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Forests, carbon cycle and climate change

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ISBN: 9782759203857 Year: Pages: 348 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0385-7 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the CARBOFOR project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle, the productivity and vulnerability of French forests. This book explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories. It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives. The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed. A similar simulation study was carried out for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes. The consequences of climate change on the occurrence of forest fires and the forest carbon cycle in the Mediterranean zone are also considered.A valuable reference for researchers and academics, forest engineers and managers, and graduate level students in forest ecology, ecological modelling and forestry.&#xD;

Keywords

ecosystem --- forest

From Seascapes of Extinction to Seascapes of Confidence - Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries in Chile: El Quisco and Puerto Oscuro

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ISBN: 9789197707121 9789197707138 Language: English
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-18 23:38:26
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An important contribution to our understanding of the multifaceted challenges underlying sustainable solutions to ecological fisheries, the book describes how, in Chile, indiscriminate harvest of the edible shellfish Concholepas concholepas (false abalone or Loco), has been threatening not only the living of small-scale artisan fishers but also the ecosystem. In an attempt to strengthen the fishers’ livelihoods and at the same time recuperate the fish, the Chilean government introduced the regulatory measure: Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABRs), locally known as Management Areas (MAs) and internationally as Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries (TURFs). The author uses a participatory approach to this interdisciplinary issue, examining how the MAs have impacted on two fishing organizations and localities that depend for their survival on benthic resources: El Quisco (Valparaíso Region) and Puerto Oscuro (Coquimbo Region).Placed in the larger context of the critical situation of fisheries in the world, the book not only offers an example to other communities but also an insight into the complex ways politics links to economics, the local links to the regional and the global, and nature to society.
Español: Una importante contribución para nuestra comprensión de los desafíos multifacéticos que subyacen bajo soluciones sustentables para una pesca ecológica es este libro que describe como en Chile, la extracción indiscriminada de la especie comestible Concholepas concholepas (abulón falso o Loco) llegó a amenazar no tan sólo la sobrevivencia de los pequeños pescadores artesanales, sino también el ecosistema.En un esfuerzo por fortalecer el sustento de los pescadores y al mismo tiempo por recuperar la especie, el gobierno chileno introdujo la medida regulatoria Áreas de Manejo y Explotación de Recursos Bentónicos (AMERBs), conocida localmente como Áreas de Manejo (AMs), e internacionalmente como Derechos Territoriales de Pesca (TURFs). La autora usa un enfoque participativo para este tema interdisciplinario, examinando como las AM han impactado en dos organizaciones y localidades pesqueras que dependen para su sobrevivencia de los recursos bentónicos como son El Quisco (Región de Valparaíso) y Puerto Oscuro (Región de Coquimbo).Puesto en un contexto mayor de la crítica situación de las pesquerías en el mundo, el libro no es solo un ejemplo para otras comunidades sino que ofrece también una mirada sobre las complejas maneras en las cuales la política se entrelaza con la economía, lo local con lo regional y global, y la naturaleza con la sociedad.

Goodlands: A Meditation and History on the Great Plains

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Book Series: The West Unbound:Social and Cultural Studies ISSN: 1915819X ISBN: 9781897425985 9781897425992 9781926836416 Year: Pages: 388 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Amer-European settlement of the Great Plains transformed bountiful Native soil into pasture and cropland, distorting the prairie ecosystem as it was understood and used by the peoples who originally populated the land. Settlers justified this transformation with the unexamined premise of deficiency, according to which the Great Plains region was inadequate in flora and fauna and the region lacking in modern civilization. Drawing on history, sociology, art, and economic theory, Frances W. Kaye counters the argument of deficiency, pointing out that, in its original ecological state, no region can possibly be incomplete. Goodlands examines the settlers' misguided theory, discussing the ideas that shaped its implementation, the forces that resisted it, and Indigenous ideologies about what it meant to make good use of the land. By suggesting methods for redeveloping the Great Plains that are founded on native cultural values, Goodlands serves the region in the context of a changing globe.

Keywords

prairie --- ecosystem --- ecology

Ecological Monitoring, Assessment, and Management in Freshwater Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038422662 9783038422679 Year: Pages: XVI, 422 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-267-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-04 10:16:09
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Today, sustainability of a healthy freshwater ecosystem and its associated ecosystem services are hot issues with ever-growing attention placed upon them. We are increasingly recognizing that they are crucial for the survival of the aquatic biota and human beings on our planet.The efficient monitoring of water resources is fundamental for effective management of water quality and aquatic ecosystems. The first stage in sustainable ecosystem management is the evaluation of the current status of target ecosystems. Traditionally, and even today, physico-chemical parameters have mainly been used to evaluate the quality of water resources. However, they have a large limit to grab the wholeness of water system, particularly in the sense of ecosystem health and integrity, for which ecological monitoring should be based on biological factors. Various approaches are applicable to ecosystem health assessment at different levels of the biological hierarchy, from genes to ecosystems.This Special Issue is designed to improve scientific understanding and strategies for sound aquatic ecosystem management and services for researchers, decision makers, and stakeholders.

Research in Biodiversity - Models and Applications

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ISBN: 9789533077949 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.5772/1833 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The book covers several topics of biodiversity researches and uses, containing 17 chapters grouped into 5 sections. It begins with an interesting chapter considering the ways in which the very biodiversity could be thought about. Noteworthy is the chapter expounding pretty original ""creativity theory of ecosystem"". There are several chapters concerning models describing relation between ecological niches and diversity maintenance, the factors underlying avian species imperilment, and diversity turnover rate of a local beetle group. Of special importance is the chapter outlining a theoretical model for morphological disparity in its most widened treatment. Several chapters consider regional aspects of biodiversity in Europe, Asia, Central and South America, among them an approach for monitoring conservation of the regional tropical phytodiversity in India is of special importance. Of interest is also a chapter considering the history of the very idea of biodiversity emergence in ecological researches.

Genetic Diversity in Plants

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535101857 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.5772/2640 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Genetic diversity is of fundamental importance in the continuity of a species as it provides the necessary adaptation to the prevailing biotic and abiotic environmental conditions, and enables change in the genetic composition to cope with changes in the environment. Genetic Diversity in Plants presents chapters revealing the magnitude of genetic variation existing in plant populations. The increasing availability of PCR-based molecular markers allows the detailed analyses and evaluation of genetic diversity in plants and also, the detection of genes influencing economically important traits. The purpose of the book is to provide a glimpse into the dynamic process of genetic variation by presenting the thoughts of scientists who are engaged in the generation of new ideas and techniques employed for the assessment of genetic diversity, often from very different perspectives. The book should prove useful to students, researchers, and experts in the area of conservation biology, genetic diversity, and molecular biology.

Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535128151 9789535128168 9789535141310 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.5772/62589 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Forest Ecology and Conservation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535130895 9789535130901 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/63322 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book is dedicated to forest ecology and conservation on ecological and conservation aspects of forest. The book is divided into two sections: the first section ""Forest Ecology"" with four chapters deals with forest ecological aspects, while the second section ""Forest Conservation"" with two chapters looks into new techniques for conserving the forests. This book will bridge the gaps in the knowledge about some new emerging issues on forest ecology and conservation. It will be an interesting and helpful resource to all those in the field of forestry working for its sustainable use and conservation.

Symbiosis

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ISBN: 9781789232240 9781789232257 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68206 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Over the last few decades, the prevalence of studies about symbiosis has dramatically grown in most regions of the world. Many aspects have been investigated related to this phenomenon. If we can gain understanding about symbiosis, then we may be able to manipulate it to reduce both chemical fertilizer use and environmental impact without decreasing the yield. This book provides information about the symbiotic relationship between a fern and Azolla, plant control over thread development during legume-rhizobia symbiosis, bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis in flowering plants and the potential of rhizobium strains in improving nitrogen fixation and legume yields. We hope this information will be useful to all people working on a hot topic.

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology

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ISBN: 9781789237382 9781789237399 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71316 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The aim of Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of research of this important and interesting multidisciplinary area. Ecosystem services as a concept plays a key role in solving global environmental and human ecological crises and associated other problems, especially today when the sixth major extinction event of the history of the biosphere is in progress, and humanity can easily become a victim of it. Human activity is rapidly transforming the surface of the Earth, its biosphere, atmosphere, soil, and water resources. Ecological processes happen over a long time scale, thus damage caused by human activity will be perceptible after decades or even centuries. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students, and anyone interested in this field.

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