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War and Literature: Commiserating with the Enemy

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ISBN: 9783039219100 / 9783039219117 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-911-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Abstract

This Special Issue focuses specifically on the topic of commiseration with the “enemy” within war literature. The articles included in this Special Issue show authors and/or literary characters attempting to understand the motives, beliefs, and cultural values of those who have been defined by their nations as their enemies. This process of attempting to understand the orientation of defined “enemies” often shows that the soldier has begun a process of reflection about why he or she is part of the war experience. The texts included in this issue also show how political authorities often resort to propaganda and myth-making tactics that are meant to convince soldiers that they are fighting opponents who are evil, sub-human, etc., and are therefore their direct enemies. Literary texts that show an author and/or literary character trying to reflect against state-supported definitions of good/evil, right/wrong, and ally/enemy often present an opportunity to reevaluate the purposes of war and one’s moral responsibility during wartime.

Family Iridoviridae Molecular and Ecological Studies of a Family Infecting Invertebrates and Ectothermic Vertebrates

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ISBN: 9783039215164 / 9783039215171 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-517-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Ranaviruses and other viruses within the family Iridoviridae, infect a wide range of ecologically and commercially important ectothermic vertebrates, i.e., bony fish, amphibians, and reptiles, and invertebrates, including agricultural and medical pests and cultured shrimp and crayfish, and are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. Understanding the impact of these various agents on diverse host species requires the combined efforts of ecologists, veterinarians, pathologists, comparative immunologists and molecular virologists. Unfortunately, investigators involved in these studies often work in discipline-specific silos that preclude interaction with others whose insights and approaches are required to comprehensively address problems related to ranavirus/iridovirus disease. Our intent here is to breakdown these silos and provide a forum where diverse researchers with a common interest in ranavirus/iridovirus biology can profitably interact. As a colleague once quipped, “Three people make a genius.” We are hoping to do something along those lines by presenting a collection of research articles dealing with issues of anti-viral immunity, identification of a potentially novel viral genus exemplified by erythrocytic necrosis virus, viral inhibition of innate immunity, identification of novel hosts for lymphocystivirus and invertebrate iridoviruses, and modelling studies of ranavirus transmission. Collectively these and others will exemplify the breadth of ongoing studies focused on this virus family.

Keywords

amphibians --- histopathology --- immunohistochemistry --- Mexico --- outbreak --- ranavirus --- risk assessment --- Iridoviridae --- frog virus 3 --- FV3 --- ranavirus --- immunofluorescence --- intracellular localization --- iridovirus --- ranavirus --- epidemiology --- antibody --- ELISA --- virus isolation --- prevalence --- native-fish conservation --- biosecurity --- endemic disease --- Unconventional T cell --- nonclassical MHC --- antiviral immunity --- interferon --- DIV1 --- SHIV --- CQIV --- Macrobrachium rosenbergii --- Macrobrachium nipponense --- Procambarus clarkii --- white head --- susceptible species --- viral load --- erythrocytic necrosis virus (ENV) --- viral erythrocytic necrosis (VEN) --- Pacific salmon --- Pacific herring --- British Columbia --- SHIV --- DIV1 --- Decapodiridovirus --- Exopalaemon carinicauda --- susceptibility --- host --- ISDL --- amphibian --- Ranavirus --- frog virus 3 --- mathematical models --- Bayesian inference --- viral immune evasion --- immunomodulators --- NF-?B --- Imd --- DNA virus --- host-pathogen interactions --- IIV-6 --- Rana grylio virus (RGV) --- iridovirus core proteins --- protein interaction --- aquatic animals --- cross-species transmission --- yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) --- co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) --- megalocytivirus --- iridovirus --- European chub --- Lymphocystis disease virus --- Artemia spp. --- viral infection --- Sparus aurata --- viral transmission --- eDNA --- Ranavirus --- Common frog --- Rana temporaria --- early detection --- virus surveillance --- n/a --- transmission modelling --- susceptible-infected (SI) models --- emerging infection --- ranavirosis --- Iridoviridae --- disease dynamics --- ranavirus --- virus binding --- heparan sulfate --- Andrias davidianus ranavirus --- Rana grylio virus --- envelope protein --- lizard --- bearded dragon --- Pogona vitticeps --- cricket --- Gryllus bimaculatus

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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eng (2)


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2020 (1)

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