution as a Consumer Redress Strategy 3. Consumer Adjudicative Processes Supported by ICT: Court Processes and Arbitration 4. Online Mediation for Consumers: The Way Forward 5. The Need for a Legal Framework to Develop Consumer ODR in the EU

Eli Lilly and Beyond

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Book Series: Munich Intellectual Property Law Center – MIPLC ISBN: 9783845293110 Year: Volume: 33 Pages: 84 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845293110 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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Through the emergence of several high-profile investment arbitration cases, the effects of IPRs as investments covered under IIAs have finally come to light. The latest award, the only arbitration case dealing with patents as IPRs – the Eli Lilly v. Canada case – has brought up a number of interesting questions. Two of Eli Lilly's patents have been revoked, whereupon the company tried to redeem them through investment arbitration. One of the claims put forward by Eli Lilly is that his legitimate expectations, a standard of protection found in international investment law, have been frustrated by Canada. By allegedly failing to observe its obligations contained in Chapter 17 of the NAFTA, Canada frustrated the legitimate expectations of Eli Lilly. The thesis tries to analyze how the relationship between international IP treaties and legitimate expectations functions.

Cultural Expertise: An Emergent Concept and Evolving Practices

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ISBN: 9783039280506 / 9783039280513 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-051-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Cultural expertise in the form of expert opinions formulated by social scientists appointed as experts in the legal process is not different from any other kind of expertise in court. In specialised fields of law, such as native land titles in America and in Australia, the appointment of social scientists as experts in court is a consolidated practice. This Special Issue focuses on the contemporary evolution and variation of cultural expertise as an emergent concept providing a conceptual umbrella for a variety of evolving practices, which all include use of the specialised knowledge of social sciences for the resolution of conflicts. It surveys the application of cultural expertise in the legal process with an unprecedented span of fields ranging from criminology and ethnopsychiatry to the recognition of the rights of autochthone minorities including linguistic expertise, and modern reformulation of cultural rights. In this Special Issue, the emphasis is on the development and change of culture-related expert witnessing over recent times, culture-related adjudication, and resolution of disputes, criminal litigation, and other kinds of court and out-of-court procedures. This Special Issue offers descriptions of judicial practices involving experts in local laws and customs and surveys of the most frequent fields of expert witnessing that are related with culture; interrogates who the experts are, their links with local communities, and also with the courts and the state power and politics; how cultural expert witnessing has been received by judges; how cultural expertise has developed across the sister disciplines of history and psychiatry; and eventually, it asks whether academic truth and legal truth are commensurable across time and space.

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