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The poor in England 1700-1850: An economy of makeshifts

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ISBN: 9781526137869 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This fascinating study investigates the experience of English poverty between 1700 and 1900 and in the ways in which the poor made ends meet. The phrase 'economy of makeshifts' has often been used to summarise the patchy, desperate and sometimes failing strategies of the poor for material survival. Incomes or benefits derived from such strategies allegedly ranged from wages supported by under-employment via petty crime through to charity, but allusions to this array of makeshifts usually fall short of answering vital questions about how and when the poor secured access to them. This book represents the single most significant attempt in print to supply the English 'economy of makeshifts' with a solid, empirical basis and to advance the concept of makeshifts from a vague but convenient label to a more precise yet inclusive definition. Individual chapters written by some of the leading, young historians of welfare examine how advantages gained from access to common land, mobilisation of kinship support, resorting to crime, and other marginal resources could prop up struggling households. They suggest how the balance of these strategies might change over time or be modified by gender, life-cycle and geography. A comprehensive introduction summarises the state of research on English poverty, and a thought-provoking conclusion makes valuable suggestions for the direction of future research. This book will be crucial for historians of social life and welfare, of interest to researchers working on eighteenth- /nineteenth- century England and will be useful to undergraduates seeking guidance on the historiography of poverty.

Keywords

history --- poor --- poverty --- england

Reading Becomes a Necessity of Life: Material and Cultural Life in Rural New England, 1780-1835

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ISBN: 0870495860 0870497685 Year: Pages: xxvii, 538 Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-12 16:17:34
License: Newfound Press

The Angelical Conjunction: The Preacher-Physicians of Colonial New England

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ISBN: 0870496964 Year: Pages: x, 187 Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-12 20:00:42
License: Newfound Press

The Old English Translation of Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum in its Historical and Cultural Context

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ISBN: 9783863951894 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:40
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Did King Alfred the Great commission the Old English translation of Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, probably the masterpiece of medieval Anglo-Latin Literature, as part of his famous program of translation to educate the Anglo-Saxons? Was the Old English Historia, by any chance, a political and religious manifesto for the emerging ‘Kingdom of the Anglo-Saxons’? Do we deal with the literary cornerstone of a nascent English identity at a time when the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were threatened by a common enemy: the Vikings? Andreas Lemke seeks to answer these questions – among others – in his recent publication. He presents us with a unique compendium of interdisciplinary approaches to the subject and sheds new light on the Old English translation of the Historia in a way that will fascinate scholars of Literature, Language, Philology and History.

Visualising Facebook

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781911307402 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307402 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 11:01:22
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Since the growth of social media, human communication has become much more visual. This book presents a scholarly analysis of the images people post on a regular basis to Facebook. By including hundreds of examples, readers can see for themselves the differences between postings from a village north of London, and those from a small town in Trinidad. Why do women respond so differently to becoming a mother in England from the way they do in Trinidad? How are values such as carnival and suburbia expressed visually? Based on an examination of over 20,000 images, the authors argue that phenomena such as selfies and memes must be analysed in their local context. The book aims to highlight the importance of visual images today in patrolling and controlling the moral values of populations, and explores the changing role of photography from that of recording and representation, to that of communication, where an image not only documents an experience but also enhances it, making the moment itself more exciting.

CHAPTER 5 ‘Rapt Up with Joy’: (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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This chapter takes advantage of recent insights from the history of&#xD;emotions to offer a fresh perspective on children’s emotional responses to&#xD;death. Drawing on a range of printed and archival sources, it argues that&#xD;children expressed diverse and conflicting emotions, from fear and anxiety,&#xD;to excitement and ecstasy. In contrast to Houlbrooke and Stannard, I&#xD;have found that children’s responses seem to have changed little over the&#xD;early modern period. This continuity is largely due to the endurance of&#xD;the Christian doctrine of salvation, with its hauntingly divergent fates of&#xD;heaven and hell.

Ballads

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ISBN: 9780615983936 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0105.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:38
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Originally published by eth co-director David Hadbawnik’s habenicht press in 2012, Ballads uses the lyric form to explore the effects of global Capitalism from a sharp Marxist perspective. Recognizing the congruence between folk song circulation and the circulation of money, the “currency” of the ballad alongside supply-side economics, Owens hails Wordworth’s Lyric Ballads experiment (undertaken at the dawn of England’s Industrial Age) as one touchstone. But he also understands the built-in obsolescence of the form, its tendency to hearken back to imaginary origins. “[E]veryone has an idea they know what a ballad is,” Owens writes in his “Working Notes.” “It’s this degraded thing shot through with a sense of pastness, cultural infancy and a charming but sometimes dangerous rusticity that needs to be carefully framed and reined.” Thus Owens’ Ballads playfully engages with language, figures, and forms from medieval and early modern England, with nods to the caesura-based, alliterative line, and Barbara Allan, Thomas the Rhymer, and Piers Plowman making appearances in the book’s brief lyrics.

Dissecting the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137582492 9781137582485 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-28 11:01:22
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Those convicted of homicide were hanged on the public gallows before being dissected under the Murder Act in Georgian England. Yet, from 1752, whether criminals actually died on the hanging tree or in the dissection room remained a medical mystery in early modern society. Dissecting the Criminal Corpse takes issue with the historical cliché of corpses dangling from the hangman’s rope in crime studies. Some convicted murderers did survive execution in early modern England. Establishing medical death in the heart-lungs-brain was a physical enigma. Criminals had large bull-necks, strong willpowers, and hearty survival instincts. Extreme hypothermia often disguised coma in a prisoner hanged in the winter cold. The youngest and fittest were capable of reviving on the dissection table. Many died under the lancet. Capital legislation disguised a complex medical choreography that surgeons staged. They broke the Hippocratic Oath by executing the Dangerous Dead across England from 1752 until 1832.

Bibliography (Book chapter)

Book title: Dissecting the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137582485 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02

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Those convicted of homicide were hanged on the public gallows before being dissected under the Murder Act in Georgian England. Yet, from 1752, whether criminals actually died on the hanging tree or in the dissection room remained a medical mystery in early modern society. Dissecting the Criminal Corpse takes issue with the historical cliché of corpses dangling from the hangman’s rope in crime studies. Some convicted murderers did survive execution in early modern England. Establishing medical death in the heart-lungs-brain was a physical enigma. Criminals had large bull-necks, strong willpowers, and hearty survival instincts. Extreme hypothermia often disguised coma in a prisoner hanged in the winter cold. The youngest and fittest were capable of reviving on the dissection table. Many died under the lancet. Capital legislation disguised a complex medical choreography that surgeons staged. They broke the Hippocratic Oath by executing the Dangerous Dead across England from 1752 until 1832.

PART II: PREAMBLE (Book chapter)

Book title: Dissecting the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137582485 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02

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Abstract

Those convicted of homicide were hanged on the public gallows before being dissected under the Murder Act in Georgian England. Yet, from 1752, whether criminals actually died on the hanging tree or in the dissection room remained a medical mystery in early modern society. Dissecting the Criminal Corpse takes issue with the historical cliché of corpses dangling from the hangman’s rope in crime studies. Some convicted murderers did survive execution in early modern England. Establishing medical death in the heart-lungs-brain was a physical enigma. Criminals had large bull-necks, strong willpowers, and hearty survival instincts. Extreme hypothermia often disguised coma in a prisoner hanged in the winter cold. The youngest and fittest were capable of reviving on the dissection table. Many died under the lancet. Capital legislation disguised a complex medical choreography that surgeons staged. They broke the Hippocratic Oath by executing the Dangerous Dead across England from 1752 until 1832.

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