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Approaches, Advances and Applications in Sustainable Development of Smart Cities

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ISBN: 9783039280124 / 9783039280131 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-013-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

This book aims to contribute to the conceptual and practical knowledge pools in order to improve the research and practice on the sustainable development of smart cities by bringing an informed understanding of the subject to scholars, policymakers, and practitioners. This book seeks articles offering insights into the sustainable development of smart cities by providing in-depth conceptual analyses and detailed case study descriptions and empirical investigations. This way, the book will form a repository of relevant information, material, and knowledge to support research, policymaking, practice, and transferability of experiences to address aforementioned challenges. The scope of the book includes the following broad areas, with a particular focus on the approaches, advances, and applications in the sustainable development of smart cities: • Theoretical underpinnings and analytical and policy frameworks; • Methodological approaches for the evaluation of smart and sustainable cities; • Technological developments in the techno-enviro nexus; • Global best practice smart city case investigations and reports; • Geo-design and applications concerning desired urban outcomes; • Prospects, implications, and impacts concerning the future of smart and sustainable cities.

Keywords

tourist island --- innovation hub --- knowledge-based urban development --- knowledge and innovation economy --- smart city --- urban branding --- urban policy --- economic resilience --- Florianópolis --- Brazil --- city branding --- sustainable urban development --- rentier state --- Qatar --- emirates --- smart cities --- mobility --- visioning --- policy --- energy budget --- land cover ratio --- sensible heat flux --- heat mitigation --- thermal environment improvement --- sustainability --- in-situ validation --- spatial typification by heat flux --- smart cities --- commons --- digital commons --- governance --- e-government --- smart governance --- new public service --- Brazil --- smart cities --- smart display --- smart placemaking --- human–computer interaction --- user characteristics --- media façade --- intuitive interaction --- living-lab --- optimal cities --- energy autonomy --- low-carbon resources --- multi-energy networks --- parametric optimisation --- CO2 networks --- drinking water networks --- reliability --- economic cost --- model predictive control --- linear parameter varying --- smart city --- multi-agent systems --- gamification --- photovoltaics --- renewable energy systems --- spatial databases --- climate change --- climate emergency --- climate crisis --- global warming --- sustainable urban development --- sustainable development goals --- smart cities --- disasters --- urban health --- urban policy --- smart cities --- Shenzhen --- Chinese cities --- latecomer’s advantage --- sustainability --- smart city --- sustainable smart city --- smart infrastructure --- smart urban technology --- smart governance --- sustainable city --- sustainable urban development --- knowledge-based urban development --- climate change --- urban informatics --- urban policy

Breastfeeding: Short and Long-Term Benefits to Baby and Mother

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039289219 / 9783039289226 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-922-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding in early life. It is also one of the most cost-effective childhood survival interventions. Breastfeeding practices are important for preventing child mortality and morbidity, as well as ensuring the optimal growth, health, and development of infants. The public health benefits of breastfeeding have been well documented in the medical literature, and include the following: associations with decreased risk for early-life diseases such as otitis media, respiratory tract infection, diarrhoea, and early childhood obesity (to name but a few). This Special Issue book includes a collection of studies on the use of novel methods to improve breastfeeding rates, and research exploring the short- and long-term benefits of breastfeeding for both the infant and mother, including technology-based approaches.

Keywords

breast milk metabolome --- glycome --- lipidome --- free amino acid --- preterm infant --- growth trajectory --- galactagogues --- low milk supply --- lactation --- breast milk --- breast feeding --- human milk carbohydrates --- lactose --- oligosaccharides --- infant --- body composition --- lactation --- daily intake --- breastfeeding frequency --- milk intake --- breastfeeding --- infections --- birth cohort --- hospitalizations --- antibiotic use --- exclusive breastfeeding --- Australia --- skin-to-skin --- culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) --- breastfeeding --- multiple pregnancy --- neonate --- premature birth --- milk bank --- pregnancy outcomes --- breastfeeding --- lactoferrin --- prolonged lactation --- child nutrition --- cortisol --- cortisone --- growth --- circadian rhythm --- human milk --- fenugreek --- milk flow --- milk composition --- litter size --- maternal protein restriction --- plasma metabolic parameters --- caesarean section --- initiation of breastfeeding --- maternal age --- gestational age --- United Arab Emirates --- breastfeeding --- infants --- ECOWAS --- antenatal care --- pregnancy --- infant mortality --- breastfeeding --- EWAS --- DNA methylation --- twins --- EPIC --- NTR --- ALSPAC --- breastfeeding --- caries --- childhood --- Aboriginal --- breastfeeding --- infant --- parity --- maternal behavior --- educational status --- self-efficacy --- risk factors --- prognosis --- sensitivity and specificity --- practice --- breastfeeding --- breast milk --- temperament --- fatty acids --- LC-PUFA --- omega-3 --- omega-6 --- DHA --- AA --- children --- early life nutrition --- perinatal --- maternal stress --- maternal anxiety --- infant crying --- breastfeeding --- breastfeeding --- Africa --- antenatal care --- infants --- ECOWAS --- mortality --- vitamin A --- retinoic acid --- vitamin A deficiency --- lactating mammary gland --- weaning --- involution

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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eng (2)


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2020 (2)