Search results: Found 24

Listing 1 - 10 of 24 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Émotions et discours

Author:
ISBN: 9782753506367 9782753546752 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:19:00
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Défini dans la Rhétorique et dans la Poétique d’Aristote comme un langage-action, le pathos est l’une des techniques d’argumentation destinée à produire la persuasion, cela en émouvant les récepteurs. Les critiques de cette raison pratique n’ont cessé de dénoncer sa dimension manipulatrice et démagogique, constatant son écart avec le raisonnement formel centré sur la vérité objective. Cependant, l’analyse des émotions dans la langue permet de reconnaître la problématique essentielle de la cul...

Ancient Jewish Prayers and Emotions. Emotions associated with Jewish prayer in and around the Second Temple period

Authors: ---
Book Series: Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Studies ISSN: 1865-1666 ISBN: 9783110369083 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: 417 DOI: 10.1515/9783110369083 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This collection of essaysoffers ananalysis of central texts in Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic relating to emotions within literary prayers. Their discussions touch upon such diverse topics as relations with God, exegesis, education, prophecy, linguistic expression, feminism, happiness, grief, cult, suicide, non-Jews, Hellenism, Qumran and Jerusalem. The articles contribute to a scientific understanding of early Rabbinic and Christian ideas.

Emotions in History – Lost and Found

Author:
ISBN: 9786155053344 9786155225031 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Coming to terms with emotions and how they influence human behaviour, seems to be of the utmost importance to societies that are obsessed with everything “neuro.” On the other hand, emotions have become an object of constant individual and social manipulation since “emotional intelligence” emerged as a buzzword of our times. Reflecting on this burgeoning interest in human emotions makes one think of how this interest developed and what fuelled it. From a historian’s point of view, it can be t...

Why Do We Do What We Do? Motivation in History and the Social Sciences

Author:
ISBN: 9783110417593 9783110427271 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.2478/9783110417593 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 11:08:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Why we do what we do is a matter of great interest to everyone, and everyone seems to have had their say about it – philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, economists, and historians perhaps the most, case by case. Occasionally the specialists have offered their ideas to a general readership, but mostly they prefer to speak to and with their fellows in their particular disciplines. To evaluate and compare their findings in a cross-disciplinary way is now for the first time attempted, by Ramsay MacMullen. Emeritus history professor from Yale University, he is the recipient of various academic awards, including a lifetime Award for Scholarly Distinction from the American Historical Association.

The Well-Being of Children. Philosophical and Social Scientific Approaches

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110450521 9783110450644 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1515/9783110450521 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 16:33:34
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume explores the questions related to the theory, practice, and policy of the well-being and well-becoming of children. It does so in a truly interdisciplinary way with a focus on the social sciences and philosophy, giving therefore justice to the growing insight that studying and promoting the well-being of children has a strong ethical component. It is dependent on the questions of good life, its conditions and cannot be separated from the concept of social justice and moral entitlements of children and their families. In this book, philosophers and social scientists, in close dialogue, shed light on some of the most challenging matters involved.

Language and Cognition

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196272 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-627-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Interaction between language and cognition remains an unsolved scientific problem. What are the differences in neural mechanisms of language and cognition? Why do children acquire language by the age of six, while taking a lifetime to acquire cognition? What is the role of language and cognition in thinking? Is abstract cognition possible without language? Is language just a communication device, or is it fundamental in developing thoughts? Why are there no animals with human thinking but without human language? Combinations even among 100 words and 100 objects (multiple words can represent multiple objects) exceed the number of all the particles in the Universe, and it seems that no amount of experience would suffice to learn these associations. How does human brain overcome this difficulty?

Chapter: '‘Rapt Up with Joy’: Children’s Emotional Responses to Death in Early Modern England' from book: Death, Emotion and Childhood in Premodern Europe (Book chapter)

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571984 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-57199-1_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:19:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Valuable scholarship has been produced on parents’ responses to the deaths of children in early modern England, but the emotional experiences of the young themselves have rarely been explored. This chapter seeks to rectify this deficiency by viewing death through the child’s eyes. Taking advantage of recent insights from the history of emotions, Newton argues that dying children expressed diverse and conflicting passions, from fear to ecstasy. The underlying question is to what extent children’s experiences differed from those of adults. While the range of emotions was similar, the preoccupations of children differed; these included a concern about surviving siblings, and a more vivid imagination of heaven. Through highlighting such distinctions, we come closer to what it was like to be an early modern child.

New Boundaries Between Aging, Cognition, and Emotions

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456659 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-665-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Numerous studies have reported age-related differences for emotional information. For example, when, compared to younger adults, older adults reveal a relative preference in attention and memory for positive over negative information. One explanation places emphasis on an emotion processing preference in older adults that reflects their socioemotional self-relevant goals.Based on evidence from behavioral and neuroscientific research, researchers have realized that it is necessary to propose a new conceptual framework to describe the relationship between cognition and emotion.Given the growing body of research focused on the interaction between emotions and cognition, our purpose is to provide a picture of the state of the art of the interaction between aging, cognition and emotions.

Attention, predictions and expectations and their violation: attentional control in the human brain

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193677 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-367-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In the burdened scenes of everyday life, our brains must select from among many competing inputs for perceptual synthesis - so that only the most relevant receive full attention and irrelevant (distracting) information is suppressed. At the same time, we must remain responsive to salient events outside our current focus of attention - and balancing these two processing modes is a fundamental task our brain constantly needs to solve. Both the physical saliency of a stimulus, as well as top-down predictions about imminent sensations crucially influence attentional selection and consequently the response to unexpected events. Research over recent decades has identified two separate brain networks involved in predictive top-down control and reorientation to unattended events (or oddball stimuli): the dorsal and ventral fronto-parietal attention systems of the human brain. Moreover, specific electrophysiological brain responses are known to characterize attentional orienting as well as the processing of deviant stimuli. However, many key questions are outstanding. What are the exact functional differences between these cortical attention systems? How are they lateralised in the two hemispheres? How do top-down and bottom-up signals interact to enable flexible attentional control? How does structural damage to one system affect the functionality of the other in brain damaged patients? Are there sensory-specific and supra-modal attentional systems in the brain? In addition to these questions, it is now accepted that brain responses are not only affected by the saliency of external stimuli, but also by our expectations about sensory inputs. How these two influences are balanced, and how predictions are formed in cortical networks, or generated on the basis of experience-dependent learning, are intriguing issues. In this Research Topic, we aim to collect innovative contributions that shed further light on the (cortical) mechanisms of attentional control in the human brain. In particular, we would like to encourage submissions that investigate the behavioural correlates, functional anatomy or electrophysiological markers of attentional selection and reorientation. Special emphasis will be given to studies investigating the context-sensitivity of these attentional processes in relation to prior expectations, trial history, contextual cues or physical saliency. We would like to encourage submissions employing different research methods (psychophysical recordings, neuroimaging techniques such as fMRI, MEG, EEG or ECoG, as well as neurostimulation methods such as TMS or tDCS) in healthy volunteers or neurological patients. Computational models and animal studies are also welcome. Finally, we also welcome submission of meta-analyses and reviews articles that provide new insights into, or conclusions about recent work in the field.

Individuality in music performance

Author:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193073 Year: Pages: 171 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-307-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Humans are remarkably adept at identifying individuals on the basis of their facial features, or other traits such as gait or vocal timbre. Besides voice, another auditory medium capable of carrying identity information is music. Indeed, certain famous musicians, such as John Coltrane or Sonny Rollins, need only to play a few notes to be unequivocally recognized. Along with emotion and structural cues, artistic individuality seems to be a key element communicated in music performance. Yet, the means by which individuality is expressed in performance, as well as the cognitive processes employed by listeners to perceive identity cues, remain poorly elucidated. Other pertinent issues, including the connection between a performer’s technical competence and ability to convey a specific musical identity, as well as potential links between individuality and career-defining outcomes such as critical recognition and aesthetic appraisal, warrant further exploration. Quantitative approaches to the study of music performance have benefited greatly from MIDI technology and the application of computational methods, leading to the flourishing of empirical music performance research over the last few decades. More recently, neuroimaging techniques have provided valuable insights into the neural mechanisms involved in the cognitive processes of performing music. Nevertheless, this field continues to benefit greatly from qualitative approaches, given that the communication of affect and identity cues in music performance leads to a rich subjectivity of impressions that must be accounted for in order to lead to a greater understanding of this multifaceted phenomenon. The aim of this Research Topic is to provide a forum for interdisciplinary research broadly related to the expression and perception of individuality in music performance. Research methodology includes behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuroimaging techniques. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches are presented The scope of this Research Topic includes laboratory studies as well as studies in real-life performance settings and longitudinal studies on performers.

Listing 1 - 10 of 24 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by