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Complex Problem Solving Beyond the Psychometric Approach

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455737 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-573-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Complex problem solving (CPS) and related topics such as dynamic decision-making (DDM) and complex dynamic control (CDC) represent multifaceted psychological phenomena. In abroad sense, CPS encompasses learning, decision-making, and acting in complex and dynamic situations. Moreover, solutions to problems that people face in such situations are often generated in teams or groups. This adds another layer of complexity to the situation itself because of the emerging issues that arise from the social dynamics of group interactions. This framing of CPS means that it is not a single construct that can be measured by using a particular type of CPS task (e.g. minimal complex system tests), which is a view taken by the psychometric community. The proposed approach taken here is that because CPS is multifaceted, multiple approaches need to be taken to fully capture and understand what it is and how the different cognitive processes associated with it complement each other.Thus, this Research Topic is aimed at showcasing the latest work in the fields of CPS, as well as DDM and CDC that takes a holist approach to investigating and theorizing about these abilities. The collection of articles encompasses conceptual approaches as well as experimental and correlational studies involving established or new tools to examine CPS, DDM and CDC. This work contributes to answering questions about what strategies and what general knowledge can be transferred from one type of complex and dynamic situation to another, what learning conditions result in transferable knowledge and skills, and how these features can be trained.

Strategic power plant investment planning under fuel and carbon price uncertainty

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ISBN: 9783866446335 Year: Pages: XVIII, 306 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000021824 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The profitability of power plant investments depends strongly on uncertain fuel and carbon prices. In this doctoral thesis, we combine fundamental electricity market models with stochastic dynamic programming to evaluate power plant investments under uncertainty. The application of interpolation-based stochastic dynamic programming and approximate dynamic programming allows us to consider a greater variety of stochastic fuel and carbon price scenarios compared to other approaches.

Vibrant Architecture. Matter as a CoDesigner of Living Structures

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ISBN: 9783110403732 9783110456158 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1515/9783110403732 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Architecture --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:31:23
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This book sets out the conditions under which the need for a new approach to the production of architecture in the twenty-first century is established, where our homes and cities are facing increasing pressures from environmental challenges that are compromising our lives and well being. Vibrant architecture embodies a new kind of architectural design practice that explores how lively materials, or 'vibrant matter', may be incorporated into our buildings to confer on them some of the properties of living things, such as movement, growth, sensitivity and self-repair. The theoretical and practical implications of how this may occur are explored through the application of a new group of materials. Characteristically, these substances possess some of the properties of living systems but may not have the full status of being truly alive. They include forms of chemical artificial life such as 'dynamic droplets' or synthetically produced soils. As complex systems, they are able to communicate directly with the natural world using a shared language of chemistry and so, negotiate their continued survival in a restless world. Vibrant architecture may create new opportunities for architectural design practice that venture beyond top-down form-finding programs, by enabling architects to co-design in partnership with human and nonhuman collectives, which result from the production of post natural landscapes. Ultimately, vibrant architecture may operate as an ecological platform for human development that augments the liveliness of our planet, rather than diminishes it.

Dynamic Truck Meeting (DTM) : ein Prozess- & Schnittstellenstandard zur Realisierung von dynamischen Begegnungsverkehren mit Hilfe von Dispositions- und Telematik-Systemen. Band 1 (Prozess-Standard) und Band 2 (Schnittstellenstandard). (KIT Scientific Reports ; 7613 und 7614)

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ISBN: 9783866448490 Year: DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028211 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Im Projekt Dynamic Truck Meeting (DTM) wurde ein anbieterunabhängiger Prozess- und Schnittstellenstandard zur Realisierung von dynamischen Begegnungsverkehren mit Hilfe von Telematik- und Dispositionssystemen erarbeitet. Im Prozessmodell sind alle Abläufe bis auf die Ebenen einzelner Prozessschritte in UML standardisiert. Zur informationstechnischen Unterstützung der Prozesse sind im Schnittstellenstandard alle notwendigen Nachrichten in XML spezifiziert.

An Update Algorithm for Restricted Random Walk Clusters

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ISBN: 9783866441835 Year: Pages: II, 152 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007179 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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This book presents the dynamic extension of the Restricted Random Walk Cluster Algorithm by Schöll and Schöll-Paschinger. The dynamic variant allows to quickly integrate changes in the underlying object set or the similarity matrix into the clusters; the results are indistinguishable from the renewed execution of the original algorithm on the updated data set.

Seismic soil structure interaction of navigation locks

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Book Series: Karlsruher Reihe Massivbau, Baustofftechnologie, Materialprüfung / Institut für Massivbau und Baustofftechnologie ; Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt Karlsruhe ISSN: 1869912X ISBN: 9783731507185 Year: Volume: 82 Pages: XXXI, 376 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000073630 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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This work handles the seismic soil- and water structure interaction of navigation locks in the field of elastodynamics. The investigation is based on numerical analysis with the finite element method. The findings extend the results of available theories and studies and allow for a more precise analysis and design of such structures. Suggestions about the numerical analysis of such problems are also presented. The results can be used also for quay and retaining walls.

Events in social networks : a stochastic actor-oriented framework for dynamic event processes in social networks

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ISBN: 9783866447929 Year: Pages: V, 140 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025407 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Interactions between people are ubiquitous. When people make phone calls, transfer money, connect on social network sites, or visit each other, these actions can be collected as dyadic, directed, relational events. Each of those events can be understood as driven by multiple individual decisions that at least partially involve rational considerations. This book aims at developing models that allow to understand individual event decisions in the context of large social networks.

Analytische, numerische und messtechnische Untersuchung der Dynamik von Fahrzeugkupplungen am Beispiel des Trennproblems

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Technische Mechanik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16143914 ISBN: 9783731503620 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: XVI, 190 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000046406 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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The clutch systems have a variety of disturbing dynamic phenomena. One of them, the problem of dynamic engagement, firstly is considered by measurement and analytically. Then a 3D-multibody system is created in order to describe the clutch system dynamics. This model is applied for the research of the problem of dynamic engagement, the engagement rattle and the clutch pedal vibrations. To validate the model the simulation results are compared with the experimental results.

Verification-based software-fault detection

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ISBN: 9783866446762 Year: Pages: XVII, 264 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000023002 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Software is used in many safety- and security-critical systems. Software development is, however, an error-prone task. In this work new techniques for the detection of software faults (or software ""bugs"") are described which are based on a formal deductive verification technology. The described techniques take advantage of information obtained during verification and combine verification technology with deductive fault detection and test generation in a very unified way.

Neuromorphic Engineering Systems and Applications

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194544 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-454-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
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Neuromorphic engineering has just reached its 25th year as a discipline. In the first two decades neuromorphic engineers focused on building models of sensors, such as silicon cochleas and retinas, and building blocks such as silicon neurons and synapses. These designs have honed our skills in implementing sensors and neural networks in VLSI using analog and mixed mode circuits. Over the last decade the address event representation has been used to interface devices and computers from different designers and even different groups. This facility has been essential for our ability to combine sensors, neural networks, and actuators into neuromorphic systems. More recently, several big projects have emerged to build very large scale neuromorphic systems. The Telluride Neuromorphic Engineering Workshop (since 1994) and the CapoCaccia Cognitive Neuromorphic Engineering Workshop (since 2009) have been instrumental not only in creating a strongly connected research community, but also in introducing different groups to each other’s hardware. Many neuromorphic systems are first created at one of these workshops. With this special research topic, we showcase the state-of-the-art in neuromorphic systems.

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