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Jordanie : les élections législatives du 8 novembre 1989

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ISBN: 9782865373796 9782351594797 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-06 16:29:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Tournant majeur dans l’histoire récente de la Jordanie, les élections législatives de 1989 ont, par la réactivation des institutions parlementaires et du recours à la consultation populaire qu’elles ont entraînée, mis fin au statu quo politique et à l’absence de vie démocratique décidés par la monarchie hachémite après la troisième guerre israélo-arabe de 1967. Dans ce mémoire de DEA de Sciences Politiques publié aux Cahiers du Cermoc, Pascaline Eury revient sur cet épisode en commençant par...

Electoral Systems in Divided Societies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922144508 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459888 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:10
License: ANU Press

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Elections can increase tension in ethnically divided societies, like Fiji. The way constituencies are drawn and votes counted can also affect the result. First-past-the post can deliver lopsided results, while proportional representation may give excessive influence to small, fringe parties. Fiji’s Constitution Review Commission believed a system of alternative voting in ethnically mixed constituencies would encourage politicians, and parties, to take into account the interests of other ethnic groups. This book assesses their recommendations, looks at alternatives, and considers how they might work in Fiji.

Keywords

politics --- elections --- fiji

Fiji before the storm: Elections and the politics of development

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ISBN: 9781922144621 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459864 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:27
License: ANU Press

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A racially-weighted Constitution, promulgated by decree in 1990, divided the country and invited international condemnation, and the economy suffered from the collapse of institutions of good governance. In 1995, an independent Constitution Review Commision appointed by the Fijian parliament, recommended wide-ranging changes to the Constitution. Its report formed the basis of a new Constitution promulgated, after wide-ranging consultation and debate, in 1997. Two years later, Fiji held a general election under it. This collection of essays looks at the politics and dynamics of that momentous event, and the role of key individuals and institutions in producing an outcome that, a year later, plunged Fiji into its first major crisis of the twenty-first century. The essays look at some of the key political and development issues on the eve of the crisis, but the relevance to the current debates about the nature and meaning of politics in Fiji remains. All the contributors are recognised and longstanding specialists in their fields.

Keywords

political history --- elections --- fiji

Les Palestines du quotidien

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ISBN: 9782905465177 9782351594803 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-06 16:29:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ces trente dernières années, de nombreuses études ont été consacrées au conflit israélo-arabe et à la question palestinienne. Cependant, la plupart des auteurs n'ont prêté attention qu'aux seuls aspects militaires et diplomaticopolitiques. Le Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Moyen-Orient Contemporain dont la mission est d'étudier les espaces, les sociétés et les États de l'Orient arabe a rompu avec cette tendance en publiant Palestine, Palestiniens. Territoire national, espaces communa...

Le rôle politique de la presse au Brésil

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ISBN: 9782915310894 9782915310429 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l’IHEAL
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-05 12:32:23
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ex-ouvrier métallurgiste, leader syndical et fondateur du Parti des Travailleurs - la plus grande formation de gauche d’Amérique latine -, le président brésilien Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva n’a jamais eu de relations faciles avec la presse de son pays. Cette dernière a en effet appuyé, en grande majorité, le coup d’État qui a mené à la dictature militaire (1964-1985), et mis, depuis le rétablissement de la démocratie, toute son énergie au service des candidats conservateurs. Cela n’a pas empêch...

Election 2007: The Shift to Limited Preferential Voting in Papua New Guinea

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781922144294 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459994 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:55
License: ANU Press

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Papua New Guinea’s general election in 2007 attracted particular interest for several reasons. Not only did it follow what was widely acknowledged as the country’s worst election ever, in 2002 (in which elections in six of the country’s 109 electorates were declared to be ‘failed elections’), it was the first general election to be held under a new limited preferential voting system. It also followed the first full parliamentary term under the Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates, which had been introduced in 2001 in an attempt to strengthen political parties and create a greater degree of stability in the national parliament, and was the first to embrace a ‘whole-of-government’ approach to electoral administration, through an Interdepartmental Electoral Committee. This volume provides an analysis of the 2007 election, drawing on the work of a domestic monitoring team organized through the National Research Institute, and several visiting scholars. It addresses key issues such as voter education, electoral administration, election security, the role of political parties, women as candidates and voters, the shift to limited preferential voting, and HIV transmission, and provides detailed accounts of the election in a number of open and provincial electorates. It is generally agreed that the election of 2007 was an improvement on that of 2002. But problems of electoral administration and voting behaviour remain. These are identified in this volume, and recommendations made for electoral reform.

A Bark But No Bite

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760461355 Year: Pages: 382 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-10 11:01:50
License: ANU Press

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Based on New Zealand Election Study (NZES) data from a sample of 2,830 eligible voters, A Bark But No Bite explores a puzzle. While there was a lot of talk about inequality before the 2014 general election in New Zealand, and during the campaign, concern about inequality appeared to have no tangible effect on the election outcome. This book shows that, by its attention to the concerns of middle ground voters, the National Government had reduced the potential of policy differences to drive voter choices. Perceptions of competence and effective leadership were National’s strongest suit, crowding out voter concerns over matters of policy. When voters did consider policy, inequality and related concerns were second to the economy. Traditional priorities about health and education, and perceptions of party differences on these matters, had faded into the background. Meanwhile, voters doubted the opposition Labour Party’s ability to govern effectively in an alternative coalition to that of the National-led government. Labour’s policies were too many. In various ways, they would have chipped away at inequality, but lacked a coherent narrative and presentation. This book confirms that Labour’s proposal to increase the age for receipt of New Zealand superannuation gained Labour no new votes. Hopes that the ‘missing million’ people who failed to turn out to vote in 2011 would vote in 2014 and give an advantage to the left were unfulfilled. A comprehensive study of the 2014 election, this book provides a detailed account of all these findings, and a host of others.

Keywords

governance --- politics --- new zealand --- elections

Directions in Australian Electoral Reform: Professionalism and Partisanship in Electoral Management

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ISBN: 9781921862885 Year: Pages: 191 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459075 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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Australia has a proud history of being an international leader in electoral administration, and Australian electoral commissions continue to have a professional, non-partisan approach to the management of elections. Yet their independence is constrained by the electoral laws they need to administer, and parliamentary committees charged with the oversight of the conduct of elections do so with a clear partisan bias. Elections are all about winners, but who decides who the winners will be? Voters definitely have a big say, but it is the electoral system that determines how votes translate into seats in parliament. Any changes to the electoral system require the support of those in power, and it is important to question who benefits from electoral reforms. It is not surprising that partisanship plays a role and that governing parties usually benefit, although that is not always the case.&#xD;&#xD;This book assesses Australian electoral reforms of the past 30 years using personal interview data and parliamentary debates, to provide a picture of the reform process as well as the outcomes. These issues, such as who gets to vote, the use of postal voting, party registration and vote weighting, have a profound impact on who wins elections. The book also examines Australia’s electoral administration, testing for professionalism, independence and integrity.

Les Élections législatives britanniques du 9 juin 1983

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ISBN: 9782903019389 9782878548402 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-05 14:25:06
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Les Elections Législatives Britanniques 1983 comportent une série d'articles qui tentent l'analyse des fondements idéologiques séparant les deux grands partis - Conservateur et Travailliste - et cherchent à révéler la nature profonde des clivages politiques. Que l'on souhaite connaître les grands enjeux et leur présentation dans les média ; que l'on s'intéresse au centre ou à la périphérie ou encore à la sélection et à la sociologie des députés, ce livre apporte des éléments de réponse. Temps...

From Election to Coup The 2006 Campaign and its Aftermath

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921313363 Year: Pages: 483 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459242 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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In May 2006 Fiji held its tenth general election since independence in 1970. In a country with an unenviable history of electoral trauma, the mood was apprehensive if not tense – not least because of controversial public statements against the incumbent Qarase government being made by the commander of Fiji’s military forces. Despite a record number of parties and candidates, the winners were the two big parties – the heavily church-backed SDL, the party of choice of the majority of indigenous Fijians; and the Fiji Labour Party, the party preferred by most Indo-Fijians.&#xD;&#xD;Although the result was ethnically polarised, for the first time in Fijian history the successful candidates came together to share power in a constitutionally ordained multiparty cabinet, with Laisenia Qarase retaining the prime ministership. But the fragile collaboration was short-lived. On 5 December 2006, Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama ordered a military takeover, declaring himself ‘President’, ousting the elected government and replacing it with an ‘interim’ government of his choice, and once again throwing Fiji into political turmoil.&#xD;&#xD;With contributions from ex-Vice President Ratu Joni Madraiwiwi, ousted Prime Minister Laesenia Qarase, leader of the Fiji Labour Party and now interim Minister for Finance Mahendra Chaudhry, and an impressive array of leading commentators on Fijian affairs, this book provides a comprehensive and penetrating analysis of the lead-up to, the outcome and the aftermath of Fiji’s historic 2006 election. Shedding light on the complex weave of traditional chiefly systems, race relations, economics, constitutionality, the military ethos and religion, From Election to Coup in Fiji is essential reading for anyone with an interest in Fiji, the South Pacific and the politics of divided societies.

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