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The Enlightenment and religion: The myths of modernity

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ISBN: 9780719067402 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The Enlightenment and religion: The myths of modernity offers a critical survey of religious change and its causes in eighteenth-century Europe, and constitutes a radical challenge to the accepted views in traditional Enlightenment studies. Focusing on Enlightenment Italy, France and England, it illustrates how the canonical view of eighteenth-century religious change has in reality been constructed upon scant evidence and assumption, in particular the idea that the thought of the enlightened led to modernity. For despite a lack of evidence, one of the fundamental assumptions of Enlightenment studies has been the assertion that there was a vibrant deist movement that formed the 'intellectual solvent' of the eighteenth century. The central claim of this book is that the immense ideological appeal of the traditional birth-of-modernity myth has meant that the actual lack of deists has been glossed over, and a quite misleading historical view has become entrenched. As a consequence more traditional forces for religious change have been given little or no attention. The book also raises hitherto neglected but fundamental methodological issues relating to the study of the eighteenth century and the ability of 'interested' contemporaries to mislead posterity. Given the current pervasive topicality of notions of modernity and postmodernity in academia, this book advances a very important discussion indeed, and will be essential reading for all students studying the period.

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enlightenment --- modernity --- religion

Beyond the witch trials: Witchcraft and magic in Enlightenment Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719066603 Year: DOI: 10.9760/mupoa/9780719066603 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Beyond the witch trials provides an important collection of essays on the nature of witchcraft and magic in European society during the Enlightenment. The book is innovative not only because it pushes forward the study of witchcraft into the eighteenth century, but because it provides the reader with a challenging variety of different approaches and sources of information. The essays, which cover England, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Germany, Scotland, Finland and Sweden, examine the experience of and attitudes towards witchcraft from both above and below. While they demonstrate the continued widespread fear of witches amongst the masses, they also provide a corrective to the notion that intellectual society lost interest in the question of witchcraft. While witchcraft prosecutions were comparatively rare by the mid-eighteenth century, the intellectual debate did no disappear; it either became more private or refocused on such issues as possession. The contributors come from different academic disciplines, and by borrowing from literary theory, archaeology and folklore they move beyond the usual historical perspectives and sources. They emphasise the importance of studying such themes as the aftermath of witch trials, the continued role of cunning-folk in society, and the nature of the witchcraft discourse in different social contexts. This book will be essential reading for those interested in the decline of the European witch trials and the continued importance of witchcraft and magic during the Enlightenment. More generally it will appeal to those with a lively interest in the cultural history of the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This is the first of a two-volume set of books looking at the phenomenon of witchcraft, magic and the occult in Europe since the seventeenth century.

Keywords

enlightenment --- folklore --- witchcraft

Enlightened Religion

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Book Series: Brill's Studies in Intellectual History ISBN: 9789004389397 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1163/9789004389397 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:55:20
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This volume widens the scope of research into the relation between religion and Enlightenment. The contributions demonstrate the impact of changing worldviews in a variety of intellectual disciplines and cultural milieus. Readership: Cultural historians, historians of ideas, of philosophy, and of religion, interested in the debate over the place of religion in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century Dutch Republic. Keywords: controversy literature, epistolary culture, early modern knowledge cultures, Enlightenment encyclopedias, intellectual history, pietism, political theory, Romeijn de Hooghe, theology

Tolerance : The Beacon of the Enlightenment

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ISBN: 9782821881686 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Inspired by Voltaire’s advice that a text needs to be concise to have real influence, this anthology contains fiery extracts by forty eighteenth-century authors, from the most famous philosophers of the age to those whose brilliant writings are less well-known. These passages are immensely diverse in style and topic, but all have in common a passionate commitment to equality, freedom, and tolerance. Each text resonates powerfully with the issues our world faces today. Tolerance was first published by the Société française d’étude du dix-huitième siècle (the French Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations in January 2015 as an act of solidarity and as a response to the surge of interest in Enlightenment values. With the support of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, it has now been translated by over 100 students and tutors of French at Oxford University.

Tolerance

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Book Series: Open Book Classics ISBN: 9781783742059 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0088 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
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This anthology, inspired by Voltaire’s advice that a text needed to be concise to have real influence, contains firey extracts from forty different authors, from the philosophers everyone’s heard of to those whose brilliant writings are less well-known. They are immensely diverse in style and topic, but all have in common their passionate commitment to equality, freedom, and tolerance, and every single one resonates powerfully with the issues our world faces today. The book was first published by the Société française d’étude du dix-huitième siècle (the French Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations in January 2015 as a mark of solidarity, and as a response to the wide-spread interest in Enlightenment values. With the support of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, it has now been translated by 102 French students and tutors from Oxford University.

Real and Imaginary Travels 16th-18th centuries

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ISBN: 9791034404797 DOI: 10.4000/books.pus.5118 Language: English
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Strasbourg
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Whether real or imaginary, travel stands as a paradigm for the circulation and the production of beliefs and ideas, and can have as much to do with education or spirituality as with utopian politics or the development of trade. Ten European researchers focus - in English and in French - on real or fictional, experienced or narrated journeys, from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, a period that witnessed the intellectual construction of modern Europe, and the rise to prominence of England and the United Kingdom.

Montesquieu : une histoire de temps

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ISBN: 9782847888577 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.7382 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Redécouvrir Montesquieu, en son temps et dans le temps long de l’histoire : les œuvres clés du siècle des Lumières, Lettres persanes, L’Esprit des lois, Considérations sur les Romains, prennent tout leur sens si l’on prend en compte à la fois leur dimension littéraire, politique, philosophique, historique, juridique. Des temps forts de l’histoire, comme la découverte des Indes par Alexandre, le voyage africain d’Hannon ou l’invasion de l’Europe par les Huns, la prise de pouvoir par Auguste et le long règne de Justinien, révèlent la puissance de l’esprit humain et la faiblesse des sociétés soumises au pouvoir d’un seul. L’histoire, ancienne ou récente, devient le champ d’action privilégié de la pensée politique, tout en révélant la place infime de l’individu à l’échelle des siècles et des nations. À travers ce monde sans héros, régi par des causes générales et profondes, apparaissent les qualités maîtresses d’un écrivain philosophe : la liberté de l’esprit et l’acuité du regard, révélées par la succession des lectures, parfois contradictoires, qui en ont été données.

« Raconter d’autres partages ». Littérature, anthropologie et histoire culturelle : Mélanges offerts à Nicole Jacques-Lefèvre

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ISBN: 9782847889499 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.8272 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce volume réunit un ensemble de contributions en hommage à Nicole Jacques-Lefèvre qui a été une figure majeure du développement de la recherche en Lettres à l’ENS de Fontenay-Saint-Cloud dans le dernier quart du xxe siècle. Ces contributions, toutes signées par d’anciens élèves de Nicole Jacques-Lefèvre, témoignent du rayonnement de son enseignement, de la valeur séminale des pistes et des méthodes de recherche qu’elle a développées, et de la place importante occupée aujourd’hui par sa pensée dans l’université littéraire française, par l’intermédiaire des enseignants-chercheurs qu’elle a contribué à former. Cet ouvrage n’est donc pas seulement un volume d’hommages : il offre aussi l’image dynamique d’un courant actuel des études littéraires qui forge ses outils et définit ses champs de recherches au contact de l’anthropologie et de l’histoire culturelle.

Before Blackwood's

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Book Series: The Enlightenment World ISBN: 978071909618 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 176 Language: English
Publisher: Pickering & Chatto Publishers Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097597
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-03 11:01:10
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Scotland was at the forefront in spreading the ideas of the Enlightenment. By the beginning of the nineteenth century its periodical press enjoyed an unparalleled reputation with magazines like Blackwood's Magazine and the Edinburgh Review enjoying wide circulation. This collection of essays is the result of a major conference focusing specifically on the role of Scotland’s print culture in shaping the literature and politics of the long eighteenth century. In contrast to previous studies, this work treats Blackwood’s as the culmination of a long tradition rather than a starting point. It will appeal to scholars of the European Enlightenment as well as those researching Scottish literature and politics, and Romanticism.

The Light of Knowledge

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Book Series: Expertise: Cultures and Technologies of Knowledge ISBN: 9780801452024 9780801479182 9780801469022 9780801469015 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100462
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:52
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Cowinner of the Society for Linguistic Anthropology’s Edward Sapir Book Prize Since the early 1990s hundreds of thousands of Tamil villagers in southern India have participated in literacy lessons and other events designed to transform them into active citizens with access to state power. These efforts are part of a movement known as the Arivoli Iyakkam (the Enlightenment Movement), one of the most successful mass literacy movements in recent history. This rich ethnographic account of highlights the paradoxes inherent in such movements that seek to emancipate people through literacy. “A work of linguistic anthropology that makes crucial contributions to the study of literacy and language ideologies. It is also a broadly ranging work of social theory that will be of interest to students and scholars of the postcolonial state and neoliberal governmentality in South Asia and beyond, and of activism and social movements more generally.”—Anthropological Quarterly

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