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Evidence in Civil Law - Denmark

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Book Series: Law & Society ISBN: 9789616842464 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.4335/978-961-6842-46-4 Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 10:57:16
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Danish civil procedure is based on a number of procedural law principles that affect the taking of evidence, including the principle of party presentation, the principle of disposition, and the principle of free assessment of evidence. The nature of Danish procedural law tends towards the adversarial model rather than the inquisitorial model. Evidence is taken during the hearing and the principle of directness applies to the procedure. Danish civil procedure is governed by the 1916 Administration of Justice Act, which was originally strongly influenced by German law. The role of the judge is to lead the process and also to intervene in proceedings when uncertainty exists, rather than just to facilitate the process by ensuring the parties abide by the laws of civil procedure.

Evidence in Civil Law - Finland

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Book Series: Law & Society ISBN: 9789616842471 Year: Pages: 46 DOI: 10.4335/978-961-6842-47-1 Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 20:25:35
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Finnish civil procedure has a close connection with other Scandinavian legal systems and co-operation between the States is active. In addition, the legislation, case-law and scholarly doctrine are more and more influenced by European co-operation through the EU and Council of Europe. The principles of free disposition, free assessment of evidence, audiatur altera pars, and burden of proof form the basis for an oral and direct public hearing. It follows from these due process principles that no methods of proof are forbidden but their relevance depends on the court’s assessment. The procedural doctrine in Finland is well established and has roots in the Swedish code of civil procedure of 1734, although it has gone through extensive reforms. On February 10, 2015 the Parliament of Finland passed the reform of chapter 17 of code of civil procedure, which contains the legislation on law of evidence. The extensive reform systematically updates and streamlines the previous legislation on evidence in addition to introducing new regulation e.g. on anonymous witnesses and banning invocation of evidence, which has been obtained by illegal means. The reform of chapter 17 concludes the systematic reform.

The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States as a Constitutional Court

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ISBN: 9783748901808 Year: Pages: 357 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748901808
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-18 10:44:48
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Eine der wichtigsten Innovationen der Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft Westafrikanischer Staaten (ECOWAS) ist die eindeutige Gewährung einer supranationalen Rolle an den Gerichtshof der Organisation. Sein Menschenrechtsmandat hat jedoch zu realen und potenziellen Spannungen innerhalb der ECOWAS-Rechtsordnung geführt.Die Spannungen ergeben sich aus der Rechtskraft von Urteilen von Verfassungsgerichten der Mitgliedstaaten und der Zulässigkeit von Individualbeschwerden vor dem Gerichtshof. Diese Arbeit zeigt einige Mängel in der derzeitigen Regelung des Menschenrechtsmandats des Gerichtshofs auf. Lücken bestehen sowohl auf der Ebene der verfassungsmäßigen Ordnung der Mitgliedstaaten als auch auf der Ebene der Gemeinschaft. Die supranationale Menschenrechtsgerichtsbarkeit muss durch die Möglichkeit umgesetzt werden, konkrete Abhilfemaßnahmen zur Behebung von Menschenrechtsverletzungen an die betroffenen Mitgliedsstaaten anzuordnen. In dieser Arbeit werden innovative Lösungen vorgeschlagen, um prozessuale und substantielle Lücken im etablierten Menschenrechtsschutzsystem in Westafrika zu schließen.

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