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Writing, Medium, Machine: Modern Technographies

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Book Series: Technographies ISBN: 9781785420061 9781785420184 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_618513 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-20 11:01:04
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Writing, Medium, Machine: Modern Technographies is a collection of thirteen essays by leading scholars which explores the mutual determination of forms of writing and forms of technology in modern literature. The essays unfold from a variety of historical and theoretical perspectives the proposition that literature is not less but more mechanical than other forms of writing: a transfigurative ideal machine. The collection breaks new ground archaeologically, unearthing representations in literature and film of a whole range of decisive technologies from the stereopticon through census-and slot-machines to the stock ticker, and from the Telex to the manipulation of genetic code and the screens which increasingly mediate our access to the world and to each other. It also contributes significantly to critical and cultural theory by investigating key concepts which articulate the relation between writing and technology: number, measure, encoding, encryption, the archive, the interface. Technography is not just a modern matter, a feature of texts that happen to arise in a world full of machinery and pay attention to that machinery in various ways. But the mediation of other machines has beyond doubt assisted literature to imagine and start to become the ideal machine it is always aspiring to be. Contributors: Ruth Abbott, John Attridge, Kasia Boddy, Mark Byron, Beci Carver, Steven Connor, Esther Leslie, Robbie Moore, Julian Murphet, James Purdon, Sean Pryor, Paul Sheehan, Kristen Treen.

Security in Computer and Information Sciences

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Book Series: Communications in Computer and Information Science ISBN: 9783319951898 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95189-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
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This open access book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the First International ISCIS Security Workshop 2018, Euro-CYBERSEC 2018, held in London, UK, in February 2018. The 12 full papers presented together with an overview paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 31 submissions. Security of distributed interconnected systems, software systems, and the Internet of Things has become a crucial aspect of the performance of computer systems. The papers deal with these issues, with a specific focus on societally critical systems such as health informatics systems, the Internet of Things, energy systems, digital cities, digital economy, mobile networks, and the underlying physical and network infrastructures.

Entropy in Image Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039210923 / 9783039210930 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-093-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Image analysis is a fundamental task for extracting information from images acquired across a range of different devices. Since reliable quantitative results are requested, image analysis requires highly sophisticated numerical and analytical methods—particularly for applications in medicine, security, and remote sensing, where the results of the processing may consist of vitally important data. The contributions to this book provide a good overview of the most important demands and solutions concerning this research area. In particular, the reader will find image analysis applied for feature extraction, encryption and decryption of data, color segmentation, and in the support new technologies. In all the contributions, entropy plays a pivotal role.

Keywords

image retrieval --- multi-feature fusion --- entropy --- relevance feedback --- chaotic system --- image encryption --- permutation-diffusion --- SHA-256 hash value --- dynamic index --- entropy --- keyframes --- Shannon’s entropy --- sign languages --- video summarization --- video skimming --- image encryption --- multiple-image encryption --- two-dimensional chaotic economic map --- security analysis --- image encryption --- chaotic cryptography --- cryptanalysis --- chosen-plaintext attack --- image information entropy --- blind image quality assessment (BIQA) --- information entropy, natural scene statistics (NSS) --- Weibull statistics --- discrete cosine transform (DCT) --- ultrasound --- hepatic steatosis --- Shannon entropy --- fatty liver --- metabolic syndrome --- multi-exposure image fusion --- texture information entropy --- adaptive selection --- patch structure decomposition --- image encryption --- time-delay --- random insertion --- information entropy --- chaotic map --- uncertainty assessment --- deep neural network --- random forest --- Shannon entropy --- positron emission tomography --- reconstruction --- field of experts --- additive manufacturing --- 3D prints --- 3D scanning --- image entropy --- depth maps --- surface quality assessment --- machine vision --- image analysis --- Arimoto entropy --- free-form deformations --- normalized divergence measure --- gradient distributions --- nonextensive entropy --- non-rigid registration --- pavement --- macrotexture --- 3-D digital imaging --- entropy --- decay trend --- discrete entropy --- infrared images --- low contrast --- multiscale top-hat transform --- image encryption --- DNA encoding --- chaotic cryptography --- cryptanalysis --- image privacy --- computer aided diagnostics --- colonoscopy --- Rényi entropies --- structural entropy --- spatial filling factor --- binary image --- Cantor set --- Hénon map --- Minkowski island --- prime-indexed primes --- Ramanujan primes --- Kapur’s entropy --- color image segmentation --- whale optimization algorithm --- differential evolution --- hybrid algorithm --- Otsu method --- image encryption --- dynamic filtering --- DNA computing --- 3D Latin cube --- permutation --- diffusion --- fuzzy entropy --- electromagnetic field optimization --- chaotic strategy --- color image segmentation --- multilevel thresholding --- contrast enhancement --- sigmoid --- Tsallis statistics --- q-exponential --- q-sigmoid --- q-Gaussian --- ultra-sound images --- person re-identification --- image analysis --- hash layer --- quantization loss --- Hamming distance --- cross-entropy loss --- image entropy --- Shannon entropy --- generalized entropies --- image processing --- image segmentation --- medical imaging --- remote sensing --- security

Entropy in Dynamic Systems

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ISBN: 9783039216161 / 9783039216178 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-617-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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In order to measure and quantify the complex behavior of real-world systems, either novel mathematical approaches or modifications of classical ones are required to precisely predict, monitor, and control complicated chaotic and stochastic processes. Though the term of entropy comes from Greek and emphasizes its analogy to energy, today, it has wandered to different branches of pure and applied sciences and is understood in a rather rough way, with emphasis placed on the transition from regular to chaotic states, stochastic and deterministic disorder, and uniform and non-uniform distribution or decay of diversity. This collection of papers addresses the notion of entropy in a very broad sense. The presented manuscripts follow from different branches of mathematical/physical sciences, natural/social sciences, and engineering-oriented sciences with emphasis placed on the complexity of dynamical systems. Topics like timing chaos and spatiotemporal chaos, bifurcation, synchronization and anti-synchronization, stability, lumped mass and continuous mechanical systems modeling, novel nonlinear phenomena, and resonances are discussed.

Nonlinear Dynamics and Entropy of Complex Systems with Hidden and Self-excited Attractors

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038978985 / 9783038978992 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-899-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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In recent years, entropy has been used as a measure of the degree of chaos in dynamical systems. Thus, it is important to study entropy in nonlinear systems. Moreover, there has been increasing interest in the last few years regarding the novel classification of nonlinear dynamical systems including two kinds of attractors: self-excited attractors and hidden attractors. The localization of self-excited attractors by applying a standard computational procedure is straightforward. In systems with hidden attractors, however, a specific computational procedure must be developed, since equilibrium points do not help in the localization of hidden attractors. Some examples of this kind of system are chaotic dynamical systems with no equilibrium points; with only stable equilibria, curves of equilibria, and surfaces of equilibria; and with non-hyperbolic equilibria. There is evidence that hidden attractors play a vital role in various fields ranging from phase-locked loops, oscillators, describing convective fluid motion, drilling systems, information theory, cryptography, and multilevel DC/DC converters. This Special Issue is a collection of the latest scientific trends on the advanced topics of dynamics, entropy, fractional order calculus, and applications in complex systems with self-excited attractors and hidden attractors.

Keywords

new chaotic system --- multiple attractors --- electronic circuit realization --- S-Box algorithm --- chaotic systems --- circuit design --- parameter estimation --- optimization methods --- Gaussian mixture model --- chaotic system --- empirical mode decomposition --- permutation entropy --- image encryption --- hidden attractors --- fixed point --- stability --- nonlinear transport equation --- stochastic (strong) entropy solution --- uniqueness --- existence --- multiscale multivariate entropy --- multistability --- self-reproducing system --- chaos --- hidden attractor --- self-excited attractor --- fractional order --- spectral entropy --- coexistence --- multistability --- chaotic flow --- hidden attractor --- multistable --- entropy --- core entropy --- Thurston’s algorithm --- Hubbard tree --- external rays --- chaos --- Lyapunov exponents --- multiple-valued --- static memory --- strange attractors --- fractional discrete chaos --- entropy --- projective synchronization --- full state hybrid projective synchronization --- generalized synchronization --- inverse full state hybrid projective synchronization --- inverse generalized synchronization --- multichannel supply chain --- service game --- chaos --- entropy --- BOPS --- Hopf bifurcation --- self-excited attractors --- multistability --- sample entropy --- PRNG --- Non-equilibrium four-dimensional chaotic system --- entropy measure --- adaptive approximator-based control --- neural network --- uncertain dynamics --- synchronization --- fractional-order --- complex-variable chaotic system --- unknown complex parameters --- chaotic map --- fixed point --- chaos --- approximate entropy --- implementation --- hidden attractor --- hyperchaotic system --- multistability --- entropy analysis --- hidden attractor --- complex systems --- fractional-order --- entropy --- chaotic maps --- chaos --- spatial dynamics --- Bogdanov Map --- chaos --- laser --- resonator

Molecular Computing and Bioinformatics

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ISBN: 9783039211951 / 9783039211968 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-196-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This text will provide the most recent knowledge and advances in the area of molecular computing and bioinformatics. Molecular computing and bioinformatics have a close relationship, paying attention to the same object but working towards different orientations. The articles will range from topics such as DNA computing and membrane computing to specific biomedical applications, including drug R&D and disease analysis.

Keywords

prostate cancer --- Mycoplasma hominis --- endoplasmic reticulum --- systems biology --- protein targeting --- biomedical text mining --- big data --- Tianhe-2 --- parallel computing --- load balancing --- bacterial computing --- bacteria and plasmid system --- Turing universality --- recursively enumerable function --- miRNA biogenesis --- structural patterns --- DCL1 --- protein–protein interaction (PPI) --- clustering --- protein complex --- penalized matrix decomposition --- avian influenza virus --- interspecies transmission --- amino acid mutation --- machine learning --- Bayesian causal model --- causal direction learning --- K2 --- brain storm optimization --- line graph --- Cartesian product graph --- join graph --- atom-bond connectivity index --- geometric arithmetic index --- P-glycoprotein --- efflux ratio --- in silico --- machine learning --- hierarchical support vector regression --- absorption --- distribution --- metabolism --- excretion --- toxicity --- image encryption --- chaotic map --- DNA coding --- Hamming distance --- Stenotrophomonas maltophilia --- iron acquisition systems --- iron-depleted --- RAST server --- NanoString Technologies --- siderophores --- gene fusion data --- gene susceptibility prioritization --- evaluating driver partner --- gene networks --- drug-target interaction prediction --- machine learning --- drug discovery --- microRNA --- environmental factor --- structure information --- similarity network --- bioinformatics --- identification of Chinese herbal medicines --- biochip technology --- DNA barcoding technology --- DNA strand displacement --- cascade --- 8-bit adder/subtractor --- domain label --- Alzheimer’s disease --- gene coding protein --- sequence information --- support vector machine --- classification --- adverse drug reaction prediction --- heterogeneous information network embedding --- stacking denoising auto-encoder --- meta-path-based proximity --- Panax ginseng --- oligopeptide transporter --- flowering plant --- phylogeny --- transcription factor --- multiple interaction networks --- function prediction --- multinetwork integration --- low-dimensional representation --- dihydrouridine --- nucleotide physicochemical property --- pseudo dinucleotide composition --- RNA secondary structure --- ensemble classifier --- diabetes mellitus --- hypoxia-inducible factor-1? --- angiogenesis --- bone formation --- osteogenesis --- protein transduction domain --- membrane computing --- edge detection --- enzymatic numerical P system --- resolution free --- molecular computing --- molecular learning --- DNA computing --- self-organizing systems --- pattern classification --- machine learning --- laccase --- Brassica napus --- lignification --- stress --- molecular computing --- bioinformatics --- machine learning --- protein --- DNA --- RNA --- drug --- bio-inspired

Integral Transforms and Operational Calculus

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ISBN: 9783039216185 / 9783039216192 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-619-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Researches and investigations involving the theory and applications of integral transforms and operational calculus are remarkably wide-spread in many diverse areas of the mathematical, physical, chemical, engineering and statistical sciences.

Keywords

highly oscillatory --- convolution quadrature rule --- volterra integral equation --- Bessel kernel --- convergence --- higher order Schwarzian derivatives --- Janowski star-like function --- Janowski convex function --- bound on derivatives --- tangent numbers --- tangent polynomials --- Carlitz-type q-tangent numbers --- Carlitz-type q-tangent polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent numbers and polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent zeta function --- symmetric identities --- zeros --- Lommel functions --- univalent functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- inclusion relationships --- analytic function --- Hankel determinant --- exponential function --- upper bound --- nonlinear boundary value problems --- fractional-order differential equations --- Riemann-Stieltjes functional integral --- Liouville-Caputo fractional derivative --- infinite-point boundary conditions --- advanced and deviated arguments --- existence of at least one solution --- Fredholm integral equation --- Schauder fixed point theorem --- Hölder condition --- generalized Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation --- modified Kudryashov method --- exact solutions --- Maple graphs --- analytic function --- Hadamard product (convolution) --- partial sum --- Srivastava–Tomovski generalization of Mittag–Leffler function --- subordination --- differential equation --- differential inclusion --- Liouville–Caputo-type fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- existence --- fixed point --- Bernoulli spiral --- Grandi curves --- Chebyshev polynomials --- pseudo-Chebyshev polynomials --- orthogonality property --- symmetric --- encryption --- password --- hash --- cryptography --- PBKDF --- q–Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- (p,q)-integers --- (p,q)-Bernstein operators --- (p,q)-Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- modulus of continuity --- rate of approximation --- K-functional --- Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function --- generalized functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz-Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- series representation --- basic hypergeometric functions --- generating functions --- q-polynomials --- analytic functions --- Mittag–Leffler functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- Hardy space --- vibrating string equation --- initial conditions --- spectral decomposition --- regular solution --- the uniqueness of the solution --- the existence of a solution --- analytic --- ?-convex function --- starlike function --- strongly-starlike function --- subordination --- q -Sheffer–Appell polynomials --- generating relations --- determinant definition --- recurrence relation --- q -Hermite–Bernoulli polynomials --- q -Hermite–Euler polynomials --- q -Hermite–Genocchi polynomials --- Volterra integral equations --- highly oscillatory Bessel kernel --- Hermite interpolation --- direct Hermite collocation method --- piecewise Hermite collocation method --- differential operator --- q-hypergeometric functions --- meromorphic function --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Hadamard product --- differential subordination --- starlike functions --- Bell numbers --- radius estimate --- (p, q)-integers --- Dunkl analogue --- generating functions --- generalization of exponential function --- Szász operator --- modulus of continuity --- function spaces and their duals --- distributions --- tempered distributions --- Schwartz testing function space --- generalized functions --- distribution space --- wavelet transform of generalized functions --- Fourier transform --- analytic function --- subordination --- Dziok–Srivastava operator --- nonlinear boundary value problem --- nonlocal --- multi-point --- multi-strip --- existence --- Ulam stability --- functions of bounded boundary and bounded radius rotations --- subordination --- functions with positive real part --- uniformly starlike and convex functions --- analytic functions --- univalent functions --- starlike and q-starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- sufficient conditions --- distortion theorems --- Janowski functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz–Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- recurrence relations --- integral representations --- Mellin transform --- natural transform --- Adomian decomposition method --- Caputo fractional derivative --- generalized mittag-leffler function --- analytic functions --- Hadamard product --- starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- Hankel determinant --- q-starlike functions --- fuzzy volterra integro-differential equations --- fuzzy general linear method --- fuzzy differential equations --- generalized Hukuhara differentiability --- spectrum symmetry --- DCT --- MFCC --- audio features --- anuran calls --- analytic functions --- convex functions --- starlike functions --- strongly convex functions --- strongly starlike functions --- uniformly convex functions --- Struve functions --- truncated-exponential polynomials --- monomiality principle --- generating functions --- Apostol-type polynomials and Apostol-type numbers --- Bernoulli, Euler and Genocchi polynomials --- Bernoulli, Euler, and Genocchi numbers --- operational methods --- summation formulas --- symmetric identities --- Euler numbers and polynomials --- q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- multiple Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- higher order q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- (p, q)-Euler numbers and polynomials of higher order --- symmetric identities --- symmetry of the zero

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