Search results: Found 17

Listing 1 - 10 of 17 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Collider Physics within the Standard Model: A Primer

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Physics ISSN: 0075-8450 ISBN: 9783319519197 9783319519203 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51920-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:06:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

With this graduate-level primer, the principles of the standard model of particle physics receive a particular skillful, personal and enduring exposition by one of the great contributors to the field.In 2013 the late Prof. Altarelli wrote: The discovery of the Higgs boson and the non-observation of new particles or exotic phenomena have made a big step towards completing the experimental confirmation of the standard model of fundamental particle interactions. It is thus a good moment for me to collect, update and improve my graduate lecture notes on quantum chromodynamics and the theory of electroweak interactions, with main focus on collider physics. I hope that these lectures can provide an introduction to the subject for the interested reader, assumed to be already familiar with quantum field theory and some basic facts in elementary particle physics as taught in undergraduate courses.

Principles of Mechanics

Author:
Book Series: Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation ISBN: 9783030151959 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-15195-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access textbook takes the reader step-by-step through the concepts of mechanics in a clear and detailed manner. Mechanics is considered to be the core of physics, where a deep understanding of the concepts is essential in understanding all branches of physics. Many proofs and examples are included to help the reader grasp the fundamentals fully, paving the way to deal with more advanced topics. After solving all of the examples, the reader will have gained a solid foundation in mechanics and the skills to apply the concepts in a variety of situations. The book is useful for undergraduate students majoring in physics and other science and engineering disciplines. It can also be used as a reference for more advanced levels.

Elementar – Männer in der pädagogischen Arbeit mit Kindern

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783847409359 Year: Pages: 471 DOI: 10.3224/86649488 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-18 23:45:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The demand for more men as pre-school teachers in day-care centres is becoming clearer and clearer For this reason, the Austrian research project "Elementar" has comprehensively investigated the situation of male pre-school teachers and carers in the elementary field in a unique study. The diverse results emphasise the opportunities associated with the participation of men, but also call for a critical and differentiated examination of gender issues in the elementary field. Pupils, trainees and teachers working in practice were interviewed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Male trainees and skilled workers were surveyed in a full survey. The results were evaluated using statistical methods and qualitative content analyses. For the first time, biographical backgrounds and identities of male pre-school teachers were also examined psychoanalytically. On the basis of their results, the authors formulate concrete calls for action for research, practice and politics.

Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule in den Bundesländern Deutschlands

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783631744024 9783631748459 9783631748466 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b13457 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103689
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die Studie zum Fremdsprachenunterricht in deutschen Grundschulen bietet einen Überblick über Bundesländergrenzen hinweg in eine heterogene Bildungslandschaft, die von erheblichen curricularen Unterschieden und Widersprüchen geprägt ist. Neben dieser Bestandsaufnahme zeigen die Autoren auf, welche bildungspolitischen und fachdidaktischen Ausgestaltungen Fachleute aus Hochschulen, Landesinstituten und Schulen als sinnvoll und wünschenswert erachten. Ihr Meinungsbild erlaubt es, bundesländerübergreifende Konzepte für die qualitative Weiterentwicklung des frühen Fremdsprachenunterrichts zu entwickeln, daraus resultierende Implikationen für Lehreraus- und Fortbildung zu beleuchten und so letztlich eine Basis für nationale Mindeststandards für den Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule zu bieten.

Tensor Network Contractions

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Physics ISBN: 9783030344894 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34489-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Tensor network is a fundamental mathematical tool with a huge range of applications in physics, such as condensed matter physics, statistic physics, high energy physics, and quantum information sciences. This open access book aims to explain the tensor network contraction approaches in a systematic way, from the basic definitions to the important applications. This book is also useful to those who apply tensor networks in areas beyond physics, such as machine learning and the big-data analysis. Tensor network originates from the numerical renormalization group approach proposed by K. G. Wilson in 1975. Through a rapid development in the last two decades, tensor network has become a powerful numerical tool that can efficiently simulate a wide range of scientific problems, with particular success in quantum many-body physics. Varieties of tensor network algorithms have been proposed for different problems. However, the connections among different algorithms are not well discussed or reviewed. To fill this gap, this book explains the fundamental concepts and basic ideas that connect and/or unify different strategies of the tensor network contraction algorithms. In addition, some of the recent progresses in dealing with tensor decomposition techniques and quantum simulations are also represented in this book to help the readers to better understand tensor network. This open access book is intended for graduated students, but can also be used as a professional book for researchers in the related fields. To understand most of the contents in the book, only basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and linear algebra is required. In order to fully understand some advanced parts, the reader will need to be familiar with notion of condensed matter physics and quantum information, that however are not necessary to understand the main parts of the book. This book is a good source for non-specialists on quantum physics to understand tensor network algorithms and the related mathematics.

The Essence of Mathematics Through Elementary Problems

Author:
Book Series: OBP Series in Mathematics ISSN: 2397-1126/2397-1134 ISBN: 9781783746996 9781783747016 Year: DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0168 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-25 18:14:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"It is increasingly clear that the shapes of reality – whether of the natural world, or of the built environment – are in some profound sense mathematical. Therefore it would benefit students and educated adults to understand what makes mathematics itself ‘tick’, and to appreciate why its shapes, patterns and formulae provide us with precisely the language we need to make sense of the world around us. The second part of this challenge may require some specialist experience, but the authors of this book concentrate on the first part, and explore the extent to which elementary mathematics allows us all to understand something of the nature of mathematics from the inside.The Essence of Mathematics consists of a sequence of 270 problems – with commentary and full solutions. The reader is assumed to have a reasonable grasp of school mathematics. More importantly, s/he should want to understand something of mathematics beyond the classroom, and be willing to engage with (and to reflect upon) challenging problems that highlight the essence of the discipline.The book consists of six chapters of increasing sophistication (Mental Skills; Arithmetic; Word Problems; Algebra; Geometry; Infinity), with interleaved commentary. The content will appeal to students considering further study of mathematics at university, teachers of mathematics at age 14-18, and anyone who wants to see what this kind of elementary content has to tell us about how mathematics really works."

Vocabulary Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977346 9783038977353 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-735-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Knowledge of word meanings is critical to success in reading. A reader cannot fully understand a text in which the meaning to a significant number of words is unknown. Vocabulary knowledge has long been correlated with proficiency in reading. Yet, national surveys of student vocabulary knowledge have demonstrated that student growth in vocabulary has been stagnant at best. This volume offers new insights into vocabulary knowledge and vocabulary teaching. Articles range from a presentation of theories of vocabulary that guide instruction to innovative methods and approaches for teaching vocabulary. Special emphasis is placed on teaching academic and disciplinary vocabulary that is critical to success in content area learning. Our hope for this volume is that it may spark a renewed interest in research into vocabulary and vocabulary instruction and move toward making vocabulary instruction an even more integral part of all literacy and disciplinary instruction.

Frühe mathematische Bildung – Ziele und Gelingensbedingungen für den Elementar- und Primarbereich

Author:
Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zur Arbeit der Stiftung „Haus der kleinen Forscher“ ISBN: 9783847410683 9783847420514 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3224/84742051 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Within the framework of the publication series "Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zur Arbeit der Stiftung 'Haus der kleinen Forscher'", scientific contributions from renowned experts in the field of early education are regularly published. This series of publications serves a professional dialogue between the Foundation, science and practice, with the aim of providing all day-care centres, after-schools and primary schools in Germany with well-founded support for their early childhood educational mission. This eighth volume of the series, with a foreword by Kristina Reiss, focuses on the goals and conditions for successful mathematical education in elementary and primary schools. Christiane Benz, Meike Grüßing, Jens Holger Lorenz, Christoph Selter and Bernd Wollring specify in their expertise the pedagogical and content-related target dimensions of mathematical education in nursery and primary school age. In addition to a theoretical foundation of various target areas, instruments for their measurement are listed. Furthermore, the authors discuss conditions for effective and effective early mathematical education in practice. They also give recommendations for the further development of the Foundation's services and the scientific support of the Foundation's work in the field of mathematics. The final chapter of the volume describes the implementation of these professional recommendations in the content of the "Haus der kleinen Forscher" foundation.

Particle Physics Reference Library

Author:
ISBN: 9783030382070 Year: Pages: 630 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38207-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:05:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This first open access volume of the handbook series contains articles on the standard model of particle physics, both from the theoretical and experimental perspective. It also covers related topics, such as heavy-ion physics, neutrino physics and searches for new physics beyond the standard model. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access.

A British Childhood? Some Historical Reflections on Continuities and Discontinuities in the Culture of Anglophone Childhood

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219346 9783039219353 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-935-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book considers how adults attempt to socialise young children into the adults it aspires to produce, from a number of diverse perspectives. The evolution of storytelling and its impact upon child development is initially explored, followed by the consideration of how social class, ethnicity, culture, and colonialism impact upon the ways that societies ‘school’ children about what to expect from adulthood. Different perspectives of early years education and growing up within a British/British colonial perspective are discussed and analysed. There is a focus throughout upon the way that children are constructed by the society in question, particularly those who are considered to be of lower status in terms of being poor, orphaned, or from ethnic groups against which the dominant culture discriminates. Topics covered by the chapters include topics covered by this Special Issue: current and historical constructions of childhood; the development of linguistic and ‘storying’ skills in childhood; childhood play and recreation; childhood and ‘folk’ narratives; philosophies of childhood; childhood and industrialisation; childhood and post-industrialisation; childhood education; childhood health; and cultures of childcare.

Listing 1 - 10 of 17 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by