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Vibrant Architecture. Matter as a CoDesigner of Living Structures

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ISBN: 9783110403732 9783110456158 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1515/9783110403732 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Architecture --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:31:23
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This book sets out the conditions under which the need for a new approach to the production of architecture in the twenty-first century is established, where our homes and cities are facing increasing pressures from environmental challenges that are compromising our lives and well being. Vibrant architecture embodies a new kind of architectural design practice that explores how lively materials, or 'vibrant matter', may be incorporated into our buildings to confer on them some of the properties of living things, such as movement, growth, sensitivity and self-repair. The theoretical and practical implications of how this may occur are explored through the application of a new group of materials. Characteristically, these substances possess some of the properties of living systems but may not have the full status of being truly alive. They include forms of chemical artificial life such as 'dynamic droplets' or synthetically produced soils. As complex systems, they are able to communicate directly with the natural world using a shared language of chemistry and so, negotiate their continued survival in a restless world. Vibrant architecture may create new opportunities for architectural design practice that venture beyond top-down form-finding programs, by enabling architects to co-design in partnership with human and nonhuman collectives, which result from the production of post natural landscapes. Ultimately, vibrant architecture may operate as an ecological platform for human development that augments the liveliness of our planet, rather than diminishes it.

Optofluidics 2015

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038424697 9783038424680 Year: Pages: X, 162 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-13 16:23:40
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Optofluidics combines and integrates optics and fluidics to produce versatile systems that are achievable only with difficulty through either field alone. With the spatial and temporal control of the microfluids, the optical properties can be varied, providing highly flexible, tunable, and reconfigurable optical systems. Since the emergence of optofluidics, numerous systems with varied configurations have been developed and applied to imaging, light routing, bio-sensors, energy, and other fields. This Special Issue aims to collect high quality research papers, short communications, and review articles that focus on optofluidics, micro/nano technology, and related multidisciplinary emerging fields. The special issue will also publish selected papers from the 5th Optofluidics 2015 conference (http://www.optofluidics2015.org/), 26–28 July 2015, Taipei, Taiwan. The aim of optofluidics 2015 conference is to provide a forum to promote scientific exchange and to foster closer networks and collaborative ties between leading international optics and micro/nanofluidics researchers across various disciplines. The scope of Optofluidics 2015 is deliberately broad and interdisciplinary, encompassing the latest advances and the most innovative developments in micro/nanoscale science and technology. Topics range from fundamental research to its applications in chemistry, physics, biology, materials and medicine.

Sustainability of Fossil Fuels

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ISBN: 9783039212194 / 9783039212200 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-220-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The energy and fuel industries represent an extensive field for the development and implementation of solutions aimed at improving the technological, environmental, and economic performance of technological cycles. In recent years, the issues of ecology and energy security have become especially important. Energy is firmly connected with all spheres of human economic life but, unfortunately, it also has an extremely negative (often fatal) effect on the environment and public health. Depletion of energy resources, the complexity of their extraction, and transportation are also problems of a global scale. Therefore, it is especially important nowadays to try to take care of nature and think about the resources that are necessary for future generations. For scientific teams in different countries, the development of sustainable and safe technologies for the use of fuels in the energy sector will be a challenge in the coming decades

Keywords

coal --- slurry fuel --- combustion --- forest fuels --- biomass --- anthropogenic emission concentration --- municipal solid waste --- coal processing waste --- oil refining waste --- waste management --- composite fuel --- energy production --- fuel activation --- waste-derived fuel --- coal-water slurry --- laser pulse --- syngas --- aerosol --- two-component droplet --- heating --- evaporation --- explosive breakup --- disintegration --- droplet holder material --- hydraulic fracturing --- water retention in shale --- anionic surfactant --- shale gas --- supercritical CO2 --- tectonic coal --- pore structure --- methane desorption --- embedded discrete fracture model --- fractured reservoir simulation --- matrix-fracture transmissibility --- combustion --- methane hydrate --- hydrate dissociation --- PTV method --- transport of tracers --- linear drift effect --- convection–diffusion equation --- enhanced oil recovery --- closed-form analytical solution --- methane --- combustion mechanism --- mechanism reduction --- skeletal mechanism --- Bunsen burner --- covert fault zone --- genetic mechanism --- Qikou Sag --- structure evolution --- oil-controlling mode --- Riedel shear --- Mohr–Coulomb theory --- slurry fuel --- ignition --- combustion --- combustion chamber --- soaring of fuel droplets --- trajectories of fuel droplets --- decorated polyacrylamide --- physical properties --- displacement mechanism --- flow behavior --- enhanced recovery --- injection mode --- coal consumption forecasting --- support vector machine --- improved gravitational search algorithm --- grey relational analysis --- dual string completion --- gas lift --- gas lift rate --- split factor --- gas robbing --- gas lift optimization

Condensed Matter Researches in Cryospheric Science

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213238 / 9783039213245 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-324-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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The cryosphere is very sensitive to climate change, and glaciers represent one of the most important archives of atmospheric composition and its variability. From the Himalaya to the European Alps, the longest mid-latitude mountain chain in the world, lie thousands of glaciers that have collected atmospheric compounds over the last millennia. China and Italy are located at the opposite terminals of this long mountain chain, comprising strategic positions for understanding climate evolution and providing important information for the modeling of future climates. The results presented are highlights of some of the most recent advances in cryospheric studies, especially on the topic of mineral dust and aerosols in the atmosphere. They evidence the complexity of the chemical–physical processes involving solid compounds occurring in glacier, snow, and permafrost environments, covering different aspects such as spatial and temporal trends, as well as the impact of mineral and nonmineral particles. Results also show that recent advances in measurement techniques and source apportionment may be powerful and sophisticated tools to provide novel, high-quality scientific information.

Multiscale Turbulent Transport

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282128 / 9783039282135 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-213-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Turbulent transport is currently a prominent and ongoing investigation subject at the interface of methodologies from theory to numerical simulations and experiments, and it covers several spatiotemporal scales. Mathematical analysis, physical modelling, and engineering applications represent different facets of a classical, long-standing problem that is still far from being thoroughly comprehended. The goal of this Special Issue is to outline recent advances of such subjects as multiscale analysis in turbulent transport processes, Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of turbulence, advection of particles and fields in turbulent flows, ideal or nonideal turbulence (unstationary/inhomogeneous/anisotropic/compressible), turbulent flows in biofluid mechanics and magnetohydrodynamics, and the control and optimization of turbulent transport. The SI is open to regular articles, review papers focused on the state of the art and the progress made over the last few years, and new research trends.

Microscale Surface Tension and Its Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215645 / 9783039215652 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-565-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Building on advances in miniaturization and soft matter, surface tension effects are a major key to the development of soft/fluidic microrobotics. Benefiting from scaling laws, surface tension and capillary effects can enable sensing, actuation, adhesion, confinement, compliance, and other structural and functional properties necessary in micro- and nanosystems. Various applications are under development: microfluidic and lab-on-chip devices, soft gripping and manipulation of particles, colloidal and interfacial assemblies, fluidic/droplet mechatronics. The capillary action is ubiquitous in drops, bubbles and menisci, opening a broad spectrum of technological solutions and scientific investigations. Identified grand challenges to the establishment of fluidic microrobotics include mastering the dynamics of capillary effects, controlling the hysteresis arising from wetting and evaporation, improving the dispensing and handling of tiny droplets, and developing a mechatronic approach for the control and programming of surface tension effects. In this Special Issue of Micromachines, we invite contributions covering all aspects of microscale engineering relying on surface tension. Particularly, we welcome contributions on fundamentals or applications related to:Drop-botics: fluidic or surface tension-based micro/nanorobotics: capillary manipulation, gripping, and actuation, sensing, folding, propulsion and bio-inspired solutions; Control of surface tension effects: surface tension gradients, active surfactants, thermocapillarity, electrowetting, elastocapillarity; Handling of droplets, bubbles and liquid bridges: dispensing, confinement, displacement, stretching, rupture, evaporation; Capillary forces: modelling, measurement, simulation; Interfacial engineering: smart liquids, surface treatments; Interfacial fluidic and capillary assembly of colloids and devices; Biological applications of surface tension, including lab-on-chip and organ-on-chip systems. We expect novel as well as review contributions on all aspects of surface tension-based micro/nanoengineering. In line with Micromachines' policy, we also invite research proposals that introduce ideas for new applications, devices, or technologies.

Keywords

mist capillary self-alignment --- laser die transfer --- hydrophilic/superhydrophobic patterned surfaces --- microasssembly --- droplet transport --- microfluidics --- vibrations --- contact line oscillation --- asymmetric surfaces --- anisotropic ratchet conveyor --- surface tension --- capillary --- bearing --- wetting --- computational fluid dynamics --- droplet manipulation --- lab-on-a-chip --- microfluidics --- non-invasive control --- photochemical reaction --- photoresponsible surfactant --- surface tension --- two-phase flow --- wettability --- electrowetting --- actuation --- capillary pressure --- lab-on-a-chip --- Nasturtium leaf --- smart superhydrophobic surface --- hot drop --- condensation --- microtexture melting --- self-lubricating slippery surface --- wettability gradient --- electrosurgical scalpels --- anti-sticking --- soft tissue --- continuous-flow reactor --- mixing --- solutal Marangoni effect --- relaxation oscillations --- super-hydrophobic --- durable --- adhesion --- corrosive resistance --- droplet --- vibrations --- transport --- microfluidics --- self-cleaning surface --- superhydrophobic --- superhydrophilic --- superomniphobic --- microfluidics --- electrodynamic screen --- gecko setae --- micropipette-technique --- air-water surface --- oil-water interface --- soluble surfactant --- insoluble lipids --- “black lipid films” --- “droplet-interface-bilayers” --- equilibrium --- dynamic --- adsorption --- gas-microbubbles --- oil-microdroplets --- lung-surfactants --- nanoprecipitation --- microfluidics --- capillary gripper --- pick and place --- micromanufacturing --- two-photon polymerization --- stereolithography --- polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) replication --- rigid gas permeable contact lenses --- wettability --- hydrophilic --- hydrophobic --- 355 nm UV laser --- surface treatment --- microstructure --- contact angle --- droplets --- liquid bridge --- microfabrication --- micromanipulation --- pick-and-place --- soft robotics --- surface tension --- wetting

Emergent Quantum Mechanics. David Bohm Centennial Perspectives

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976165 Year: Pages: 544 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-617-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Emergent quantum mechanics explores the possibility of an ontology for quantum mechanics. The resurgence of interest in ""deeper-level"" theories for quantum phenomena challenges the standard, textbook interpretation. The book presents expert views that critically evaluate the significance—for 21st century physics—of ontological quantum mechanics, an approach that David Bohm helped pioneer. The possibility of a deterministic quantum theory was first introduced with the original de Broglie-Bohm theory, which has also been developed as Bohmian mechanics. The wide range of perspectives that were contributed to this book on the occasion of David Bohm’s centennial celebration provide ample evidence for the physical consistency of ontological quantum mechanics. The book addresses deeper-level questions such as the following: Is reality intrinsically random or fundamentally interconnected? Is the universe local or nonlocal? Might a radically new conception of reality include a form of quantum causality or quantum ontology? What is the role of the experimenter agent? As the book demonstrates, the advancement of ‘quantum ontology’—as a scientific concept—marks a clear break with classical reality. The search for quantum reality entails unconventional causal structures and non-classical ontology, which can be fully consistent with the known record of quantum observations in the laboratory.

Keywords

quantum foundations --- nonlocality --- retrocausality --- Bell’s theorem --- Bohmian mechanics --- quantum theory --- surrealistic trajectories --- Bell inequality --- quantum mechanics --- generalized Lagrangian paths --- covariant quantum gravity --- emergent space-time --- Gaussian-like solutions --- entropy and time evolution --- resonances in quantum systems --- the Friedrichs model --- complex entropy. --- Bell’s theorem --- the causal arrow of time --- retrocausality --- superdeterminism --- toy-models --- quantum ontology --- sub-quantum dynamics --- micro-constituents --- emergent space-time --- emergent quantum gravity --- entropic gravity --- black hole thermodynamics --- Stern-Gerlach --- trajectories --- spin --- Bell theorem --- fractal geometry --- p-adic metric --- singular limit --- gravity --- conspiracy --- free will --- number theory --- quantum potential --- Feynman paths --- weak values --- Bohm theory --- no-hidden-variables theorems --- observables --- measurement problem --- Bohmian mechanics --- primitive ontology --- Retrocausation --- weak values --- Stochastic Electrodynamics --- quantum mechanics --- decoherence --- interpretations --- pilot-wave theory --- Bohmian mechanics --- Born rule statistics --- measurement problem --- quantum thermodynamics --- strong coupling --- operator thermodynamic functions --- quantum theory --- de Broglie–Bohm theory --- contextuality --- atom-surface scattering --- bohmian mechanics --- matter-wave optics --- diffraction --- vortical dynamics --- Schrödinger equation --- de Broglie–Bohm theory --- nonequilibrium thermodynamics --- zero-point field --- de Broglie–Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics --- pilot wave --- interior-boundary condition --- ultraviolet divergence --- quantum field theory --- Aharonov–Bohm effect --- physical ontology --- nomology --- interpretation --- gauge freedom --- Canonical Presentation --- relational space --- relational interpretation of quantum mechanics --- measurement problem --- non-locality --- discrete calculus --- iterant --- commutator --- diffusion constant --- Levi-Civita connection --- curvature tensor --- constraints --- Kilmister equation --- Bianchi identity --- stochastic differential equations --- Monte Carlo simulations --- Burgers equation --- Langevin equation --- fractional velocity --- interpretations of quantum mechanics --- David Bohm --- mind–body problem --- quantum holism --- fundamental irreversibility --- space-time fluctuations --- spontaneous state reduction --- Poincaré recurrence --- symplectic camel --- quantum mechanics --- Hamiltonian --- molecule interference --- matter-waves --- metrology --- magnetic deflectometry --- photochemistry --- past of the photon --- Mach–Zehnder interferometer --- Dove prism --- photon trajectory --- weak measurement --- transition probability amplitude --- atomic metastable states --- Bell’s theorem --- Bohmian mechanics --- nonlocality --- many interacting worlds --- wavefunction nodes --- bouncing oil droplets --- stochastic quantum dynamics --- de Broglie–Bohm theory --- quantum non-equilibrium --- H-theorem --- ergodicity --- ontological quantum mechanics --- objective non-signaling constraint --- quantum inaccessibility --- epistemic agent --- emergent quantum state --- self-referential dynamics --- dynamical chaos --- computational irreducibility --- undecidable dynamics --- Turing incomputability --- quantum ontology --- nonlocality --- time-symmetry --- retrocausality --- quantum causality --- conscious agent --- emergent quantum mechanics --- Bohmian mechanics --- de Broglie-Bohm theory

Remote Sensing of Precipitation: Volume 1

Author:
ISBN: 9783039212859 / 9783039212866 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-286-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Precipitation is a well-recognized pillar in global water and energy balances. An accurate and timely understanding of its characteristics at the global, regional, and local scales is indispensable for a clearer understanding of the mechanisms underlying the Earth’s atmosphere–ocean complex system. Precipitation is one of the elements that is documented to be greatly affected by climate change. In its various forms, precipitation comprises a primary source of freshwater, which is vital for the sustainability of almost all human activities. Its socio-economic significance is fundamental in managing this natural resource effectively, in applications ranging from irrigation to industrial and household usage. Remote sensing of precipitation is pursued through a broad spectrum of continuously enriched and upgraded instrumentation, embracing sensors which can be ground-based (e.g., weather radars), satellite-borne (e.g., passive or active space-borne sensors), underwater (e.g., hydrophones), aerial, or ship-borne.

Keywords

GPM --- IMERG --- satellite precipitation adjustment --- numerical weather prediction --- heavy precipitation --- flood-inducing storm --- complex terrain --- precipitation --- geostationary microwave sensors --- polar systems --- synoptic weather types --- drop size distribution (DSD) --- microstructure of rain --- disdrometer --- radar reflectivity–rain rate relationship --- CHIRPS --- CMORPH --- TMPA --- MSWEP --- statistical evaluation --- VIC model --- hydrological simulation --- precipitation --- satellite --- GPM --- TRMM --- CFSR --- PERSIANN --- MSWEP --- streamflow simulation --- lumped models --- Peninsular Spain --- GPM IMERG v5 --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- precipitation --- evaluation --- Huaihe River basin --- precipitation --- radar --- radiometer --- T-Matrix --- microwave scattering --- quantitative precipitation estimates --- validation --- PERSIANN-CCS --- meteorological radar --- satellite rainfall estimates --- satellite precipitation retrieval --- neural networks --- GPM --- GMI --- remote sensing --- hurricane Harvey --- GPM satellite --- IMERG --- tropical storm rainfall --- gridded radar precipitation --- precipitation --- satellites --- climate models --- regional climate models --- X-band radar --- dual-polarization --- precipitation --- complex terrain --- runoff simulations --- snowfall detection --- snow water path retrieval --- supercooled droplets detection --- GPM Microwave Imager --- Satellite Precipitation Estimates --- GPM --- TRMM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- TMPA --- CMORPH --- assessment --- Pakistan --- heavy rainfall prediction --- satellite radiance --- data assimilation --- RMAPS --- harmonie model --- radar data assimilation --- pre-processing --- mesoscale precipitation patterns --- GNSS meteorology --- GPS --- Zenith Tropospheric Delay --- precipitable water vapor --- SEID --- single frequency GNSS --- Precise Point Positioning --- low-cost receivers --- goGPS --- GPM --- IMERG --- TRMM --- precipitation --- Cyprus --- satellite precipitation product --- Tianshan Mountains --- GPM --- TRMM --- CMORPH --- heavy precipitation --- rainfall retrieval techniques --- forecast model --- Red–Thai Binh River Basin --- TMPA 3B42V7 --- TMPA 3B42RT --- rainfall --- bias correction --- linear-scaling approach --- climatology --- topography --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- CloudSat --- CMIP --- high latitude --- mineral dust --- wet deposition --- cloud scavenging --- dust washout process --- Saharan dust transportation --- precipitation rate --- precipitating hydrometeor --- hydrometeor classification --- cloud radar --- Ka-band --- thunderstorm --- thundercloud --- vertical air velocity --- terminal velocity --- Milešovka observatory --- rain gauges --- radar --- quality indexes --- satellite rainfall retrievals --- validation --- surface rain intensity --- kriging with external drift --- PEMW --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- downscaling --- tropical cyclone --- rain rate --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- radiometer --- retrieval algorithm --- GPM --- DPR --- validation network --- volume matching --- reflectivity --- rainfall rate --- TRMM-era TMPA --- GPM-era IMERG --- satellite rainfall estimate --- Mainland China --- satellite precipitation --- Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) --- IMERG --- TRMM-TMPA --- Ensemble Precipitation (EP) algorithm --- topographical and seasonal evaluation --- daily rainfall estimations --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- rain gauges --- Amazon Basin --- regional rainfall regimes --- regional rainfall sub-regimes --- TRMM 3B42 V7 --- CMORPH_CRT --- PERSIANN_CDR --- GR models --- hydrological simulation --- Red River Basin --- satellite precipitation --- Tibetan Plateau --- GPM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- precipitation --- weather --- radar --- GPM --- RADOLAN --- QPE --- TRMM --- TMPA --- 3B42 --- validation --- rainfall --- telemetric rain gauge --- Lai Nullah --- Pakistan --- XPOL radar --- GPM/IMERG --- WRF-Hydro --- CHAOS --- hydrometeorology --- flash flood --- Mandra --- typhoon --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- Southern China --- precipitation --- satellite remote sensing --- error analysis --- triple collocation --- precipitation --- TRMM --- GPM --- IMERG --- weather radar --- precipitable water vapor --- precipitation retrieval --- rain rate --- QPE

Remote Sensing of Precipitation: Volume 2

Author:
ISBN: 9783039212873 / 9783039212880 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-288-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

Precipitation is a well-recognized pillar in global water and energy balances. An accurate and timely understanding of its characteristics at the global, regional, and local scales is indispensable for a clearer understanding of the mechanisms underlying the Earth’s atmosphere–ocean complex system. Precipitation is one of the elements that is documented to be greatly affected by climate change. In its various forms, precipitation comprises a primary source of freshwater, which is vital for the sustainability of almost all human activities. Its socio-economic significance is fundamental in managing this natural resource effectively, in applications ranging from irrigation to industrial and household usage. Remote sensing of precipitation is pursued through a broad spectrum of continuously enriched and upgraded instrumentation, embracing sensors which can be ground-based (e.g., weather radars), satellite-borne (e.g., passive or active space-borne sensors), underwater (e.g., hydrophones), aerial, or ship-borne.

Keywords

GPM --- IMERG --- satellite precipitation adjustment --- numerical weather prediction --- heavy precipitation --- flood-inducing storm --- complex terrain --- precipitation --- geostationary microwave sensors --- polar systems --- synoptic weather types --- drop size distribution (DSD) --- microstructure of rain --- disdrometer --- radar reflectivity–rain rate relationship --- CHIRPS --- CMORPH --- TMPA --- MSWEP --- statistical evaluation --- VIC model --- hydrological simulation --- precipitation --- satellite --- GPM --- TRMM --- CFSR --- PERSIANN --- MSWEP --- streamflow simulation --- lumped models --- Peninsular Spain --- GPM IMERG v5 --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- precipitation --- evaluation --- Huaihe River basin --- precipitation --- radar --- radiometer --- T-Matrix --- microwave scattering --- quantitative precipitation estimates --- validation --- PERSIANN-CCS --- meteorological radar --- satellite rainfall estimates --- satellite precipitation retrieval --- neural networks --- GPM --- GMI --- remote sensing --- hurricane Harvey --- GPM satellite --- IMERG --- tropical storm rainfall --- gridded radar precipitation --- precipitation --- satellites --- climate models --- regional climate models --- X-band radar --- dual-polarization --- precipitation --- complex terrain --- runoff simulations --- snowfall detection --- snow water path retrieval --- supercooled droplets detection --- GPM Microwave Imager --- Satellite Precipitation Estimates --- GPM --- TRMM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- TMPA --- CMORPH --- assessment --- Pakistan --- heavy rainfall prediction --- satellite radiance --- data assimilation --- RMAPS --- harmonie model --- radar data assimilation --- pre-processing --- mesoscale precipitation patterns --- GNSS meteorology --- GPS --- Zenith Tropospheric Delay --- precipitable water vapor --- SEID --- single frequency GNSS --- Precise Point Positioning --- low-cost receivers --- goGPS --- GPM --- IMERG --- TRMM --- precipitation --- Cyprus --- satellite precipitation product --- Tianshan Mountains --- GPM --- TRMM --- CMORPH --- heavy precipitation --- rainfall retrieval techniques --- forecast model --- Red–Thai Binh River Basin --- TMPA 3B42V7 --- TMPA 3B42RT --- rainfall --- bias correction --- linear-scaling approach --- climatology --- topography --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- CloudSat --- CMIP --- high latitude --- mineral dust --- wet deposition --- cloud scavenging --- dust washout process --- Saharan dust transportation --- precipitation rate --- precipitating hydrometeor --- hydrometeor classification --- cloud radar --- Ka-band --- thunderstorm --- thundercloud --- vertical air velocity --- terminal velocity --- Milešovka observatory --- rain gauges --- radar --- quality indexes --- satellite rainfall retrievals --- validation --- surface rain intensity --- kriging with external drift --- PEMW --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- downscaling --- tropical cyclone --- rain rate --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- radiometer --- retrieval algorithm --- GPM --- DPR --- validation network --- volume matching --- reflectivity --- rainfall rate --- TRMM-era TMPA --- GPM-era IMERG --- satellite rainfall estimate --- Mainland China --- satellite precipitation --- Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) --- IMERG --- TRMM-TMPA --- Ensemble Precipitation (EP) algorithm --- topographical and seasonal evaluation --- daily rainfall estimations --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- rain gauges --- Amazon Basin --- regional rainfall regimes --- regional rainfall sub-regimes --- TRMM 3B42 V7 --- CMORPH_CRT --- PERSIANN_CDR --- GR models --- hydrological simulation --- Red River Basin --- satellite precipitation --- Tibetan Plateau --- GPM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- precipitation --- weather --- radar --- GPM --- RADOLAN --- QPE --- TRMM --- TMPA --- 3B42 --- validation --- rainfall --- telemetric rain gauge --- Lai Nullah --- Pakistan --- XPOL radar --- GPM/IMERG --- WRF-Hydro --- CHAOS --- hydrometeorology --- flash flood --- Mandra --- typhoon --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- Southern China --- precipitation --- satellite remote sensing --- error analysis --- triple collocation --- precipitation --- TRMM --- GPM --- IMERG --- weather radar --- precipitable water vapor --- precipitation retrieval --- rain rate --- QPE

Advanced Mobile Robotics: Volume 1

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219162 / 9783039219179 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-917-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Keywords

path planning --- lane change --- excellent driver model --- neural networks --- autonomous vehicle --- remotely operated vehicle --- ocean current --- cable disturbance modeling --- lumped parameter method --- sliding mode observer --- 4WS4WD vehicle --- force control --- MPC --- PSO --- path tracking --- negative-buoyancy --- tri-tilt-rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- immersion and invariance --- object mapping --- Geometric Algebra --- Differential Evolution --- non-inertial reference frame --- centrifugal force --- turning model LIP --- trajectory planning --- space robot --- hybrid bionic robot --- chameleon --- end effector --- hybrid robot --- curve fitting --- fair optimisation --- trajectory interpolation --- piezoelectric actuator --- high step-up ratio --- high efficiency --- small size --- micro mobile robot --- biomimetic robot --- micro air vehicle --- flapping --- drag-based system --- dragonfly --- snake-like robot --- singularity analysis --- system design --- dynamical model --- nonlinear differentiator --- robotic drilling --- sliding mode control --- drilling end-effector --- fault diagnosis --- quadcopter UAV --- fault-tolerant control --- sliding mode observer --- Thau observer --- smart materials --- actuators --- robots --- electro-rheological fluids --- magneto-rheological fluids --- shape memory alloys --- medical devices --- rehabilitation system --- LOS --- motion camouflage control --- parallel navigation --- missile control system --- target tracking --- variable speed --- high-speed target --- snake robots --- head-raising --- shape-fitting --- phase-shifting --- spiral curve --- servo valve --- pneumatics --- position control --- cart --- robot --- step climbing --- transportation --- stopper --- climbing robot --- safety recovery mechanism --- cable detection --- dynamic coupling analysis --- path planning --- mobile robots --- curvature constraints --- state constraints --- extend procedure --- G3-continuity --- car-like kinematics --- obstacle avoidance system --- harmonic potential field --- curvature constraint --- non-holonomic mobile robot --- computing time --- inverse kinematics --- joint limit avoidance --- kinematic singularity --- manipulator --- obstacle avoidance --- potential field --- service robot --- graph representation --- similarity measure --- mobile robot --- static environments --- path planning --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGA-II --- evolutionary operators --- mobile robot --- coalmine --- exploration --- robotics --- ATEX --- safety --- methane --- quadruped robot --- stability criterion --- dynamic gait --- glass façade cleaning robot --- wall climbing robot --- biped mechanism --- data association --- 3D-SLAM --- localization --- mapping --- disturbance-rejection control --- extended state observer (ESO) --- hover mode --- transition mode --- negative buoyancy --- quad-tilt rotor --- autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) --- Rodrigues parameters --- UAV --- variable spray --- prescription map translation --- PID algorithm --- grip planning --- biped climbing robots --- collision avoidance --- grip optimization --- dynamic environment --- closed-loop detection --- sparse pose adjustment (SPA) --- inertial measurement unit (IMU) --- simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) --- non-singular fast-terminal sliding-mode control --- industrial robotic manipulator --- external disturbance --- dynamic uncertainty --- adaptive control law --- exoskeleton --- load carriage --- muscle activities --- human–robot interaction --- discomfort --- actuatorless --- alpine ski --- human–robot interaction --- mechanism --- passive skiing turn --- skiing robot --- predictable trajectory planning --- geodesic --- constrained motion --- mobile robot --- jumping robot --- hopping robot --- continuous hopping --- single actuator --- self-reconfigurable robot --- cleaning robot --- Tetris-inspired --- polyomino tiling theory --- coverage path planning --- area decomposition --- multi-criteria decision making --- design and modeling --- kinematics --- kinematic identification --- monocular vision --- action generation --- robot motion --- undiscovered sensor values --- differential wheeled robot --- powered exoskeleton --- motion sensor --- machine learning --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- pesticide application --- deposition uniformity --- droplets penetrability --- control efficacy --- working efficiency --- subgoal graphs --- reinforcement learning --- hierarchical path planning --- uncertain environments --- mobile robots --- deep reinforcement learning --- mobile manipulation --- robot learning --- intelligent mobile robot --- pallet transportation --- master-slave --- compact driving unit --- high-gain observer --- snake robot --- series elastic actuator --- SEA --- Robot Operating System --- ROS --- non-prehensile manipulation --- manipulation planning --- contact planning --- manipulation action sequences --- robot --- obstacle avoidance --- facial and gender recognition --- q-learning --- Q-networks --- reinforcement learning --- gait cycle --- biped robots --- minimally invasive surgery robot --- inverse kinematics --- dialytic elimination --- Newton iteration --- curvilinear obstacle --- douglas–peuker polygonal approximation --- opposite angle-based exact cell decomposition --- path planning --- mobile robot --- UAV --- auto-tuning --- machine learning --- iterative learning --- extremum-seeking --- altitude controller --- enemy avoidance --- reinforcement learning --- decision making --- hardware-in-the-loop simulation --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- path planning --- multiple mobile robots --- artificial fish swarm algorithm --- expansion logic strategy --- sample gathering problem --- mobile robots --- mathematical modeling --- numerical evaluation --- centralized architecture --- optimization --- fault recovery --- reinforcement learning --- gait adaptation --- legged robot --- bio-inspired robot --- human–machine interactive navigation --- mobile robot --- topological map --- regional growth --- trajectory planning --- position/force cooperative control --- hierarchical planning --- object-oriented --- symmetrical adaptive variable impedance --- biologically-inspired --- self-learning --- formation control --- mobile robots --- loop closure detection --- convolutional neural network --- spatial pyramid pooling --- dynamic neural networks --- mobile robot navigation --- gesture recognition --- behaviour dynamics --- real-time action recognition --- formation of robots --- non-holonomic robot --- stability analysis --- Lyapunov-like function --- target assignment --- goal exchange --- path following --- switching control --- swarm-robotics --- rendezvous consensus --- robot navigation --- victim-detection --- unmanned surface vessel --- path following --- integral line-of-sight --- finite-time currents observer --- radial basis function neural networks --- input saturation --- n/a

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