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The future role of renewable energy sources in European electricity supply : A model-based analysis for the EU-15

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ISBN: 9783866442153 Year: Pages: XVI, 249 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007531 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Ambitious targets for the use of renewable electricity (RES-E) have been formulated by the EU Commission and the EU Member States. Taking into account technical, economic, and ecological framework conditions of the electricity market in a model-based approach, this book provides a comprehensive, quantitative assessment of the future penetration of renewable electricity in the European electricity market.

Analyse und Bewertung des Elektrizitätssystems und des Wärmesystems der Wohngebäude in Deutschland

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731506362 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: XLIII, 373 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000066148 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The present work investigates the evolution of the electricity system and the heat system of the residential buildings in Germany until 2050. The aim of the research work relates to the analysis of the temporal evolution of the investigated energy systems as well as of the potential of innovative technologies at the interface of electricity and heat along with the assessment of the goals of climate and energy policy in the heat system of the residential sector.

100% Renewable Energy Transition: Pathways and Implementation

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280346 / 9783039280353 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-035-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Energy markets are already undergoing considerable transitions to accommodate new (renewable) energy forms, new (decentral) energy players, and new system requirements, e.g. flexibility and resilience. Traditional energy markets for fossil fuels are therefore under pressure, while not-yet-mature (renewable) energy markets are emerging. As a consequence, investments in large-scale and capital intensive (traditional) energy production projects are surrounded by high uncertainty, and are difficult to hedge by private entities. Traditional energy production companies are transforming into energy service suppliers and companies aggregating numerous potential market players are emerging, while regulation and system management are playing an increasing role. To address these increasing uncertainties and complexities, economic analysis, forecasting, modeling and investment assessment require fresh approaches and views. Novel research is thus required to simulate multiple actor interplays and idiosyncratic behavior. The required approaches cannot deal only with energy supply, but need to include active demand and cover systemic aspects. Energy market transitions challenge policy-making. Market coordination failure, the removal of barriers hindering restructuring and the combination of market signals with command-and-control policy measures are some of the new aims of policies.The aim of this Special Issue is to collect research papers that address the above issues using novel methods from any adequate perspective, including economic analysis, modeling of systems, behavioral forecasting, and policy assessment.The issue will include, but is not be limited to: Local control schemes and algorithms for distributed generation systems; Centralized and decentralized sustainable energy management strategies; Communication architectures, protocols and properties of practical applications; Topologies of distributed generation systems improving flexibility, efficiency and power quality; Practical issues in the control design and implementation of distributed generation systems; Energy transition studies for optimized pathway options aiming for high levels of sustainability

Keywords

energy system modelling --- storage solutions --- 100% renewable energy --- Åland --- vehicle-to-grid --- power-to-gas --- blockchain --- community --- energy market --- electric vehicle --- Demand Response --- gamification --- microgeneration --- renewable energy --- energy system modeling --- decarbonization --- global energy system model (GENeSYS-MOD) --- renewables --- India --- energy transformation --- energy transition --- sector coupling --- microgrid --- microgrid by design --- energy community --- net metering --- prosumer --- regulation --- resilience --- immunity --- Solid State Transformer --- electrostatic-driven inertia --- variable renewable energy sources --- wind power --- solar energy --- Germany --- pumped hydro storage --- system-friendly renewables --- energy storage --- ship’s electrical power system --- dynamic positioning --- blackout prevention --- maritime transportation --- energy system optimisation --- carbon dioxide reduction --- renewable energy --- sector-coupling --- open energy modelling --- market value --- decarbonization --- energy system modeling --- GENeSYS-MOD --- renewables --- energy policy --- energy transformation --- Energiewende --- European electricity system --- interconnector capacities --- delayed grid expansion --- electricity market modeling --- decarbonization --- renewable integration --- renewable transition --- numeric modelling --- Mexico --- climate policies --- energy transition --- energy policy --- GENeSYS-MOD --- island energy system transition --- 100% RE pathways --- RE integration --- smart grid technologies --- energy sector integration --- smart energy system --- Samsø --- Orkney --- Madeira --- transport sector --- transportation demand --- final energy demand --- road --- rail --- marine --- aviation --- levelized cost of mobility --- greenhouse gas emissions --- electrification --- agent-based modelling --- flexibility --- renewable energy --- electricity markets

Optimisation Models and Methods in Energy Systems

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ISBN: 9783039211180 / 9783039211197 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-119-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Challenging problems arise in all segments of energy industries—generation, transmission, distribution and consumption. Optimization models and methods play a key role in offering decision/policy makers better information to assist them in making sounder decisions at different levels, ranging from operational to strategic planning.

Advanced Applications for Smart Energy Systems Considering Grid-Interactive Demand Response

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ISBN: 9783039219988 / 9783039219995 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-999-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This book covers applied research on smart energy systems, smart grids, smart energy homes, smart energy products and services, and the advanced applications thereof, in the context of demand response and grid interactions. In particular, this book is focused on interdisciplinary research results that combine technical, social, environmental, and economic aspects of smart energy systems and smart energy products. Moreover, several chapters are based on the evaluation of real life cases, energy pilots, prototypes of smart energy products, and end user surveys and interviews.

Scenarios and Indicators for Sustainable Development–Towards A Critical Assessment of Achievements and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783038976721 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-673-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Globalization and telecoupling are enhancing the complexity of the coupled socio-ecological system constituted by the interaction between the global ecosphere and the anthroposphere. As a result, the demand for tools to identify transformative innovations, assess future risks, and support precautionary decisions for sustainability is growing by the day in business and politics. Scenarios are a means of simplification, reducing the real-world complexity to a limited number of essential factors to analyze their interactions and support policy formulation, with indicators as communication and monitoring tools. In particular, in a time of fake news and alternative truths a critical reflection amongst producers and users of scenarios and indicators is overdue; the capability for critical self-reflection is what distinguishes science from pseudo-science, and is a condition of trust. The authors of this book test established measurement and modeling approaches against new challenges, assess the weaknesses of prevailing innovation theories and the political-ideological embedment of archetypical scenarios, highlight deficits in taking the physical basics into account, and the need to understand global interaction and the stepwise process of energy transitions, point out technical as well as conceptual weaknesses in data collection, harmonization and indicator generation, always with a view to solving problems.

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210442 / 9783039210459 Year: Pages: 604 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-045-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book offers a collection of 30 scientific papers which address the problems associated with the use of power electronic converters in renewable energy source-based systems. Relevant problems associated with the use of power electronic converters to integrate renewable energy systems to the power grid are presented. Some of the covered topics relate to the integration of photovoltaic and wind energy generators into the rest of the system, and to the use of energy storage to mitigate power fluctuations, which are a characteristic of renewable energy systems. The book provides a good overview of the abovementioned topics.

Keywords

modular multilevel converter --- battery energy storage system --- state-of-charge balancing --- second-life battery --- multi-energy complementary --- microgrid --- demand response --- operation optimization --- electricity price --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- duty-ratio constraints --- discontinuous conduction mode --- FACTS devices --- active power filter --- static compensator --- control strategies --- grid-connected converter --- SPWM --- SVM --- maximum power point tracking --- open circuit voltage --- perturb and observe --- thermoelectric generator --- two-stage photovoltaic power --- virtual synchronous generator --- adaptive-MPPT (maximum power point tracking) --- improved-VSG (virtual synchronous generator) --- power matching --- failure zone --- governor --- frequency regulation --- inverter --- voltage-type control --- static frequency characteristics --- grid-connected converter --- adaptive resonant controller --- PLL --- impedance analysis --- distorted grid --- digital signal processor (DSP) TMS320F28335 --- grid-connected inverter --- internal model --- linear quadratic regulator --- LCL filter --- photovoltaic systems --- multilevel power converter --- soft switching --- selective harmonic mitigation --- phase shifted --- voltage cancellation --- adaptive control --- sliding mode control --- speed control --- wind energy system --- microgrid (MG) --- droop control --- washout filter --- hardware in the loop (HIL) --- active front-end converter --- back-to-back converter --- permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) --- THD --- type-4 wind turbine --- wind energy system --- Opal-RT Technologies® --- synchronization --- adaptive notch filter (ANF) --- phase-locked loop (PLL) --- wind power prediction --- phase space reconstruction --- multivariate linear regression --- cloud computing --- time series --- multiple VSGs --- oscillation mitigation --- coordinated control --- small-signal and transient stability --- coordination control --- energy storage --- grid support function --- inertia --- photovoltaic --- virtual synchronous generator --- weak grid --- parallel inverters --- oscillation suppression --- notch filter --- impedance reshaping --- boost converter --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- discontinuous operation mode --- doubly-fed induction generator --- short-circuit fault --- frequency regulation --- variable power tracking control --- improved additional frequency control --- variable coefficient regulation --- inertia and damping characteristics --- generator speed control --- electrical power generation --- turbine and generator --- grid-connected converter --- organic Rankine cycle --- renewable energy --- multiport converter (MPC) --- single ended primary inductor converter (SEPIC) --- multi-input single output (MISO) --- renewable power system --- coupled oscillators --- virtual impedance --- synchronization --- power converters --- droop control --- virtual admittance --- distributed generation --- energy --- renewable energy --- microgrids --- Energy Internet --- energy router --- microgrid --- electric vehicle --- PV --- battery-energy storage --- DC-AC power converters --- impedance emulation --- stability analysis --- power-hardware-in- the-loop --- photovoltaic generators --- maximum power point tracking --- step size --- perturbation frequency --- source and load impedance --- transient dynamics --- stability --- grid synchronization --- power electronics --- power grid --- inverter --- grid-connected --- microgrid --- experiment --- modules --- synchronverter --- power ripple elimination --- resonant controller --- unbalanced power grid --- ROCOF --- PLL --- error --- low inertia --- VSC --- n/a

Methods and Concepts for Designing and Validating Smart Grid Systems

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039216482 / 9783039216499 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-649-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Energy efficiency and low-carbon technologies are key contributors to curtailing the emission of greenhouse gases that continue to cause global warming. The efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions also strongly affect electrical power systems. Renewable sources, storage systems, and flexible loads provide new system controls, but power system operators and utilities have to deal with their fluctuating nature, limited storage capabilities, and typically higher infrastructure complexity with a growing number of heterogeneous components. In addition to the technological change of new components, the liberalization of energy markets and new regulatory rules bring contextual change that necessitates the restructuring of the design and operation of future energy systems. Sophisticated component design methods, intelligent information and communication architectures, automation and control concepts, new and advanced markets, as well as proper standards are necessary in order to manage the higher complexity of such intelligent power systems that form smart grids. Due to the considerably higher complexity of such cyber-physical energy systems, constituting the power system, automation, protection, information and communication technology (ICT), and system services, it is expected that the design and validation of smart-grid configurations will play a major role in future technology and system developments. However, an integrated approach for the design and evaluation of smart-grid configurations incorporating these diverse constituent parts remains evasive. The currently available validation approaches focus mainly on component-oriented methods. In order to guarantee a sustainable, affordable, and secure supply of electricity through the transition to a future smart grid with considerably higher complexity and innovation, new design, validation, and testing methods appropriate for cyber-physical systems are required. Therefore, this book summarizes recent research results and developments related to the design and validation of smart grid systems.

Keywords

adaptive control --- fuzzy logic --- cell --- frequency containment control (FCC) --- power frequency characteristic --- droop control --- smart grids --- substation automation system (SAS) --- high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR) --- seamless communications --- traffic reduction technique --- Power Hardware-in-the-Loop (PHIL) --- interface algorithm (IA) --- operational range of PHIL --- linear/switching amplifier --- cyber-physical energy system --- co-simulation --- conceptual structuration --- coupling method --- linear decision rules --- optimal reserve allocation --- robust optimization --- web of cells --- demand response --- real-time balancing market --- elastic demand bids --- shiftable loads --- market design --- market design elements --- Web-of-Cells --- procurement scheme --- remuneration scheme --- pricing scheme --- cascading procurement --- real-time simulation --- hardware-in-the-Loop --- synchrophasors --- micro-synchrophasors --- distribution phasor measurement units --- distribution grid --- time synchronization --- PHIL (power hardware in the loop) --- simulation initialization --- synchronization --- time delay --- synchronous power system --- stability --- accuracy --- peer-to-peer --- distributed control --- device-to-device communication --- voltage control --- experimentation --- smart grid --- cyber physical co-simulation --- information and communication technology --- 4G Long Term Evolution—LTE --- network reconfiguration --- fault management --- power loss allocation --- plug-in electric vehicle --- smart grid --- locational marginal prices --- microgrid --- resilience --- investment --- underground cabling --- network outage --- battery energy storage system (BESS) --- micro combined heat and power (micro-CHP) --- electricity distribution --- solar photovoltaics (PV) --- islanded operation --- distributed control --- microgrid --- hardware-in-the-loop --- average consensus --- multi-agent system --- active distribution network --- laboratory testbed --- renewable energy sources --- DC link --- centralised control --- interoperability --- smart energy systems --- use cases --- IEC 62559 --- SGAM --- TOGAF --- integration profiles --- IHE --- testing --- gazelle --- connectathon --- Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Software-in-the-Loop --- Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Quasi-Dynamic Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- smart grids --- real-time simulation --- validation and testing --- decentralised energy system --- smart grids control strategies --- smart grid --- wind power --- synchronized measurements --- PMU --- data mining --- Architecture --- Development --- Enterprise Architecture Management --- Model-Based Software Engineering --- Smart Grid --- Smart Grid Architecture Model --- System-of-Systems --- Validation --- design, development and implementation methods for smart grid technologies --- modelling and simulation of smart grid systems --- co-simulation-based assessment methods --- validation techniques for innovative smart grid solutions --- real-time simulation and hardware-in-the-loop experiments

Solar Radiation, Modelling and Remote Sensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210046 / 9783039210053 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-005-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Accurate solar radiation knowledge and its characterization on the Earth’s surface are of high interest in many aspects of environmental and engineering sciences. Modeling of solar irradiance from satellite imagery has become the most widely used method for retrieving solar irradiance information under total sky conditions, particularly in the solar energy community. Solar radiation modeling, forecasting, and characterization continue to be broad areas of study, research, and development in the scientific community. This Special Issue contains a small sample of the current activities in this field. Both the environmental and climatology community, as the solar energy world, share a great interest in improving modeling tools and capabilities for obtaining more reliable and accurate knowledge of solar irradiance components worldwide. The work presented in this Special Issue also remarks on the significant role that remote sensing technologies play in retrieving and forecasting solar radiation information.

Keywords

Himawari-8/Advanced Meteorological Imager (Himawari-8/AHI) --- Geostationary Korea Multi-Purse Satellite/Advanced Meteorological Imager (GK-2A/AMI) --- broadband albedo at the top of the atmosphere (TOA albedo) --- reflected shortwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere (RSR) --- Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) --- surface solar radiation --- remote sensing --- validation --- India --- solar radiation trends --- Solis scheme --- clear sky --- radiation model --- radiative transfer --- high turbidity --- water vapor --- solar radiation --- understory light condition --- forest canopy --- subcanopy light regime --- PAR --- shortwave radiation --- light attenuation --- remote sensing --- solar irradiance --- nowcasting --- AMESIS --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- radiance --- brightness temperature --- motion vector field --- photosynthetically active radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- clustering analysis --- Kato bands --- solar irradiance --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- HRV --- AMESIS --- solar radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- satellite-derived dataset --- validation --- solar energy --- aerosol impact --- earth observation --- clear sky index --- solar irradiance --- downward shortwave radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- solar variability --- cloud categories --- GOES satellites --- evapotranspiration --- insolation --- surface energy balance --- data fusion --- water resource management --- California Delta --- solar radiation --- radiative transfer --- solar energy systems --- solar radiation forecasting

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

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ISBN: 9783039214532 / 9783039214549 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-454-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change, urban air quality, and dependency on crude oil are important societal challenges. In the transportation sector especially, clean and energy efficient technologies must be developed. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained a growing interest in the vehicle industry. Nowadays, the commercialization of EVs and PHEVs has been possible in different applications (i.e., light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty vehicles) thanks to the advances in energy storage systems, power electronics converters (including DC/DC converters, DC/AC inverters, and battery charging systems), electric machines, and energy efficient power flow control strategies. This book is based on the Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)”. This collection of research articles includes topics such as novel propulsion systems, emerging power electronics and their control algorithms, emerging electric machines and control techniques, energy storage systems, including BMS, and efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion, vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-home (V2H), grid-to-vehicle (G2V) technologies, and wireless power transfer (WPT) systems.

Keywords

battery power --- convex optimization --- dynamic programming --- engine-on power --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicle --- simulated annealing --- electric vehicle --- open-end winding --- dual inverter --- voltage vector distribution --- power sharing --- energy management --- range-extender --- CO2 --- air quality --- mobility needs --- LCA --- Paris Agreement --- hybrid energy storage system --- lithium-ion battery --- lithium-ion capacitor --- lifetime model --- power distribution --- state of health estimation --- adaptive neuron-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- group method of data handling (GMDH) --- artificial neural network (ANN) --- electric vehicles (EVs) --- capacity degradation --- lithium-ion battery --- time-delay input --- interleaved multiport converte --- multi-objective genetic algorithm --- hybrid electric vehicles --- losses model --- wide bandgap (WBG) technologies --- Energy Storage systems --- LCA --- Well-to-Wheel --- electric vehicle --- plug-in hybrid --- electricity mix --- consequential --- attributional --- marginal --- system modelling --- energy system --- meta-analysis --- parallel hybrid electric vehicle --- regenerative braking --- fuel consumption characteristics --- energy efficiency --- state of charge --- lithium polymer battery --- electric vehicle --- Plugin Hybrid electric vehicle --- Li-ion battery --- modelling --- measurements --- state of charge --- strong track filter --- modified one-state hysteresis model --- Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 battery --- energy management strategy --- Markov decision process (MDP) --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) --- Q-learning (QL) --- reinforcement learning (RL) --- novel propulsion systems --- emerging power electronics --- including wide bandgap (WBG) technology --- emerging electric machines --- efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion systems --- energy storage systems --- life-cycle assessment (LCA)

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