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Investigating Human Nature and Communication through Robots

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450862 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-086-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Computer Science --- General and Civil Engineering --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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The development of information technology enabled us to exchange more items of information among us no matter how far we are apart from each other. It also changed our way of communication. Various types of robots recently promoted to be sold to general public hint that these robots may further influence our daily life as they physically interact with us and handle objects in environment. We may even recognize a feel of presence similar to that of human beings when we talk to a robot or when a robot takes part in our conversation. The impact will be strong enough for us to think about the meaning of communication. This e-book consists of various studies that examine our communication influenced by robots. Topics include our attitudes toward robot behaviors, designing robots for better communicating with people, and how people can be affected by communicating through robots.

The Bodies That Remain

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ISBN: 9781947447677 9781947447684 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0212.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:04
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The Bodies That Remain is a collection of bodies and absences. Through biography, experimental essay, interview, fictional manifestation, and poetic extraction, The Bodies That Remain is a collection of texts and images on the bodies of artists and writers who battled with the frustration of their own physicality and whose work reckoned with these limitations and continued beyond them. The essays in The Bodies That Remain look back at how the identities of these bodies were shaped by the spaces around them, through the retelling of memory, through stories told by others, of how their work, processed by their body, made it possible for others to experience sensations – mourning, desire, or a nostalgia that could not belong to another, to another’s body – and in capturing this ability, their work confirms the body’s urgency. Amongst others, The Bodies That Remain tells the story of Emily Dickinson’s decay, the missing grave of Valeska Gert, the voice and sound of the body of Judee Sill, and the derailed body (and work) of Jane Bowles. It questions the absent body but broken organs of JT Leroy as they find themselves scattered across texts, and also interrogates the loss of distinction of illness for Jules de Goncourt as syphilis riddled his nervous system. It retrieves the illusory body of Kathy Acker through dream and through horror, sees the morphing body of Michael Jackson in becoming all of the bodies he was asked to be, and looks toward Sylvia Plath and the language of her own body. Where ‘body’ as a verb makes material something abstract, The Bodies That Remain, as a collection, became bodily.

Deconstructing Martial Arts

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ISBN: 9781911653035 9781911653004 9781911653011 9781911653028 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.18573/book1 Language: English
Publisher: Cardiff University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Religion --- Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:20
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"What is the essence of martial arts? What is their place in or relationship with culture and society? Deconstructing Martial Arts analyses familiar issues and debates that arise in scholarly, practitioner and popular cultural discussions and treatments of martial arts and argues that martial arts are dynamic and variable constructs whose meanings and values regularly shift, mutate and transform, depending on the context. It argues that deconstructing martial arts is an invaluable approach to both the scholarly study of martial arts in culture and society and also to wider understandings of what and why martial arts are. Placing martial arts in relation to core questions and concerns of media and cultural studies around identity, value, orientalism, and embodiment, Deconstructing Martial Arts introduces and elaborates deconstruction as a rewarding method of cultural studies."

Linking Clauses and Actions in Social Interaction

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Linguistica ISBN: 9789522228581 9789522229007 9789522228994 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.21435/sflin.20 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS||SKS
Subject: Information theory --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:49
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"This volume concerns the ways in which verbal and non-verbal actions are combined and linked in a range of contexts in everyday conversation, in institutional contexts, and in written journalism. The volume includes an introduction which, besides presenting the content of the articles, discusses terminological fundamentals such as the understanding of the terms “clause”, “action” and “linkage” and “combining” in different grammatical traditions and the ways they are conceived of here, as well as open questions collectively formulated by the contributors in planning for the volume concerning the recognition, emergence and distance of linkage, and the ways these questions are addressed in the contributions to the volume. Topics treated in the articles include combining physical actions and verbal announcements in everyday conversation, linking of verbal and nonverbal actions as well as verbal linkages between nonverbal actions by dance teachers building pedagogical activity. Other topics concern the mediation of questions through informal translating in multilingual conversation in order to organize participation, and the ways in which student requests for clarification and confirmation create learning occasions in a foreign language classroom. Still other articles concern the on-line emergence of alternative questions with the Finnish particle vai ’or’, delayed completions of unfinished turns, the transforming of requests and offers into joint ventures, and the ways in which direct quotations are created in written journalism from the original talk in the spoken interview. Most of the papers employ Conversation Analysis and Interactional Linguistics as a theoretical framework. The languages used as data are Finnish, English, Estonian, French, Brazilian Portuguese and Swedish. "

Evolvability, Environments, Embodiment & Emergence in Robotics

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456222 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-622-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Embodied and evolving systems — biological or robotic — are interacting networks of structure, function, information, and behavior. Understanding these complex systems is the goal of the research presented in this book. We address different questions and hypotheses about four essential topics in complex systems: evolvability, environments, embodiment, and emergence. Using a variety of approaches, we provide different perspectives on an overarching, unifying question: How can embodied and evolutionary robotics illuminate (1) principles underlying biological evolving systems and (2) general analytical frameworks for studying embodied evolving systems? The answer — model biological processes to operate, develop, and evolve situated, embodied robots.

Metagestures

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ISBN: 9781950192250 9781950192267 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0253.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-17 11:21:02
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"What kinds of knowledge and understandings of the world can be generated – and shared – when we use para-academic techniques and sensibilities to decode or respond to relatively orthodox intellectual objects? And what worlds might be possible if we practiced scholarly work from a place of collaboration and pleasure, as joyful fellow explorers? In Metagestures, presented in a playful tête-bêche format, historian Carla Nappi and cultural theorist Dominic Pettman explore the use of fiction as a tool to write and think with works of theory. Taking Vilém Flusser’s Gestures as its point of inspiration and departure, Metagestures collects 16 pairs of short stories in which Pettman and Nappi make fictional worlds that animate and enliven each of the major gestures in Flusser’s book. Nappi and Pettman focus on Flusser’s mediations on the gestures of filming, planting, loving, smoking a pipe, turning a mask around, and much more, with their own creative explorations of each theme, in a gathering of short fictions that test, expand, and further the social scientific claims of the original text with new scenarios and occasions. Here, Flusser’s reflections on physical gesture serve as an inspiration for new ways of conceiving and conducting theory, and for thoughtful creative scholarly imagining, with and alongside one another."

A Manga Perfeita

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ISBN: 9781950192595 9781950192601 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0270.1.00 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:21:04
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"In 1994, at the age of twenty five years old, when the terrible “shattering that comes with the sexual assault ”doubled deep into her body and thoughts of suicide were always around, Erin Manning wrote The Perfect Manga on a almost feverish state: nineteen chapters in nineteen days, a kind self-rescue operation where writing has become a way of make (and feel) life in another way. Over these nineteen days, and although not able to fully articulate to herself at the time, Manning was written inside “a composition that asks what otherwise life could be lived. ” And in the rhythms of this composition, which was also a life, Manning was and is able to decline the category and norm and immobility of the “victim” (while still understanding the inheritances violence) in order to follow the more-than-myself as well as the joy of “more than experience” Twenty-five years Manning later allows these earlier writings to find their way around the world, which is a way of giving “voice to these confused survival times ”while also asking us to we share (and help support) such moments as readers, that we consider “other ways of listening to the urgency of living”. Republishing the book now is giving it a place in the world in a way that honor your strength as something that is always beyond the claim of anyone, even from Manning. In this sense, The Perfect Manga invites us, with Manning, to be in excess of ourselves, and also to consider, in Manning's words, “as create conditions for living beyond the fierce belief of humanism that we, the privileged, the neurotypical, the still unscathed, the capable bodies, is that we hold the key to all perspectives in the theater of life ”. Finally, Manning Perfect Manga and Manning's reflections on its composition ask us to consider “living in the fierce celebration of a world invented by these ways of life that tear the white, neurotypical colonial fabric of life as the We know.""

Medieval Disability Sourcebook

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ISBN: 9781950192731 9781950192748 Year: Pages: 501 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0276.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-25 11:21:03
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The field of disability studies significantly contributes to contemporary discussions of the marginalization of and social justice for individuals with disabilities. However, what of disability in the past? The Medieval Disability Sourcebook: Western Europe explores what medieval texts have to say about disability, both in their own time and for the present.This interdisciplinary volume on medieval Europe combines historical records, medical texts, and religious accounts of saints’ lives and miracles, as well as poetry, prose, drama, and manuscript images to demonstrate the varied and complicated attitudes medieval societies had about disability. Far from recording any monolithic understanding of disability in the Middle Ages, these contributions present a striking range of voices—to, from, and about those with disabilities—and such diversity only confirms how disability permeated (and permeates) every aspect of life.The Medieval Disability Sourcebook is designed for use inside the undergraduate or graduate classroom or by scholars interested in learning more about medieval Europe as it intersects with the field of disability studies. Most texts are presented in modern English, though some are preserved in Middle English and many are given in side-by-side translations for greater study. Each entry is prefaced with an academic introduction to disability within the text as well as a bibliography for further study. This sourcebook is the first in a proposed series focusing on disability in a wide range of premodern cultures, histories, and geographies.

Gesichter der Gewalt

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ISBN: 9783770554041 Pages: 396 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472311 Language: German
Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 78
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:07
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The contributions to this volume develop basic patterns for a non-reductive analysis of violence. They focus violence as perspective phenomenon, i.e., as suffered, enacted, or otherwise experienced, and thus undermine essentialist definitions of this very phenomenon. In applying the phenomenological insight into the lived intertwining of embodied meaning and objective orders, this book traces the many faces of violence in both their specific traits as well as their relational constitution.

Neural Mechanisms Underlying Movement-Based Embodied Contemplative Practices

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198948 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-894-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Relative to the extensive neuroscientific work on seated meditation practices, far less studies have investigated the neural mechanisms underlying movement-based contemplative practices such as yoga or tai chi. Movement-based practices have, however, been found to be effective for relieving the symptoms of several clinical conditions, and to elicit measurable changes in physiological, neural, and behavioral parameters in healthy individuals. An important challenge for neuroscience is therefore to advance our understanding of the neurophysiological and neurocognitive mechanisms underlying these observed effects, and this Research Topic aims to make a contribution in this regard. It showcases the current state of the art of investigations on movement-based practices including yoga, tai chi, the Feldenkrais Method, as well as dance. Featured contributions include empirical research, proposals of theoretical frameworks, as well as novel perspectives on a variety of issues relevant to the field. This Research Topic is the first of its kind to specifically attempt a neurophysiological and neurocognitive characterization that spans multiple mindful movement approaches, and we trust it will be of interest to basic scientists, clinical researchers, and contemplative practitioners alike.

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